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Id: biblio-1146465
Autor: Ormazábal, Paulina; Yuri, Gabriela; Sanhueza, Sofía; Cifuentes, Mariana; Herrera, Karin; Paredes, Adrián; Morales, Glauco.
Título: Efecto del extracto hidroalcohólico de la planta Lampaya medicinalis Phil. (Verbenaceae) sobre la esteatosis inducida in vitro en hepatocitos humanos / Effect of the hydroalcoholic extract of the plant Lampaya medicinalis Phil. (Verbenaceae) on in vitro-induced steatosis in human hepatocytes
Fonte: Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes;14(1):7-13, 2021. tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: Sociedad Chilena de Endocrinología y Diabetes. SOCHED.
Resumo: INTRODUCCIÓN: La enfermedad del hígado graso no alcohólico (EHGNA) es la forma más común de enfermedad hepática. A nivel celular se caracteriza por la acumulación de triglicéridos (TG) en forma de gotas lipídicas (GL) dando lugar a esteatosis e inflamación. Entre los factores relevantes para la síntesis de TG se encuentran las enzimas DGAT1/2 que catalizan la etapa final de la síntesis de TG, y la proteína FABP4 que transporta lípidos intracelulares y se expresa en modelos de enfermedad hepática dependiente de obesidad. Por otra parte, TNF-α es una reconocida citoquina involucrada en el proceso inflamatorio en la EHGNA. La medicina popular del norte de Chile ha utilizado la planta Lampaya medicinalis Phil. (Verbenaceae) para el tratamiento de algunas enfermedades inflamatorias. OBJETIVO: Evaluar el efecto de un extracto hidroalcóholico de lampaya (EHL) sobre la esteatosis y expresión de marcadores de inflamación en hepatocitos tratados con ácidos grasos. Diseño experimental: Estudio in vitro en cultivos de la línea celular humana HepG2 tratadas con ácido oleico (AO) y ácido palmítico (AP). MÉTODOS: Se incubó hepatocitos HepG2 con AO/AP por 24 horas en presencia o no de EHL. Se evaluó la presencia de GL y el contenido de TG intracelulares por Oil Red O y Nile Red, respectivamente. La expresión de DGAT1/2, FABP4 y TNF-α fue evaluada por qPCR. RESULTADOS: Los hepatocitos tratados con AO/AP mostraron un aumento en las GL y TG, así como una mayor expresión de DGAT2 en comparación al control. El cotratamiento con EHL revirtió los efectos inducidos por AO/AP. CONCLUSIONES: EHL revierte el incremento en las GL, TG y en la expresión de DGAT2 inducido por AO/AP en células HepG2. Estos hallazgos sugieren un efecto hepatoprotector de la Lampaya contra la esteatosis, y apoyarían su uso complementario en el tratamiento de patologías con componente inflamatorio como la EHGNA.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease. At the cellular level, it is characterized by the accumulation of triglycerides (TG) in the form of lipid droplets (LD), which leads to steatosis and inflammation. Among relevant factors for TG synthesis are the enzymes DGAT1/2 catalyzing the final stage of TG synthesis, and the protein FABP4 which transports intracellular lipids and is expressed in cell models of obesity-dependent liver disease. Additionally, TNF-α is a cytokine involved in the inflammatory process associated to NAFDL. Lampaya medicinalis Phil. (Verbenaceae) is a plant used in folk medicine in northern Chile to treat some inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the hydroalcoholic extract of lampaya (HEL) on steatosis and the expression of inflammatory markers in hepatocytes treated with fatty acids. Study design: In vitro study in cultures of the human HepG2 cell line treated with oleic acid (OA) and palmitic acid (PA). METHODS: HepG2 hepatocytes were incubated with OA/PA for 24 hours in the presence and absence of HEL. The formation of LD and the accumulation of intracellular TG were assessed by Oil Red O and Nile Red, respectively. The expression of DGAT1/2, FABP4 and TNF-α was assessed by qPCR. RESULTS: The treatment with OA/PA increased the levels of LD and TG as well as the expression of DGAT2 in HepG2 hepatocytes compared to control cells. HEL cotreatment counteracted OA/PA-induced effects. CONCLUSIONS: HEL prevents the increase in LD and TG levels and DGAT2 expression induced by OA/PA in HepG2 cells. These findings suggest that lampaya may have a protective effect against hepatic steatosis, which would support its complementary use in the treatment of pathologies associated with inflammation, such as NAFLD.
