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Barbosa, Dulce Aparecida
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Id: biblio-949881
Autor: Santos, Samantha Bertoncello dos; Sabadin, Clarice Elvira Saggin; Mario, Débora Nunes; Rigo, Lilian; Barbosa, Dulce Aparecida.
Título: Presence of Candida spp. and candidiasis in liver transplant patients
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;93(3):356-361, May-June 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: BACKGROUND: Candidiasis is the most common opportunistic fungal infection of the oral cavity caused by fungi of the genus Candida and usually associated with immunosuppressed individuals. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence of oral candidiasis and identify the presence of Candida spp. in liver transplant recipients and assess the association between the presence of the fungus and sociodemographic variables, dietary habits and environmental exposure. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 49 patients who had undergone liver transplants at Hospital São Vicente de Paulo in Passo Fundo - RS. Patient information was collected to obtain sociodemographic data, eating habits and environmental exposure. Fungal infections were screened by oral clinical examination and the presence of Candida spp by the collection of oral samples with a sterile swab, seeded in Sabouraud Dextrose Agar, incubated at 25°C and observed at 48 hours. To identify Candida albicans, the germ tube test was performed. RESULTS: In 49 patient samples, 39% had the yeast of the genus Candida isolated and, of these patients, 12% had candidiasis, 66% of atrophic type and 34% pseudomembranous. Eleven yeast species were (58%) Candida non-albicans and eight (42%) Candida albicans. STUDY LIMITATIONS: The present study presents as a limitation the inclusion of patients in different stages of immunosuppression. CONCLUSION: The high incidence of Candida non-albicans in the oral cavity of transplant patients with a long period of transplantation is warning to a more effective control of the health of these individuals, especially those with older age.
Descritores: Infecções Oportunistas/microbiologia
Candida/isolamento & purificação
Candidíase Bucal/diagnóstico
Transplante de Fígado
Boca/microbiologia
-Candida/classificação
Candidíase Bucal/patologia
Estudos Transversais
Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido
Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Idoso
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1039040
Autor: Lavaee, Fatemeh; Moshaverinia, Maryam; MalekHosseini, Seyed Ali; Jamshidzade, Akram; Zarei, Maryam; Jafarian, Hadis; Haddadi, Pardis; Badiee, Parisa.
Título: Antifungal effect of sesame medicinal herb on Candida Species: original study and mini-review
Fonte: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online);55:e17479, 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antifungal susceptibility patterns of three antifungals, methanolic extracts and N-hexane oil of sesame seeds on C. albicans and C. glabrata, isolated from oral cavity of liver transplant recipients. The results were compared with other reports to develop a mini review as well. Candida species were isolated from liver transplant recipients. To evaluate the antifungal activity of sesame seed oil and methanolic extract, fluconazole, caspofungin and nystatin, the corresponding minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined by CLSI M27-A3 standard method. Minimum fungicidal concentration was also evaluated. The most prevalent species was C. albicans, followed by C. glabrata. Findings indicated sensitivity to antifungal agents and resistance to methanolic extract and N-hexane oil for all C. albicans and C. glabrata isolates. The rate of Candida colonization in the oral cavity of liver transplant recipients was high. Our results revealed that the methanolic and N-hexan extracts of sesame seeds are not effective on C. albicans and C. glabrata species, isolated from the patients. The sesame seed oil pulling and mouthwash cannot effectively cleanse and remove the Candida species in the mouth. Investigation of other medicinal plants or other parts of sesame like leaves and roots are suggested.
Descritores: Óleos Voláteis/análise
Sesamum/anatomia & histologia
Antifúngicos/efeitos adversos
-Candida/imunologia
Transplante de Fígado
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas


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Id: lil-780830
Autor: Hernández-Pérez, Andrés Felipe; Arruda, Priscila Vaz de; Felipe, Maria das Graças de Almeida.
