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Id: lil-761231
Autor: Souza, GR; Silva, JC; Oliveira Júnior, RG; Lima-Saraiva, SRG; Guimarães, AL; Oliveira, AP; Almeida, JRGS.
Título: Atividade antinociceptiva do extrato etanólico das folhas de Morus nigra L. (Moraceae) / Antinociceptive activity of ethanolic extract of the leaves of Morus nigra L. (Moraceae)
Fonte: Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl;36(1), mar. 2015. tab, ilus.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O extrato etanólico bruto das folhas de M. nigra (Mn- EtOH) foi avaliado quanto à atividade antinociceptiva em modelos experimentais em camundongos. Foram usados os métodos de contorções abdominais induzidas pelo ácido acético, teste da formalina e placa quente. No teste de contorções abdominais induzidas pelo ácido acético, Mn-EtOH (100, 200 e 400 mg/kg, i.p.) reduziu o número de contorções em 38,82, 97,65 e 100%, respectivamente. O extrato também produziu uma significativa inibição de ambas as fases do teste da formalina, sendo que o efeito foi mais significativo na segunda fase (dor inflamatória). O extrato diminuiu em 42,19, 56,96 e 40,50%, respectivamente, o tempo de lambida da pata na primeira fase do teste de formalina, assim como 84,04, 77,20 e 61,07%, respectivamente, na segunda fase. Além disso, não apresentou efeito no teste da placa quente. Os dados obtidos sugerem que o extrato tem efeito antinociceptivo, provavelmente mediado através de mecanismos periféricos. Novos estudos estão sendo realizados para caracterizar o mecanismo responsável por esse efeito.(AU)

The crude ethanolic extract of the leaves of M. nigra (Mn-EtOH) was evaluated for antinociceptive activity in mice using models of nociception. The evaluation of antinociceptive activity was carried out by the acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin and hot plate tests. In the acetic acid-induced writhing test, the Mn-EtOH (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced the number of writhing by 38.82, 97.65 and 100%, respectively. The extract also produced a significant inhibition of both phases of the formalin test, and the effect was more significant in the second phase (inflammatory pain). The extract decreased by 42.19, 56.96 and 40.50%, respectively, the paw licking time in the first phase of the formalin test, as well as 84.04, 77.20 and 61.07%, respectively, in the second phase of this test. Also, no effect on the hot plate test was observed. The data suggest that the extract has antinociceptive activity, probably mediated via peripheral mechanisms. Pharmacological studies are continuing in order to characterize the mechanism responsible for this effect.(AU)
Descritores: Extratos Vegetais
Morus
Manejo da Dor
Analgésicos
-Fitoterapia
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Camundongos
Responsável: BR33.1 - Divisão Técnica de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: biblio-1135628
Autor: Ferreira, Maiara S. T; Fernandes, Fagner D; Alves, Marta E. M; Bräunig, Patricia; Sangioni, Luis A; Vogel, Fernanda S. F.
