Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : B04.280.030.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 4 [refinar]
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Id: biblio-1121770
Autor: Girardi, Viviane; Gregianini, Tatiana Schaffer; Gularte, Juliana Schons; Demoliner, Meriane; Seadi, Claudete Farina; Straliotto, Selir Maria; Martins, Letícia Garay; Spilki, Fernando Rosado.
Título: Temporal dynamics of human mastadenovirus species in cases of respiratory illness in southern Brazil
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;50(3):677-684, July 2019. ilus., tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Human mastadenovirus (HAdV) genus is related to several diseases, among them upper and lower respiratory tract illness. HAdV species B, C, D, and E are mainly associated with respiratory infections. The goal of this work was to identify the HAdV species associated with respiratory infections in hospitalized patients from southern Brazil. Samples were collected from 1996 to 2004 and 2011 to 2017. During this period, 28,524 samples were collected, and 9983 were positive for respiratory viruses, being 435 for HAdV. From these 435 samples, 57 were selected for characterization of HAdV species. For screening the presence of HAdV, a partial sequence of the DNA polymerase gene (DNApol gene) was amplified by nested PCR. Partial nucleotide sequencing was performed in positive samples, and HAdV (DNApol gene) was detected in 53 samples: species B (28;49.1%), C (16;8.0%), D (2; 3.5%), E (5; 8.7%), and untyped (2; 3.5%). Specie D was found only in 2017 and specie E in 2011 and 2012. The age of the patients ranged from < 1 to 81 years old, and 62.3%were male. No relationship between gender orage and identified HAdV species were observed. In addition, in the period of 2013­2017, 18 samples from patients who died were analyzed: 11 were related to species B, 4 to C, and 2 to D and 1 remained untyped. Circulation of HAdV species D and Evaried over the years, but species B and C were present throughout the evaluated period. In addition, respiratory infections by HAdVaffect elderly and children mainly. (AU)
Descritores: Sistema Respiratório
Infecções Respiratórias/virologia
Mastadenovirus/patogenicidade
-Ácidos Nucleicos
Morbidade
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Responsável: BR1618.1 - CID - Centro de Informação e Documentação


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Id: biblio-1039055
Autor: Chiamenti, Lisandra; Silva, Francini Pereira da; Schallemberger, Karoline; Demoliner, Meriane; Rigotto, Caroline; Fleck, Juliane Deise.
Título: Cytotoxicity and antiviral activity evaluation of Cymbopogon spp hydroethanolic extracts
Fonte: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online);55:e18063, 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Cymbopogon citratus and C. nardus are noteworthy among the several existing plant species displaying medicinal properties, due to the potential pharmacological activity of these species, including antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and anti-trypanosomal activities. The objective of this study was to carry out in vitro toxicity tests of plant extracts from both species and analyze potential antiviral activity against Human mastadenovirus serotype 5 (HAdV-5). Two cell lines (A549 and VERO) were used and mitochondrial and lysosomal viability were determined by the MTT and neutral red assay, respectively, after two exposure times (24 hours and six days). The aim of these assays was to counteract the behavior of the extracts against the different cell lines and determine their non-toxic concentration range, in order to evaluate possible antiviral activity against HAdV-5. Plaque reduction and inhibition index of viral titer assays were performed using the maximum non-cytotoxic concentrations (MNCC) of each extract. The results indicate MNCC at 625 µg/mL for all extracts, except for Cymbopogon nardus obtained with 80% ethanol (CN80), which showed toxicity at concentrations higher than 312.5 µg/mL. CN80 was the only extract that displayed potential activity against HAdV-5, at a concentration of 75 µg/mL, becoming a candidate for extract fraction purification and/or the isolation of substances related to the observed antiviral activity
Descritores: Extratos Vegetais/análise
Mastadenovirus/isolamento & purificação
Cymbopogon/toxicidade
-Antivirais/análise
Técnicas In Vitro
Sobrevivência Celular
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-755016
Autor: Bergamaschi, B; Rodrigues, MT; Silva, JVS; Kluge, M; Luz, RB; Fleck, JD.; Bianchi, E; Silva, LB; Spilki, FR.
Título: Moving beyond classical markers of water quality: detection of enteric viruses and genotoxicity in water of the Sinos River / Indo além dos marcadores clássicos de qualidade da água: detecção de vírus entéricos e genotoxicidade na água do Rio dos Sinos
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;75(2,supl):63-67, May 2015. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo:

It is well recognized that the classical biological and chemical markers of environmental pollution do not necessarily indicate the presence or absence of emerging threats to public health, such as waterborne viruses and genotoxicants. The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate the presence of material of enteroviruses (EV), rotavirus (RV) and adenovirus (AdV) and genotoxicity in water samples from points of routine monitoring of water quality in the main course of the Sinos River. The points are classified into different levels of pollution in accordance to the Brazilian federal regulations. Viral genomes from EV, AdV were detected in two of the 4 collection points regardless of the level of urbanisation of the surrounding areas. In contrast, genotoxicity was not observed in piava (Leporinus obtusidens) fingerlings cultivated on these same water samples. Results were compared with classical physical, chemical and microbiological parameters. There was no clear evidence of association between any of the classical markers and the presence of viral genomes in the water samples tested.

