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Id: biblio-844419
Autor: Guzmán-Hernández, Rosa Lilia; Contreras-Rodríguez, Araceli; Ávila-Calderón, Eric Daniel; Morales-García, M. Rosario.
Título: Brucelosis: zoonosis de importancia en México / Brucellosis: a zoonosis of importance in Mexico
Fonte: Rev. chil. infectol;33(6):656-662, dic. 2016.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: CONACYT; . IPN. SIP.
Resumo: Introduction: Brucellosis is one of the most frequent zoonosis in most parts of the world. This zoonosis remains a great problem to public health in developing countries, although developed countries have successfully controlled it. Mexico still shows a high annual brucellosis incidence in humans; thus, the country is considered around the world as an endemic brucellosis country. Aim: To describe the connection/association between this zoonosis and the current epidemiological situation in the Mexican population. Methods: Perusal of research reports, epidemiological studies and veterinarian reviews performed in Mexico, using data bases such as PubMed, Thompson Reuters, Mesh research. Conclusion: The risk of infection by Brucella in Mexico is associated with the consumption of unpasteurized dairy products, mainly fresh cheeses.

Introducción: La brucelosis es una de las enfermedades zoonóticas más frecuentes en la mayor parte del mundo. Mientras que en los países desarrollados han logrado con éxito su control, en los países en vías de desarrollo continúa siendo un gran problema de salud pública. México continúa presentando alta incidencia anual de brucelosis en humanos, por lo que es considerado un país endémico de brucelosis. Objetivo: Describir la relación de esta zoonosis con la situación epidemiológica actual en la población de México. Material y Métodos: Consulta de reportes de investigación, estudios epidemiológicos y revisiones veterinarias, realizadas en México, a través de bases de datos como PubMed, Thompson Reuters y Meshresearch. Conclusión: El riesgo del contagio de Brucella spp. en México está asociado al consumo de productos lácteos sin pasteurizar, principalmente quesos frescos.
Descritores: Brucelose/epidemiologia
Zoonoses
Doenças das Cabras/epidemiologia
-Brucelose/transmissão
Brucelose/veterinária
Cabras
Incidência
México/epidemiologia
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1045999
Autor: Ma, Sen; Zhou, Guangxian; Chen, Yulin.
Título: Effects of all-trans retinoic acid on goat dermal papilla cells cultured in vitro
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;34:43-50, july. 2018. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . China Agriculture Research System.
Resumo: Background: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), a vitamin A-derived active metabolite, exerts important functions in hair biology. Previous studies indicated that excess ATRA hampered hair follicle morphogenesis and cyclic regeneration in adulthood, but other studies stated that ATRA promoted hair growth. Dermal papilla (DP), a cluster of specialized fibroblasts, plays pivotal roles in controlling development and regeneration of hair follicle. Several lines of evidence indicated that DP might be the target cells of ATRA in the hair follicle. To confirm this hypothesis, the present study was performed to explore the biological effects of ATRA on goat dermal papilla cells (DPCs) and clarify the roles of ATRA in hair biology. Results: Our experimental results indicated that key signaling transducers of ATRA were dynamically expressed in distinct stages of goat cashmere growth cycle, and high-dose ATRA treatment (10-5 M) significantly impaired the viability of goat DPCs and lowered the ratio of proliferating cells. Otherwise, goat DPCs were stimulated to enter apoptosis and their cell cycle progression was severely blocked by ATRA. Moreover, the expression of fibroblast growth factor 7 (Fgf7), one of the potent hair growth stimulators secreted by DPCs, was transcriptionally repressed following ATRA treatment. Conclusion: DPCs are the targets of ATRA in the hair follicle, and ATRA negatively regulates hair growth by the targeted suppression of cell viability and growth factor expression of goat DPCs. Through these observations, we offer a new mechanistic insight into the roles of ATRA in hair biology.