Título: Performance of the Dot-blot test method for detecting antibodies to Sarcocystis spp. in cattle / Desempenho do teste Dot-blot para detecção de anticorpos para Sarcocystis spp. em bovinos
Fonte: Pesqui. vet. bras = Braz. j. vet. res;40(5):385-388, May 2020.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Serological techniques can detect antibodies against Sarcocystis spp., Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii antigens in single or mixed infections. Immunofluorescent antibody tests (IFAT) is considered the gold standard technique for Sarcocystosis diagnostic in cattle serum and a positive IFAT result reflects Sarcocystis spp. infection. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to compare IFAT and Dot-blot for sarcocystosis diagnostic in experimentally infected mice and to investigate serological cross-reactions with N. caninum and T. gondii in these methods. Mice (Mus musculus) were inoculated intraperitoneally with bradizoites of Sarcocystis spp. or tachyzoites of N. caninum or T. gondii. Serum samples were obtained and analyzed by IFAT and Dot-blot for the three protozoa. Serum from N. caninum and T. gondii experimentally infected mice were tested by IFAT and reacted only to N. caninum or T. gondii antigens, respectively. Specific antibodies against Sarcocystis spp. were present in all animals experimentally infected with this protozoan, with IFAT titers from 10 to 800. Serum samples from mice experimentally infected with Sarcocystis spp., N. caninum and T. gondii and tested by Dot-blot demonstrated no cross reaction between protozoa. A Dot-blot using Sarcocystis spp. antigen appears to be a good alternative to IFAT in the serological diagnosis of Sarcocystosis.(AU)

As técnicas sorológicas podem detectar anticorpos contra os antígenos de Sarcocystis spp., Neospora caninum e Toxoplasma gondii em infecções únicas ou mistas. O teste de anticorpos imunofluorescentes (IFAT) é considerado a técnica padrão-ouro para o diagnóstico de sarcocistose no soro de bovinos e um resultado positivo de IFAT reflete Sarcocystis spp. infecção. Portanto, os objetivos do presente estudo foram comparar IFAT e Dot-blot para diagnóstico de sarcocistose em camundongos infectados experimentalmente e investigar reações cruzadas sorológicas com N. caninum e T. gondii nesses métodos. Os camundongos (Mus musculus) foram inoculados intraperitonealmente com bradizoítos de Sarcocystis spp. ou taquizoítos de N. caninum ou T. gondii. As amostras de soro foram obtidas e analisadas por IFAT e Dot-blot para os três protozoários. O soro de N. caninum e T. gondii infectados experimentalmente foram testados por IFAT e reagiram apenas aos antígenos de N. caninum ou T. gondii, respectivamente. Anticorpos específicos contra Sarcocystis spp. estavam presentes em todos os animais experimentalmente infectados com este protozoário, com títulos de IFAT de 10 a 800. Amostras de soro de camundongos infectados experimentalmente com Sarcocystis spp., N. caninum e T. gondii e testadas por Dot-blot não demonstraram reação cruzada entre protozoários. Um Dot-blot usando Sarcocystis spp. O antígeno parece ser uma boa alternativa ao IFAT no diagnóstico sorológico da sarcocistose.(AU)
Descritores: Bovinos/parasitologia
Testes Sorológicos/métodos
Doenças dos Bovinos
Sarcocystis
Sarcocistose/diagnóstico
Sarcocistose/veterinária
-Testes Sorológicos/veterinária
Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Camundongos
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1128573
Autor: Martinez, Renata Micheli; Souza, Clara Ruiza; Melo, Cristina de Paula Barros; Baracat, Marcela Maria; Arakawa, Nilton Syogo; Duarte, José Carlos; Verri Jr, Waldiceu Aparecido; Casagrande, Rúbia; Georgetti, Sandra Regina.
Título: Prevention of UVB radiation-induced oxidative stress in mice by topical administration of Azadirachta indica(neem) extract
Fonte: Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl;41:[14], 01/01/2020. tab, ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Neem tree (Azadirachta indica A. Juss. fam. Meliaceae) has been extensively employed to combat diverse pathologies. Moreover, it has been described that its leaf extract present anticarcinogenic action. Thus, the neem extract (NE) chemical and antioxidant properties was evaluated, and also, the capacity of two dermatological formulations incorporated with neem extract (F1 and F2) to avoid oxidative UVB-induced skin injury in hairless mice. NE constituents were investigated and free radical scavenging ability were determined by different methods in vitro. Skin from mice treated with F1 and F2 and submitted to UVB radiation were tested for different parameters of inflammation and oxidative injury. Results show that the NE polyphenol and flavonoid content were 135.30 and 37.12mg/g, respectively. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) results demonstrated the existence of azarachtin, rutin, ursolic acid and tannic acid. NE presented scavenging ability by ABTS radical, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), inhibition of lipid peroxidation and iron chelation. In vivo, it was observed that mice treated with F1 and F2 showed amelioration of the inflammation by reducing UVB induced skin edema. However, only samples from animals treated with F1 had lower neutrophil recruitment (measured by myeloperoxidase activity), and returning the oxidative status to baseline levels in parameters such as reduced glutathione level, ferric reducing ability (FRAP), and scavenging of free radical (ABTS). Concluding, NE demonstrated a good antioxidant property in vitro, and the data suggest the use of NE added F1 to prevent skin damage caused by UVB irradiation.(AU)
Descritores: Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
Azadirachta
Antioxidantes/efeitos da radiação
-Administração Cutânea
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
Camundongos
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Feminino
Camundongos
Responsável: BR33.1 - Divisão Técnica de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: biblio-1131509
Autor: Camillo, G; Machado, M. E. A; Cadore, G. C; Bräunig, P; Venturini, M. C; Pardini, L. L; Barros, L. D; Garcia, J. L; Sangioni, L. A; Vogel, F. S. F.