Título: Sugarcane straw as a feedstock for xylitol production by Candida guilliermondii FTI 20037
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(2):489-496, Apr.-June 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação do amparo à pesquisa do estado de São Paulo.
Resumo: Abstract Sugarcane straw has become an available lignocellulosic biomass since the progressive introduction of the non-burning harvest in Brazil. Besides keeping this biomass in the field, it can be used as a feedstock in thermochemical or biochemical conversion processes. This makes feasible its incorporation in a biorefinery, whose economic profitability could be supported by integrated production of low-value biofuels and high-value chemicals, e.g., xylitol, which has important industrial and clinical applications. Herein, biotechnological production of xylitol is presented as a possible route for the valorization of sugarcane straw and its incorporation in a biorefinery. Nutritional supplementation of the sugarcane straw hemicellulosic hydrolyzate as a function of initial oxygen availability was studied in batch fermentation of Candida guilliermondii FTI 20037. The nutritional supplementation conditions evaluated were: no supplementation; supplementation with (NH4)2SO4, and full supplementation with (NH4)2SO4, rice bran extract and CaCl2·2H2O. Experiments were performed at pH 5.5, 30 °C, 200 rpm, for 48 h in 125 mL Erlenmeyer flasks containing either 25 or 50 mL of medium in order to vary initial oxygen availability. Without supplementation, complete consumption of glucose and partial consumption of xylose were observed. In this condition the maximum xylitol yield (0.67 g g-1) was obtained under reduced initial oxygen availability. Nutritional supplementation increased xylose consumption and xylitol production by up to 200% and 240%, respectively. The maximum xylitol volumetric productivity (0.34 g L-1 h-1) was reached at full supplementation and increased initial oxygen availability. The results demonstrated a combined effect of nutritional supplementation and initial oxygen availability on xylitol production from sugarcane straw hemicellulosic hydrolyzate.
Descritores: Xilitol/biossíntese
Candida/metabolismo
Saccharum/microbiologia
-Xilose/metabolismo
Caules de Planta/metabolismo
Caules de Planta/microbiologia
Caules de Planta/química
Meios de Cultura/metabolismo
Saccharum/metabolismo
Saccharum/química
Fermentação
Hidrólise
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-780823
Autor: Savastano, Catarina; Silva, Elisa de Oliveira; Gonçalves, Lindyanne Lemos; Nery, Jéssica Maria; Silva, Naiara Chaves; Dias, Amanda Latercia Tranches.
Título: Candida glabrata among Candida spp. from environmental health practitioners of a Brazilian Hospital
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(2):367-372, Apr.-June 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais.
Resumo: Abstract The incidence of the species Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida was evaluated in a Brazilian Tertiary Hospital from the environment and health practitioners. In a 12-month period we had a total positivity of 19.65% of Candida spp. The most recurring non-albicans Candida species was C. glabrata (37.62%), generally considered a species of low virulence, but with a higher mortality rate than C. albicans. Subsequently, C. parapsilosis (25.74%) and C. tropicalis (16.86%) were the second and third most commonly isolated species. Considering the total samples collected from the emergency room and from the inpatient and the pediatric sector, 19.10% were positive for Candida spp., with the predominance of non-albicans Candida species (89.42%). The high percentage of positivity occurred in the hands (24.32%) and the lab coats (21.88%) of the health care assistants. No sample of C. albicans presented a profile of resistance to the drugs. All the non-albicans Candida species presented a decreased susceptibility to miconazole and itraconazole, but they were susceptible to nystatin. Most of the isolates were susceptible to fluconazole and amphotericin B. As expected, a high resistance rate was observed in C. glabrata and C. krusei, which are intrinsically less susceptible to this antifungal agent. The contamination of environmental surfaces by Candida spp. through hand touching may facilitate the occurrence of Candida infections predominantly in immunocompromised patients. In addition to that, the antifungal agents used should be carefully evaluated considering local epidemiologic trends in Candida spp. infections, so that therapeutic choices may be better guided.
