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Id: lil-356232
Autor: Meng, X. L; Riordan, N. H; Casciari, J. J; Zhu, Y; Zhong, J; González, M. J; Miranda-Massari, J. R; Riordan, H. D.
Título: Effects of a high molecular mass Convolvulus arvensis extract on tumor growth and angiogenesis
Fonte: P. R. health sci. j;21(4):323-338, Dec. 2002.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Plant materials represent promising sources of anti-cancer agents. We developed and tested a novel extract from the ubiquitous plant Convolvulus arvensis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convolvulus arvensis components were extracted in boiling water, and small molecules were removed by high-pressure filtration. The extract's biological activity was assessed by measuring its effects on S-180 fibrosarcoma growth in Kun Ming mice and on heparin-induced angiogenesis in chick embryos. We also examined the extract's effects on lymphocytes ex vivo and tumor cell growth in vitro. RESULTS: The extract (primarily proteins and polysaccharides) inhibited tumor growth in a dose-dependent fashion when administered orally. At the highest dose tested, 200 mg/kg/day, tumor growth was inhibited by roughly seventy percent. Subcutaneous or intraperitoneal administration at 50 mg/kg/day also inhibited tumor growth by over seventy percent. The extract's acute LD50 in Kun Ming mice was 500 mg/kg/day when injected, indicating that tumor growth inhibition occurred at non-toxic doses. It inhibited angiogenesis in chick embryos, improved lymphocyte survival ex vivo, and enhanced yeast phagocytosis, but did not kill tumor cells in culture. CONCLUSION: High molecular mass extract deserves further study as an anti-cancer agent.
Descritores: Convolvulus
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico
Preparações de Plantas/uso terapêutico
-Células Cultivadas
Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
Peso Molecular
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME

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