Título: Toxoplasma gondii genotyping from free-range chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) in a rural area of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil / [Genotipagem de Toxoplasma gondii em galinhas domésticas em uma área rural do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil]
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online);72(4):1339-1345, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Free-range chickens may ingest oocysts of T. gondii present in the environment and consequently harbor virulent strains of this parasite in different tissues, without any clinical signs. Isolation of T. gondii through bioassays on mice and cats from naturally infected chicken tissues has been described in several countries, demonstrating the importance of free-range chickens in the transmission of this parasite. The aim of this study was the genotypic characterization of T. gondii isolates obtained from naturally infected free-range chickens in a rural area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Brain and heart tissue from 12 chickens seropositive for T. gondii were processed using peptic digestion technique for parasite isolation. From 12 samples subjected to mouse bioassay, nine isolates were obtained. RFLP-PCR genotypic characterization was performed using 11 genetic markers: SAG1, 5'-3'SAG2, alt.SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, L358, PK1 and Apico. Genetic characterization of the isolates revealed the presence of five atypical genotypes according to ToxoDB (# 11, # 55, # 64, # 140 and # 163). Our results showed a wide genetic diversity of T. gondii in free-range chickens in this region.(AU)

Galinhas criadas ao ar livre podem ingerir oocistos de T. gondii presentes no ambiente e, com isso, albergar cepas virulentas desse parasita em diferentes tecidos, sem sinais clínicos. O isolamento de T. gondii por meio de bioensaios em camundongos e gatos, a partir de tecidos de galinhas naturalmente infectadas, tem sido descrito em vários países. Isso demonstra a importância das galinhas caipiras na epidemiologia desse parasita. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar genotipicamente isolados de T. gondii obtidos de galinhas caipiras naturalmente infectadas em uma área rural do município de Santa Maria, estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Fragmentos de cérebro e de coração, de 12 galinhas soropositivas para T. gondii, foram processados pela técnica de digestão péptica para isolamento do parasita. Das 12 amostras submetidas a bioensaio com camundongos, nove isolados foram obtidos. A caracterização genotípica por RFLP-PCR foi realizada utilizando-se 11 marcadores genéticos: SAG1, 5'-3'SAG2, alt.SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, L358, PK1 e Apico e revelou a presença de cinco genótipos atípicos de acordo com o ToxoDB (# 11, # 55, # 64, # 140 e # 163). Os resultados mostraram uma ampla diversidade genética de T. gondii em galinhas caipiras nessa região.(AU)
Descritores: Toxoplasma
Bioensaio/veterinária
Galinhas/virologia
Toxoplasmose Animal
Técnicas de Genotipagem/veterinária
-Zona Rural
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
Limites: Animais
Camundongos
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1011431
Autor: Zhou, Yunfeng; Xu, Wenda; Zhu, Hong.
Título: CXCL8(3-72) K11R/G31P protects against sepsis-induced acute kidney injury via NF-κB and JAK2/STAT3 pathway
Fonte: Biol. Res;52:29, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI), which is mainly caused by sepsis, has high morbidity and mortality rates. CXCL8(3-72) K11R/G31P (G31P) can exert therapeutic effect on inflammatory diseases and malignancies. We aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of G31P on septic AKI. METHODS: An AKI mouse model was established, and kidney injury was assessed by histological analysis. The contents of serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were measured by commercial kits, whereas neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. The expressions of CXCL8 in serum and kidney tissues were determined using ELISA and immunohistochemical analysis, respectively. Apoptosis rate of renal tissue was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transfer-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) analysis. The expressions of inflammatory cytokines were measured by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. The apoptosis-related proteins, JAK2, STAT3, NF-κB and IκB were determined by Western blot. RESULTS: G31P could reduce the levels of SCr, BUN, HGAL and KIM-1 and inhibit the renal tissue injury in AKI mice. G31P was also found to suppress the serum and nephric CXCL8 expressions and attenuated the apoptosis rate. The levels of inflammatory cytokines, pro-apoptotic proteins were decreased, while the anti-apoptotic proteins were increased by G31P in AKI mice. G31P also inhibited the activation of JAK2, STAT3 and NF-κB in AKI mice. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that G31P could protect renal function and attenuate the septic AKI. Our findings provide a potential target for the treatment of AKI.