Descritores: Candida/isolamento & purificação
Candidíase/microbiologia
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia
Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Candida glabrata/isolamento & purificação
Equipamentos e Provisões Hospitalares/microbiologia
-Atenção Terciária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Brasil/epidemiologia
Candida/classificação
Candida/efeitos dos fármacos
Candida/genética
Candidíase/epidemiologia
Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia
Farmacorresistência Fúngica
Candida glabrata/classificação
Candida glabrata/efeitos dos fármacos
Candida glabrata/genética
Hospitais
Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Vicente, Vânia Aparecida
Carvalho, Newton Sérgio de
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Id: lil-780822
Autor: Fornari, Gheniffer; Vicente, Vania Aparecida; Gomes, Renata Rodrigues; Muro, Marisol Dominguez; Pinheiro, Rosangela Lameira; Ferrari, Carolina; Herkert, Patricia Fernanda; Takimura, Marcos; Carvalho, Newton Sérgio de; Queiroz-Telles, Flavio.
Título: Susceptibility and molecular characterization of Candida species from patients with vulvovaginitis
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(2):373-380, Apr.-June 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Vulvovaginal candidiasis affects women of reproductive age, which represents approximately 15–25% of vaginitis cases. The present study aimed to isolate and characterize yeast from the patients irrespective of the presentation of clinical symptoms. The isolates were subjected to in vitro susceptibility profile and characterization by molecular markers, which intended to assess the distribution of species. A total of 40 isolates were obtained and identified through the CHROMagar, API20aux and by ITS and D1/D2 regions sequencing of DNAr gene. Candida albicans strains were genotyped by the ABC system and the isolates were divided into two genotypic groups. The identity of the C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. guilliermondii, C. kefyr and Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolates was confirmed by the multilocus analysis. The strains of Candida, isolated from patients with complications, were found to be resistant to nystatin but sensitive to fluconazole, amphotericin B and ketoconazole, as observed by in vitro sensitivity profile. The isolates from asymptomatic patients, i.e., the colonized group, showed a dose-dependent sensitivity to the anti-fungal agents, fluconazole and amphotericin B. However, the isolates of C. albicans that belong to distinct genotypic groups showed the same in vitro susceptibility profile.
Descritores: Candida/efeitos dos fármacos
Candidíase Vulvovaginal/microbiologia
Antifúngicos/farmacologia
-Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos
Candida/isolamento & purificação
Candida/classificação
Candida/genética
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Fluconazol/farmacologia
Farmacorresistência Fúngica
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-736915
Autor: Sanabria, Rosa; Samudio, Margarita; Fariña, Norma; Laspina, F; Figueredo, L de; Aguilar, G; Espínola, C.
Título: Perfil de susceptibilidad a anti fúngicos de aislados de Candida spp por el método de microdilución. Nuevos puntos de cortes para fluconazol / Anti-fungal susceptibility profile of Candida spp isolates by the microdilution method. New cutoff points for fluconazole
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.);12(1):33-40, jun. 2014. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Las infecciones por levaduras tienen gran importancia debido a su relativa alta frecuencia e incremento de la resistencia a los antifúngicos, especialmente a los derivados azólicos y, en particular, al fluconazol. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la concentración inhibitoria mínima (CIM) del fluconazol y anfotericina B de aislados de Candida de pacientes ambulatorios y hospitalizados en Paraguay de mayo del 2010 a agosto del 2011, aplicando criterios nuevos y antiguos para el fluconazolYeast infections are very important because of their relatively high frequency and increased resistance to antifungal agents, especially to azole derivatives, and in particular, to fluconazole. The objective of this study was to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of fluconazole and amphotericin B in Candida isolates in clinically significant samples from hospitalized patients in Paraguay from May 2010 to August 2011 using the old and new criteria for fluconazole. The MICs of the antifungals were determined by the microdilution method (M27 A-2) according to CLSI recommendations. Fifty isolates were evaluated, being C. albicans the predominant species (40%) followed by C. parapsilosis and C. glabrata in equal proportion (20%), C. tropicalis (16%) and C. krusei (4%). Using the old cutoff, five isolates were resistant to . La CIM de los anti-fúngicos se determinó por el método de microdilución según la CLSI. Fueron incluidos 50 aislados de Candida, resultando predominante C. albicans (40%) seguido de C. parapsilosis y C. glabrata en igual proporción (20%), C. tropicales (16%) y C. krusei (4%). Con el antiguo criterio, cinco aislados resultaron resistentes al fluconazol (10%), dos fueron C. krusei con resistencia natural, dos C. tropicalis y uno C. albicans. Tres aislados tuvieron sensibilidad dosis dependiente (SDD), uno de cada especie de C. tropicales, C. parasilopsis y C. glabrata. Con el nuevo criterio, la resistencia aumentó a siete aislados (14%), dos...

