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Id: biblio-963856
Autor: Silveira, Márcio José.
Título: The effect of habitat and sediment type on the occurrence of non-native and native species of aquatic macrophyte in subtropical regions / Efeito do habitat e do tipo de sedimento na ocorrência de uma espécie não-nativa e uma espécie nativa de macrófita aquática na região subtropical
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);31(1):268-274, jan./fev. 2015.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Non-native species of aquatic plants may become invasive and affect native communities, reducing the diversity of plants and other organisms. In general, the successful colonization of new habitats by macrophytes depends first on their dispersion ability and second on the existence of favorable abiotic conditions. In this investigation, we used a transplant experiment to test the effects of habitat water (main river channel versus lake) and habitat sediment (river sediment versus lake sediment) on the growth of two species, the non-native Hydrilla verticillata and the native macrophyte Egeria najas. We tested the hypothesis that the non-native species is more successful when it grows in the river channel with river sediment as substrate, whereas the native E. najas is more successful when it grows in the lake with lake sediment as substrate. Fragments of both species were planted in river and lake sediment and transported to the main river channel and a lake for the growing period. The field experiment results demonstrated that H. verticillata did not grow in either river or lake sediment when planted in the lake. However, this species developed higher root biomass than E. najas in the main river channel, which explains its predominance in this type of habitat. The results support the view that habitat characteristics are determinants of the successful or unsuccessful growth of H. verticillata in our study sites. Finally, H. verticillata invasiveness may improve after certain lag times in response to alterations in habitat, as observed for several other non-native species. Thus, future invasions of floodplain lakes by this species cannot be discarded.

Espécies não-nativas de plantas aquáticas podem se tornar invasoras e afetar as comunidades nativas, reduzindo a diversidade de plantas e de outros organismos. Em geral, a colonização por macrófitas em novos habitats depende em primeiro lugar de sua capacidade de dispersão e à existência de condições abióticas favoráveis. Nesta investigação foi utilizado um experimento de transplante para testar os efeitos da água do habitat (calha principal do rio versus lago) e sedimentos do habitat (sedimento do rio versus sedimento do lago) sobre o crescimento de duas espécies de macrófitas aquáticas a não-nativa Hydrilla verticillata e nativa Egeria najas. Foi testada a hipótese de que as espécie não-nativa é mais bem sucedida quando cresce no canal do rio com sedimento do rio como substrato, enquanto a nativa E. najas é mais bem sucedida quando cresce no lago com sedimento do lago como substrato. Fragmentos de ambas as espécies foram plantadas em sedimentos do rio e do lago e transportadas para o Rio e um lago para o cultivo. Resultados em campo mostraram que H. verticillata não cresceu no lago, em ambos os sedimentos (rio e lago). No entanto, esta espécie desenvolveu maior biomassa da raiz no rio, comparada a E. najas, o que explica sua predominância neste tipo de habitat. Os resultados apóiam a visão de que as características do habitat são determinantes para o sucesso ou insucesso de H. verticillata nos locais em que foram estudados. Finalmente, a invasão H. verticillata pode melhorar após um determinado intervalo de tempo em resposta a alterações no habitat, como observado para várias outras espécies não-nativas e, portanto, a futura invasão de lagos de várzea por esta espécie não pode ser descartada.
Descritores: Flora Aquática
Macrófitas
Ecossistema
Hydrocharitaceae
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-859212
Autor: Behrend, Rômulo Diego de Lima; Teixeira, Mariana Carolina; Fernandes, Sue Ellen Prata; Camargo, Janielly Carvalho; Rosin, Gisele Cristina; Takeda, Alice Michiyo.