Descritores: NF-kappa B/metabolismo
Sepse/complicações
Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo
Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia
-Transdução de Sinais
Apoptose
Sepse/patologia
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo
Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Camundongos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1011432
Autor: Gao, Yong; Wei, Lijuan; Wang, Chenbang; Huang, Yuanjie; Li, Weidong; Li, Tianyu; Mo, Chaohua; Qin, Huali; Zhong, Xiaoge; Wang, Yun; Tan, Aihua; Mo, Zengnan; Jiang, Yonghua; Hu, Yanling.
Título: Chronic prostatitis alters the prostatic microenvironment and accelerates preneoplastic lesions in C57BL/6 mice
Fonte: Biol. Res;52:30, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Guangxi Natural Science Foundation.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis has been supposed to be associated with preneoplastic lesions and cancer development. The objective of this study was to examine how chronic inflammation results in a prostatic microenvironment and gene mutation in C57BL/6 mice. METHODS: Immune and bacterial prostatitis mouse models were created through abdominal subcutaneous injection of rat prostate extract protein immunization (EAP group) or transurethral instillation of uropathogenic E. coli 1677 (E. coli group). Prostate histology, serum cytokine level, and genome-wide exome (GWE) sequences were examined 1, 3, and 6 months after immunization or injection. RESULT: In the EAP and E. coli groups, immune cell infiltrations were observed in the first and last months of the entire experiment. After 3 months, obvious proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA) and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) were observed accompanied with fibrosis hyperplasia in stroma. The decrease in basal cells (Cytokeratin (CK) 5+/p63+) and the accumulation of luminal epithelial cells (CK8+) in the PIA or PIN area indicated that the basal cells were damaged or transformed into different luminal cells. Hic1, Zfp148, and Mfge8 gene mutations were detected in chronic prostatitis somatic cells. CONCLUSION: Chronic prostatitis induced by prostate extract protein immunization or E. coli infection caused a reactive prostatic inflammation microenvironment and resulted in tissue damage, aberrant atrophy, hyperplasia, and somatic genome mutation.
Descritores: Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/genética
Prostatite/genética
Infecções por Escherichia coli/patologia
Mutação/genética
-Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/microbiologia
Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia
Prostatite/microbiologia
Prostatite/patologia
Imuno-Histoquímica
Doença Crônica
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Camundongos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1145441
Autor: Aydin, Numan; Karaoglanoglu, Serpil; Oktay, Elif Aybala; Süloglu, Aysun Kiliç.