Descritores: Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
Verbenaceae/química
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico
-Triglicerídeos/análise
Técnicas In Vitro
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
Sobrevivência Celular
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Técnicas de Cultura de Células
Ácido Oleico
Etanol/química
Células Hep G2/efeitos dos fármacos
Inflamação
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1041910
Autor: Souza, Luciana M; Fonseca, Francine S. A; Silva, Júlio C. R. L; Silva, Amanda M; Silva, Julian R; Martins, Ernane R.
Título: Essential oil composition in natural population of Lippia origanoides (Verbenaceae) during dry and rainy seasons / Composición de los aceites esenciales en poblaciones naturales de Lippia origanoides (Verbenaceae) durante las estaciones seca y lluviosa
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;67(1):278-285, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Lippia origanoides Kunth. is a medicinal shrub native to some countries in South America, Central America and the Caribbean. This study aims to investigate the chemical composition of the essential oil and the genetic diversity of a natural population of Lippia origanoides in two seasons. Leaf samples were collected from 30 individuals in the dry and rainy seasons. The essential oil was extracted into a Clevenger apparatus and analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The relative quantification of thymol and carvacrol was performed by gas chromatography coupled to a flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Multivariate analysis was used to evaluate the genetic divergence between plants. Carvacrol was the major compound found in most plants for both seasons. In the rainy season, plant 15 presented thymol as the major compound, and plants 16, 27, 28 and 29 presented camphor as the major compound. In the dry season, thymol remained the main compound of plant 15 and camphor remained the main compound of plants 16, 28 and 29; however, plant 27 presented carvacrol as the main compound in this season. After carvacrol, the compounds with the highest content were γ-terpinene, p-cymene and methyl-ether-thymol. Of the 30 plants studied, only five differed in their chemical composition, showing some degree of stability in relation to the dry and rainy seasons. There was no variation in the main compounds between the two seasons, but there was chemical diversity among the main compounds. Tocher grouping revealed five distinct groups, with group 1 including most of the plants in both dry and rainy seasons, indicating that the time of year evaluated did not significantly interfere with the essential oil composition of most plants.(AU)

Resumen Lippia origanoides Kunth. es un arbusto medicinal nativo de algunos países de Centro y Sur América y el Caribe. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la composición química de los aceites esenciales y la diversidad genética de una población natural de L. origanoides en dos estaciones. El aceite esencial se extrajo en un equipo de Clevenger y se analizó por cromatografía de gases acoplado a espectrometría de masas (CG-EM). La cuantificación relativa de timol y carvacrol se realizó por cromatografía de gases acoplado a un detector de ionización de llamas (CG-DIL). Se utilizó un análisis multivariado para evaluar la divergencia genética entre plantas. El carvacrol fue el compuesto principal encontrado en la mayoría de las plantas para ambas estaciones. En la estación lluviosa, la planta 15 presentó timol como el compuesto principal y las plantas 16, 27, 28 y 29 presentaron alcanfor como el compuesto principal. En la estación seca, el timol se mantuvo como el principal compuesto en la planta 15, de igual manera el alcanfor se mantuvo como el principal en las plantas 16, 28 y 29. Sin embargo, la planta 27 presentó carvacrol como el principal compuesto en esta estación. Después del carvacrol, los compuestos con el mayor contenido fueron γ-terpineno, p-cimeno and metil-eter-timol. De las 30 plantas estudiadas, solo cinco difirieron en su composición química, mostrando algún grado de estabilidad en relación a la estación seca y lluviosa. No hubo variación en los compuestos principales entre las dos estaciones, pero hubo diversidad química entre los compuestos principales. El agrupamiento de Tocher mostró cinco grupos distintos, con el grupo 1 incluyendo la mayoría de las plantas en ambas estaciones, lo cual indica que el periodo del año evaluado no interfiere significativamente con la composición de aceites esenciales en la mayoría de plantas.(AU)
Descritores: Timol/química
Cultivos Agrícolas
Destilação/instrumentação
Verbenaceae/química
Biodiversidade
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-915429
Autor: Guevara, Patricia; Reyna-Segura, Jorge; Zuñiga-Ruiz, Beatriz; Llanos-Romero, R. Enrique; Andrés-Yeves, María F; Barajas-Guzmán, María G; Echeverri, Fernando; León-Rivera, Ismael.
