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Pesquisa : B02 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 17 [refinar]
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Id: biblio-1017382
Autor: Mamimin, Chonticha; Prasertsan, Poonsuk; Kongjan, Prawit; O-Thong, Sompong.
Título: Effects of volatile fatty acids in biohydrogen effluent on biohythane production from palm oil mill effluent under thermophilic condition
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;29:78-85, sept. 2017. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Khon Kaen University; . Thailand Research Fund.
Resumo: Background: Biohydrogen effluent contains a high concentration of volatile fatty acid (VFA) mainly as butyric, acetic, lactic and propionic acids. The presence of various VFAs (mixture VFAs) and their cooperative effects on two-stage biohythane production need to be further studied. The effect of VFA concentrations in biohydrogen effluent of palm oil mill effluent (POME) on methane yield in methane stage of biohythane production was investigated. Results: The methane yield obtained in low VFA loading (0.9 and 1.8 g/L) was 15­20% times greater than that of high VFA loading (3.6 and 4.7 g/L). Butyric acid at high concentrations (8 g/L) has the individual significantly negative effect the methane production process (P b 0.05). Lactic, acetic and butyric acid mixed with propionic acid at a concentration higher than 0.5 g/L has an interaction significantly negative effect on the methanogenesis process (P b 0.05). Inhibition condition had a negative effect on both bacteria and archaea with inhibited on Geobacillus sp., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum, Methanoculleus thermophilus and Methanothermobacter delfuvii resulting in low methane yield. Conclusion: Preventing the high concentration of butyric acid, and propionic acid in the hydrogenic effluent could enhance methane production in two-stage anaerobic digestion for biohythane production.
Descritores: Propionatos/metabolismo
Butiratos/metabolismo
Águas Residuais/microbiologia
Metano/biossíntese
-Propionatos/análise
Butiratos/análise
Óleo de Palmeira
Methanobacteriaceae
Archaea
Methanomicrobiaceae
Geobacillus
Fermentação
Águas Residuais/análise
Hidrogênio
Anaerobiose
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  2 / 17 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1008708
Autor: Valdebenito-Rolack, Emky; Ruiz-Tagle, Nathaly; Abarzúa, Leslie; Aroca, Germán; Urrutia, Homero.
Título: Characterization of a hyperthermophilic sulphur-oxidizing biofilm produced by archaea isolated from a hot spring
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;25:58-63, ene. 2017. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FONDECYT.
Resumo: Background: Sulphur-oxidizing microorganisms are widely used in the biofiltration of total reduced sulphur compounds (odorous and neurotoxic) produced by industries such as the cellulose and petrochemical industries, which include high-temperature process steps. Some hyperthermophilic microorganisms have the capability to oxidize these compounds at high temperatures (N60°C), and archaea of this group, for example, Sulfolobus metallicus, are commonly used in biofiltration technology. Results: In this study, a hyperthermophilic sulphur-oxidizing strain of archaea was isolated from a hot spring (Chillán, Chile) and designated as M1. It was identified as archaea of the genus Sulfolobus (99% homology with S. solfataricus 16S rDNA). Biofilms of this culture grown on polyethylene rings showed an elemental sulphur oxidation rate of 95.15 ± 15.39 mg S l-1 d-1, higher than the rate exhibited by the biofilm of the sulphur-oxidizing archaea S. metallicus (56.8 ± 10.91 mg l-1 d-1). Conclusions: The results suggest that the culture M1 is useful for the biofiltration of total reduced sulphur gases at high temperatures and for other biotechnological applications.
Descritores: Sulfetos/metabolismo
Archaea/metabolismo
Biofilmes
-Oxirredução
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Sulfolobus
Archaea/isolamento & purificação
Archaea/genética
Polietileno
Fontes Termais/microbiologia
Eletroforese
Filtração
Extremófilos
Temperatura Alta
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  3 / 17 LILACS  
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Vicente, Ana Carolina Paulo
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Id: biblio-976242
Autor: Morgado, Sergio Mascarenhas; Vicente, Ana Carolina Paulo.
Título: Exploring tRNA gene cluster in archaea
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;114:e180348, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CAPES; . CNPq.