Título: Cytotoxic Effects of Bulk-Fill Composites on L929 Fibroblast Cells / Efeitos citotóxicos dos compósitos bulk-fill em células de fibroblastos L929
Fonte: Braz. dent. sci;24(1):1-9, 2021. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: Unlike traditional composite resins, bulk-fill composite resins could be polymerized as thicker layers. This study aims to contribute to the field by investigating the cytotoxic effects of various bulk-fill composite resins on L929 mouse fibroblast cells in vitro. Material and Methods: In our study, six bulk fill and one conventional composite resin were used. Composite resin samples (8×4 mm) were prepared in a sterile cabinet by using a glass mod and polymerizing with a led light device (DTE LUX E, Germany). Composite samples (n:3) of which surface area was calculated according to ISO 10993-12: 2012 standards (3 cm2/ml), were kept in media for 24 h and 72 h in 37 oC incubator, their extracts were filtered in 1:1 and 1:2 proportion and were added on L929 mouse fibroblast cells. Cell viability was examined by the MTT assay and cell death by the LDH test. Cell viability results were evaluated using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test (p<0.05). Results: When the 1:1 extracts from 4 mm thick bulk-fill composite samples were applied on L929 mouse fibroblast cells, cell viability rates showed significant differences compared to the control group at the end of 24 h and 72 h (except for Estelite Bulk Fill Flow). Although the extracts of the tested composite samples at 1:1 and 1:2 ratio at the end of 72 hours caused a decrease in L929 mouse fibroblast cell viability, the cell viability rate of only PRG-containing bulk fill composite and conventional composite remained below the cell viability ratio (70%) specified in ISO standards. Bulk fill composites did not produce toxic effects (except Beautifil Bulk Restorative) according to the LDH test. Conclusions: Despite decreasing in general the cell viability, bulk-fill composite resins used in 4 mm thick layers provided cell viability rates over the acceptability level, except PRG-containing bulk fill composite (Beautifil Bulk Restorative), which was cytotoxic to L929 mouse fibroblasts. (AU)

Objetivo: Ao contrário das resinas compostas tradicionais, as resinas compostas bulk-fill podem ser polimerizadas como camadas mais espessas. Este estudo visa investigar in vitro os efeitos citotóxicos de várias resinas compostas bulk-fill em células de fibroblastos de camundongo L929.Material e Métodos: Em nosso estudo, seis resinas tipo bulk fill e uma resina composta convencional foram usadas. Amostras de resina composta (8 × 4 mm) foram preparadas em gabinete estéril usando um molde de vidro e polimerizado com um dispositivo de luz LED (DTE LUX E, Alemanha). Amostras compostas (n=3) cuja área de superfície foi calculada de acordo com os padrões ISO 10993-12:2012 (3cm2/ml), foram mantidas em meio e incubadas por 24 h e 72 h a 37 ºC, seus extratos foram filtrados na Proporção de 1:1 e 1:2 e foram acondicionados em cultura de células de fibroblastos de camundongo L929. A viabilidade celular foi examinada pelo ensaio MTT e a morte celular pelo teste LDH. Os resultados de viabilidade celular foram avaliados usando o teste de análise de variância (ANOVA) um fator (p <0,05). Resultados: Quando os extratos foram plaqueados na proporção 1:1 de amostras de compósito bulk-fill de 4 mm de espessura com as células de fibroblastos de camundongo L929, as taxas de viabilidade celular mostraram diferenças significativas em comparação com o grupo controle no final de 24 h e 72 h (exceto para Estelite Bulk Fluxo de enchimento). Embora os extratos das amostras compostas testadas na proporção de 1:1 e 1:2 ao final de 72 horas tenham causado uma diminuição na viabilidade das células de fibroblastos de camundongo L929, a taxa de viabilidade celular apenas do compósito de preenchimento total contendo PRG e o compósito convencional permaneceram abaixo a taxa de viabilidade celular (70%) especificada nas normas ISO. Os compósitos de preenchimento a granel não produziram efeitos tóxicos (exceto Beautifil Bulk Restorative) de acordo com o teste de LDH. Conclusão: Apesar de diminuir em geral a viabilidade celular, as resinas compostas bulk-fill usadas em camadas de 4 mm de espessura forneceram taxas de viabilidade celular acima do nível aceitável, exceto o compósito bulk fill contendo PRG (Beautifil Bulk Restorative), que foi citotóxico para fibroblastos de camundongos L929 (AU)
Descritores: Resinas Compostas
Toxicidade
Fibroblastos
Limites: Animais
Camundongos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR243.1 - Serviço Técnico de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: biblio-1142415
Autor: Gao, Jintao; Chen, Fangru; Fang, Huanan; Mi, Jing; Qi, Qi; Yang, Mengjuan.