Yeast infections areveryimportantbecause of their relatively high frequency andincreased resistance to antifungal agents, especiallytoazole derivatives, and inparticular, to fluconazole. Theobjective of thisstudy was to determine the minimuminhibitory concentration (MIC) of fluconazole and amphotericin B inCandidaisolatesinclinically significant samples from hospitalized patients in Paraguay from May 2010 toAugust 2011 using the old and new criteria for fluconazole. The MICs of the antifungalswere determined by the microdilution method (M27 A-2) according to CLSIrecommendations. Fifty isolates were evaluated,beingC. albicansthe predominantspecies (40%) followed byC. parapsilosisandC. glabratain equal proportion (20%),C.tropicalis(16%) andC. krusei(4%).Usingthe old cutoff,five isolates were resistant to fluconazole (10%), two naturally resistant isolates (C. krusei), twoC. tropicalisand oneC. albicans.ThreeC. glabrataand one isolates of each species ofC. tropicales, C.parasilopsisyC. glabratashowed sensitivity dose dependent (SDD). With the new cutoff,the number of resistant isolates increased to seven (14%), of which two were SDD basedon the old criteria. NineC. glabrataand twoC. albicans,previouslyclassified as sensitive,changedto SDD. All isolates were susceptible to amphotericin B. With the newcutoffpoints,important variations were observed in the isolates susceptibility profiles,particularly inC. glabrata,supportingtheneedof species identification,permanentsurveillance ofthe isolatesresistancetoanti-fungalsand correlationof the sensitivityresultswith theclinicalresponseto treatment.
Descritores: Anfotericina B
Candida
Fluconazol
Responsável: PY3.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: lil-442803
Autor: Laspina, F; Samudio, M; Céspedes, A. M; González, G. M; Balmaceda, M. A.
Título: Agentes etiológicos de vulvovaginitis en niñas / Etiologic agents of vulvovaginitis in girls
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.);3(1):9-14, dic. 2005. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La vulvovaginitis (VV) es una las causas más frecuentes de consulta ginecológica de niñas, especialmente, en centros hospitalarios públicos. El conocimiento de la frecuencia de los agentes que producen esta patología, las condiciones socio­económicas y hábitos de higiene de las afectadas contribuye al desarrollo de programas de prevención y control epidemiológicos. De las 196 niñas con el diagnóstico clínico de vulvovaginitis (presencia de leucorrea e irritación vulvar) se aislaron 330 microorganismos, siendo los más frecuentemente aislados Gardnerella vaginalis (17%) y Candida sp (13%). La frecuencia de candidiasis fue mayor en el grupo de 6 a 12 años que en las menores. Se encontró reacción inflamatoria (>10 leucocitos por campo) en 103 niñas (52,6%)y en este grupo, el 34% de las niñas presentaba G.vaginalis y 24% Candida sp, en comparación con el grupo sin reacción inflamatoria quienes presentaron G. vaginalis en el 15% y Candida sp en el 17%, pero la diferencia no fue significativa. Debido a que la vulvovaginitis ha sido asociada frecuentemente a falta higiene, sobretodo en las niñas menores de 5 años, es importante resaltar la presencia de gérmenes que provendrían de la flora fecal, tales como enterobacterias (18%) y Enterococcus sp (9%).La vulvovaginitis de origen infeccioso estuvo presente en el 52,6% de las niñas, y el resto estaría relacionado a una falta de higiene, que generalmente responden a tratamientos sintómaticos sin antibióticos.