Título: Biocidal effect of a hexane-soluble extract of Lippia graveolens Kunth (Verbenaceae) / Efecto biocida del extracto hexánico de Lippia graveolens Kunth (Verbenaceae)
Fonte: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát;17(4), jul. 2018. tab, ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: UNAM-DGAPA.
Resumo: Lippia graveolens Kunth (Verbenaceae) is an economically important shrub known in Mexico as Oregano. In this work, the biocidal effect of the hexane extract of L. graveolens leaves was evaluated on two crop pests. Thus, larvae of Spodoptera frugiperda were fed with mixtures of extract and artificial diet. The nematicidal activity was evaluated on juveniles of Meloydogine javanica. Regarding S. frugiperda, quantitative differences between treatments and control were observed in dead pupae, surviving adults, and deformed adults (P < 0.05). All the surviving adults from the extract treatments were deformed. Nematicidal effect was registered, the LC50 and LC90 were 0.672 (0.654-0.690) and 0.965 (0.937-0.998) mg/mL respectively. The extract was characterized by NMR and GC-MS, being thymol the most abundant component (70.6%) in addition to carvacrol (22.8%). The results suggest the consideration of the hexane extract of L. graveolens leaves within the alternatives for the biological control of pests.

Lippia graveolens Kunth (Verbenaceae) es un arbusto con importancia económica conocido en México como Orégano. En éste trabajo se evaluó el efecto biocida del extracto hexánico de hojas L. graveolens sobre dos plagas agrícolas. Así, larvas de S. frugiperda fueron alimentadas con mezclas de dieta artificial y extracto. La actividad nematicida fue evaluada en juveniles de Meloydogine javanica, Respecto a S. frugiperda, se observaron diferencias cuantitativas entre tratamiento y control en cuanto a pupas muertas, adultos sobrevivientes y adultos deformes (P < 0.05). Todos los adultos provenientes de tratamientos con extracto estuvieron malformados. Hubo efecto nematicida, calculándose CL50 y CL90 de 0.672 (0.654-0.690) y 0.965 (0.937-0.998) mg/mL respectivamente. El extracto se caracterizó por RMN y CG-EM. Los compuestos más abundantes fueron timol (70.6%), ademas del carvacrol (22.8%). Los resultados sugieren considerar al extracto hexánico de hojas de L. graveolens dentro de las alternativas para el control biológico de plagas.
Descritores: Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Spodoptera/efeitos dos fármacos
Folhas de Planta/química
Lippia/química
Antinematódeos/farmacologia
-Fenóis/análise
Extratos Vegetais/química
Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
Controle Biológico de Vetores
Cromatografia Gasosa/métodos
Verbenaceae
Monoterpenos/análise
Larva
Antinematódeos/química
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1008004
Autor: Prochnow, Daiane; Caron, Braulio Otomar; Heinzmann, Berta Maria; Garlet, Quelen Iane; Fontana, Daniele Cristina; Schmidt, Denise.
Título: Effect of meteorological elements on the content and composition of Aloysia triphylla (L´Hérit) Britton essential oil / Efecto de los elementos meteorológicos sobre el contenido y la composición del aceite esencial de Aloysia triphylla (L´Hérit) Britton
Fonte: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát;18(3):325-335, mayo 2019. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.
Resumo: The concentration and composition of an essential oil can vary according to environmental variations and seasonal periods. The objective of this study was to correlate meteorological elements with the content and concentration of components of Aloysia triphylla essential oil, for the four seasons of the year. The experiment was conducted in a plastic greenhouse of the UFSM, Frederico Westphalen campus ­ RS, Brazil, in a complete randomized blocks design during the four seasons, with three repetitions. The meteorological data were collected with the aid of a compact meteorological station, in order to characterize the environment in which the species was conducted. The evaluations were carried out at the middle date of each season. It was observed a correlation between the meteorological variables with the essential oil production and its components. According to the analysis, there influence of the temperature on the essential oil contents, considering that the maximum temperature shows a direct positive influence on the concentration of limonene and negative for spathulenol.