Resumo: BACKGROUND Shared traits between prokaryotes and eukaryotes are helpful in the understanding of the tree of life evolution. In bacteria and eukaryotes, it has been shown a particular organisation of tRNA genes as clusters, but this trait has not been explored in the archaea domain. OBJECTIVE Explore the occurrence of tRNA gene clusters in archaea. METHODS In-silico analyses of complete and draft archaeal genomes based on tRNA gene isotype and synteny, tRNA gene cluster content and mobilome elements. FINDINGS We demonstrated the prevalence of tRNA gene clusters in archaea. tRNA gene clusters, composed of archaeal-type tRNAs, were identified in two Archaea class, Halobacteria and Methanobacteria from Euryarchaeota supergroup. Genomic analyses also revealed evidence of the association between tRNA gene clusters to mobile genetic elements and intra-domain horizontal gene transfer. MAIN CONCLUSIONS tRNA gene cluster occurs in the three domains of life, suggesting a role of this type of tRNA gene organisation in the biology of the living organisms.
Descritores: RNA de Transferência/análise
Archaea/classificação
Euryarchaeota/virologia
-Plasmídeos
Haloarcula
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 17 LILACS  
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Id: lil-761566
Autor: Mugnai, R; Messana, G; Di Lorenzo, T.
Título: The hyporheic zone and its functions: revision and research status in Neotropical regions / A zona hiporréica e as suas funções: revisão e estado da arte da pesquisa na região neotropical
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;75(3):524-534, Aug. 2015.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: AbstractThe hyporheic zone (HZ), as the connecting ecotone between surface- and groundwater, is functionally part of both fluvial and groundwater ecosystems. Its hydrological, chemical, biological and metabolic features are specific of this zone, not belonging truly neither to surface- nor to groundwater. Exchanges of water, nutrients, and organic matter occur in response to variations in discharge and bed topography and porosity. Dynamic gradients exist at all scales and vary temporally. Across all scales, the functional significance of the HZ relates to its activity and connection with the surface stream. The HZ is a relatively rich environment and almost all invertebrate groups have colonized this habitat. This fauna, so-called hyporheos, is composed of species typical from interstitial environment, and also of benthic epigean and phreatic species. The hyporheic microbiocenose consists in bacteria, archaea, protozoa and fungi. The HZ provides several ecosystem services, playing a pivotal role in mediating exchange processes, including both matter and energy, between surface and subterranean ecosystems, functioning as regulator of water flow, benthic invertebrates refuge and place of storage, source and transformation of organic matter. The hyporheic zone is one of the most threatened aquatic environments, being strongly influenced by human activities, and the least protected by legislation worldwide. Its maintenance and conservation is compelling in order to preserve the ecological interconnectivity among the three spatial dimensions of the aquatic environment. Although several researchers addressed the importance of the hyporheic zone early, and most contemporary stream ecosystem models explicitly include it, very little is known about the HZ of Neotropical regions. From a biological standpoint, hyporheos fauna in Neotropical regions are still largely underestimated. This review focuses on a brief presentation of the hyporheic zone and its functions and significance as an ecotone. We also highlighted the key aspects considering also the current status of research in Neotropical regions.