Descritores: Tretinoína/farmacologia
Cabras
Folículo Piloso/efeitos dos fármacos
-Regeneração
Técnicas In Vitro
Imuno-Histoquímica
Receptores do Ácido Retinoico
Folículo Piloso/citologia
Folículo Piloso/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos
Fator 7 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Limites: Animais
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1180873
Autor: Vedovatto, Marcelo; Cortada Neto, Ibrahim M; Borges, Dyego G. L; Coelho, Rafaela N; Ranches, Juliana; Franco, Gumercindo L.
Título: Effects of a single trace minerals injection on antioxidant and immune response, resistance to endoparasites, health and growth of newborn Boer kids / Efeitos de uma aplicação de microminerais injetáveis sobre a resposta antioxidante e imunológica, resistência a endoparasitas, saúde e crescimento de cabritos Boer recém-nascidos
Fonte: Pesqui. vet. bras = Braz. j. vet. res;41:e06722, 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FUNDECT.
Resumo: This study evaluated the effects of injectable trace minerals (ITM) on antioxidant and immune response, resistance to endoparasites, health and growth of newborn Boer kids. Forty-six Boer kids [24 males and 22 females; 3.94±1.03kg of body weight (BW); 6.2±2.4 d of age] were enrolled in the study. Kids were stratified by type of birth (twins or singlet), sex, and BW and assigned to 1 of 2 treatments: one subcutaneous injection (0.1mL/4.5kg of BW) of (1) saline solution or (2) ITM (60, 10, 5, and 15mg/mL of Zn, Mn, Se and Cu, respectively). Blood samples were collected on d 0, 7, 14, 28 and 56. Feces samples were collected on d 56 and BW on d 0, 28 and 56. Kids were checked daily for signs of diarrhea. ITM kids had greater (P<0.01) plasma concentration of superoxide dismutase and tended (P=0.06) to have greater plasma concentration of glutathione peroxidase. ITM kids had greater (P=0.05) concentration of eosinophils, but no differences (P≥0.11) were observed for other hemogram variables. The ITM application did not affect (P≥0.11) the EPG count. However, ITM kids had less (P=0.02) cumulative incidence of diarhea until d 42 (3.85 vs. 25.93±6.8% for ITM vs. Saline kids, respectively) but no differences (P>0.10) were observed after d 42. The ITM application did not affect (P≥0.40) the growth of kids (0.071 vs. 0.065±0.005kg/day for ITM vs. Saline kids, respectively). Thus, the ITM application, increased the plasma concentration of antioxidant enzymes and eosinophils, decreased the incidence of diarrhea only in the middle of the experiment, but did not affected the EPG count and growth of Boer kids.(AU)

Este estudo avaliou os efeitos de microminerais injetáveis (ITM) na resposta antioxidante e imune, resistência a endoparasitas, saúde e crescimento de cabritos Boer recém-nascidos. Quarenta e seis cabritos [24 fêmeas e 22 machos; 3,94±1,03kg de peso corporal (PC); 6,2±2,4 dias de idade] foram incluídos no estudo. Os animais foram estratificados por tipo de nascimento (gêmeos ou singular), sexo e peso ao nascimento (PN) e atribuídas a 1 de 2 tratamentos. Uma injeção subcutânea (0,1ml/4,5 de PC de (1) Solução salina ou (2) ITM (60,10,5 e 15mg/ml de Zn, Mn, Se e Cu, respectivamente). As amostras de sangue foram coletadas nos dias 0, 7, 14, 28 e 56. As amostras de fezes foram coletadas no dia 56 e PC nos dias 0, 28 e 56. Os recém-nascidos foram verificados diariamente quanto a sinais de diarreia. Os cabritos ITM apresentaram maior (P<0.01) concentração de superóxido desmutase no plasma e tenderam (P=0,06) a ter maior concentração de glutationa peroxidase no plasma. Os animais ITM apresentaram maior (P=0,05) concentração de eosinófilos, mas não foram observadas diferenças (P≥0.11) para outras variáveis do hemograma. A aplicação de ITM não afetou (P≥0.11) a contagem de EPG. No entanto, os cabritos ITM apresentaram menor incidência cumulativa de diarreia (P=0,02) ate d 42 (3,85 vs. 25,93±6,8% para animais ITM vs. animais salina, respectivamente), mas nenhuma diferença (P>0.10) foi observada após d 42. A aplicação do ITM não afetou (P≥0.40) o crescimento dos animais (0.071 vs. 0.065±0.005kg/dia para ITM vs. Salina, respectivamente). Assim, a aplicação do ITM aumentou a concentração plasmática de enzimas antioxidantes e eosinófilos, diminuiu a incidência de diarreia somente na metade do experimento, mas não afetou a contagem de OPG e crescimento de cabritos Boer recém-nascidos.(AU)
Descritores: Superóxido Dismutase
Cabras/imunologia
Enzimas
Glutationa Peroxidase
Injeções
Antioxidantes
-Peso Corporal
Parto
Diarreia
Limites: Animais
Recém-Nascido
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1180876
Autor: Pereira, Camila S; Santos, Lídia M. M; Machado, Leandro S; Melo, Dayanne A; Coelho, Shana M. O; Pereira, Virginia L. A; Souza, Miliane M. S; Nascimento, Elmiro R.