El contenido y la composición de un aceite esencial pueden variar según las variaciones ambientales y los períodos estacionales. El objetivo de este estudio fue correlacionar los elementos meteorológicos con el contenido y la concentración de los componentes del aceite esencial de Aloysia triphylla, para las cuatro estaciones del año. El experimento se realizó en un invernadero de plástico de la UFSM, campus de Frederico Westphalen - RS, Brasil, en un diseño completo de bloques al azar durante las cuatro estaciones, con tres repeticiones. Los datos meteorológicos se recopilaron con la ayuda de una estación meteorológica compacta, para caracterizar el entorno en el que se realizó la especie. Las evaluaciones se llevaron a cabo en la fecha media de cada temporada. Se observó una correlación entre las variables meteorológicas con la producción de aceites esenciales y sus componentes. De acuerdo con el análisis, existe una influencia de la temperatura en los contenidos de aceites esenciales, considerando que la temperatura máxima muestra una influencia positiva directa sobre la concentración de limoneno y negativa para el espatulenol.
Descritores: Estações do Ano
Óleos Voláteis/química
Verbenaceae/química
-Temperatura
Brasil
Monoterpenos/química
Ionização de Chama
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: biblio-886648
Autor: FOGLIARINI, CARINE O; GARLET, QUELEN I; PARODI, THAYLISE V; BECKER, ALEXSSANDRO G; GARCIA, LUCIANO O; HEINZMANN, BERTA M; PEREIRA, ANA MARIA S; BALDISSEROTTO, BERNARDO.
Título: Anesthesia of Epinephelus marginatus with essential oil of Aloysia polystachya: an approach on blood parameters
Fonte: An. acad. bras. ciênc;89(1,supl):445-456, May. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul/Programa de Apoio a Núcleos de Excelência; . Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico.
Resumo: ABSTRACT This study investigated the anesthetic potential of the essential oil (EO) of Aloysia polystachya in juveniles of dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus). Fish were exposed to different concentrations of EO of A. polystachya to evaluate time of induction and recovery from anesthesia. In the second experiment, fish were divided into four groups: control, ethanol and 50 or 300 µL L−1 EO of A. polystachya, and each group was submitted to induction for 3.5 min and recovery for 5 or 10 min. The blood gases and glucose levels showed alterations as a function of the recovery times, but Na+ and K+ levels did not show any alteration. In conclusion, the EO from leaves of A. polystachya is an effective anesthetic for dusky grouper, because anesthesia was reached within the recommended time at EO concentrations of 300 and 400 µL L−1. However, most evaluated blood parameters showed compensatory responses due to EO exposure.
Descritores: Peixes-Gato/sangue
Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia
Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
Biomarcadores/sangue
Verbenaceae/química
Anestésicos/farmacologia
-Bicarbonatos/sangue
Hemoglobinas/análise
Folhas de Planta/química
Gases/sangue
Glucose/análise
Hematócrito
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Metais Alcalinos/sangue
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-888842
Autor: Ávila-Reyes, J A; Almaraz-Abarca, N; Chaidez-Ayala, A I; Ramírez-Noya, D; Delgado-Alvarado, E A; Torres-Ricario, R; Naranjo-Jiménez, N; Alanís-Bañuelos, R E.
Título: Foliar phenolic compounds of ten wild species of Verbenacea as antioxidants and specific chemomarkers / Compostos fenólicos das folhas de dez especies selvagem de Verbenaceae como antioxidantes e quimiomarcadores específicos
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;78(1):98-107, Feb. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología.