Título: Effects of a native and a non-native macrophyte species of Hydrocharitaceae on Chironomidae and Oligochaeta assemblages structure / Efeitos de uma espécie de macrófita nativa e uma invasora de Hydrocharitaceae sobre a estrutura das assembleias de Chironomidae e Oligochaeta
Fonte: Acta sci., Biol. sci;35(3):351-358, jul.-set. 2013. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study investigated the structure of the Oligochaeta and Chironomidae assemblages associated with monospecific stands of two submerged macrophyte species: Egeria najas and Hydrilla verticillata. Samplings were carried out in Leopoldo Backwater and Paraná river, in August 2008. To assess the structure of Oligochaeta and Chironomidae assemblage in each macrophyte we calculated: species density, richness, diversity, and evenness. A detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) was used to summarize Oligochaeta and Chironomidae assemblages composition. The highest values of species density and richness for the two groups were recorded in H. verticillata. Although there were no significant differences in density, richness and Shannon diversity, the assemblage composition of these groups was significantly different between plant species. These results suggest that despite being a recent colonizer in the upper Paraná river habitats, the non-native species H. verticillata seems to provide favorable conditions for the establishment of native assemblages of Chironomidae and Oligochaeta. Moreover, differences in the species composition of Oligochaeta and Chironomidae arose from peculiar characteristics of each plant, as attached microorganisms and organic matter, so that other factors, rather than plant architecture can also influence the assemblage of these groups.

Este estudo objetivou investigar a estrutura da assembleia de Oligochaeta e Chironomidae em associação com bancos puros de duas espécies de macrófitas submersas: Hydrilla verticillata e Egeria najas. As coletas foram realizadas no ressaco do Leopoldo e no rio Paraná, em agosto de 2008. Para avaliar a estrutura da assembleia de Oligochaeta e Chironomidae em cada macrófita foram calculados: densidade, riqueza, diversidade de Shannon e equitabilidade. Uma análise de correspondência destendenciada (DCA) foi usada para sumarizar a composição da assembleia de Oligochaeta e Chironomidae. Os maiores valores de densidade e riqueza para os dois grupos foram registrados na H. verticillata. Embora não houvesse nenhuma diferença significativa na densidade, riqueza e diversidade de Shannon, a composição da assembleia desses grupos foi significativamente diferente entre as macrófitas. Esses resultados sugerem que apesar de ser uma colonizadora recente dos habitats do alto rio Paraná, H. verticillata parece prover condições favoráveis para o estabelecimento das assembleias de Oligochaeta e Chironomidae. Além disso, diferenças na composição de espécies desses grupos ocorreram devido às características peculiares de cada planta, como micro-organismos e matéria orgânica aderidos, de forma que outros fatores, em vez de arquitetura da planta, podem também influenciar a assembleia desses grupos.
Descritores: Hydrocharitaceae
Macrófitas
Responsável: BR513.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-703930
Autor: López-Calderón, Jorge M.; Guzmán, Héctor M.; Jácome, Gabriel E.; Barnes, Penélope A. G..
Título: Decadal increase in seagrass biomass and temperature at the CARICOMP site in Bocas del Toro, Panama
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;61(4):1815-1826, oct.-dic. 2013. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The Caribbean Coastal Marine Productivity Program (CARICOMP) was launched in 1993 to study regional long-term interactions between land and sea, taking standardized measurements of productivity and biomass of mangroves, coral reefs and seagrasses. Since 1999 continuous measurements of seagrass (Thalassia testudinum) parameters as well as environmental data have been recorded in Caribbean Panama. Replicate stations were selected near the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Bocas del Toro. Sediment cores and quadrants were placed there to estimate biomass and productivity, respectively. Mean values for productivity, standing crop, turnover rate, total dry biomass, and Leaf Area Index were 1.74gDW/m²/d, 66.6gDW/m², 2.62%/d, 1 481 gDW/m², and 4.65, respectively. Total dry biomass (shoots, rhizomes and roots) and LAI of T. testudinum increased significantly during the study period. Mean values for total rainfall, Secchi disk depth, sea surface temperature, and salinity were 3 498mm, 8.24m, 28.79°C, and 32.26psu, respectively. Sea surface temperature was the only environmental variable with a statistically significant change, increasing from 1999 to 2010. Correlation between sea surface temperature and T. testudinum parameters (total biomass and LAI) were both positive and significant. Human population has increased dramatically over the last ten years in Bocas del Toro region, increasing pressure (deforestation, runoff, wastewater) over coastal ecosystems (seagrasses, mangroves, coral reefs). Change in the abundance of T. testudinum may be linked to ocean warming, as a consequence to satisfy plant's metabolic requirements, although other local factors need to be analyzed (reduced grazing and increased eutrophication). A further warming of the ocean could have a negative effect on T. testudinum population, increasing respiratory demands and microbial metabolism.

