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Pesquisa : B01.750 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 5 [refinar]
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Id: biblio-839374
Autor: Furlan, Valcenir Júnior Mendes; Maus, Victor; Batista, Irineu; Bandarra, Narcisa Maria.
Título: Production of docosahexaenoic acid by Aurantiochytrium sp. ATCC PRA-276
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(2):359-365, April.-June 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Country with Internship Abroad Programme.
Resumo: Abstract The high costs and environmental concerns associated with using marine resources as sources of oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids have prompted searches for alternative sources of such oils. Some microorganisms, among them members of the genus Aurantiochytrium, can synthesize large amounts of these biocompounds. However, various parameters that affect the polyunsaturated fatty acids production of these organisms, such as the carbon and nitrogen sources supplied during their cultivation, require further elucidation. The objective of this investigation was to study the effect of different concentrations of carbon and total nitrogen on the production of polyunsaturated fatty acids, particularly docosahexaenoic acid, by Aurantiochytrium sp. ATCC PRA-276. We performed batch system experiments using an initial glucose concentration of 30 g/L and three different concentrations of total nitrogen, including 3.0, 0.44, and 0.22 g/L, and fed-batch system experiments in which 0.14 g/L of glucose and 0.0014 g/L of total nitrogen were supplied hourly. To assess the effects of these different treatments, we determined the biomass, glucose, total nitrogen and polyunsaturated fatty acids concentration. The maximum cell concentration (23.9 g/L) was obtained after 96 h of cultivation in the batch system using initial concentrations of 0.22 g/L total nitrogen and 30 g/L glucose. Under these conditions, we observed the highest level of polyunsaturated fatty acids production (3.6 g/L), with docosahexaenoic acid and docosapentaenoic acid ω6 concentrations reaching 2.54 and 0.80 g/L, respectively.
Descritores: Carbono/metabolismo
Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/metabolismo
Estramenópilas/metabolismo
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
-Biomassa
Meios de Cultura/química
Estramenópilas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1021458
Autor: Li, Demao; Zhang, Ke; Chen, Limei; Ding, Mengxun; Zhao, Minli; Chen, Shulin.
Título: Selection of Schizochytrium limacinum mutants based on butanol tolerance
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;30:58-63, nov. 2017. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Key Program for International S&T Cooperation Projects of China.
Resumo: Background: Mutation breeding is one of the most important routes to achieving high docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) productivity using Schizochytrium. However, few selection strategies have been reported that aim to generate a high DHA content in Schizochytrium lipids. Results: First, culture temperature altered the butanol tolerance of Schizochytrium limacinum B4D1. Second, S. limacinum E8 was obtained by selecting mutants with high butanol tolerance. This mutant exhibited a 17.97% lower proportion of DHA than the parent strain S. limacinum B4D1. Third, a negative selection strategy was designed in which S. limacinum F6, a mutant with poor butanol tolerance, was obtained. The proportion of DHA in S. limacinum F6 was 11.22% higher than that of parent strain S. limacinum B4D1. Finally, the performances of S. limacinum B4D1, E8 and F6 were compared. These three strains had different fatty acid profiles, but there was no statistical difference in their biomasses and lipid yields. Conclusion: It was feasible to identified the relative DHA content of S. limacinum mutants based on their butanol tolerance.
Descritores: Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/biossíntese
Butanóis/metabolismo
Estramenópilas/genética
Estramenópilas/metabolismo
-Seleção Genética
Temperatura
Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/metabolismo
Biomassa
Butanóis/toxicidade
Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo
Ácidos Graxos/química
Estramenópilas/efeitos dos fármacos
Fermentação
Mutação
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-889179
Autor: Caamaño, Esteban; Loperena, Lyliam; Hinzpeter, Ivonne; Pradel, Paulina; Gordillo, Felipe; Corsini, Gino; Tello, Mario; Lavín, Paris; González, Alex R.
Título: Isolation and molecular characterization of Thraustochytrium strain isolated from Antarctic Peninsula and its biotechnological potential in the production of fatty acids
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(4):671-679, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Universidad Autónoma de Chile.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Thraustochytrids are unicellular protists belonging to the Labyrinthulomycetes class, which are characterized by the presence of a high lipid content that could replace conventional fatty acids. They show a wide geographic distribution, however their diversity in the Antarctic Region is rather scarce. The analysis based on the complete sequence of 18S rRNA gene showed that strain 34-2 belongs to the species Thraustochytrium kinnei, with 99% identity. The total lipid profile shows a wide range of saturated fatty acids with abundance of palmitic acid (16:0), showing a range of 16.1-19.7%. On the other hand, long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, mainly docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid are present in a range of 24-48% and 6.1-9.3%, respectively. All factors analyzed in cells (biomass, carbon consumption and lipid content) changed with variations of culture temperature (10 °C and 25 °C). The growth in glucose at a temperature of 10 °C presented the most favorable conditions to produce omega-3fatty acid. This research provides the identification and characterization of a Thraustochytrids strain, with a total lipid content that presents potential applications in the production of nutritional supplements and as well biofuels.
Descritores: Água do Mar/microbiologia
Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo
Estramenópilas/metabolismo
-Filogenia
Biotecnologia
Ácidos Graxos/química
Estramenópilas/isolamento & purificação
Estramenópilas/classificação
Estramenópilas/genética
Regiões Antárticas
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-834099
Autor: Andreguetti, Daniel Xavier.
Título: Prospecção de bioativos farmacológicos em algas marinhas Rhodophyta e Heterokontophyta e avaliação de citotoxicidade / Prospection of pharmaceutical bioactive compounds in marine algae Rhodophyta and Heterokontophyta and cytotoxicity evaluation.
Fonte: São Paulo; s.n; out. 2015. 155 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: pt.