Resumo: Abstract The family Verbenaceae hosts important species used in traditional medicine of many countries. The taxonomic controversies concerning the specific delimitation of several of its species make it difficult to guarantee the botanical origin of herbal preparations based on species of this family. To contribute to the development of both specific chemomarkers and a quality control tool to authenticate the botanical origin of herbal preparations of Verbenacea species, we determined the foliar HPLC-DAD phenolic profiles and the antioxidant properties of 10 wild species of this family occurring in Mexico. The contents of phenols and flavonoids varied significantly among species. Priva mexicana showed the highest levels of total phenolics (53.4 mg g-1 dry tissue) and Verbena carolina had the highest levels of flavonoids (17.89 mg g-1 dry tissue). Relevant antioxidant properties revealed by antiradical and reducing power were found for the analyzed species. These properties varied significantly in a species-dependent manner. The phenolic compounds accumulated were flavones and phenolic acids. Flavones were the only type of flavonoids found. The results of a cluster analysis showed that the compounds were accumulated in species-specific profiles. The phenolic profiles are proposed as valuable chemomarkers that can become a useful tool for the quality control concerning the botanical origin of herbal medicinal preparations based on the species analyzed. In addition, phenolic profiles could contribute importantly to solve the taxonomic controversies concerning species delimitation in the family Verbenaceae.

Resumo A família Verbenaceae compreende importantes espécies utilizadas na medicina popular de muitos países. As dificuldades taxonômicas relativas à delimitação específica de muitas das suas espécies face difícil a verificar a origem botânico das preparações herbales baseadas nas espécies desta família. Para fazer uma contribuição ao desenvolvimento de indicadores taxonômicos e dum método de controle de qualidade para verificar a origem botânico de preparações herbales das espécies de Verbenaceae, os perfis fenólicos, obtidos pares HPLC-DAD, e as atividades antioxidantes das folhas de 10 espécies selvagens Mexicanas desta família foram determinados. Os conteúdos dos compostos fenólicos totais e dos flavonoides foram significativamente diferentes entre as espécies. Priva mexicana apresentou a maior quantidade de compostos fenólicos totais (53.4 mg g-1 amostra seca) e Verbena carolina apresentou a maior quantidade de flavonoides (17.89 mg g-1 amostra seca). Verifica-se importantes propriedades antioxidantes, como os resultados dos ensaios da capacidade antiradical e do poder redutor indicaram. As propriedades antioxidantes foram significativamente diferentes entre as espécies. Verificou-se que os compostos fenólicos conteúdos nas folhas das espécies analisadas foram só flavonas e ácidos fenólicos. Os resultados das análises de agrupamento provarãn que os perfiles fenólicos foram espécie-específicos. Estes perfis podem ser considerados como indicadores químicos da qualidade relativa à origem botânico de preparações medicinais baseadas nas espécies analisadas e podem fazer importantes contribuições para a delimitação específica na família Verbenaceae.
Descritores: Fenóis/análise
Fenóis/química
Extratos Vegetais/análise
Extratos Vegetais/química
Antioxidantes/análise
Antioxidantes/química
-Flavonoides/análise
Flavonoides/química
Biomarcadores/análise
Biomarcadores/química
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Verbenaceae
México
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1099865
Autor: Busso, Marina; Munafo, Juan Pablo; Galie, Florencia; Bucciarelli, Alejandro.