Título: Proteomics characterization of Staphylococcus spp. from goat mastitis and phenogeno-typical assessment of resistance to beta-lactamics / Caracterização proteômica de Staphylococcus spp. oriundos de mastite caprina e avaliação fenogenotípica da resistência aos beta-lactâmicos
Fonte: Pesqui. vet. bras = Braz. j. vet. res;41:e06129, 2021. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Mastitis occupies a prominent place among the diseases that affect dairy herds due to economic problems and public health. Staphylococcus spp. are infectious agents more involved in the etiology of caprine mastites, especially coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. Nineteen isolates of Staphylococcus spp. were obtained from subclinical caprine mastitis. All isolates were characterized by MALDI-TOF MS, being 47.36% (9/19) identified for S. epidermidis, 15.78% (3/19) for S. warneri, 10.52% (2/19) for S. aureus and S. caprae and 5.26% (1/19) for S. lugdunensis, S. simulans, and S. cohnii. All isolates characterized by MALDI-TOF were subjected a to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the 16S rRNA gene of Staphylococcus spp. to confirm the gender. After determining the species, tests for phenotypic detection of resistance to beta-lactams were carried out simple disk diffusion oxacillin, cefoxitin, penicillin G and amoxicillin + clavulanic acid, agar "screen" oxacillin and microdilution (MIC) cefoxitin. The disk diffusion test showed a strength of 58% (11/19) for penicillin G, 26.31% (5/19) for cefoxitin and 26.31% (5/19) for oxacillin. All strains were susceptible to amoxicillin + clavulanic acid and agar "screen" oxacillin. In the MIC, 63.15% (12/19) of the samples were cefoxitin resistant (MIC >4.0μg/ml). Then isolates were subjected to detection of the mecA resistance genes and regulators (mecl and mecRI), mecC and blaZ. Two samples of Staphylococcus epidermidis had the mecA gene. All isolates were negative for the mecA gene variant, mecl, mecRI, mecC and blaZ. These findings reinforce the importance of this group of microorganisms in the etiology of subclinical mastitis in goats and open perspectives for future research to investigate the epidemiology of the disease.(AU)

A mastite ocupa lugar de destaque entre as doenças que acometem o rebanho leiteiro, em virtude de problemas econômicos e de saúde pública. Staphylococcus spp. são os agentes infecciosos mais envolvidos na etiologia das mastites caprinas, principalmente Staphylococcus coagulase negativo. Dezenove isolados de Staphylococcus spp. foram obtidos a partir de mastite caprina subclínica. Todos os isolados foram caracterizados por MALDI-TOF MS, sendo 47,36% (9/19) identificadas como S. epidermidis, 15,78%(3/19) como S. warneri, 10,52% (2/19) como S. caprae e S. aureus e 5,26% (1/19) tanto para S. lugdunensis, como para S. simulans e S. cohnii. Todos os isolados caracterizados pelo MALDI-TOF foram submetidos a reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) para o gene 16rRNA de Staphylococcus spp. para a confirmação do gênero. Após a determinação da espécie, foram realizadas as provas para a detecção fenotípica de resistência aos beta-lactâmicos: difusão em disco simples de oxacilina, cefoxitina, penicilina G e amoxacilina +ácido clavulânico, ágar "screen" de oxacilina e microdiluição em caldo (MIC) de cefoxitina. O teste de difusão em disco demonstrou resistência de 58% (11/19) para penicilina G, 26,31% (5/19) para cefoxitina e 26,31% (5/19) para oxacilina. Todas as amostras foram sensíveis a amoxicilina + ácido clavulânico e ao