ResumoA zona hiporréica, como ecótono de ligação entre a superfície e as águas subterrâneas, é parte funcional seja dos ecossistemas fluviais seja das águas subterrâneas. As características hidrológicas, as características químicas, biológicas e metabólicas são específicas desta zona, não pertencendo verdadeiramente nem a superfície nem às águas subterrâneas. Trocas de água, nutrientes e matéria orgânica ocorrem em resposta a variações na descarga, topografia do álveo e porosidade. Gradientes dinâmicos existem em todas as escalas e variam temporalmente. Em todas as escalas, o significado funcional da zona hyporheic relaciona-se com a sua conexão e atividades com a água superficial. O HZ é um ambiente relativamente rico e quase todos os grupos de invertebrados colonizaram este habitat. Esta fauna, chamada hyporheos, é composta por espécies típicas do ambiente intersticial, e também de espécies bentônicas epígeas e freáticas. A microbiocenose consiste em bactérias, arqueobactérias, fungos e protozoários. O HZ fornece vários serviços para o ecossistema, desempenhando um papel fundamental na mediação de processos de troca, incluindo seja a matéria, seja a energia, entre os ecossistemas superfíciais e os subterrâneos, funcionando como regulador do fluxo de água, de refúgio para invertebrados bentônicos e local de armazenagem, fonte e transformação de matéria orgânica. A zona hyporheic é um dos ambientes aquáticos mais ameaçados, sendo fortemente influenciado pelas atividades humanas, e um dos menos protegidos pela legislação em todo o mundo. A sua manutenção e conservação é necessaria para preservar a interconectividade ecológica entre as três dimensões espaciais do ambiente aquático. Apesar de vários pesquisadores aborem a importância da zona hyporheic a tempo, e a maioria dos modelos de ecossistemas atualmente incluí-lo de forma explicita, muito pouco se sabe sobre o HZ das regiões neotropicais. Do ponto de vista biológico, a fauna hiporréica das regiões neotropicais é ainda largamente subestimada. Esta revisão visa apresentar de forma resumida a zona hiporréica, suas funções e importância como ecótono. Também visa destacar os aspectos principais considerando também o estado actual da investigação em regiões neotropicais.
Descritores: Biodiversidade
Água Doce
Água Subterrânea
Movimentos da Água
Zonas Úmidas
-Archaea/fisiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos
América Central
Ecossistema
Água Doce/microbiologia
Água Doce/parasitologia
Fungos/fisiologia
Água Subterrânea/microbiologia
Água Subterrânea/parasitologia
Invertebrados/fisiologia
México
América do Sul
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  5 / 17 LILACS  
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Id: lil-741268
Autor: Chiaramonte, Josiane Barros; Roberto, Maria do Carmo; Pagioro, Thomaz Aurélio.
Título: Large scale distribution of bacterial communities in the upper Paraná River floodplain
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;45(4):1187-1197, Oct.-Dec. 2014. graf, mapas, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: A bacterial community has a central role in nutrient cycle in aquatic habitats. Therefore, it is important to analyze how this community is distributed throughout different locations. Thirty-six different sites in the upper Paraná River floodplain were surveyed to determine the influence of environmental variable in bacterial community composition. The sites are classified as rivers, channels, and floodplain lakes connected or unconnected to the main river channel. The bacterial community structure was analyzed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) technique, based on frequency of the main domains Bacteria and Archaea, and subdivisions of the phylum Proteobacteria (Alpha-proteobacteria, Beta-proteobacteria, Gamma-proteobacteria) and the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium cluster. It has been demonstrated that the bacterial community differed in density and frequency of the studied groups. And these differences responded to distinct characteristics of the three main rivers of the floodplain as well as to the classification of the environments found in this floodplain. We conclude that dissimilarities in the bacterial community structure are related to environmental heterogeneity, and the limnological variables that most predicted bacterial communities in the upper Paraná River floodplain was total and ammoniacal nitrogen, orthophosphate and chlorophyll-a.
Descritores: Archaea/classificação
Archaea/isolamento & purificação
Biota
Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Microbiologia da Água
-Archaea/genética
Brasil
Bactérias/genética
Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente
Rios
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  6 / 17 LILACS  
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Id: lil-642425
Autor: Fermiano, Daiane; Lira, Eisla Alline Gomes de; Sampaio, Fernanda Ramiro; Figueiredo, Luciene Cristina de; Feres, Magda; Faveri, Marcelo.