Título: Actividad gastroprotectora, tamizaje fitoquímico y actividad atrapadora de radicales libres de Aloysia Gratissima (Verbenaceae) / Phytochemical screning, gastroprotective activity and free radical scavenging activity of Aloysia gratissima (Verbenaceae)
Fonte: Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca;30(1):20-27, 20 de junio de 2020.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Se evaluó la actividad gastroprotectora de la infusión proveniente de las hojas de Aloysia gratissima (Verbenaceae), especie nativa de interés medicinal que se desarrolla en el sudoeste bonaerense, utilizando un modelo de inducción de úlceras gástricas con etanol en ratones. Se realizó un tamizaje fitoquímico para detectar la presencia de compuestos que podrían ser responsables de la actividad gastroprotectora de la planta. Se determinó el contenido de fenoles totales y la capacidad atrapadora de radicales libres mediante el método del Folin-Ciocalteu y del 2,2'-difenil-1-picrilhidrazilo (DPPH), respectivamente. Los ensayos demostraron que la infusión de la planta, administrada por vía oral en dosis de 100, 500 y 1000 mg/kg, ejerció una gastroprotección significativa frente a la inducción de úlceras. Se detectó una actividad atrapadora de radicales libres de 47,5%, similar a la sustancia de referencia (BHT). El estudio fitoquímico detectó la presencia de flavonoides y otros polifenoles, sustancias con reconocida capacidad antioxidante. Estos metabolitos ejercen efectos protectores en diferentes modelos experimentales de inducción de úlceras mediante mecanismos que pueden involucrar la neutralización de radicales libres, lo que podría explicar la actividad gastroprotectora de la planta. Estos hallazgos requieren estudios adicionales de A. gratissima como una posible terapia frente a la úlcera gástrica. (AU)

The gastroprotective activity of the infusion from the leaves of Aloysia gratissima (Verbenaceae), a native species of medicinal interest growing in South West Buenos Aires, was evaluated in an ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in mice. Phytochemical screening was carried out in order to determine the presence of compounds that could be responsible for the pharmacological effects of the plant. Total phenolic content and the free radical scavenging activity of the plant were determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu and the 2,2'-diphenyl1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method, respectively. Assays demonstrated that the infusion, orally administered at 100, 500, and 1000 mg/kg doses, exerted a significant gastroprotection effect against ulcer induction (P<0,05). A free radical scavenging activity of 47.5% -similar to the reference substance (BHT)- was detected. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of antioxidant compounds such as flavonoids and other phenolic compounds. These compounds exert protective effects in different experimental models of ulcer induction that could involve free radical neutralization, which could explain the gastroprotective activity of the plant. These promising results support additional studies of A. gratissima as a potential therapy against gastric ulcer. (AU)
Descritores: Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico
Verbenaceae/efeitos dos fármacos
Experiências Laboratoriais
-Radicais Livres/farmacologia
Limites: Animais
Camundongos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Observacional Veterinário
Responsável: AR393.1 - Centro de Información y Documentación Dr H. Urquiola


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Id: biblio-1049130
Autor: Melo, Juliana Oliveira de; Blank, Arie Fitzgerald; Oliveira, Alisson Marcel Souza de; Andrade, Thiago Matos; Blank, Maria de Fátima Arrigoni; Alves, Péricles Barreto.
Título: Content and chemical composition of the essential oil of Lippia gracilis Schauer accessions in different drying times / Teor e composição química do óleo essencial de acessos de Lippia gracilis Schauer em diferentes tempos de secagem
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);35(6):1821-1828, nov./dec. 2019. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Lippia gracilis, popularly known in Brazil as 'alecrim-de-tabuleiro', is used for many purposes, especially as antimicrobial and antiseptic. The drying process of aromatic and medicinal plants aims to minimize the loss of active principles and slow their deterioration, which may greatly influence the yield and chemical composition of some species. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of drying times (0, 2, 4, and 8 days) on the content and chemical composition of the essential oil of L. gracilis accessions LGRA-106, LGRA-109, and LGRA-201. The leaves were dried at 40 oC, and essential oil was extracted by hydrodistillation. Chemical analysis was performed by GC/MS. The experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design with three replications. The accessions of L. gracilis LGRA-106, LGRA-109, and LGRA-201 presented higher essential oil at four days of drying time. The accession LGRA-201 showed the highest essential oil yields at four and eight days of drying, with mean values of 0.038 and 0.029 mL g-1, respectively. The drying time did not influence the contents of thymol, methyl-thymol, γ-terpinene, and carvacrol in the essential oils of L. gracilis, but affected the contents of ß-caryophyllene, p-cymene, and carvacrol acetate. The essential oils of the three accessions analyzed in this study revealed different chemical profiles.