Vulvovaginitis (VV) is one of the most common causes of gynecological consultation in girls, especially in public hospitals. The knowledge of the frequency of the causative agents of this pathology, socio­economic conditions and hygiene practices of the affected girls will contribute to development of epidemiological control programs. Out of 196 girls with a clinical diagnosis of vulvovaginitis (presence leukorrhea and vulva irritation), 330 microorganisms were isolated being the most frequent microorganisms Gardnerella vaginalis (17%) and Candida sp (13%). The frequency of candidiasis was higher in the age group of 6 to 12 years than in younger girls and inflammatory reaction (>10 leucocytes per field) was found in 103 girls (52.6%). In this group, 34% of the girls presented G. vaginalis and 24% Candida sp. in comparison to the group without inflammatory reaction where 15% presented G. vaginalis and 17% Candida sp.(difference was not significant). Since vulvovaginitis has been frequently associated to the lack of hygiene, especially in girls younger than 5 years old, it is important to remark the presence of germs from the fecal flora such as enterobacteria (18%) and Enterococcus sp (9%). The vulvovaginitis was infectious in 52.6% of the girls while the rest was related to a lack of hygiene and generally responds to symptomatic treatments without antibiotics.
Descritores: Vulvovaginite
Candida
Puberdade
Leucorreia
Responsável: PY3.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-1017953
Autor: Medina, Dorita; Laspina, Florentina; Norma, Fariña; Alborno, Rose Marie; Amarilla, María Anguela.
Título: Prevalencia de Streptococcus B hemolíticos en pacientes de alto riesgo para enfermedades de transmisión sexual / Prevalence of B-hemolytic Streptococcus in high risk patients for sexually transmited disease.
Fonte: Asunción; EFACIM; 1994. 61-65 p.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Two hundred and fourteen prostitutes from Asunción were examined in order to determine the prevalence of cervical infection by Streptococcus B-hemolytic. The range of age was 18 to 28 years, and 21 percent of them showed Streptococcus infection, and only 30 percent of the isolate resulted sensible to penicillin. In 10 percent of the patients any microorganism could be isolate. Other microorganisms isolate were: Gardnere vaginalis: 11 percent, trichomonas vaginalis: 1 percent, Neisseria gonorrheae: 4 percent, Candida spp.: 2 percent, Corynebacterium spp.: 18 percent, Staphylococcus aureus: 1 percent and Escherichia coli: 4 percent. In 80 percent of the samples the absence of lactobacillus was n noticed. Most of the patiens (80 percent) do nout use contraceptives
Descritores: Candida
Corynebacterium
Escherichia coli
Gardnerella vaginalis
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococcus
Trichomonas vaginalis
Responsável: PY2.1 - Centro de Documentación
PY3.1 SR 616.9363 An78a 1992


  9 / 714 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-975604
Autor: Ali, Khaled; Hamed, Mahmood A; Hassan, Hameda; Esmail, Amira; Sheneef, Abeer.
