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Id: biblio-1179063
Autor: Chávez-Ramos, M A; Quisbert, M. E; Layme-Mamani, N; Márquez-Villarroel, E; Alarcón-Camargo, D; Huarina-López, O. L; Cabrera-Aguilar, W.
Título: Subgrupos A1, A2 y AINT en donantes efectivos del banco de sangre materno infantil CNS La Paz ­ Bolivia / Subgroups A1, A2 and AINT in effective donors of the maternal and child blood bank CNS La Paz - Bolivia
Fonte: Cuad. Hosp. Clín = Cuad. - Hosp. clín;61(2):17-22, dic. 2020. ilus..
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Además del sistema ABO, los subgrupos del mismo revisten gran importancia en inmunohematología, Los subgrupos A difieren tanto en el número de sitios antigénicos como en la configuración del antígeno eritrocitario. Los principales, A1 y A2 se diferencian en que los eritrocitos A1 son aglutinados por el anticuerpo Anti-A1 humano o por la Lectina Anti-A1 (Dolichos biflorus), y los eritrocitos A2 son aglutinados por la Lectina Anti-H (Ulex europaeus). MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de Corte Transversal, Se analizó los registros tanto físico y electrónico del Banco de Sangre, se incluyeron todos los donadores efectivos, mismos que fueron tipificados por el laboratorio de inmunohematología en el periodo de mayo a julio del 2018. Método empleado, aglutinación en tubo y en micro placa. RESULTADOS: en un total de 1599 donantes, se determinó que el grupo O tiene mayor frecuencia con un 84% y el menos frecuente fue el AB con un 0,66%. Según el grupo sanguíneo A y AB tenemos las siguientes frecuencias: A1 que representa el (73.3%), A2 el (15.9%), Aint el (5.65%), A1 B el (3.60%) y A2 B el (1.55%). La importancia clínica se basa en que algunas personas del grupo A2 transfundidas con A1 , pueden producir Anti-A1 que es un anticuerpo natural irregular activo a 22 ºC, pero en ocasiones está activo a 37ºC causando una reacción transfusional extravascular, por lo que, si no se cuenta con eritrocitos A2 , se recomienda transfundir eritrocitos grupo O.

In addition to the ABO system, its subgroups review great importance in Immunohematology. Subgroups A differ both in the number of antigenic sites and in the configuration of the erythrocyte antigen. The main ones, A1 and A2 differ in that A1 erythrocytes are agglutinated by human Anti-A1 antibody or by Anti-A1 Lectin (Dolichos biflorus), and A2 erythrocytes are agglutinated by Anti-H Lectin (Ulex europaeus). MATERIALS AND METHODS: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted. The physical and electronic records of the Blood Bank were analyzed, all effective donors were included, which were typified by the Immunohematology Laboratory in the period of May. to July 2018. Method used, agglutination in tube and in microplate. RESULTS: in a total of 1599 protocols, it was determined that group O has the highest frequency with 84% and the least frequent was the AB with 0.66%. According to blood group A and AB we have the following frequencies: A1 representing (73.3%), A2 (15.9%), Aint (5.65%), A1B (3.60%) and A2B (1.55%). The clinical importance is based on the fact that some people in group A2 transfused with A1, can produce Anti-A1 which is an irregular natural antibody active at 22 ° C but sometimes it is active at 37 °C causing an extravascular transfusion reaction, so if A2 erythrocytes are not available, it is recommended to transfuse group O erythrocytes.
Descritores: Bancos de Sangue
Aglutinação
Eritrócitos
-Registros
Ulex
Laboratórios
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: BO138.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-646957
Autor: Ramírez, Ingrid; Dorta, Fernando; Cuadros-Inostroza, Álvaro; Peña-Cortés, Hugo.
Título: Callus induction and plant regeneration of Ulex europaeus
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;15(4):7-7, July 2012. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: A callus induction and plant regeneration protocol was developed from leaf and thorn explants for the plant Ulex europaeus. Explants were incubated on 2 percent sucrose half-strength Murashige and Skoog Medium (MS) with various combinations of plant growth regulators and antioxidants. The best frequency of callus and shoot formation was obtained with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 1 mg/l x kinetin (Kin) 0.2 mg/l (DK Medium; callus induction) and zeatin (Z) 1 mg/l (DK medium; shoot induction). Both media were supplemented with ascorbic acid 200 mg/l to prevent browning and death of the explants. The regenerated shoots transferred to rooting medium (half-strength MS Medium, 2 percent sucrose) showed rapid growth and development of roots (100 percent). Rooted plantlets were successfully transferred to soil in pots containing a 3:1 mixture of soil and vermiculite.
Descritores: Regeneração
Ulex/crescimento & desenvolvimento
-Aclimatação
Brotos de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Fabaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Germinação
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central



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