ágar "screen" de oxacilina. Pelo MIC, 63,15% (12/19) das amostras foram resistentes a cefoxitina (MIC >4,0μg/ml). Em seguida os isolados foram submetidos a detecção dos genes de resistência mecA e seus reguladores (mecl e mecRI), mecC e blaZ. Duas amostras de S. epidermidis apresentaram o gene mecA. Todos os isolados foram negativos para a variante do gene mecA, mecl, mecRI, mecC e blaZ. Tais achados reforçam a importância deste grupo de microrganismos na etiologia da mastite subclínica em caprinos e abre perspectivas para futuras pesquisas para a investigação da epidemiologia da doença.(AU)
Descritores: Penicilina G
Staphylococcus
Ruminantes
Cabras
Proteômica
beta-Lactamas
Mastite
-Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1250481
Autor: Gava, Aldo; Molossi, Franciéli A; Ogliari, Daiane; Melchioretto, Elaine; Pasquali, Eduardo; Roso, José.
Título: Spontaneous poisoning by Ateleia glazioviana (leg. Papilionoideae) in sheep and goats in the West region of Santa Catarina / Intoxicação espontânea por Ateleia glazioviana (Leg. papilionoideae) em ovinos e caprinos no Oeste de Santa Catarina
Fonte: Pesqui. vet. bras = Braz. j. vet. res;41:e06724, 2021. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study reported the epidemiological data and the clinical and pathological conditions of spontaneous poisoning by Ateleia glazioviana in sheep and goats in the West region of Santa Catarina. The small ruminants were located in a place where there was a large amount of young plants of A. glazioviana and showing signs of consumption. The stock of sheep was composed of 250 animals, of which 45 died. In the goat herd, there were 28 animals, and of these, 27 died, and one was sacrificed. The main clinical signs were weight loss, fatigue, slow-walk, and eventually submandibular and facial edema. Some animals were found dead, and others died suddenly after being moved. Abortions and the birth of weak lambs were also observed. In total, five sheep and one goat were necropsied. The main macroscopic lesions were associated to eccentric cardiac hypertrophy and moderate, multifocal white areas in the epicardium and myocardium. Two sheep showed marked edema in the subcutaneous tissue of the head and neck and it could be noted hydrothorax and hydroperitoneum and liver with a nutmeg-like appearance. Histological changes were relevant in the myocardium. They consisted of fibrosis and myofiber necrosis associated with macrophage infiltrate, multifocal, low and marked swelling of cardiomyocytes with loss of fibrillarystriae, and increased nuclear volume. In two sheep, there was still congenital hepatic, as well as marked centrilobular and diffuse areas.(AU)

Descrevem-se dados epidemiológicos, sinais clínicos e lesões da intoxicação espontânea por Ateleia glazioviana em ovinos e caprinos no Oeste de Santa Catarina. Os ovinos e caprinos se encontravam em um local que havia grande quantidade de A. glazioviana jovem e com sinais de consumo. O plantel de ovinos era composto por 250 animais, dos quais 45 morreram. No rebanho caprino haviam 28 animais e destes, 27 morreram e um foi sacrificado. Os principais sinais clínicos se caracterizaram por perda de peso, cansaço, caminhar lento e eventualmente edema submandibular e facial. Alguns foram encontrados mortos e outros morreram subitamente após serem movimentados. Abortos e nascimento de cordeiros fracos também foi observado. No total, cinco ovinos e um caprino foram necropsiados. As principais lesões macroscópicas foram hipertrofia excêntrica do coração e áreas brancas multifocais, moderadas, no epicárdio e miocárdio. Dois ovinos apresentaram edema acentuado no tecido subcutâneo da cabeça e pescoço, bem como hidrotórax, hidroperitôneo e fígado com aspecto de noz-moscada. As alterações histológicas foram relevantes no miocárdio e consistiram de áreas de fibrose e necrose de miofibras associada à infiltrado de macrófagos, multifocal, leve, além de tumefação acentuada de cardiomiócitos com perda das estrias fibrilares e aumento do volume nuclear. Em dois ovinos, havia ainda, congestão hepática, centrolobular, difusa.(AU)