El Programa de Productividad Costera Marina del Caribe (CARICOMP) fue iniciado en 1993 para estudiar interacciones regionales a largo plazo entre la tierra y el mar, tomando mediciones estandarizadas de productividad y biomasa de manglares, arrecifes de coral y pastos marinos. Desde 1999 mediciones continuas de parámetros de pasto marino (Thalassia testudinum) así como datos ambientales han sido registrados para el Caribe de Panamá. Réplicas de estaciones fueron seleccionadas cerca del Instituto Smithsonian de Investigaciones Tropicales en Bocas del Toro. Núcleos de sedimento y cuadrantes fueron colocados para estimar biomasa y productividad, respectivamente. Valores promedio de productividad, biomasa foliar, tasa de recambio, biomasa total seca e Índice de Área Foliar fueron 1.74gDW/m²/d, 66.6gDW/m², 2.62%/d, 1 481 gDW/m², y 4.65, respectivamente. La biomasa total seca (haces, rizomas y raíces) e Índice de Área Foliar de T. testudinum incrementaron significativamente durante el periodo de estudio. Valores promedio de lluvia total, profundidad de disco de Secchi, temperatura superficial del mar y salinidad fueron 3 498mm, 8.24m, 28.79°C, y 32.26psu, respectivamente. La temperatura superficial del mar fue la única variable ambiental con un incremento estadísticamente significativo, de 1999 a 2010. La correlación entre la temperatura superficial del mar y los parámetros de T. testudinum (biomasa total y LAI) fueron tanto positivos como significativos. La población humana ha crecido dramáticamente durante los últimos diez años en la región de Bocas del Toro, incrementando la presión (deforestación, escorrentía, aguas negras) sobre los ecosistemas costeros (pastos marinos, manglares, arrecifes coralinos). Cambios en la abundancia de T. testudinum pueden estar ligados al calentamiento oceánico, como una consecuencia para satisfacer los requerimientos metabólicos de la planta, aunque es necesario analizar otros factores locales (reducción del pastoreo e incremento en la eutrofización). Un mayor calentamiento del océano puede tener efectos negativos en la población de T. testudinum, incrementando las demandas respiratorias y el metabolismo microbiano.
Descritores: Biomassa
Monitoramento Ambiental
Hydrocharitaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
-Recifes de Corais
Eutrofização
Panamá
Estações do Ano
Temperatura Ambiente
Limites: Seres Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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Id: lil-688486
Autor: Guimarais, Mayrene; Zúñiga, Adán; Pina, Fabián; Matos, Felipe.
Título: Efectos del Huracán Paloma sobre los pastos marinos del archipiélago Jardines de la Reina, Cuba / Hurricane Paloma’s effects on seagrasses along Jardines de la Reina archipelago, Cuba
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;61(3):1425-1432, sep. 2013. ilus, graf, mapas.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Seagrasses are one of the most important coastal ecosystems since they promote organic matter flow, nutrient cycling, food availability and refuge. Until now, reports on damages caused by storms and hurricanes on seagrass beds are uncommon and highly variable. The seagrass meadows of the East end of Jardines de la Reina archipelago were surveyed from Nov. 29th to Dec. 5th of 2008, in order to determinate the effects from the passing of Hurricane Paloma: a category three storm on the Saffir-Simpsom scale. A rapid field assessment of the affected areas was carried out using the manta tow technique. In six sites, seagrass was quantitatively evaluated using a 15cm diameter core (four sampling units per site) and shoot density was calculated. Remote sensing techniques were used to estimate seagrass cover. To estimate the percentage of affected areas, a Region of Interest (ROI) was first created over a Landsat image. The percentage of seagrass affected within the ROI was estimated through direct georeferentiation of the contours of the damaged area and with a comparison to the total seagrass extension. To find possible explanations for damages, a false colour image was created using the near infrared band, to highlight the differences between emerged and submerged zones. The direction of winds was estimated using ArcGis 9.2 creating circular buffers, from the centre of the hurricane and generating lines tangent to the buffers. Seagrass in the region was dominated by the angiosperm Thalassia testudinum. Regional mean density was 1 321±721 shoots/m², a value regarded as high for the Caribbean area. Seagrass meadows were partly affected by sediment accumulation on the shoots of T. testudinum and uprooting rhizomes. The 7.6km² disturbed area represented 1% of the total seagrass area. Other sites, closer to the centre of the hurricane, did not show any damages on the marine vegetation. The keys location with respect to the hurricane track was the most likely cause of the effects. To the North of the affected area there is an opening among the keys where the generation of waves, currents and turbulence could have occurred. Three years after the hurricane event, both vegetation cover loss and silt re-colonization by macroalgae species were observed within the affected area, by showing a patchily-vegetated landscape. This site is currently undergoing a temporal succession whose assessment demands a monitoring scheme, that will provide interesting information to document its future evolution and responsiveness against upcoming natural or anthropogenic events.