Título: Daphnetin inhibits proliferation and inflammatory response in human HaCaT keratinocytes and ameliorates imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin lesion in mice
Fonte: Biol. Res;53:48, 2020. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Nature Science Foundation of China; . Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Keratinocytes hyperproliferation and excessive inflammatory response contribute to psoriasis pathogenesis. The agents able to attenuate keratinocytes hyper-proliferation and excessive inflammatory response are considered to be potentially useful for psoriasis treatment. Daphnetin exhibits broad bioactivities including anti-proliferation and anti-inflammatory. This study aims to evaluate the anti-psoriatic potential of daphnetin in vitro and in vivo, and explore underlying mechanisms. METHODS: HaCaT keratinocytes was stimulated with the mixture of IL-17A, IL-22, oncostatin M, IL-1α, and TNF-α (M5) to establish psoriatic keratinocyte model in vitro. Cell viability was measured using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the mRNA levels of hyperproliferative marker gene keratin 6 (KRT6), differentiation marker gene keratin 1 (KRT1) and inflammatory factors IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, IL-23A and MCP-1. Western blotting was used to detect the protein levels of p65 and p-p65. Indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was carried out to detect p65 nuclear translocation. Imiquimod (IMQ) was used to construct psoriasis-like mouse model. Psoriasis severity (erythema, scaling) was scored based on Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI). Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was performed to examine histological change in skin lesion. The expression of inflammatory factors including IL-6, TNF-α, IL-23A and IL-17A in skin lesion was measured by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Daphnetin attenuated M5-induced hyperproliferation in HaCaT keratinocytes. M5 stimulation significantly upregulated mRNA levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, IL-23A and MCP-1. However, daphnetin treatment partially attenuated the upregulation of those inflammatory cytokines. Daphnetin was found to be able to inhibit p65 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation in HaCaT keratinocytes. In addition, daphnetin significantly ameliorate the severity of skin lesion (erythema, scaling and epidermal thickness, inflammatory cell infiltration) in IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse model. Daphnetin treatment attenuated IMQ-induced upregulation of inflammatory cytokines including IL-6, IL-23A and IL-17A in skin lesion of mice. CONCLUSIONS: Daphnetin was able to attenuate proliferation and inflammatory response induced by M5 in HaCaT keratinocytes through suppression of NF-κB signaling pathway. Daphnetin could ameliorate the severity of skin lesion and improve inflammation status in IMQ-induced psoriasis-like mouse model. Daphnetin could be an attractive candidate for future development as an anti-psoriatic agent.
Descritores: Psoríase/induzido quimicamente
Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico
Umbeliferonas/farmacologia
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/efeitos adversos
Imiquimode/efeitos adversos
Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
-Queratinócitos
Proliferação de Células
Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Camundongos
Coelhos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1145995
Autor: Tortoriello, Jaime; Pérez García, M. Dolores; Zamilpa, Alejandro; Díaz García, Edgar R; Romero Cerecero, Ofelia.
Título: Aislamiento e identificación de compuestos con actividad antiobesidad y antiadipogénica de Thevetia peruviana / Isolation and identification of anti-obesity and anti-adipogenic compounds from Thevetia peruviana
Fonte: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát;19(4):363-375, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Thevetia peruviana ha sido utilizada en la medicina tradicional mexicana por sus efectos adelgazantes. Para la identificación de las fracciones y los compuestos activos de T. peruviana se utilizó cromatografía en columna abierta y las fracciones obtenidas se evaluaron en ratones con obesidad inducida con glutamato monosódico. Como control positivo se utilizó Orlistat y los tratamientos se administraron oralmente una vez al día durante 8 semanas. La fracción con mayor actividad fue sub-fraccionada y, con la intención de evitar el uso de más ratones, los productos fueron seleccionados por su capacidad para inhibir la adipogénesis en la línea celular 3T3-L1. Los animales tratados con la fracción F-B mostraron un aumento de peso significativamente menor y mantuvieron la sensibilidad a la insulina, así como, niveles significativamente más bajos de colesterol y triglicéridos. El análisis de GC-MS indicó que esta fracción activa está compuesta principalmente por los ácidos palmítico (1), oleico (2) y octadacanoico (3), 2-palmitoil glicerol (4), 2-oleoil glicerol (5) así como la estigmastenona (6).