Descritores: Plantas/toxicidade
Envenenamento
Sinais e Sintomas
Cabras/fisiologia
Ovinos/fisiologia
Coração
-Insuficiência Cardíaca
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1177401
Autor: Yin, Rong H; Wang, Yan R; Zhao, Su J; Yin, Rong L; Bai, Man; Wang, Ze Y; Zhu, Yu B; Cong, Yu Y; Liu, Hai Y; Bai, Wen L.
Título: LncRNA-599554 sponges miR-15a-5p to contribute inductive ability of dermal papilla cells through positive regulation of the expression of Wnt3a in cashmere goat
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;45:19-29, May 15, 2020. tab, ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Key Project Foundation of Educational Department of Liaoning Province, China; . Innovative Talent Support Program Foundation of Universities and Colleges in Liaoning Province, China; . Science and; . Technology Innovation Talent Support Foundation for Young and Middle-aged People of Shenyang City, China.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), as post-transcriptional regulators, were thought to function in the inductive property of dermal papilla cells (DPCs) in cashmere goat. Previously, lncRNA-599554 was identified in secondary hair follicle (SHF) of cashmere goat, but its functional significance is unknown. RESULTS: In the present investigation, we verified that lncRNA-599554 had significantly higher expression at the anagen dermal papilla of cashmere goat SHF than that at telogen. Based on overexpression and knockdown techniques, we found that lncRNA-599554 contributes the inductive property of DPCs of cashmere goat, which was assessed by detecting the changes in the expression of several typical indictor genes in DPCs including ET-1, SCF, Versican, ALP, Lef1 and Ptc-1. Based on RNA pull-down assay, we verified that lncRNA-599554 directly interacted with chi-miR-15a-5p. Also, we showed that lncRNA-599554 positively regulated the Wnt3a expression in DPCs but which did not appear to involve its modulating of promoter methylation. Based on the use of Dual-luciferase reporter assays, our data indicated that lncRNA-599554 regulated the Wnt3a expression through chi-miR-15a-5p-mediated post-transcriptional level. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that lncRNA-599554 contributes the inductive property of DPCs in cashmere goat which might be achieved through sponging chi-miR-15b-5p to promote the Wnt3a expression. The results from the present investigation provided a novel insight into the functional mechanism of lncRNA-599554 in the SHF regeneration of cashmere goat along with the formation and growth of cashmere fiber.
Descritores: Folículo Piloso/citologia
Folículo Piloso/metabolismo
Derme/citologia
Proteína Wnt3A/metabolismo
RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
-Bioensaio/métodos
Cabras
RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
Luciferases
Metilação
Limites: Animais
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1134464
Autor: Choudhary, O. P; Priyanka,; Kalita, P. C; Arya, R. S; Kalita, A; Doley, P. J; Keneisenuo,.
