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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-665835
Autor: Amna, Touseef; Amina, Musarat; Sharma, P R; Puri, S C; Al-Youssef, Hanan M; Al-Taweel, Areej M; Qazi, G N.
Título: Effect of precursors feeding and media manipulation on production of novel anticancer pro-drug camptothecin from endophytic fungus
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;43(4):1476-1489, Oct.-Dec. 2012. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: We have established methodology for the isolation and characterization of a novel endophytic fungus from the inner bark of medicinal plant Nothapodytes foetida, which produced camptothecin in Sabouraud broth (SB) under shake flask conditions. Camptothecin and its related compounds are at present obtained by extraction from intact plants, but fungal endopytes may be an alternative source of production. In present study we have observed the effect of different nutrient combinations and precursors (tryptophan, tryptamine, geraniol, citral, mevalonic acid and leucine) on the accumulation of camptothecin by endophytic fungus Entrophospora infrequens. The precursors were fed either alone or in combinations (tryptophan and geraniol, tryptophan and citral, tryptophan and mevalonic acid, tryptophan and leucine). The highest camptothecin content was observed in the range of 503 ± 25µg/100g dry cell mass in Sabouraud medium. Camptothecin content in the medium was increased by 2.5 folds by the presence of tryptophan and leucine whereas the production with trytophan was also significantly different from other treatments. Furthermore, the effect of fungal camptothecin on the morphology of human cancer cell lines was also studied. The treated cells showed reduction in size, condensation of nucleus and the protoplasmic extensions were reduced. All these characteristics are found in apoptotic cells.
Descritores: Camptotecina/análise
Camptotecina/isolamento & purificação
Técnicas In Vitro
Plantas/efeitos adversos
Preparações de Plantas
Estruturas Vegetais
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR32.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca e Informação Biomédica

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Id: lil-595009
Autor: Pi, Yan; Jiang, Keji; Hou, Rong; Gong, Yifu; Lin, Juan; Sun, Xiaofen; Tang, Kexuan.
Título: Examination of camptothecin and 10-hydroxycamptothecin in Camptotheca acuminata plant and cell culture, and the affected yields under several cell culture treatments
Fonte: Biocell;34(3):139-143, Dec. 2010. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Camptothecin and its derivatives are monoterpenoid indole alkaloids exhibiting significant anti-tumor actions. With the aim of improving the production of these pharmaceuticals, the contents of camptothecin and 10-hydroxycamptothecin in different tissues including roots, stems, leaves, young flower buds, opening flowers, fading flowers and seeds from Camptotheca acuminata, were investigated. The young flower buds had the highest alkaloid concentrations (camptothecin, 2.46 mg/g of dry weight; 10-hydroxycamptothecin, 1.41 mg/g of dry weight). Callus showed lower concentrations but it should also be considered as a potential source of these pharmaceuticals. In the present study, the growth rate of Camptotheca acuminata cells in culture did not correlate with contents of camptothecin and 10-hydroxycamptothecin. Alkalo id accumulation by cells under various treatments (heavy metal ions, UV-B), methyl-jasmonate, abscisic acid, salicylic acid and hydrogen peroxide was examined, and the most notable effects appeared in the cells induced by UV-B light (which showed an 11-fold increase in camptothecin concentration) and by salicylic acid (which showed a 25-fold increase in 10-hydroxycamptothecin concentration). These results are significant in the context of the production of both pharmaceuticals.
Descritores: Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação
Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação
Camptotecina/análogos & derivados
Camptotecina/isolamento & purificação
Camptotheca/crescimento & desenvolvimento
-Meios de Cultura
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação
Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: AR40.1 - Biblioteca de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de la UNCuyo

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