Las descripciones de disturbios naturales, provocados por tormentas o huracanes, sobre las comunidades de pastos marinos son altamente variables. Del 29 de noviembre al 5 de diciembre 2008 se determinaron los efectos del huracán Paloma, categoría tres en la escala Saffir-Simpsom, sobre los pastos marinos del extremo oriental del Archipiélago Jardines de la Reina. Se llevó a cabo una evaluación rápida de campo mediante recorridos con arrastre (manta tow) y se muestreo cuantitativamente en seis sitios. Se utilizaron técnicas de teledetección para estimar la extensión de los pastos. La densidad media regional fue de 1 321±721vástagos/m², valor considerado como alto para la zona del Caribe. El pasto marino sufrió afectaciones parciales provocadas por acumulación de sedimentos sobre los vástagos de Thalassia testudinum o desenterramiento de rizomas. El área bajo disturbios fue de 7.6km² que representa el 1% del total de pastos marinos. Sitios más cercanos al ojo del huracán no mostraron afectaciones en la vegetación marina. La distribución de los cayos con respecto a la trayectoria del huracán se define como la causa más probable del patrón de afectación observado. Después de tres años del paso del huracán, la evolución del área afectada apunta hacia una pérdida de vegetación y re-colonización del sedimento por especies de macroalgas, se observa un paisaje con vegetación por parches. El sitio se encuentra en una sucesión temporal, por lo que se hace oportuno evaluar el área afectada mediante un programa de monitoreo para documentar su evolución futura y ante nuevos episodios naturales y/o antrópicos.
Descritores: Tempestades Ciclônicas
Hydrocharitaceae
-Cuba
Dinâmica Populacional
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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Id: lil-657808
Autor: Ariza A, Luis Alejandro; Núñez P, José Gregorio; Ruiz, Lilia; Méndez de E, Elizabeth.
Título: Biodiversidad íctica de praderas de pasto marino de la costa noroeste del Golfo de Cariaco, Venezuela / Ichthyc biodiversity of seagrass meadows from the Northwest coast of Cariaco Gulf, Venezuela
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;60(2):625-633, June 2012. graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Ichthyc biodiversity of seagrass meadows from the Northwest coast of Cariaco Gulf , Venezuela. Seagrasses are highly productive coastal ecosystems with a high diversity and abundance of fishes, very important to support artisanal fisheries. We analyzed the fish community structure of Thalassia testudinum in the communities of Manzanillo (M) and La Brea (LB), Northwest coast of Cariaco Gulf, Venezuela. Samples were taken monthly (Nov. 2006-Oct. 2007) from each place, using a beach net. A total of 34 810 fishes were captured, grouped into 13 orders, 36 families and 83 species. In both areas (M and LB), the number of species was similar, but a variation in their abundance was found: a total of 55 species and 13 210 organisms for M, and 58 species and 21 600 organisms for LB. The most abundant species and those with the highest biomasses in both areas were: Nicholsina usta, Haemulon boschmae, H. steindachneri, Harengula jaguana, Halichoeres bivittatus and Hemiramphus brasiliensis. The occasional visitors were the most frequent community components with a 59%, the cyclical and permanent residents were represented by the 22% and 19%, respectively. The H’n average for M was of 1.71±0.64bits/ind., while for LB was of 1.95±0.51bits/ind. The diversity values were directly related to the evenness and inversely related to the dominance. The low values of similarity indexes among localities allow us to assert that these fish communities are dissimilar, because of the structure of each Thalassia meadow and their connectivity with other systems. Rev. Biol. Trop. 60 (2): 635-648. Epub 2012 June 01.