Título: A morphometrical study on the skull of goat (Capra hircus) in Mizoram / Estudio morfométrico del cráneo de cabra (Capra hircus) en Mizoram
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;38(5):1473-1478, oct. 2020. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: SUMMARY: The present study was designed to elaborate on the morphometry of the skull of non-descript goats in Mizoram state of India. The study was conducted on the skull of twelve (n=12) adult goats of either sex (n=6 males and n=6 females) collected from the local slaughterhouses. Altogether, forty-one different measurements were taken morphologically. In the present study, the cranial and facial bones were the major components of the skull with a total of thirty-two bones. There were three single and four paired cranial bones with a total of eleven bones. There were one single and the rest were paired facial bones with a total of twenty-one bones. The cranial bones were occipital, parietal, interparietal, sphenoid, ethmoid, frontal and temporal. The facial bones were maxilla, premaxilla (incisive), palatine, pterygoid, nasal, lacrimal, zygomatic (malar), vomer, turbinate, mandible and hyoid. The skull measurements showed that the skull of the goat was elongated and dolichocephalic as per the cephalic index (47.82±0.05). The length and width of the skull was 19.28±0.03 cm and 9.22±0.04 cm, respectively. There were two supraorbital foramina on both sides of the frontal bone. The prominent facial tuberosity lies dorsally to the third superior premolar tooth. Single infraorbital foramen was located dorsally to the junction of the first and second superior premolar teeth on maxilla bone. The orbits were round and complete and situated on a frontolateral oblique plane. It can be concluded that the findings of this study would assist the comparative studies with other domesticated animals in the future and would be applicable in clinical veterinary practice and even in zooarchaeology.

RESUMEN: El estudio fue diseñado para elaborar la morfometría del cráneo de cabras no definidas en Mizoram. El estudio se realizó en el cráneo de 12 cabras adultas 6 machos y 6 hembras recolectadas de los mataderos locales. Se tomaron en total 41 medidas diferentes morfológicamente. Los huesos craneales y faciales fueron los componentes principales del cráneo con un total de 32 huesos. Se encontraron tres huesos craneales individuales y cuatro pares con un total de 11 huesos. Encontramos solo un hueso facial individual, los otros 22 eran pares de huesos faciales. Los huesos craneales comprendidos en el estudio fueron: occipital, parietal, interparietal, esfenoides, etmoides, frontal y temporal. Los huesos faciales estudiados fueron: maxilar, premaxilar (incisivo), palatino, pterigoideo, nasal, lagrimal, cigomático, vómer, conchas, mandíbula e hioides. Las medicio- nes mostraron que el cráneo de la cabra era alargado y dolicocefálico (47,82 ± 0,05). La longitud y el ancho del cráneo fueron 19,28 ± 0,03 cm y 9,22 ± 0,04 cm, respectivamente. Había dos forámenes supraorbitales a ambos lados del hueso frontal. La tuberosidad facial prominente se encontraba dorsalmente en el tercer diente premolar superior. El foramen infraorbitario único se localizó dorsalmente a la unión del primer y segundo dientes premolares superiores en el hueso maxilar. Las órbitas eran redondas y completas y situadas en un plano oblicuo frontolateral. En conclusión, los resultados de este estudio motivarán y ayudarán a otros estudios comparativos con otros animales domesticados o en la práctica clínica veterinaria e incluso en zooarqueología.
Descritores: Crânio/anatomia & histologia
Cabras/anatomia & histologia
-Face/anatomia & histologia
Índia
Limites: Animais
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-899767
Autor: Flores, Carlos; González, Erika; Verna, Andrea; Peralta, Andrea; Madariaga, Carolina; Odeón, Anselmo; Cantón, Germán.
Título: Virus orf en humanos, confirmación molecular de un caso clínico en Chile / Orf virus in human, confirmation in case report from Chile
Fonte: Rev. chil. infectol;34(6):607-609, dic. 2017. graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen La infección por el virus orf, también conocida como ectima contagioso, es reconocida una zoonosis ocupacional. Se diagnostica por lesiones cutáneas que evolu cionan rápidamente desde máculas a pápulas, vesículas y pústulas. Se presenta el caso clínico de una estudiante de medicina veterinaria que había tenido contacto con caprinos, clínicamente sanos y sin lesiones aparentes, hacía 19 días. Presentó dos lesiones vesiculares que coalescieron hasta formar una lesión de mayor tamaño rodeada por un halo eritematoso. Las lesiones fueron compatibles con la presentación clásica de las producidas por el virus orf en humanos. Se confirmó la presencia del virus orf mediante una RPC anidada del tejido de biopsia. Es uno de los primeros casos confirmados mediante técnicas moleculares en seres humanos en Chile.

