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Id: biblio-1008953
Autor: Guan, Zhiyong; Wu, Dan; Song, Aiping; Chen, Fadi; Chen, Sumei; Fang, Weimin.
Título: A highly sensitive method for the detection of Chrysanthemum virus B
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;26:64-68, Mar. 2017. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fund for Agroscientific Research in the Public Interest under Grant; . New agricultural varieties; Technology and New Model Update Project of Jiangsu Province under Grant.
Resumo: Background: Chrysanthemum plants are subject to serious viral diseases. The viruses cause severe losses of the quantity and quality of chrysanthemum. The most problematic pathogen of chrysanthemum is typically considered Chrysanthemum virus B (CVB). Thus, a method for the simultaneous detection of CVB is needed. Results: We used gene-specific primers, which were derived from the coat protein gene region of the virus, for reverse transcription to obtain cDNA. Nested amplification polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was employed to detect the viral gene. This method was sensitive enough to detect the virus at up to 10-9 dilution of the cDNA. Conclusion: A highly specific and sensitive nested PCR-based assay has been described for detecting CVB. This new method is highly specific and sensitive for the detection of CVB, which is known to infect chrysanthemum plants in the fields. Further, this protocol has an advantage over traditional methods as it is more cost-effective. This assay is ideal for an early stage diagnosis of the disease.
Descritores: Doenças das Plantas/virologia
Carlavirus/isolamento & purificação
Carlavirus/genética
Chrysanthemum/virologia
-Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Genes Virais
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-675452
Autor: Gil, José Fernando; Cotes, José Miguel; Marín, Mauricio.
Título: Detección serológica y caracterización molecular de Potato virus S (PVS, Carlavirus) en cultivos de papa de Colombia / Detection and molecular characterization of Potato virus S (PVS, Carlavirus) from Colombia
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;61(2):565-575, Jun. 2013. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: In Colombia, potato crops are affected by a wide variety of viruses such as PVY, PLRV, PVX, PMTV and PVS. Unfortunately, there are very few studies on the biology, distribution and pathogenicity of these viruses; this situation is even worse for the latent virus PVS. In this work, we evaluated the presence of PVS in four Colombian provinces (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño) by the use of ELISA. We also studied the degree of molecular variation by sequence comparison of a segment of the gene encoding for the viral coat protein. In average, PVS was detected in 40% of 320 analyzed samples of potato leaves; the highest levels were observed in the East of Antioquia (49%) and Pasto (Nariño) (47%), while in the other regions ranged between 35% and 42%. Analysis of sequence revealed the presence of two PVS strains in Colombia: three isolates were associated to PVS O (Ordinary) and twelve belonged to PVS A (Andean). A high diversity was observed among PVS A strains with percent identities in the range of 88-99%. These findings highlight the importance of strengthening seed certification programs and quarantine measures in Colombia for viruses like PVS, which can cause losses of up to 20% in potato crops and even higher in mixed virus infection.

El cultivo de papa en Colombia es afectado por diversos virus, que incluyen PVY, PLRV, PVX, PMTV y PVS; aunque se han realizado pocos estudios sobre la biología, distribución y patogenicidad de dichos virus en Colombia, siendo especialmente escasa la información referente al PVS. En este trabajo se evaluó mediante pruebas de ELISA, la presencia del PVS en cuatro departamentos de Colombia, así como sus niveles de variación, a partir de la secuenciación de una porción del gen de la cápside viral. Los resultados indicaron una detección promedio del virus en el 40% de las 320 muestras analizadas, con zonas como el Oriente cercano de Antioquia (49%) y Pasto (Nariño) (47%), donde se detectó en mayor proporción el virus. Los análisis de variación molecular indicaron la presencia de las dos razas de PVS (Ordinaria y Andina) en Colombia, siendo los aislamientos de PVS A los más diversos, al pre- sentar un rango de identidad del 88 al 99%. Estos hallazgos indican que es imperativo el fortalecimiento de los programas de certificación de semilla y vigilancia cuarentenaria en el país, especialmente para virus como el PVS, que aunque puede ser asintomático, causa pérdidas hasta del 20% en cultivos de papa.
Descritores: Carlavirus/genética
Doenças das Plantas/virologia
Solanum tuberosum/virologia
-Colômbia
Carlavirus/classificação
Carlavirus/isolamento & purificação
ELISPOT
Variação Genética
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social



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