Los pastos marinos son ecosistemas costeros de alta productividad, con gran diversidad y abundancia de peces, la cual es aprovechada por pescadores artesanales. En este estudio se analizó la estructura comunitaria íctica de praderas de Thalassia testudinum en Manzanillo (M) y La Brea (LB), costa noroeste del Golfo de Cariaco, Venezuela. También, se realizaron muestreos mensuales (11-2006 al 10-2007), con la utilización de una red playera. Se capturaron 34 810 organismos agrupados en 13 órdenes, 36 familias y 83 especies. En ambas zonas, el número de especies fue similar, aunque el número de organismos vario, y se encontró para M un total de 55 especies y 13 210 organismos y para LB 58 especies y 21 600 organismos. Las especies más abundantes y de mayor biomasa en el área muestreada fueron: Nicholsina usta, Haemulon boschmae, H. steindachneri, Harengula jaguana, Halichoeres bivittatus y Hemiramphus brasiliensis. Los visitantes ocasionales fue el componente comunitario más frecuente con 59%, los cíclicos y los residentes permanentes obtuvieron 22 y 19%, respectivamente. En M la H’n fue de 1.71±0.64bits/ind; entretanto en LB fue 1.95±0.51bits/ind. Los valores de la diversidad estuvieron relacionados directamente con la equitabilidad e inversamente con la dominancia. Los bajos valores del índice de similaridad, entre localidades permite establecer que estas comunidades ícticas son disimiles, debido quizás a la estructuración de cada pradera de Thalassia y a la conectividad con otros sistemas.
Descritores: Biodiversidade
Biomassa
Peixes/classificação
Hydrocharitaceae
-Ecossistema
Pesqueiros
Densidade Demográfica
Água do Mar
Venezuela
Limites: Animais
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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Id: lil-644749
Autor: Torre Núñez, Eliane de la; Rodeiro Guerra, Idania; Menéndez Soto del Valle, Roberto; Pérez Carrasco, Dalmis.
Título: Thalassia testudinum, una planta marina con potencialidades de uso terapéutico / Thalassia testudinum, a sea plant with great therapeutical potentialities
Fonte: Rev. cuba. plantas med;17(3):288-296, jul.-sep. 2012.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: las plantas medicinales son todas aquellas que contienen un principio activo o más, los cuales, administrados con la dosis adecuada, producen un efecto curativo a las enfermedades del hombre y los animales. El hecho de contener más de un principio activo hace que una planta medicinal pueda servir para tratar diferentes afecciones o trastornos. Objetivo: analizar los beneficios y las potencialidades terapéuticas de la planta marina Thalassia testudinum a partir de una revisión de la información existente y los principales resultados de las investigaciones realizadas sobre este organismo marino. Desarrollo: los productos naturales con propiedades terapéuticas han sido muy utilizados en la medicina tradicional. Indudablemente, los extractos de plantas de origen terrestre han representado hasta el presente una de las fuentes de mayor interés para la obtención de fitofármacos. Sin embargo, una fuente útil aún no explorada lo suficiente son los organismos marinos, que al evolucionar y vivir en condiciones ecológicas únicas y como resultado de su gran diversidad taxonómica en relación con la de los organismos terrestres, pueden sintetizar moléculas que no tienen equivalencia con las encontradas hasta el presente en estos últimos. Eso puede derivar en la obtención de estructuras químicas novedosas con efectos farmacológicos sui generis, tal es el caso de la fenograma marina Thalassia testudinum...