Infection with the orf virus, also known as contagious ecthyma, is recognized as an occupational zoonosis worldwide. It is diagnosed by cutaneous lesions that progress rapidly from macules to papules, vesicles and pustules. The clinical case of a student of veterinary medicine who had had contact with goats, clinically healthy and without apparent lesions, which occured 19 days ago, is reported. She presented two vesicular lesions that coalesced to form a larger lesion surrounded by an erythematous halo. The lesions were compatible with the classical presentation of those produced by the orf virus in humans. The presence of the orf virus was confirmed by a nested PCR from biopsy tissue. It is one of the first cases confirmed by molecular techniques in humans in Chile.
Descritores: Vírus do Orf/isolamento & purificação
Ectima Contagioso/patologia
-Vírus do Orf/patogenicidade
Biópsia
DNA Viral
Cabras
Doenças das Cabras/virologia
Chile
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Dermatopatias Virais/patologia
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Feminino
Adulto Jovem
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1115264
Autor: Salinas C, Eben; Celi M, Irma.
Título: Primer reporte de necrosis avascular de cabeza femoral en una cabra (Capra aegagrus hircus) en el Perú / First report of avascular necrosis of the femoral head in a goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) in Peru
Fonte: Rev. MVZ Córdoba;24(3):7372-7377, sep.-dic. 2019. graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN Se reporta el caso de una cabra macho de raza alpina de 7 meses de edad, que presentaba claudicación del miembro posterior derecho sin causa definida. Se realizaron los exámenes clínicos y radiográficos, sugiriendo luxación traumática o necrosis avascular de cabeza femoral con consecuente enfermedad degenerativa articular. Se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico mediante artroplastia por excisión de cabeza y cuello femoral. El estudio histopatológico mediante la coloración de hematoxilina y eosina describió: hueso necrótico, lagunas conteniendo osteocitos necróticos, además de médula ósea necrótica. Esta información comprobó el diagnóstico de necrosis avascular de la cabeza y cuello femoral. En el post quirúrgico, la recuperación clínica del paciente se consideró buena, mitigando el dolor y mejorando la función del miembro afectado. El presente caso se trata del primer reporte de esta enfermedad en caprinos en el Perú.

ABSTRACT It is reported the case of a 7-month-old male goat of alpine race, who presented claudication of the right hind limb without definite cause. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed, suggesting traumatic dislocation or avascular necrosis of the femoral head with consequent degenerative joint disease. It was performed a surgical treatment by an arthroplasty by excision of the head and neck of femur. The histopathological study by staining hematoxylin and eosin described: necrotic bone, lacunae containing necrotic osteocytes, as well as necrotic bone marrow. This information proved the diagnosis of avascular necrosis of the femoral head and neck. In the post-surgical period, the clinical recovery of the patient was considered good, the pain was mitigated and the function of the affected limb was improved. The present case is the first report of this disease in goats in Peru.
Descritores: Cabras
-Osteoartrite
Osteonecrose
Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Clínico
Responsável: CO140 - Facultad de Medicina Veterinária y Zootecnia


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Id: biblio-1155046
Autor: Santos, Maria V. B; Cavalcante, Ana K. S; Macêdo, Juliana T. S. A; Santos, Marilúcia C; Rocha, Laiara F; Machado, Alessandro L; Pedroso, Pedro M. O.
Título: Testicular and seminal evaluation of goats fed hay Cenostigma pyramidale / Avaliação testicular e seminal de caprinos alimentados com feno de Cenostigma pyramidale
Fonte: Pesqui. vet. bras = Braz. j. vet. res;40(12):963-969, Dec. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: INCT-CNPq.