Tese: Apresentada a Universidade de São Paulo para obtenção do grau de Doutor.
Resumo: Muitas drogas terapêuticas produzidas pela indústria farmacêutica são estruturas químicas isoladas de organismos encontrados na natureza ou moléculas baseadas nelas. Podem ser incluídas nesse grupo drogas isoladas de organismos marinhos, como corais, esponjas e algas marinhas, conhecidos como produtores de grandes quantidades de metabólitos secundários. Com base neste fato o presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar a prospecção de moléculas bioativas com propósito farmacológico, em extratos de algas marinhas vermelhas (Rhodophyta) e pardas (Heterokontophyta) coletadas no litoral brasileiro. A prospecção foi realizada por meio de avaliação de seus potenciais antioxidante, antibacteriano, antifúngico, anticancerígeno, e antiparasitário contra organismos causadores de leishmaniose e esquistossomose. Para as avaliações foram empregadas os extratos supercríticos de 5 espécies diferentes, sendo 2 pardas: Dictyota dichotoma e D. menstrualis e três vermelhas: Chondria littoralis, Spyridia hypnoides e Plocamium brasiliense. Os extratos foram avaliados quanto aos seus potenciais bioativos e os resultados mais promissores foram selecionados para as etapas seguintes do fracionamento. Em uma avaliação geral os extratos apresentaram bons resultados e representam uma potencial fonte de bioativos. Os extratos das espécies de D. dichotoma e D. menstrualis foram então submetidos a um procedimento de fracionamento bioguiado pela atividade esquistossomicida. Incorporou-se ainda um terceiro extrato de D. mertensii aos estudos e todas as etapas do fracionamento foram monitoradas por LC-MS. Comparando-se as massas detectadas em todas as frações que apresentaram atividade, para os 3 extratos, foi verificado que a substância de m/z 271,24 estava presente em todas elas, portanto os procedimentos de isolamento foram direcionados a esta molécula para a qual foi possível isolar 7 mg. Diferentemente do que era esperado a molécula quando avaliada isoladamente não apresentou atividade esquistossomicida, levando a hipótese de que a atividade seja decorrente de uma molécula diferente para cada espécie ou ainda que a mesma seja decorrente de uma interação com outras substâncias por um mecanismo de ação aditivo ou sinérgico. O trabalho avaliado de forma geral apresentou resultados promissores e representa um grande embasamento para servir como base para posteriores trabalho de fracionamento

Several therapeutic drugs manufactured by the pharmaceutical industry are chemical structures isolated from organisms that are found in nature or molecules based on that. May be included at this group drugs isolated from marine organisms, like corals, sponges and seaweeds, known as great secondary metabolites producers. Based on this facts the objective of the present study is to perform a prospection study to achieve bioactive molecules with pharmaceutical purposes, on extracts made from red (Rhodophyta) and brown (Heterokontophyta) seaweed collected in the Brazilian shore. The prospection studies was performed by means of evaluation of the antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer and antiparasitic (against Leishmania and Schistosoma) potential. In the evaluation were tested the supercritical extracts of 5 different species, including 2 brown species: Dictyota dichotoma and D. menstrualis and 3 red species: Chondria littoralis, Spyridia hypnoides and Plocamium brasiliense. The extracts were evaluated by their potential bioactive compounds and the most promising results were selected for the following fractionation steps. Overall the extracts have shown good results and may be represent a potential source of bioactive molecules. The extracts of both D. dichotoma and D. menstrualis were submitted to a bioguided fractionation process by their antischistosomal activities. It was still included a third extract from D. mertensii to the studies and every step was monitored by LC-MS techniques. Comparing the detected mass for each active fraction, it was observed the presence of a substance with m/z 271,24 in all of the extracts, so the isolating procedures were directed to obtain that specific molecule, which was obtained in a biomass of 7 mg. Differently than expected the molecule when evaluated isolated do not show the antischistosomal activity, leading to the hypothesis that the activity was related to different molecules for each species or even the observed effect is resulted by an interaction mechanism with another substances by an additive or synergist mechanism. The overall evaluation of the whole work show some promising results and it represent a great support for future fractionation works
Descritores: Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/metabolismo
Citotoxicidade Imunológica
Farmacologia
Rodófitas/metabolismo
Alga Marinha
Estramenópilas/metabolismo
-Produtos Biológicos/administração & dosagem
Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico/estatística & dados numéricos
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas
BR40.1; T 615.1072, A559p. 30100021942-F


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Id: lil-723095
Autor: Mioso, Roberto; Marante, Francisco J. Toledo; González, Juan E.G.; Rodríguez, Juan J. S.; Laguna, Irma Herrera Bravo de.
Título: Metabolite profiling of Schizochytrium sp. by GC-MS, an oleaginous microbial source of biodiesel
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;45(2):403-409, Apr.-June 2014. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CAPES agency, Brasília/ Brazil; . Canarian government (Agencia Canaria de Investigación, Innovación y Sociedad de la Información, ACIISI).
Resumo: The chemical screening carried out on Schizochytrium sp. biomass led the identification of 24 types of organic compounds belonging to n-alkanes, 1-alkenes, 1-alkanols, free fatty acids, methyl and ethyl esters of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, saturated tri- and diglycerides, unsaturated monoglycerides, wax esters, sterols, triterpenes, and mono- and sesquiterpenes. Moreover, a sample containing fully saturated ethyl biodiesel was obtained experimentally with a yield of 28.72% w/w of the crude extract, and an average chain length of 15.52 carbons. This strain produced no toxins, but showed important nutrients, making it potentially applicable to the field of functional food, and biodiesel production.
Descritores: Biocombustíveis
Metaboloma
Compostos Orgânicos/análise
Estramenópilas/química
Estramenópilas/metabolismo
-Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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