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Id: lil-660474
Autor: Aliahmat, Nor Syahida; Noor, Mohd Razman Mohd; Yusof, Wan Junizam Wan; Makpol, Suzana; Ngah, Wan Zurinah Wan; Yusof, Yasmin Anum Mohd.
Título: Antioxidant enzyme activity and malondialdehyde levels can be modulated by Piper betle, tocotrienol rich fraction and Chlorella vulgaris in aging C57BL/6 mice
Fonte: Clinics;67(12):1447-1454, Dec. 2012. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activity and the superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and plasma malondialdehyde levels in aging mice and to evaluate how these measures are modulated by potential antioxidants, including the tocotrienol-rich fraction, Piper betle, and Chlorella vulgaris. METHOD: One hundred and twenty male C57BL/6 inbred mice were divided into three age groups: young (6 months old), middle-aged (12 months old), and old (18 months old). Each age group consisted of two control groups (distilled water and olive oil) and three treatment groups: Piper betle (50 mg/kg body weight), tocotrienol-rich fraction (30 mg/kg), and Chlorella vulgaris (50 mg/kg). The duration of treatment for all three age groups was two months. Blood was withdrawn from the orbital sinus to determine the antioxidant enzyme activity and the malondialdehyde level. RESULTS: Piper betle increased the activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase in the young, middle, and old age groups, respectively, when compared to control. The tocotrienol-rich fraction decreased the superoxide dismutase activity in the middle and the old age groups but had no effect on catalase or glutathione peroxidase activity for all age groups. Chlorella vulgaris had no effect on superoxide dismutase activity for all age groups but increased glutathione peroxidase and decreased catalase activity in the middle and the young age groups, respectively. Chlorella vulgaris reduced lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde levels) in all age groups, but no significant changes were observed with the tocotrienol-rich fraction and the Piper betle treatments. CONCLUSION: We found equivocal age-related changes in erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activity when mice were treated with Piper betle, the tocotrienol-rich fraction, and Chlorella vulgaris. However, Piper betle treatment showed increased antioxidant enzymes activity during aging.
Descritores: Antioxidantes/farmacologia
Chlorella vulgaris/química
Eritrócitos/metabolismo
Piper betle/química
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Tocotrienóis/farmacologia
-Fatores Etários
Biomarcadores/sangue
Catalase/sangue
Eritrócitos/enzimologia
Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue
Peroxidação de Lipídeos
Modelos Animais
Malondialdeído/sangue
MICE, INBRED CABDOMENABDOMINAL INJURIESBL
Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
Distribuição Aleatória
Superóxido Dismutase/sangue
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Camundongos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-588606
Autor: Anila, K; Hallikeri, Kaveri; Shubhada, C; Naikmasur, VG; Kulkarni, R D.
Título: Comparative study of Candida in oral submucous fibrosis and healthy individuals / Estudo comparativo de Candida em fibrose submucosa oral e indivíduos saudáveis
Fonte: Rev. odonto ciênc;26(1):71-76, 2011. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: PURPOSE: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a high-risk precancerous condition that predominantly affects Indian youngsters due to the habit of gutkha chewing. Candida may play a role in the etiopathogenesis of premalignant and malignant lesions. The aim of this study is to compare the incidence, intensity, and species of Candida found in OSMF patients and healthy individuals. METHODS: This study included 20 OSMF patients and 20 healthy controls. A detailed history of each patient was recorded along with a clinical examination. Samples were collected with the oral rinse technique and cultured on Sabouraud's agar medium. The isolated yeast species were counted and identified based on Gram staining, a germ tube test, chlamydospore formation and a sugar assimilation test. RESULTA: In total, 40 percent of OSMF patients and 15 percent of healthy controls yielded Candida organisms on culture. C. albicans was the predominant species isolated, but C. krusei and C. tropicalis were also identified. Gender, gutkha habit and clinical staging had no influence on the candidal carriage in OSMF patients. CONCLUSION: The incidence and intensity of Candida (primarily C. albicans) was greater in OSMF patients than in healthy controls, but these findings were within the normal limit (3-47 percent). Therefore, Candida may not be an etiologic factor in malignant transformation. However, controversy still exists over whether the chewing of betel quid in cases of OSMF has an inhibitory effect or promotes the adherence and invasion of Candida.