Resumo: This study aimed to assess the possible occurrence of reproductive changes in male goats associated with ingestion of Cenostigma pyramidale hay. Sixteen animals divided into two experimental groups, G1 and G2 (control group) were used. Animals in G1 received 2% of forage, based on live weight (LW), composed of 100% of C. pyramidale, and animals in G2 received 2% of Panicum maximum "Massai' grass hay, based on LW. Both groups received 1% of concentrated feed supplementation based on LW, along with mineralized salt and water ad libitum. The goats were subjected to weighing, testicular biometry, and semen and blood collection every 30 days. After 120 days, the animals were castrated and their testes were collected. Testicular measurements were performed and fragments were collected for histological processing to determine the gonadosomatic index (GSI), diameter of the seminiferous tubules, height of the germinal epithelium (HGE), volumetric proportion and volume of the testicular parenchyma components, total length of the seminiferous tubules, length of the seminiferous tubules per gram of testis, and leydigosomatic and tubulosomatic indexes. The data were evaluated for normality using the Student's t-test. Data with normal distribution were assessed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the non-parametric data were evaluated using the Kruskal-Wallis test, both at 5% probability. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) were observed for GSI (G1=0.48 ±0.08 and G2=0.34 ±0.09) and HGE (G1=52.95 ±2.99 and G2=.47.63 ±2.67) between treatments. Consumption of C. pyramidale hay increased LW and, consequently, testicular weight, contributing to high GSI. In conclusion, ingestion of C. pyramidale has no toxic effect on the testicular, seminal and histological parameters of goat testis. Due to its nutritional characteristics, consumption of this plant improves animal body development. Because C. pyramidale is adapted to semi-arid regions, it can be an alternative source of feed for goats during periods of shortage.(AU)

Para avaliar a possível ocorrência de alterações reprodutivas em caprinos machos associado ao consumo de Cenostigma pyramidale, foram utilizados 16 animais divididos em dois grupos experimentais, G1 e G2 (grupo controle). Animais pertencentes ao G1 receberam 2% de volumoso, com base no peso vivo (PV), constituído de 100% de C. pyramidale e o G2 receberam 2%, com base no PV, de feno de Panicum maximum 'Massai'. Todos os grupos receberam 1%, com base no PV, de suplementação concentrada, além de sal mineralizado e água ad libitum. A cada 30 dias os animais eram submetidos à pesagem, biometria testicular e coletas de sêmen. O sêmen foi avaliado quanto ao volume, turbilhonamento, vigor, motilidade, concentração espermática, defeitos maiores, menores e totais. Após 120 dias os animais foram castrados e os testículos coletados. Foram realizadas as mensurações testiculares e coletados fragmentos para o processamento histológico, para determinação do índice gonadossomático, diâmetro dos túbulos seminíferos, altura do epitélio germinativo, proporção volumétrica e volume dos componentes do parênquima testicular, comprimento total dos túbulos seminíferos, comprimento de túbulo seminífero por grama de testículo, índices leydigossomático e tubulossomático. Os dados foram avaliados quanto à normalidade pelo teste t de Student, os dados com distribuição normal foram analisados por análise de variância com 5% de probabilidade e os não paramétricos, pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis, a 5% de probabilidade. Houve diferenças significativas (p<0,05) para índice gonadossomático (G1=0,48±0,08 e G2=0,34±0,09) e altura do epitélio germinativo (G1=52,95±2,99 e G2=47,63±2,67) entre os tratamentos. O feno de catingueira promoveu aumento no peso corporal e consequentemente maior peso testicular, o que contribui para elevação do IGS. Concluiu-se que o consumo da C. pyramidale não possui efeito tóxico sobre os parâmetros testiculares, seminais e histológicos do testículo dos caprinos e que a planta, por suas características nutricionais promoveu melhora no desenvolvimento corporal dos animais e por ser uma planta adaptada ao clima do semiárido, se constitui uma fonte alternativa de alimentação para esta categoria animal, durante períodos de escassez de alimento.(AU)
Descritores: Sêmen
Testículo
Cabras
Análise de Variância
Análise do Sêmen
-Fabaceae/química
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice



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