Introduction: medicinal plants are those which contain one or more active principles that have a curative effect upon some illnesses which affect men and animals, whenever it is adequately administered. When one plant contains more than one active principle, it can be used to treat different ailments or body disorders. Objective: to analyze the benefits and therapeutic potentialities of the sea plant Thalassia testudinum based on the existent information and in the main results of research works about this sea organism. Development: natural products with therapeutic properties have been widely used in traditional medicine. Undoubtedly, the extracts from ground origin trees have so far represented one of the most interesting sources for phytodrugs. Nevertheless, sea organisms are a useful source which has not been fully explored. As they live and evolve in unique ecologic conditions, and as a result of their great taxonomic diversity in relation to that of ground organisms, they can synthesize molecules that are not equivalent to those of ground organisms found until now. This can derive in obtaining new chemical structures with sui generis pharmacological effects as in the case of the marine phenogram Thalassia testudinum. From this plant, poliphelonic structure-rich extract has been obtained, which show therapeutic potentialities associated to the great variety of beneficial effects that have been described in the studies such as anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, antioxidative and neuroprotective properties. All the aforementioned turns this new developing product into a possible phytodrug. Conclusions: the sea organisms represent a new source to obtain new phytodrugs and nutritional supplements of great use in human health and nutrition
Descritores: Hydrocharitaceae
Medicamentos Fitoterápicos
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: lil-638085
Autor: Rodríguez-Martínez, Rosa E; Ruíz-Rentería, Francisco; Tussenbroek, Brigitta van; Barba-Santos, Guadalupe; Escalante-Mancera, Edgar; Jordán-Garza, Guillermo; Jordán-Dahlgren, Eric.
Título: Environmental state and tendencies of the Puerto Morelos CARICOMP site, Mexico
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;58(supl.3):23-43, Oct. 2010. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The CARICOMP site at Puerto Morelos, Mexico was monitored from 1993 to 2005. No significant changes in air temperature, wind patterns, periodicity and quantity of rainfall, sea-surface temperature and water transparency were observed between sampling years. During the study four hurricane impacts were registered. At the coral reef site overall mean cover of fleshy algae (47%) and turf algae (36%) were high, whereas cover of corals (2%) and sponges (3%), and abundance of sea-urchins (0.04 org m-2) were consistently low. Gorgonians were dominant and showed changes in their community structure; the number of species increased from 1993 to 1995, their abundance decreased after Hurricane Roxanne (1995) and recovered by 2001. At four seagrass sites total community biomass remained constant (707.1-929.6 g dry m-2) but the above-ground biomass of the seagrass Syringodium filiforme and fleshy algae increased gradually. Total biomass (531-699 g dry m-2) and leaf productivity (0.89-1.56 g dry m-2 d-1) of the seagrass Thalassia testudinum remained constant, but the species invested proportionally more biomass in above-ground leaf tissues at the end of the study. The minor hurricanes from 1993 until 2005 had no detectable impacts on the seagrass beds, however, the major Hurricane Wilma (October 2005) changed the community composition at three stations and caused complete burial of the vegetation at a coastal station. The gradual changes in the seagrass and reef communities recorded in the 12 years of continuous monitoring of the CARICOMP site may reflect the increased pollution caused by the rapid augment in urban and tourist developments along the coasts and inland from Puerto Morelos, coupled with poor water management practices. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (Suppl. 3): 23-43. Epub 2010 October 01.

El sitio CARICOMP en Puerto Morelos, México, se monitoreo de 1993 a 2005. No se registraron cambios significativos en la temperatura del aire, los patrones de viento, la periodicidad y cantidad de lluvia, la temperatura superficial del mar y la transparencia del agua entre los años de muestreo. Durante el estudio se registraron cuatro huracanes menores. En el sitio del arrecife coralino la cobertura global promedio de algas carnosas (47%) y de algas tipo tapete (36%) fue elevada, mientras que la cobertura de corales (2%), esponjas (3%) y la abundancia de erizos (0.04 m-2) fue consistentemente baja. Los gorgonáceos fueron dominantes y mostraron cambios en su estructura comunitaria; el número de especies aumentó de 1993 a 1995, su abundancia disminuyó después del Huracán Roxanne (1995) y se recuperó en el 2001. En cuatro estaciones de pastos marinos la biomasa total de la comunidad permaneció constante (707.1-929.6 gps m-2) pero la biomasa sobre el sustrato del pasto Syringodium filiforme y de algas carnosas aumentó gradualmente. La biomasa total (531-699 gps m-2) y productividad de hojas (0.89-1.56 gps m-2 d-1) del pasto Thalassia testudinum permaneció constante, pero la especie invirtió proporcionalmente más biomasa en el tejido de hojas sobre el sustrato al final del estudio. Los huracanes menores entre 1993 y 2005 no produjeron impactos detectables en las camas de pastos, sin embargo, el huracán mayor Wilma (Octubre 2005) cambió la composición de la comunidad en tres estaciones y causó el enterramiento completo de la vegetación en la estación costera. El cambio gradual en las comunidades de pastos marinos y arrecife registrado en 12 años de monitoreo continuo en el sitio CARICOMP puede reflejar un aumento en la contaminación causada por el rápido incremento en desarrollo urbano y turístico a lo largo de la costa y tierra adentro de Puerto Morelos, acompañado por malas prácticas de manejo del agua.