Título: Prevalência de Archaea em indivíduos com doença periodontal e saúde periodontal / Prevalence of Archaea in subjets with periodontal disease and periodontally healthy
Fonte: Periodontia;21(4):86-93, 2011. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Apesar de micro-organismos do domínio Archaea já terem sido detectados em amostras de biofilme subgengival de indivíduos com periodontite, nenhum estudo comparou diretamente a associação de Archaea com as periodontites crônica e agressiva. Assim sendo, o objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a prevalência do domínio Archaea em indivíduos com periodontite crônica generalizada (PCrG), periodontite agressiva generalizada (PAgG) e indivíduos com saúde periodontal (SP), e correlacionar os achados microbiológicos com o aumento da profundidade de sondagem (PS). Foram selecionados 15 indivíduos com PCrG, 15 com PAgG e 15 com SP. Inicialmente, os indivíduos foram submetidos ao exame clínico-periodontal. Em seguida, amostras de biofilme subgengival foram coletadas de 9 sítios nos indivíduos do grupo SP e de 9 sítios (PS <3mm, 3 PS 4-6mm e 3 PS >7mm) nos indivíduos dos grupos PCrG e PAgG. Após a extração do DNA, as amostras foram submetidas à reação de amplificação do gene 16S rRNA de Archaea. A presença de Archaeafoi detectada em 11/15 indivíduos do grupo PCrG, em 9/15 indivíduos com PAgG e 12/15 indivíduos com SP (p>0,05). Em relação ao número de amostras positivas, foram 21 no grupo SP, 39 no PAgG e 43 no PCrG observados. Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas entre os diferentes grupos experimentais (p>0,05) e também não houve correlação entre a presença de Archaea e as diferentes categorias de profundidade de sondagem. Em conclusão, sugere-se ausência de associação entre a detecção de Archaea e a periodontite.

Archaea has been detected in subgingival biofilm samples from individuals with periodontitis, however, no studies were found to enable a direct comparison of the association of Archaea with chronic and aggressive periodontitis. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of the Archaea domine in individuals with generalized chronic periodontitis (GCrP), generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) and periodontal healthy (PH) and correlation these finding with the increase of probing depth (PD). Fifteen individuals with GCrP, fifteen individuals with GAgP and fifteen individuals with PH were selected. The individuals were submitted a clinical periodontal examination. Subgingival biofilm samples were collected from 9 sites in the PH group and 9 sites (3 PD ¡Ü3mm, 3 PD 4-6mm and 3 PD ¡Ý7mm) in the 30 individuals in the GAgP and GCrP groups. After the DNA extraction, the presence of Archaea was analyzed by polymerase chair reaction (PCR). The occurrence of Archaea was detected in 11/15 individuals in the GCrP group, 9/15 individuals with GAgP and 12/15 individuals with SP (p>0.05). Among the individuals of with SP, PAgG and PCrG, 21, 39 and 43 samples were positive for Archaea, respectively. However, there were no statistical differences observed among experimental groups (p>0.05). There was no correlation between the presence of Archaea and the different probing depth categories. In conclusion, these results suggest the absence of association between the detection of Archaeaand periodontitis.
Descritores: Archaea
Placa Dentária
Periodontite
Prevalência
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR243.1 - Serviço Técnico de Biblioteca e Documentação


  7 / 17 LILACS  
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Id: lil-634668
Autor: Peressutti, S. R.; Costagliola, M.; Artigas, L. F.; Hozbor, C..
Título: Estudio comparativo de la estructura del bacterioplancton en aguas del Mar Argentino mediante el método de pirosecuenciación 454 tag / A comparative study of bacterioplankton structure in Argentinian Sea waters by the 454 - tag pyrosequencing method
Fonte: Rev. argent. microbiol;42(4):288-297, oct.-dic. 2010. graf, mapas, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El presente estudio brinda la primera información sobre diversidad y abundancia de las comunidades microbianas en dos ambientes del Mar Argentino obtenida mediante la técnica de pirosecuenciación tag ribosomal 454. Dentro del dominio Bacteria, se observaron más de 4 600 secuencias únicas a partir de 36 188 amplicones de tags y se identificaron 280 filotipos. Además, se detectaron cerca de 2 700 secuencias únicas a partir de más de 47 700 tags pertenecientes al dominio Archaea, lo que definió sólo 5 filotipos diferentes. La distancia de Jaccard presentó valores de 0,6 para bacterias y de 0,2 para arqueas, esto indica mayor diferencia entre las bacterias en los dos sitios. En el ambiente marino los filotipos más dominantes fueron Bacteroidetes Flavobacteriaceae, Proteobacteria Gammaproteobacteria, Proteobacteria Rhodobacteraceae y Proteobacteria Rickettsiales SAR11, mientras que en el estuario predominaron Pseudoalteromonadaceae Pseudoalteromonas, Proteobacteria Gammaproteobacteria, Proteobacteria Shewanella y Proteobacteria Rickettsiales SAR11. Los 2 filotipos de arqueas encontrados en mayor proporción fueron Archaea Euryarchaeota y Archaea Crenarchaeota. Las secuencias tag más numerosas representaron taxa caracterizados previamente, aunque también se halló un elevado número de filotipos de gran diversidad y de baja abundancia, que forman parte de la denominada "biosfera rara", aún no explorada, que pueden tener un papel ecológico crucial.