Thevetia peruviana has been used in Mexican traditional medicine for its slimming effects. Active fractions and compounds from T. peruviana were isolated and identified by means of gravitational open-column chromatography, and the fractions were evaluated on mice with MonoSodium Glutamate-induced obesity. Orlistat was used as positive control, and treatments were administered, orally, once a day for 8 weeks. The fraction with higher activity was sub-fractioned and, with the intention of avoiding using more mice, the fractions were analyzed by evaluating their capability to inhibit adipogenesis in the 3T3-L1 cell line. Animals treated with the F-B fraction revealed a significantly smaller weight increase and maintained adequate insulin sensitivity, and significantly lower blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. The active compounds that demonstrated greatest adipogenesis inhibition were palmitic acid (1), oleic acid (2), octadecanoic acid (3), 2-palmitoyl glycerol (4), 2-oleoyl glycerol (5) and stigmastenone (6).
Descritores: Fármacos Antiobesidade
Thevetia/química
-Glutamato de Sódio
Cromatografia
Medicina Tradicional
México
Limites: Animais
Camundongos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1145966
Autor: Braga, Renan Marinho; De Andrade, Humberto Hugo Nunes; Neto, Humberto de Carvalho Aragão; Da Cruz, Ryldene Marques Duarte; Assis, Davidson Barbosa; Cavalcante Silva, Luiz Henrique Agra; Rodrigues Mascarenhas, Sandra; Pordeus, Liana Clébia de Morais; Quintans Júnior, Lucindo José; De Almeida, Reinaldo Nóbrega.
Título: Efecto antinociceptivo y antiinflamatorio del aceite esencial de Lippia pedunculosa Hayek y su complejo de inclusión de ß-ciclodextrina / Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effect of Lippia pedunculosa Hayek essential oil and its ß-cyclodextrin inclusion complex
Fonte: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát;20(2):162-176, 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Lippia pedunculosa Hayek (EOLp) presenta efectos tripanocidas y amebicidas. En este trabajo se estudia su aceite esencial en modelos experimentales de analgesia e inflamación una vez que la prevalencia del dolor en la población genera un gran sufrimiento y discapacidad, y los medicamentos que se usan con mayor frecuencia tienen efectos secundarios indeseables. También se evalúa si la formulación del complejo de inclusión EOLp/ß-ciclodextrina (ß-CD) fue capaz de mejorar la actividad antinociceptiva de la EOLp sola. Los datos se evaluaron mediante análisis de varianza (ANOVA), seguido de la prueba de Tukey. Las diferencias se consideraron significativas si p<0,05. EOLp presentó un mejor efecto antinociceptivo en comparación con el complejo de inclusión EOLp/ß-CD. De esta manera, las ciclodextrinas parecen no ser eficientes para aceites esenciales con sustancias de peróxido. Sin embargo, en peritonitis, EOLp redujo la migración total de leucocitos y los niveles de IL-1ß en el líquido peritoneal, lo que confirma su efecto antiinflamatorio. Los efectos observados sugieren que EOLp es una buena y prometedora opción para el tratamiento de la inflamación y los trastornos relacionados con el dolor.

Lippia pedunculosa Hayek (EOLp) presents tripanocid and amebicid effects. However essential oil needs to be further studied in experimental models of analgesia and inflammation once the prevalence of pain in the population generates great suffering and disability and the drugs most often used have undesirable side effects. We also evaluated whether the inclusion complex formulation EOLp/ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) was able to improve the antinociceptive activity of the EOLp alone. Data were evaluated by analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Tukey's test. Differences were considered significant if p<0.05. EOLp presented better antinociceptive effect when compared to the EOLp/ß-CD inclusion complex. Thus, cyclodextrins appear not to be efficient for essential oils with peroxide substances. However, in peritonitis, EOLp reduced total leucocyte migration and IL-1ß levels in the peritoneal fluid, which confirmed its anti-inflammatory effect. The observed effects suggest that EOLp is the best promising option for the treatment of inflammation and pain-related disorders.
Descritores: Lippia/química
Analgésicos
Anti-Inflamatórios
-Plantas Medicinais
Brasil
Ciclodextrinas
Medicina Tradicional
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Camundongos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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