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É amplamente reconhecido que os marcadores biológicos e químicos clássicos para a poluição ambiental não necessariamente indicam a presença ou ausência de ameaças emergentes à saúde pública, tais como vírus transmitidos pela água e genotoxicantes. Este estudo preliminar teve por objetivo detectar material genético de enterovírus (EV), rotavírus (RV) e adenovírus (AdV) e genotoxicidade em amostras de água de pontos de monitoramento de rotina da qualidade da água no curso principal do rio dos Sinos. Os pontos são classificados em níveis diferentes de poluição, de acordo com as normativas federais brasileiras. Genomas virais de EV, RV e RV foram detectados em dois dos quatro pontos de coleta, independente do nível de urbanização das áreas adjacentes. Por outro lado, não foi observada genotoxicidade em alevinos de piava (Leporinus obtusidens) cultivados nestas mesmas amostras de água. Os resultados são comparados com marcadores físicos, químicos e microbiológicos clássicos, não há nenhuma evidência clara da associação entre qualquer um dos marcadores clássicos e da presença de genomas virais nas amostras de água testadas.

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Descritores: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Rios/química
Rios/virologia
Qualidade da Água
-Brasil
Caraciformes/metabolismo
Enterovirus/genética
Enterovirus/isolamento & purificação
Mastadenovirus/genética
Mastadenovirus/isolamento & purificação
Mutagênicos/análise
Rotavirus/genética
Rotavirus/isolamento & purificação
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-571234
Autor: Martínez-Flores, Francisco; Jiménez-Orozco, Fausto Alejandro; Villegas-Castrejón, Hilda.
Título: Biología molecular de los vectores adenovirales / Molecular biology of adenoviral vectors
Fonte: Cir. & cir;74(6):483-493, nov.-dic. 2006. tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La terapia con genes postula el uso terapéutico del DNA como una nueva alternativa de la biomedicina para el tratamiento de las enfermedades humanas. Todas las proteínas están codificadas en el DNA, y muchas enfermedades resultan de: a) la ausencia o expresión aberrante de uno o más genes; b) la ausencia de formas funcionales; c) alteraciones en su proceso de regulación, transporte o degradación. Por lo tanto, tales enfermedades pueden ser potencialmente tratadas, restableciendo la expresión de la proteína involucrada en las células afectadas. Sin embargo, para lograr una transferencia exitosa del material genético al sitio blanco y evitar la destrucción del DNA o del vehículo seleccionado antes de llegar al sitio de interés, se han desarrollado varios sistemas virales. Entre los virus más conocidos están: el virus del herpes simple, adenovirus tipo 5, virus adenoasociado y algunos retrovirus complejos (lentivirus). En este artículo se exponen las características biológicas, la manipulación genética y propiedades de los adenovirus, así como su empleo en la medicina actual como vectores para transferir genes y su potencial implicación en la terapia génica.

Gene therapy is based on the use of DNA as a therapeutic material as an alternative therapeutic tool for treatment of human diseases. All proteins are codified into the DNA and several diseases result from the absence or aberrant expression of one or related genes, absence of expression of functional proteins, and alterations for regulation process in transport and degradation mechanisms. In this regard, several diseases could be potentially treated through the expression of the normal form of the involved protein. However, the main objective is to achieve a successful genetic material delivery into the target site and avoid the destruction of DNA or the selected vehicle before arrival at the final destination. Several efficient viral gene transfer systems have been developed. Viral-mediated gene delivery for experimental models has been designed from herpes virus (HV), adenovirus (adenovirous), adeno-associated virus (AAV) and retroviruses (lentiviral vectors). In this review we will discuss the specific biological and cloning properties of adenoviral vectors as a gene transfer tool and potential medical implications for gene therapy.
Descritores: Doenças Genéticas Inatas/terapia
Mastadenovirus/genética
Vetores Genéticos/genética
-Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica
Terapia Genética
Genoma Viral
Mastadenovirus/fisiologia
Mastadenovirus/ultraestrutura
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
Transcrição Genética
Transdução Genética
Replicação Viral
Vetores Genéticos/uso terapêutico
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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