Lippia gracilis, conhecida popularmente como alecrim-de-tabuleiro é usada para muitos efeitos, especialmente como antimicrobiano e antisséptico. O processo de secagem das plantas aromáticas e medicinais visa minimizar a perda de princípios ativos e retardar a sua deterioração os mesmos podem afetar sobremaneira o rendimento e a composição química de algumas plantas. O objetivo deste trabalho foiavaliar o efeito de diferentes tempos de secagem (0, 2, 4 e 8 dias) no teor e na composição química do óleo essencial dos acessos LGRA-106, LGRA-109 e LGRA-201 de L. gracilis.As folhas foram secas a 40 oC e a extração do óleo essencial foi por hidrodestilação. A análise química foi feita através CG/EM. O ensaio foi implantado em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com três repetições. Os acessos de L. gracilis LGRA-106, LGRA- 109 e LGRA-201 apresentaram maiores rendimentos de óleo essencial no tempo de secagem de quatro dias. O acesso LGRA-201 apresentou os maiores teores de óleo essencial aos quatro e oito dias de secagem, com valores médios de 0,038 e 0,029 mL g-1, respectivamente. O tempo de secagem não influenciou os teores de timol, metil-timol, terpineno e carvacrol nos óleos essenciais de L. gracilis, porém afetou os teores de ß-cariofileno, ρ-cimeno, and acetato de carvacrol. Os óleos essenciais dos três acessos analisados apresentaram perfis químicos diferentes entre si.
Descritores: Plantas Medicinais
Óleos Voláteis
Verbenaceae
Lippia
Conservação de Alimentos
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-964753
Autor: González, Yenny; Degen de Arrúa, Rosa; Delmás de Rojas, Gloria; González de García, Mirtha.
Título: Etnofarmacobotánica foliar de "Burrito", Aloysia polystachya(Griseb) Moldenke (verbenaceae), cultivado en Paraguay / Leaf Etnopharmacobotany of "burrito", Aloysia polystachya(Griseb) Moldenke (Verbenaceae), cultivated in Paraguay
Fonte: Rojasiana;13(1):31-41, 2014.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Plantas Medicinais/anatomia & histologia
Verbenaceae/anatomia & histologia
-Paraguai
Plantas Medicinais/classificação
Etnofarmacologia
Verbenaceae/classificação
Fitoterapia
Responsável: PY37.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-951940
Autor: Coelho, Angélica Gomes; Lima Neto, José de Sousa; Moura, Arkellau Kenned Silva; Morais, Ilmara Cecilia Pinheiro da Silva; Cunha, Francisco Valmor Macedo; Melo-Neto, Bernardo; Medeiros, Maria das Graças Freire de; Vasconcelos, Eilika Andreia Feitosa; Arcanjo, Daniel Dias Rufino; Nunes, Lívio Cesar Cunha; Citó, Antônia Maria das Graças Lopes.
Título: Pharmaceutical development of tablets containing a spray-dried optimized extract from Lippia origanoides H. B. K.: influence of excipients and toxicological assessment
Fonte: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online);54(2):e17226, 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Lippia origanoides is a honey shrub which has showed hypotensive potential assessed by in vivo studies. The aim of this work is the development of a pharmaceutical formulation composed by an optimized extract obtained from aerial parts of L. origanoides. The quantification of the naringenin marker in the dry extract and tablets developed was performed, as well as the assessment of the oral acute toxicity in rats. The hydroalcoholic extract of L. origanoides was spray-dried with the addition of colloidal silicon dioxide (Lo-HAE/CSD), and then applied in the preparation of eight different lots of tablets. The influence of the diluent (cellulose or babassu mesocarp), the presence of binder, and the percentage of lubricant, as well as organoleptic and physicochemical characteristics were screened. For the quantification of the marker content both in Lo-HAE/CSD and in the tablets, an analytical curve of the naringenin standard was fitted, and the samples were then analyzed in UFLC. The toxicological assessment was performed in female Wistar rats according to the Acute Toxic Class Method from OECD. The developed tablets produced meet acceptable macroscopic characteristics, and the presence of babassu as diluent provided improved physicochemical properties. The best content of Lo-HAE/CSD in the tablet (100.27%) was identified for the lot containing babassu, composed by 1.0% magnesium stearate, without PVP binder in its formulation. Moreover, Lo-HAE/CSD showed no signs of toxicity. Therefore, the babassu mesocarp powder is a promising pharmaceutical excipient for the development of herbal tablets containing the Lippia origanoides extract.
Descritores: Comprimidos/farmacologia
Lippia
Composição de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos
-Extratos Vegetais
Verbenaceae/classificação
Limites: Animais
Feminino
Ratos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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