Descritores: Antozoários
Alismataceae/classificação
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Hydrocharitaceae/classificação
Poríferos
Ouriços-do-Mar
-Biomassa
Tempestades Ciclônicas
México
Densidade Demográfica
Estações do Ano
Água do Mar
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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Id: lil-638074
Autor: Arellano-Méndez, Leonardo U; Liceaga-Correa, María de los Ángeles; Herrera-Silveira, Jorge A; Hernández-Núñez, Héctor.
Título: Impacto por huracanes en las praderas de Thalassia testudinum (Hydrocharitaceae) en el Caribe Mexicano
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;59(1):385-401, mar. 2011. ilus, graf, mapas, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Hurricane impact on Thalassia testudinum (Hydrocharitaceae) beds in the Mexican Caribbean. Hurricanes have increased in strength and frequency as a result of global climate change. This research was conducted to study the spatio-temporal distribution and changes of Thalassia testudinum, the dominant species in Bahia de la Ascension (Quintana Roo, Mexico), when affected by heavy weather conditions. To complete this objective, a 2001 Landsat ETM+ image and the information from 525 sampling stations on morpho-functional and coverage of T. testudinum were used, and the seeds generated for the classification of eight benthic habitats. To quantify the changes caused by two hurricanes, we used two images, one of 1988 (Gilberto) and another of 1995 (Roxanne); other three data sets (2003, 2005 and 2007) were also used to describe the study area without major weather effects. Six categorial maps were obtained and subjected to analysis by 8 Landscape Ecology indexes, that describe the spatial characteristics, structure, function, change of the elements (matrix-patch-corridor), effects on ecosystems, connectivity, edges, shape and patch habitat fragmentation. Models indicate that T. testudinum may be classified as a continuum (matrix), since the fragments were not observed intermittently, but as a progression from minimum to maximum areas in reference to their coverage (ecological corridors). The fragments do not have a regular shape, indicating that the impacts are recent and may be due to direct effects (high-intensity hurricanes) or indirect (sediment). Fragments of type "bare soils" have a discontinuous distribution, and are considered to be the sites that have remained stable over a long timescale. While more dense coverage areas ("beds", "medium prairie" and "prairie") have low fragmentation and high connection of fragments. Features have an irregular perimeter and radial growth of formal; suggesting that the impact of meteors has no effect on the resilience of T. testudinum in this ecosystem, indicating good environmental quality to grow in this bay. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (1): 385-401. Epub 2011 March 01.

Thalassia testudinum es la macrófita dominante en Bahía de la Ascensión (Quintana Roo, México), se estudió para conocer su distribución espacio- temporal y determinar si fue afectada por el paso de huracanes que se han visto incrementados en fuerza y frecuencia por el cambio climático. Partiendo de una imagen Landsat ETM+de 2001 y usando información de grandes grupos morfofuncionales y de cobertura de T. testudinum adquiridas en 525 estaciones de muestreo, se obtienen las semillas para la clasificación supervisada de los hábitats bénticos (8 clases). Con el fin de cuantificar los cambios ocasionados por dos huracanes, se usaron dos imágenes, una de 1988 (Gilberto) y 1995 (Roxanne) y tres más (2003, 2005 y 2007) para monitoreo sin efectos meteorológicos mayores; a estos 6 mapas categóricos se les aplicó un análisis de Ecología del Paisaje usando 8 índices que describen las características espaciales, de estructura, función, cambio de los elementos (matriz-mancha-corredor), efectos sobre el ecosistema, conectividad, bordes, forma del parche y fragmentación del hábitat. Los modelos indican que T. testudinum puede clasificarse como un continuo (matriz), pues los fragmentos no se observan de forma intermitente, sino como una progresión de zonas mínimas a máximas en referencia a su cobertura (corredores ecológicos). No poseen una forma regular, indicando que los impactos son recientes y pueden ser debidos a efectos directos (huracanes de alta intensidad) e indirectos (aporte de sedimentos). Los fragmentos de tipo "suelos desnudos" presentan una distribución discontinua, considerándose sitios que han permanecido estables en una larga escala de tiempo; las zonas con coberturas más densas ("camas", "praderas medias" y "praderas") presentan baja fragmentación y alta conexión de sus fragmentos. Las características de poseer un perímetro irregular y crecimiento de formal radial, sugieren que el impacto de los meteoros no tiene efecto en la capacidad de resiliencia de T. testudinum en este ecosistema, indicando el buen estado de la calidad ambiental de la bahía para su crecimiento.