Título: Identification of Fungal Pathogens in Otomycosis and Their Drug Sensitivity: Our Experience
Fonte: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.);22(4):400-403, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Introduction Otomycosis is a common problem in otolaryngology practice. However, we usually encounter some difficulties in its treatment because many patients show resistance to antifungal agents, and present high recurrence rate. Objectives To determine the fungal pathogens that cause otomycosis as well as their susceptibility to the commonly used antifungal agents. Additionally, to discover the main reasons for antifungal resistance. Methods We conducted an experimental descriptive study on 122 patients clinically diagnosed with otomycosis from April 2016 to April 2017. Aural discharge specimens were collected for direct microscopic examination and fungal culture. In vitro antifungal susceptibility testing was performed against the commonly used antifungal drugs. We tested the isolated fungi for their enzymatic activity. Results Positive fungal infection was found in 102 samples. The most common fungal pathogens were Aspergillus and Candida species, with Aspergillus niger being the predominant isolate (51%). The antifungal susceptibility testing showed that mold isolates had the highest sensitivity to voriconazole (93.48%), while the highest resistance was to fluconazole (100%). For yeast, the highest sensitivity was to nystatin (88.24%), followed by amphotericin B (82.35%), and the highest resistance was to terbinafine (100%), followed by Itraconazole (94.12%). Filamentous fungi expressed a high enzymatic ability, making them more virulent. Conclusion The Aspergillus and Candida species are the most common fungal isolates in otomycosis. Voriconazole and Nystatin are the medications of choice for the treatment of otomycosis in our community. The high virulence of fungal pathogens is owed to their high enzymatic activity. Empirical use of antifungals should be discouraged.
Descritores: Farmacorresistência Fúngica
Otomicose/microbiologia
Fungos/isolamento & purificação
Antifúngicos/farmacologia
-Aspergillus/isolamento & purificação
Aspergillus niger/isolamento & purificação
Leveduras/isolamento & purificação
Candida/isolamento & purificação
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Anfotericina B/farmacologia
Epidemiologia Descritiva
Epidemiologia Experimental
Itraconazol/farmacologia
Voriconazol/farmacologia
/farmacologia
AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION9TEMEFOS/farmacologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Lactente
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Idoso
Responsável: BR66.1 - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: biblio-839344
Autor: Brandolt, Tchana Martinez; Klafke, Gabriel Baracy; Gonçalves, Carla Vitola; Bitencourt, Laura Riffel; Martinez, Ana Maria Barral de; Mendes, Josiara Furtado; Meireles, Mário Carlos Araújo; Xavier, Melissa Orzechowski.
Título: Prevalence of Candida spp. in cervical-vaginal samples and the in vitro susceptibility of isolates
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(1):145-150, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an infection of the genital mucosa caused by different species of the genus Candida. Considering the lack of data on this topic in the south of Brazil, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of Candida spp. in the cervical-vaginal mucosa of patients treated at a university hospital in southern Rio Grande do Sul, as well as the etiology and the susceptibility of the isolates against fluconazole, itraconazole, miconazole and nystatin. Samples were collected at the gynecology clinic of the Federal Hospital of the University of Rio Grande, and the isolates were identified using phenotypic and biochemical tests. The susceptibility analysis was performed according to the CLSI M27-A2 protocol. Of the 263 patients included, Candida spp. was isolated in 27%, corresponding to a prevalence of approximately 15% for both VVC and colonization. More than 60% of the isolates were identified as Candida albicans; C. non-albicans was isolated at a rate of 8.6% in symptomatic patients and 14.3% in asymptomatic patients. The prevalence of resistance against fluconazole and itraconazole was 42% and 48%, respectively; the minimal inhibitory concentration of miconazole ranged from 0.031 to 8 µg/mL, and that of nystatin ranged from 2 to >16 µg/mL. The high rate of resistance to triazoles observed in our study suggests the necessity of the association of laboratory exams to clinical diagnosis to minimize the practice of empirical treatments that can contribute to the development of resistance in the isolates.
Descritores: Candida/efeitos dos fármacos
Candidíase Vulvovaginal/microbiologia
Candidíase Vulvovaginal/epidemiologia
-Brasil/epidemiologia
Candida/isolamento & purificação
Candida/classificação
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Infecções por HIV
Prevalência
Farmacorresistência Fúngica
Antifúngicos/farmacologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Gravidez
Criança
Adolescente
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Idoso
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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