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Id: biblio-899713
Autor: Bay, Constanza; González, Tamara; Munoz, Gonzalo; Legarraga, Paulette; Vizcaya, Cecilia; Abarca, Katia.
Título: Feohifomicosis nasal por Curvularia spicifera en un paciente pediátrico con neutropenia y leucemia mieloide aguda / Nasal phaeohyphomycosis by Curvularia spicifera in pediatric patient with neutropenia and acute myeloid leukemia
Fonte: Rev. chil. infectol;34(3):280-286, jun. 2017. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: There are very few reports of pediatric patients with infections by dematiaceous filamentous fungi. In this publication we report a case of invasive fungal infection of the nasal septum by Curvularia spicifera in a pediatric patient with acute myeloid leukemia. The patient presented with a painful scabby wound in the nasal vestibule. Culture and universal PCR were consistent with Curvularia spicifera. Early management with surgical debridement and bi-associated antifungal therapy achieved complete resolution of the lesions, with no evidence of dissemination and relapses. Clinical management of these fungal infections represents a challenge as the antifungal selection and duration of therapy is not yet well stablished.

Existen pocos reportes de infecciones por hongos dematiáceos en pediatría. Comunicamos el caso de una infección fúngica invasora del tabique nasal en un niño con una leucemia mieloide aguda, que se presentó como una lesión costrosa dolorosa en el vestíbulo nasal. Se realizó desbridamiento quirúrgico precoz y recibió tratamiento antifúngico biasociado, lográndose resolución completa de las lesiones, sin diseminación ni recaídas. El cultivo y la RPC universal fueron compatibles con Curvularia spicifera. El manejo de estas infecciones fúngicas representa un desafío, considerando que la elección del agente antifúngico y la duración de la terapia no están completamente establecidas.
Descritores: Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação
Infecções Oportunistas/complicações
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações
Doenças Nasais/complicações
Feoifomicose/complicações
Neutropenia/complicações
-Infecções Oportunistas/microbiologia
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/microbiologia
Doenças Nasais/microbiologia
Feoifomicose/microbiologia
Neutropenia/microbiologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Criança
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1156440
Autor: Amor Vigil, Ana María; Hernández Miranda, Londy Lorena; Díaz Alonso, Carmen Alina; Ruiz Moleón, Vera; Fernández Martínez, Lesbia; Oliva Hernández, Ignacio; Garrote Santana, Heidys.
Título: Frecuencia de aberraciones moleculares en pacientes cubanos con leucemia mieloide aguda / Frequency of molecular disorders in Cuban patients with acute myeloid leukemia
Fonte: Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter;36(3):e1164, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: En el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología se realiza el estudio molecular de las leucemias mieloides agudas (LMA). Para las leucemias mieloides agudas no promielocíticas (LPM) se determinan cuatro biomarcadores: los genes de fusión RUNX1-RUNX1T1 y CBF(-MYH11, la duplicación interna en tándem del gen FLT3 (DIT FLT3) y la mutación A del gen NPM1 (NPM1-A). Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de estos cuatro biomarcadores, en pacientes cubanos con leucemias mieloides agudas primaria no promielocíticas. Métodos: Se incluyeron 91 pacientes entre niños y adultos, estudiados en el Instituto durante tres años desde el debut. A partir de ARN de sangre medular se obtuvo ADN complementario por transcripción inversa; se amplificaron los fragmentos correspondientes mediante la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y el producto se analizó por electroforesis capilar. Resultados: El RUNX1-RUNX1T1 apareció en el 24,2 por ciento, fue más frecuente en los pacientes pediátricos y disminuyó significativamente con la edad. El CBFβ-MYH11 solo se encontró en adultos (4,8 por ciento). La NPM1-A con 41 por ciento fue mayoritaria entre los adultos. La DIT FLT3 se observó en el 21,6 por ciento y no mostró relación con la edad. NPM1-A y DIT FLT3 fueron las aberraciones con mayor presencia simultánea. Conclusiones: Por primera vez se describe la frecuencia de los cuatro biomarcadores moleculares en los pacientes cubanos con leucemias mieloides agudas primaria no promielocíticas; su comportamiento fue similar a lo descrito por otros autores, aunque se encontraron algunas particularidades(AU)

Introduction: At the Institute of Hematology and Immunology, the molecular study of acute myeloid leukemias (AML) is carried out. For nonpromyelocytic acute myeloid leukemias, four biomarkers are determined: the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and CBF(-MYH11 fusion genes, the internal tandem duplication of the FLT3 gene (DIT FLT3), and the A mutation of the NPM1 gene (NPM1-A). Objective: To determine the frequency of these four biomarkers in Cuban patients with nonpromyelocytic primary acute myeloid leukemias. Methods: 91 patients were included, children and adults, who were studied at the Institute for three years from their disease debut. Complementary DNA was obtained from medullary blood RNA by reverse transcription. The corresponding fragments were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and the product was analyzed by capillary electrophoresis. Results: RUNX1-RUNX1T1 appeared in 24.2 percent; it was more frequent in pediatric patients and decreased significantly with age. CBFβ-MYH11 was found only in adults (4.8 percent). NPM1-A, accounting for 41 percent, represented the majority among adults. FLT3 DIT was observed in 21.6 por ciento and was not related to age. NPM1-A and DIT FLT3 were the disorders with the greatest concurrence. Conclusions: For the first time, the frequency of the four molecular biomarkers is described in Cuban patients with primary non-promyelocytic acute myeloid leukemias. Its characterization was similar to that described by other authors, although some peculiarities were found(AU)
Descritores: Biomarcadores
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
DNA Complementar
Transcrição Reversa
-Eletroforese Capilar
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: lil-510154
Autor: Alonso, C. N; Longo, P. L; Medina, A; Gallego, M. S; Scopinaro, M. J; Felice, M. S; Luppo, S.
Título: Nuevos blancos terapéuticos en leucemia aguda pediatrica: caracterización de las mutaciones del gen FLT3 / Newer therapeutic targets in acute limphoblastic leukemia: characterization of mutations of the gene FLT3
Fonte: Med. infant;14(2):116-123, jun. 2007. graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El tratamiento de elección para las leucemias agudas pediátricas es la quimioterapia convencional, que ha permitido obtener tasas de sobrevida que actualmente parecen difíciles de superar. En los últimos años se han intensificado las investigaciones dirigidas a descubrir nuevos blancos terapéuticos, entre los que se encuentra el receptor FLT3. Los blastos leucémicos puede presentar formas mutadas de dicho receptor, siendo las más frecuentes mutaciones internas en tándem (FLT3 ITD) y mutaciones puntuales en la zona de activación (FLT3 ALM). Objetivos: Poner a punto la detección de mutacoines de FLT3, analizar su prevalencia en nuestra población de pacientes con diagnóstico de Leucemia Mieloblástica Aguda (LMA) o de Leucemia Linfoblática Aguda en infantes (LLA I), y evaluar su asociación con parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio. Pacientes y Método: El estudio de las mutaciones se realizó por RT PCR, en un total de 122 pacientes (92 LMA y 30 LLA 1). Resultados: Se detectaron mutaciones en el 15,2 de las LMA y en 10 de las LLA -1. La prevalencia de las FLT3 ITD mostró un aumento gradual con la edad de los pacientes, y la media de edad fue significativamente mayor. Con respecto a asociaciones con recuentos leucocitarios, alteraciones genéticas, subtipos FAB y valor pronóstico, si bien hubo difrencias éstas no furon significtivas. Conclusiones: Este es el primer estuido de mutaciones en FLT3 realizado en población pediátrica en nuestro país. La detección de estas mutaciones permitirá individualizar, en el futuro, a los niños candidatos a recibir drogas inhibidoras de FLT3, actualmente en desarrollo.
Descritores: Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico
Mutação
Prevalência
-Análise Estatística
Limites: Criança
Responsável: AR94.1 - Centro de Información Pediatrica


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Id: lil-467879
Autor: Farias, Mariela G; Biermann, Maristela B; Matos, Ana Lígia S; Dal Bo, Suzane; Santos, Katia S. D.
Título: Infiltração cutânea na leucemia megacariocítica aguda com expressão de CD56 / Cutaneous infiltration in acute megakaryocytic leukemia with CD56 expression
Fonte: Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter;29(2):185-188, abr.-jun. 2007. ilus, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: A LMA-M7 é um subtipo raro de leucemia mielóide aguda (LMA). Está freqüentemente associada a mielofibrose e representa um subtipo de mau prognóstico. Raramente apresenta infiltração em sítios extramedulares. O aspirado de medula óssea ou biópsia mostra uma população de células pleomórficas e basofílicas, que podem apresentar projeções citoplasmáticas. A utilização da imunofenotipagem é essencial para o diagnóstico de LMA-M7. O imunofenótipo característico apresenta uma população de células leucêmicas com ausência da maioria dos marcadores linfóides e mielóides de superfície, porém com expressão para os antígenos da linhagem megacariocítica: CD41a (complexo glicoprotéico IIb/IIIa), CD42b (glicoproteína Ib) e/ou CD61 (glicoproteína IIIa), ou antígeno relacionado ao fator VIII. Freqüentemente, a coloração citoquímica Sudan Black para os blastos megacariocíticos é negativa; neste caso, foi positiva para 40 por cento das células analisadas. A presença de CD56, cuja expressão aberrante em algumas leucemias mielóides é indicativo de mau prognóstico, pode estar associada à infiltração da pele.

AML-M7 is a rare subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). It is frequently associated with myelofibrosis and corresponds to a poor prognosis subtype. It rarely presents with infiltration at extramedullary sites. The bone marrow aspirate or biopsy identifies pleomorphic and basophilic cell populations that may present with cytoplasmatic projections. The use of immunophenotyping is essential for the diagnosis of AML-M7. The characteristic immunophenotype presents a leukemic cell population without most lymphoid and myeloid surface markers, but with an expression of the megakaryocytic antigens: CD41a (glycoprotein complex IIb/IIIa), CD42b (glycoprotein Ib) and/or CD61 (glycoprotein IIIa), or the factor VIII-related antigen. The cytochemical stain Sudan Black is frequently negative for megakaryocytic blasts; in this case, it was positive in 40 percent of the analyzed cells. The presence of CD56, whose aberrant expression in some myeloid leukemias indicates poor prognosis, might be associated with skin infiltration.
Descritores: Leucemia Megacarioblástica Aguda
-Pele
Biópsia
Medula Óssea
Fator de von Willebrand
Glicoproteínas
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda
Leucemia Mieloide
Infiltração-Percolação
Imunofenotipagem
Antígeno CD56
Mielofibrose Primária
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR408.1 - Biblioteca da Faculdade de Medicina - BFM


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Id: biblio-1126813
Autor: Porras Bueno, Cristian Orlando; Berdugo Pereira, Eliana Milena; Santamaría Alza, Yeison.
Título: Leucemia mieloide aguda y policondritis recurrente ¿casualidad o relación causal? / Acute myeloid leukemya and relapsing polychondritis. Chance or causal relationship?
Fonte: Rev. cuba. reumatol;22(2):e719, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La policondritis recurrente o recidivante es una enfermedad sistémica crónica autoinmune, caracterizada por la inflamación de tejidos cartilaginosos asociada en pocos casos a enfermedades malignas hematológicas. Presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 26 años que cursaba concomitantemente con leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA). La manifestación inicial fue una afección cutánea en forma de eritema nodoso, y posteriormente se diagnosticó LMA; durante la fase de aplasia posquimioterapia desarrolló inflamación bilateral del cartílago auricular (condritis auricular) y síndrome vertiginoso con evolución clínica satisfactoria al tratamiento inmunosupresor con glucocorticoides. Conclusiones: Es difícil definir si existe asociación entre la policondritis recidivante y la leucemia mieloide aguda, la quimioterapia o la sumatoria de las dos noxas. Una vez que se establece el diagnóstico se debe iniciar oportunamente la administración de glucocorticoide a altas dosis, ya que pudieran aparecer complicaciones como la necrosis del cartílago y la pérdida de la región afectada. En contraste, el uso de los glucocorticoides tiene una excelente respuesta con modulación completa de la enfermedad, tal como se muestra en el caso presentado(AU)

Relapsing polychondritis is a systemic, chronic and autoimmune disease characterized by the inflammation of cartilaginous tissues. This disease is associated in a few cases with malignant hematological diseases. We present a case of a patient with relapsing polychondritis and concomitantly with acute myeloid leukemia. A 26-year-old female patient, with cutaneous affection as initial manifestation categorized as erythema nodosum. Then she was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. In the aplasia post-chemotherapy phase, the patient developed bilateral inflammation of the ear cartilage (auricular chondritis) and a vertiginous syndrome with satisfactory clinical evolution to immunosuppressive treatment with glucocorticoids. Conclusion: Relapsing polychondritis usually presents with cartilaginous involvement, such as bilateral atrial chondritis, as shown in the case. Early diagnosis and timely treatment are necessary to achieve a good clinical response. Subsequent studies are necessary to evaluate the association between relapsing polychondritis and hematological alterations such as acute myeloid leukemia and the use of chemotherapy(AU)
Descritores: Policondrite Recidivante/complicações
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações
Evolução Clínica
Eritema Nodoso/diagnóstico
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico
-Diagnóstico Precoce
Cartilagem da Orelha/anormalidades
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Velloso, Elvira Deolinda Rodrigues Pereira
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Id: biblio-1101081
Autor: Silva, Wellington Fernandes da; Rosa, Lidiane Inês da; Seguro, Fernanda Salles; Silveira, Douglas Rafaele Almeida; Bendit, Israel; Buccheri, Valeria; Velloso, Elvira Deolinda Rodrigues Pereira; Rocha, Vanderson; Rego, Eduardo M.
Título: Salvage treatment for refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia: a 10-year single-center experience
Fonte: Clinics;75:e1566, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: The outcomes of refractory and relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients in developing countries are underreported, even though the similar classic regimens are widely used. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective comparison of "MEC" (mitoxantrone, etoposide, and cytarabine) and "FLAG-IDA" (fludarabine, cytarabine, idarubicin, and filgrastim) in adults with first relapse or refractory AML. RESULTS: In total, 60 patients were included, of which 28 patients received MEC and 32 received FLAG-IDA. A complete response (CR) rate of 48.3% was observed. Of the included patients, 16 (27%) died before undergoing bone marrow assessment. No statiscally significant difference in CR rate was found between the two protocols (p=0.447). The median survival in the total cohort was 4 months, with a 3-year overall survival (OS) rate of 9.7%. In a multivariable model including age, fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) status, and stem-cell transplantation (SCT), only the last two indicators remained significant: FLT3-ITD mutation (hazard ratio [HR]=4.6, p<0.001) and SCT (HR=0.43, p=0.01). CONCLUSION: In our analysis, there were no significant differences between the chosen regimens. High rates of early toxicity were found, emphasizing the role of supportive care and judicious selection of patients who are eligible for intensive salvage therapy in this setting. The FLT3-ITD mutation and SCT remained significant factors for survival in our study, in line with the results of previous studies.
Descritores: Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
Terapia de Salvação/métodos
-Indução de Remissão
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade
Taxa de Sobrevida
Estudos Retrospectivos
Resultado do Tratamento
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1133415
Autor: Frascino, Alexandre Viana; Fava, Marcelo; Collassanti, Maria Dulce Silveira; Odone-Filho, Vicente.
Título: Impact of pediatric hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation on craniofacial growth
Fonte: Clinics;75:e1901, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: To assess the craniofacial skeletal growth in pediatric hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) survivors in comparison with age-sex matched-paired controls. METHODS: A case-controlled retrospective comparison of the craniofacial growth in 25 HSCT children and 25 matched-paired controls was conducted. Craniofacial growth was quantitatively assessed by linear and angular measurements in panoramic radiographic images using ImageJ¯. Stature growth and body weight were obtained through physical examination. Cancer diagnosis, myeloablative conditioning, and HSCT were retrieved from medical records. RESULTS: Patients aged 12.2 years (±3.8; 16 male, 9 female). Radiographic images were obtained on an average of 2.43 (±2.0) years after HSCT. The main malignant diagnosis was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (56%), followed by acute myeloid leukemia (36%) and myelodysplastic syndromes (8%). Total body irradiation was associated with chemotherapy at 80%. Mean age at transplantation was 10 (±4.7) years. HSCT survivors showed reduced a vertical growth of the mandibular ramus (p=0.003). This persisted among individuals below 12 years of age (p=0.017). The HSCT group showed delayed dental eruption, though there was no statistically significant difference (p=0.3668). The HSCT group showed stature deficit, increased weight, and body mass index (Z-score stature: -0.28; Z-score weight: 0.38, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric HSCT has decreased vertical craniofacial growth compared to their matched controls. There might be an association between reduced craniofacial vertical growth and reduced estature growth. Further studies to quantitatively investigate the impact of different myeloablative regimens in craniofacial skeletal growth and development.
Descritores: Leucemia Mieloide Aguda
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos
-Estudos Retrospectivos
Irradiação Corporal Total/efeitos adversos
Condicionamento Pré-Transplante
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-959436
Autor: Taicz, Moira; Pérez, M. Guadalupe; Reijtman, Vanesa; Mastroianni, Alejandra; Escarra, Florencia; García, M. Eva; Varela, Ana Nina; Guitter, Myriam; Romero, Juana; Ghibaudi, Guillermo; Gómez, Sandra; Bologna, Rosa.
Título: Epidemiología y factores de riesgo de internación prolongada en niños con leucemia y bacteriemia: estudio de cohorte / Epidemiology and risk factors for prolonged hospital length of stay in children with leukemia and bacteremia: cohort study
Fonte: Rev. chil. infectol;35(3):233-238, 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Introducción: La bacteriemia constituye una complicacion frecuente en los niños con cáncer, que se asocia a mayor gravedad, internación prolongada y mortalidad. La internación prolongada condiciona mayor morbilidad y riesgo de adquisición de infecciones intranosocomiales. Objetivo: Analizar factores de riesgo de internación prolongada en niños con leucemia y bacteriemia. Pacientes y Métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva. Se incluyeron niños con leucemia internados en el Hospital Garrahan entre 1/1/2015 y 31/12/2016 con bacteriemia. Se compararon características de pacientes con internaciones menores o mayores a 14 días. Se realizó un análisis bivariado y modelo de regresión logística. Se utilizó Stata 13. Resultados: n = 121. Mediana de edad 59 meses. Tenían leucemia linfoblastica 81 pacientes (67%) y leucemia mieloblástica 40 (33%). Tenían catéter venoso central (CVC) 96 de los niños (79%), neutropenia 94 (78%), neutropenia menor a 100 neutrófilos 79 (65%). La identificación en hemocultivos fue: 55 casos (45%) enterobacterias, 28 (23%) Staphylococcus coagulasa negativa, Streptococcus spp grupo viridans 19 (16%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 8 (7%). Huo co-infección viral en 14 pacientes (12%).Tuvieron menos de 14 días de internación 71 pacientes (59%) y mayor período 50 (41%). En el análisis multivariado la bacteriemia asociada a CVC (OR 21,73; IC95% 1,2-43,20; p 0,04), neutropenia profunda al ingreso (OR 1,75; IC95% 1,82-1,28; p 0,03) y co-infección viral (OR 27,42; IC95% 2,88-260,83; p 0,004) fueron factores de riesgo de internación > 14 días. Conclusiones: La bacteriemia asociada a CVC, la neutropenia profunda al ingreso y la co-infección se asociaron con una internación igual o mayor a 14 días.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Bacteremia is a frequent complication in children with cancer, which is associated with greater severity, prolonged hospitalization and mortality. Prolonged hospitalization conditions greater morbidity and risk of acquisition of intranosocomial infections. Aim: To describe risk factors for prolonged hospital length of stay in children with leukemia and bacteremia. Methods: Cohort study. Episodes of bacteremia in patients with leukemia at Garrahan Hospital from 1/1/2015 to 31/12/2016 were reviewed. We compared data from patients with a LOS of 14 days or more with those admitted for less than 14 days. Bivariate and logistic regression analysis was performed. We used Stata 13 statistical package. Results: n = 121. Median age 59 months.81 patients (67%) had a diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, followed by acute myeloid leukemia in 40 (33%). 96 patients (79%) had a central venous catheter (CVC), 94 patients (78%) were neutropenic. Blood cultures were positive for Enterobacteriaceae in 55 cases (45%), coagulase-negative staphylococci in 28 cases (23%), Group viridans Streptococcus in 19 (16%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 8 (7%). (9%). By the multivariate analysis, three factors remained significantly associated with length of stay of more than 14 days: CVC associated bacteremia (OR 21,73; CI95% 1.2-43.2; p 0.04), severe neutropenia (OR 1.75; CI95% 1.82-1.28; p 0.03) and coinfection (OR 27.4; CI95% 2.8-260.8; p 0.004). Conclusion: CVC associated bacteremia, severe neutropenia and viral coinfection were associated with hospital LOS of more than 14 days.
Descritores: Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações
Bacteriemia/etiologia
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações
Neutropenia/etiologia
-Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/microbiologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Estudos de Coortes
Bacteriemia/microbiologia
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/microbiologia
Tempo de Internação
Neutropenia/microbiologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1118423
Autor: García, M E; Reijtman, V; Mastroianni, A; Taicz, M; Gómez, S; Hernández, C; Guitter, M; Felice, M S; Pérez, G.
Título: Epidemiología y patrones de sensibilidad a los antimicrobianos de microorganismos aislados de hemocultivos en niños con leucemia aguda / Epidemiology and sensitivity patterns of antimicrobials in microorganisms isolated in blood cultures of children with acute leukemia
Fonte: Med. infant;27(1):3-9, Marzo de 2020. Tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Las infecciones bacterianas son una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en los niños con cáncer. Nuestro objetivo fue describir y comparar las características clínicas y los microorganismos causantes de bacteriemias con su sensibilidad antimicrobiana en niños con diagnóstico de LLA y LMA. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo entre julio-2016 y junio-2018. Se incluyeron todos los episodios de bacteriemia (EpB) en pacientes de 0 a 18 años con diagnóstico de LLA y LMA. Se documentaron datos epidemiológicos y demográficos de los pacientes y datos microbiológicos de los aislamientos de hemocultivos positivos. Se utilizó stata13. Se incluyeron 258 EpB en 167 pacientes; el 55% eran varones. La mediana de edad fue 81 meses (RIC 39-130). En 215 EpB (83%) se registró la presencia de algún tipo de catéter; neutropenia en 193 EpB (75%), neutropenia severa en 98/258 EpB (38%). Se pudo determinar el foco clínico en 152 EpB (59%). Ciento diez pacientes tenían LLA y 57 LMA. En LLA predominaron las enterobacterias, en LMA los cocos gram positivos. Se observó asociación entre LMA y estreptococos del grupo Viridans (p<0,01) y entre LLA y P.aeruginosa (p 0,01). Con respecto a la sensibilidad hubo 11% y 17% de bacilos negativos multirresistentes en LLA y LMA respectivamente. Todos los estafilococos coagulasa negativos fueron meticilino resistentes. La mayoría de los pacientes tenía algún tipo de catéter y neutropenia. Se observó un predominio de enterobacterias con bajos niveles de resistencia antibiótica. Estos resultados son importantes para conocer la epidemiología local y establecer tratamientos empíricos adecuados (AU)

Bacterial infections are one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children with cancer. Our aim was to describe and compare the clinical features and bacteremia-causing microorganisms together with their antimicrobial sensitivity in acute lymphocytic (ALL) and acute myelocytic leukemia (AML). A descriptive observational study was conducted between July 2016 and June 2018. All episodes of bacteremia (EpB) in patients between 0 and 18 years of age with ALL and AML were included. All epidemiological and demographic data of the patients and microbiological information of the isolates of the positive blood cultures were recorded. For statistical analysis stata13 was used. Overall 258 EpB in 167 patients were included; 55% were boys. Median age was 81 months (IQR 39-130). In 215 EpB (83%) some type of catheter was involved; neutropenia was observed in 193 EpB (75%) and severe neutropenia in 98/258 EpB (38%). A clinical focus could be determined in 152 EpB (59%). Of all patients, 110 had ALL and 57 AML. The predominant micro-organisms were enterobacteria in ALL and gram-positive cocci in AML. An association was observed between AML and the viridans group of streptococci (p<0.01) and between ALL and P. aeruginosa (p 0.01). Regarding sensitivity, there were 11% and 17% of multiresistant negative bacilli in ALL and AML, respectively. All coagulase-negative staphylococci weer methicillin resistant. The majority of patients had some type of catheter and neutropenia. Predominance of enterobacteria with low levels of resistance to antibiotics was observed. These results are important to understand the local epidemiology and establish adequate empirical therapies (AU)
Descritores: Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Bacteriemia/microbiologia
Bacteriemia/epidemiologia
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações
Hemocultura
Bactérias Gram-Negativas/isolamento & purificação
Bactérias Gram-Positivas/isolamento & purificação
-Argentina/epidemiologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Estudos de Coortes
Limites: Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Lactente
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Observacional
Responsável: AR305.1 - SID - Servicio de Información y Documentación


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Id: biblio-1117694
Autor: Santos, Valeska Silva Souza; Silva, Fernanda Lucia da; Cantalice, Anajás da Silva Cardoso.
Título: Brinquedo terapêutico instrucional: preparando a criança para a quimioterapia endovenosa / Instructional Therapeutic Toy: preparing child for Intravenous Chemotherapy
Fonte: Rev. Salusvita (Online);38(4):987-1000, 2019.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Introdução: O câncer merece destaque entre as doenças que causam transtornos em adultos e crianças, pois continua sendo um diagnóstico dos mais temidos da atualidade. Vincula-se a um estigma de sofrimento, mutilação e morte, envolvendo uma série de ameaças e dificuldades, que afetam não só a criança, mas sua família como um todo, ao longo do processo de diagnóstico e tratamento Objetivo: Comparar os comportamentos de crianças durante a quimioterapia endovenosa antes e após a aplicação do brinquedo terapêutico instrucional (BTI). Materiais e Métodos: Pesquisa não controlada do tipo "antes e depois", realizada na oncopediatria de um hospital público. Foram avaliadas 10 crianças submetidas a quimioterapia endovenosa. Na coleta de dados, utilizou-se um questionário com questões sociodemográficas, clínicas, comportamentais e reações esboçadas durante o tratamento, antes e após a sessão de BTI. A análise de dados foi feita no programa SPSS, sendo realizado o teste de Mc Nemar, considerando um intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: O câncer infantil mais frequente foi a Leucemia Linfoide Aguda (40%). Dos comportamentos analisados, percebeuse redução significativa após o uso do BTI do comportamento "postura retraída". Conclusão: O BTI representou uma ferramenta importante no controle da ansiedade e sofrimento gerado pelo tratamento quimioterápico endovenoso.

Introduction: Cancer plays a notable role among diseases that afflict adults and children. Its diagnosis is still much feared and connects to a stigma of suffering, mutilation and death. It is related to difficulties and treats that affects not only the child but also his whole family during the long process of diagnosis and treatment. Objective: to compare the behaviors of children during intravenous chemotherapy before and after the application of therapeutic instructional toy (BTI). Materials and methods: Uncontrolled search such as "before and after", held in oncopediatria of a public hospital. Ten children were evaluated, subjected to intravenous chemotherapy. For collection, it was used a questionnaire asking for sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral questions, as well as issues and reactions outlined during treatment, before and after the session of BTI. The data analysis was done in SPSS program, being carried out the Mc Nemar test, assuming a confidence interval of 95%. Results: the most frequent childhood cancer was Acute Lymphoblastic leukemia (40%). Among the behaviors examined, it was significantly reduced after the use of BTI "retracted posture" behavior. Conclusion: the BTI represented an important tool in the control of anxiety and suffering generated by intravenous chemotherapy treatment.
Descritores: Jogos e Brinquedos
Criança Hospitalizada/psicologia
Tratamento Farmacológico/psicologia
Emoções
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
-Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico
Infusões Intravenosas/psicologia
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico
Punções/psicologia
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico
Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR36.1 - Biblioteca



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