The present study provides the first information about diversity and abundance of microbial communities in two environments of the Argentinian Sea by the 454 - tag pyrosequencing technique. We observed more than 4,600 unique bacterial sequences from 36,188 tag amplicons, forming 280 phylotypes. In addition, nearly 2,700 unique sequences from more than 47,700 tags identified as Archaea, defined only 5 different phylotypes. The Jaccard distance (0.6 for Bacteria and 0.2 for Archaea) indicated higher differences among Bacteria rather than among Archaea in both studied sites. The dominant phylotypes in marine environment were Bacteroidetes Flavobacteriaceae, Proteobacteria Gammaproteobacteria, Proteobacteria Rhodobacteraceae and Proteobacteria Rickettsiales SAR11; and Pseudoalteromonadaceae Pseudoalteromonas, Proteobacteria Gammaproteobacteria, Proteobacteria Shewanella, Proteobacteria Rickettsiales SAR11 in the estuary sampling site. Archaea Euryarchaeota and Archaea Crenarchaeota were the major archaeal phylotypes found. The most abundant tag sequences included previously characterized taxa, although we also retrieved a large number of highly diverse, low-abundant phylotypes which constitute a largely unexplored "rare" biosphere. These microorganisms could have a crucial ecological role.
Descritores: Archaea/isolamento & purificação
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Plâncton/isolamento & purificação
/genética
RNA, RIBOSOMAL, ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLES/genética
Ribotipagem/métodos
Água do Mar/microbiologia
Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
-Argentina
Archaea/classificação
Archaea/genética
Biodiversidade
Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/genética
Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas
Filogenia
Fitoplâncton/classificação
Fitoplâncton/genética
Fitoplâncton/isolamento & purificação
Plâncton/classificação
Plâncton/genética
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Especificidade da Espécie
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: AR1.2 - Instituto de Investigaciónes Epidemiológicas


  8 / 17 LILACS  
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Alves, Claudio Nahum
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Id: lil-616980
Autor: Santana, Priscila Bessa; Ghilardi Junior, Rubens; Alves, Claudio Nahum; Silva, Jeronimo Lameira; McCulloch, John Anthony; Schneider, Maria Paula Cruz; Silva, Artur da Costa da.
Título: Diversity and three-dimensional structures of the alpha Mcr of the methanogenic Archaea from the anoxic region of Tucuruí Lake, in Eastern Brazilian Amazonia
Fonte: Genet. mol. biol;35(1):126-133, 2012. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Methanogenic archaeans are organisms of considerable ecological and biotechnological interest that produce methane through a restricted metabolic pathway, which culminates in the reaction catalyzed by the Methyl-coenzyme M reductase (Mcr) enzyme, and results in the release of methane. Using a metagenomic approach, the gene of the a subunit of mcr (mcrα) was isolated from sediment sample from an anoxic zone, rich in decomposing organic material, obtained from the Tucuruí hydroelectric dam reservoir in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. The partial nucleotide sequences obtained were 83 to 95 percent similar to those available in databases, indicating a low diversity of archaeans in the reservoir. Two orders were identified -the Methanomicrobiales, and a unique Operational Taxonomic Unit (OTU) forming a clade with the Methanosarcinales according to low bootstrap values. Homology modeling was used to determine the three-dimensional (3D) structures, for this the partial nucleotide sequence of the mcrα were isolated and translated on their partial amino acid sequences. The 3D structures of the archaean mcrα observed in the present study varied little, and presented approximately 70 percent identity in comparison with the mcrα of Methanopyrus klanderi. The results demonstrated that the community of methanogenic archaeans of the anoxic C1 region of the Tucurui reservoir is relatively homogeneous.