Descritores: Tempestades Ciclônicas
Ecossistema
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Hydrocharitaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
-Região do Caribe
México
Densidade Demográfica
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


  9 / 20 LILACS  
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Id: lil-503257
Autor: Jiménez Prieto, M; Liñero-Arana, I; Blanco-Rambla, J. P; Fermín, J.
Título: Macrofauna béntica asociada con Thalassia testudinum en Bahía de Mochima, Sucre, Venezuela / Benthic macrofauna associated to Thalassia testudinum in Bahía de Mochima, Sucre, Venezuela
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;48(Supl.1):233-242, dic. 2000.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Diversity and abundance of benthic macrofauna associated to Thalassia testudinum were studied at Ensenada de Reyes, Mochima Bay, in the northeastern coast of Venezuela. Samples were taken monthly in six stations, three at 1 m in depth and three at 6 m, between December 1992 and February 1994, using a quadrat of 0.25 m2 for collecting plants and sediment; each sample was washed with seawater through a 1 mm sieve. The specimens were fixed in 6% formaldehyde. A total of 1722 organisms (6 888 ind x m2) and 127 species of macroinvertebrates were collected. Mollusks dominated with 53 species, followed by polychaetes (40), crustaceans (18) and echinoderms (8). Remaining groups were represented by 1-2 species. The highest abundance was in October (214 specimens), and the lowest in December 1993 (79 specimens). Specific richness was between 47 species in October and 18 in May 1993. Mean species diversity was 2.79-1.36 bits/ind. There were differences (ANOVA p<0.01) in number of specimens at the two depths but not throughout the 15 month study period (p>0.05). There were more specimens and species at the lowest depth and in stations with higher Thalassia testudinum biomass.
Descritores: Biodiversidade
Biomassa
Hydrocharitaceae
Invertebrados/classificação
-Estações do Ano
Venezuela
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  10 / 20 LILACS  
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Id: lil-503256
Autor: Rodríguez, C; Villamizar, E.
Título: Fauna bentónica asociada a una pradera de Thalassia testudinum (Hydrocharitaceae) en el Parque Nacional Morrocoy, Venezuela / Benthic fauna associated to a Thalassia testudinum (Hydrocharitaceae) bed in the Parque Nacional Morrocoy, Venezuela
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;48(Supl.1):243-249, dic. 2000.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: The benthic fauna and diel variation in a shallow seagrass bed (Thalassia testudinum) were studied in Playa Mero, Venezuela. Samples of organisms and sediments were taken using PVC cylinders, 5cm in diameter, along a transect perpendicular to the coast. Seagrass cover, shoot density and biomass were estimated. The seagrass cover was homogeneous along the transect. The intermediate zone had the highest number of shoots and of above-ground and rhizome biomass. Composition and abundance of benthic organisms were related with seagrass and sediment characteristics. Sediment organic matter content and organism abundance were highest near the shore Molluscs, polychaetes, oligochaetes and nematodes were the most abundant groups. Species richness was higher in daytime (40 versus 28 at night). Gastropods were the most abundant organisms both at day and night while polychaetes and crustaceans increased during the day, and holoturids were more numerous at night.
Descritores: Biodiversidade
Biomassa
Hydrocharitaceae
Invertebrados/classificação
-Venezuela
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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