OBJETIVO: Fibrose submucosa oral (FSO) é uma condição pré-maligna de alto risco que predominantemente afeta jovens da Índia devido ao hábito de mascar 'gutkha'. Candida pode ter um papel importante na etiopatogenia de lesões pré-malignas e malignas. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a incidência, intensidade e Candida spp encontradas em pacientes com FSO e em indivíduos saudáveis. METODOLOGIA: Este estudo incluiu 20 pacientes com FSO e 20 controles saudáveis. Obteve-se de cada sujeito uma história detalhada e exame clínico. As amostras foram coletadas com uma técnica de enxágue bucal e cultivadas em meio Agar Sabouraud. As espécies isoladas foram contadas e identificadas com base em coloração Gram, teste de tubo de ensaio e teste de assimilação de açúcar. RESULTADOS: No total, 40 por cento dos pacientes com FSO e 15 por cento dos controles saudáveis apresentaram resultado positivo de cultura para Candida. C. albicans foi a espécie predominante isolada, mas C. krusei e C. tropicalis também foram identificados. O sexo, hábito de mascar 'gutkha' e estadiamento clínico não influenciaram a presença de fungos nos pacientes com FSO. CONCLUSÃO: A incidência e intensidade de Candida (primariamente C. albicans) foi maior nos pacientes com FSO que nos sujeitos controle, mas estes achados estavam dentro dos limites normais (3-47 por cento). Portanto, Candida pode não ser um fator etiológico na transformação maligna. Entretanto, ainda há controvérsias se o hábito de mascar 'betel' em casos de FSO teria um efeito inibidor ou promoveria a aderência e invasão de Candida.
Descritores: Candida/isolamento & purificação
Fibrose Oral Submucosa
Piper betle
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR541.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: lil-586034
Autor: Rahim, Zubaidah Haji Abdul; Thurairajah, Nalina.
Título: Scanning Electron Microscopic study of Piper betle L. leaves extract effect against Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175
Fonte: J. appl. oral sci;19(2):137-146, May-Apr. 2011. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that Piper betle L. leaves extract inhibits the adherence of Streptococcus mutans to glass surface, suggesting its potential role in controlling dental plaque development. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the effect of the Piper betle L. extract towards S. mutans (with/without sucrose) using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and on partially purifed cell-associated glucosyltransferase activity were determined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: S. mutans were allowed to adhere to glass beads suspended in 6 different Brain Heart Infusion broths [without sucrose; with sucrose; without sucrose containing the extract (2 mg mL-1 and 4 mg mL-1); with sucrose containing the extract (2 mg mL-1 and 4 mg mL-1)]. Positive control was 0.12 percent chlorhexidine. The glass beads were later processed for SEM viewing. Cell surface area and appearance and, cell population of S. mutans adhering to the glass beads were determined upon viewing using the SEM. The glucosyltransferase activity (with/without extract) was also determined. One- and two-way ANOVA were used accordingly. RESULTS: It was found that sucrose increased adherence and cell surface area of S. mutans (p<0.001). S. mutans adhering to 100 µm² glass surfaces (with/without sucrose) exhibited reduced cell surface area, fuffy extracellular appearance and cell population in the presence of the Piper betle L. leaves extract. It was also found that the extract inhibited glucosyltransferase activity and its inhibition at 2.5 mg mL-1 corresponded to that of 0.12 percent chlorhexidine. At 4 mg mL-1 of the extract, the glucosyltransferase activity was undetectable and despite that, bacterial cells still demonstrated adherence capacity. CONCLUSION: The SEM analysis confrmed the inhibitory effects of the Piper betle L. leaves extract towards cell adherence, cell growth and extracellular polysaccharide formation of S. mutans visually. In bacterial cell adherence, other factors besides glucosyltransferase are involved.
Descritores: Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos
Glucosiltransferases/antagonistas & inibidores
Piper betle
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos
-Análise de Variância
Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle
Vidro
Glucosiltransferases/efeitos dos fármacos
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
Folhas de Planta
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Propriedades de Superfície
Streptococcus mutans/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Sacarose/farmacologia
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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