Descritores: Archaea/genética
-Euryarchaeota
Variação Genética
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  9 / 17 LILACS  
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Id: lil-571384
Autor: Singh, K. M; Pandya, P. R; Parnerkar, S; Tripathi, A. K; Rank, D. N; Kothari, R. K; Joshi, C. G.
Título: Molecular identification of methanogenic archaea from Surti buffaloes (bubalus bubalis), reveals more hydrogenotrophic methanogens phylotypes
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;42(1):132-139, Jan.-Mar. 2011. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Methane emissions from ruminant livestock are considered to be one of the more potent forms of greenhouses gases contributing to global warming. Many strategies to reduce emissions are targeting the methanogens that inhabit the rumen, but such an approach can only be successful if it targets all the major groups of ruminant methanogens. Therefore, a thorough knowledge of the diversity of these microbes in breeds of buffaloes, as well as in response to geographical location and different diets, is required. Therefore, molecular diversity of rumen methanogens in Surti buffaloes was investigated using 16S rRNA gene libraries prepared from pooled rumen contents from three Surti buffaloes. A total of 171 clones were identified revealing 23 different sequences (phylotypes). Of these 23 sequences, twelve sequences (12 OTUs, 83 clones) and 10 sequences (10 OTUs, 83 clones) were similar to methanogens belonging to the orders Methanomicrobiales and Methanobacteriales, and the remaining 1 phylotype (5 clones) were similar to Methanosarcina barkeri. These unique sequences clustered within a distinct and strongly supported phylogenetic group. Further studies and effective strategies can be made to inhibit the growth of Methanomicrobiales and Methanobacteriales phylotypes to reduce the methane emission from rumen and thus help in preventing global warming.
Descritores: Archaea/isolamento & purificação
Sequência de Bases
Búfalos
Dióxido de Carbono
/análise
GASES DO EFEITO ESTUFA/análise
Metano/isolamento & purificação
Methanobacteriales/isolamento & purificação
Fenótipo
-Variação Genética
Métodos
Ruminantes
Técnicas
Limites: Animais
Bovinos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR32.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca e Informação Biomédica


  10 / 17 LILACS  
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Id: lil-520880
Autor: Higuchi, Maria de Lourdes; Kawakami, Joyce; Ikegami, Renata; Clementino, Maysa Beatriz Mandetta; Kawamoto, Flavio M; Reis, Marcia M; Bocchi, Edimar.
Título: Do Archaea and bacteria co-infection have a role in the pathogenesis of chronic chagasic cardiopathy?
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;104(supl.1):199-207, July 2009. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Chronic cardiopathy (CC) in Chagas disease is a fibrotic myocarditis with C5b-9 complement deposition. Mycoplasma and Chlamydia may interfere with the complement response. Proteolytic enzymes and archaeal genes that have been described in Trypanosoma cruzi may increase its virulence. Here we tested the hypothesis that different ratios of Mycoplasma, Chlamydia and archaeal organisms, which are frequent symbionts, may be associated with chagasic clinical forms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: eight indeterminate form (IF) and 20 CC chagasic endomyocardial biopsies were submitted to in situ hybridization, electron and immunoelectron microscopy and PCR techniques for detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), Chlamydia pneumoniae(CP), C5b-9 and archaeal-like bodies. RESULTS: MP and CP-DNA were always present at lower levels in CC than in IF (p < 0.001) and were correlated with each other only in CC. Electron microscopy revealed Mycoplasma, Chlamydia and two types of archaeal-like bodies. One had electron dense lipid content (EDL) and was mainly present in IF. The other had electron lucent content (ELC) and was mainly present in CC. In this group, ELC correlated negatively with the other microbes and EDL and positively with C5b-9. The CC group was positive for Archaea and T. cruzi DNA. In conclusion, different amounts of Mycoplasma, Chlamydia and archaeal organisms may be implicated in complement activation and may have a role in Chagas disease outcome.
Descritores: Archaea/isolamento & purificação
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/microbiologia
Chlamydophila pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação
Complexo de Ataque à Membrana do Sistema Complemento/análise
Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação
-Antígenos de Bactérias/análise
Biópsia
Doença Crônica
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia
Hibridização In Situ
Microscopia Eletrônica
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde