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Id: biblio-1282324
Autor: Lima, Ronaldo César Aguiar; Ferreira, Layana Liss Rodrigues; Lima, Bruna da Conceição; Bezerra, Layanny Teles Linhares; Barbosa, Thiago Abrantes; Lima, Tayanny Teles Linhares.
Título: CARACTERIZAÇÃO DAS ENDOSCOPIAS DIGESTIVAS ALTAS REALIZADAS NO MUNICÍPIO DE MOSSORÓ-RN / CHARACTERIZATION OF HIGH DIGESTIVE ENDOSCOPIES PERFORMED IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF MOSSORÓ-RN
Fonte: Rev. Rede cuid. saúde;15(1):[1-11], 15/07/2021.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Objetivou-se caracterizar as EDA realizadas na Comunidade de Saúde de Mossoró, RN, no período de 2008 a 2013, definindo a taxa de exames normais e a prevalência dos principais achados sugestivos de patologias digestivas. Trata-se de um estudo transversal e retrospectivo, no qual se analisou 10311 laudos de EDA. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas pelo SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versão 20.0), com nível de confiança95% e um p < 0,05, utilizando-se testes Qui-quadrado. Pelos dados levantados, constatamos que a EDA é um exame prático e seguro, com raríssimas complicações, sendo a agitação e a presença de alimento no estômago as limitações mais comuns. Na análise descritiva geral observou-se que a maioria dos exames foi realizada no gênero feminino, formando mais de 70% da amostra total. A faixa etária predominante, independente do gênero, foi 41 a 60 anos. As patologias frequentes no segmento esofágico foram as Esofagites. No segmento gástrico, a maior frequência de achados foram as Gastrites, que são mais frequentes com o avançar da idade. Na Transição Gastroduodenal, as úlceras de Canal Pilórico são os achados mais descritos, mas observamos também modestos achados de duodenites. No duodeno, os principais achados foram úlceras duodenais, seguidas pelas duodenites e sinais de atrofia. Portanto, as EDA são mais realizadas no gênero feminino, mas apresentam maior percentual de exames normais, sendo a maior frequência de achados encontrada no gênero masculino. Assim, após analisar as 10.311 EDA, é possível prever os achados mais comuns encontrados a EDA.

This study aimed to characterize the EDA held in Mossoro Health Community, RN, from 2008 to 2013, setting the rate of normal examinations and the prevalence of the main findings suggestive of digestive pathologies. It is a cross-sectional retrospective study, which analyzed 10,311 reports of EDA. Statistical analyzes were performed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 20.0), with a confidence level 95% and p <0.05, using chi-square tests. Raised by the data, we found that EDA is a practical and safe exam, with very few complications, agitation and presence of food in the stomach the most common limitations. In general descriptive analysis it was observed that most of the exams was held in females, forming more than 70% of the total sample. The predominant age group, regardless of gender, was 41-60 years. The frequent pathologies in esophageal segment were Esophagitis. Gastric segment, the highest frequency of findings were Gastritis, which are more common with advancing age. Gastroduodenal in Transition, the Channel Pyloric ulcers are the most described findings, but also observed modest findings of duodenitis. In the duodenum, the main findings were duodenal ulcers, followed by duodenitis and signs of atrophy. Therefore, the EDA are more performed in females, but have a higher percentage of normal results, with the highest frequency of findings found in males. So after analyzing 10,311 EDA, it is possible to predict the most common findings EDA.
Descritores: Diagnóstico
Duodenite
Endoscopia
Esofagite
Gastrite
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Responsável: BR97.1 - Serviço de Documentação Odontológica


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Id: biblio-949525
Autor: Nieto, John Fredy; Aristizábal, Arbey; Ocampo, Catalina; Serna, Lina María; Ramírez, Isabel Cristina; Zuluaga, Gustavo; Zuluaga, Mónica.
Título: Toxoplasmosis gastrointestinal en un paciente trasplantado renal / Gastrointestinal toxoplasmosis in a renal transplant patient
Fonte: Acta méd. colomb;41(4):266-268, oct.-dic. 2016. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen La toxoplasmosis posterior al trasplante renal es una condición infrecuente, pero asociada con alta morbilidad y mortalidad. Generalmente ocurre en los primeros tres meses cuando la inmunosupresión es mayor, siendo más común la presentación con encefalitis y neumonitis. El compromiso del tracto gastrointestinal es inusual y con síntomas inespecíficos. Su diagnóstico es un reto pues no siempre existe seroconversión en estadios tempranos de la infección o no hay evidencia histológica del parásito; es aquí donde la biología molecular y la historia clínica pueden resultar útiles para el diagnóstico oportuno que favorezca un buen desenlace. Describimos el caso de un paciente con síntomas generales, náuseas y emesis en el periodo postrasplante renal temprano atribuidos primero a reactivación de citomegalovirus con diagnóstico posterior de gastritis por Toxoplasma gondii. Recibió tratamiento con trimetoprim sulfametoxazol por seis semanas con resolución completa de los síntomas. (Acta Med Colomb 2016; 40: 266-268).

Abstract Toxoplasmosis following renal transplantation is an uncommon condition, but is associated with high morbidity and mortality. It usually occurs in the first three months when immunosuppression is greater, being more common the presentation with encephalitis and pneumonitis. The involvement of the gastrointestinal tract is unusual and with nonspecific symptoms. Its diagnosis is a challenge because there is not always seroconversion in the early stages of infection or there is no histological evidence of the parasite; it is here that molecular biology and clinical history can be useful for a timely diagnosis that may favor a good outcome. The case of a patient with general symptoms, nausea and emesis in the early renal transplant period attributed initially to reactivation of cytomegalovirus with subsequent diagnosis of gastritis by Toxoplasma gondii, is described. He received treatment with trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole for six weeks with complete resolution of symptoms. (Acta Med Colomb 2016; 40: 266-268).
Descritores: Transplante de Rim
-Parasitos
Pacientes
Toxoplasmose
Citomegalovirus
Trato Gastrointestinal
Gastrite
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CO70 - Asociación Colombiana de Medicina Interna


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Id: biblio-1177447
Autor: Bai, Yu; Li, Wenliang; Xu, Guangyu; Cui, Guihua.
Título: A bioinformatics approach revealed the transcription factors of Helicobacter pylori pathogenic genes and their regulatory network nodes
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;45:53-59, May 15, 2020. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Department of Education of Jilin Province; . Jilin Province Traditional Chinese Medicine Science and Technology Project; . Jilin Province Health and Family Planning Commission; . Jilin Science and Technology Innovation Development Plan Project.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a chronic pathogenic bacteria that causes gastric mucosal damage through various host-related and pathogen-related factors. Thus, a single gene research cannot fully explain its pathogenicity. PURPOSE OF STUDY: It is necessary to establish a Helicobacter pylori pathogenic gene transcription factor regulatory network (TFRN) and study its central nodes. RESULTS: The expression data of Helicobacter pylori pathogenic genes were obtained through GEO Datasets of NCBI. The genes were screened using linear model-empirical Bayesian statistics in R language Limma package combined with the conventional t-test; the results identified 1231 differentially expressed genes. The functional analysis (gene ontology-analysis) and signal pathway analysis (pathway-analysis) of differentially expressed genes were performed using the DAVID and KEGG databases, respectively. The pathogenic gene regulatory network was constructed by integrating transcriptional regulatory element database (TRED); the disease-related analysis of the pathogenic genes was conducted using the DAVID annotation tool. Five pathogenic genes (Nos2, Il5, Colla1, Tnf, and Nfkb1) and their transcription factors (Jun, Cebpa, Egrl, Ppara, and Il6) were found to suppress the host immune function and enhance the pathogenicity of Helicobacter pylori by regulating the host immune system. CONCLUSIONS: This effect was largely mediated via three signaling pathways: Tnf pathway, PI3K Akt pathway, and Jak­STAT pathway. The pathogenicity of Helicobacter pylori is closely related to the body's immune and inflammatory system. A better understanding of the correlation of the pathogenic factors with the host immune and inflammatory factors may help to determine the precise pathogenic mechanism of H. pylori infection.
Descritores: Helicobacter pylori/genética
Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade
Biologia Computacional
-Fatores de Transcrição
Citocinas
Fatores de Virulência
Gastrite/imunologia
Gastrite/microbiologia
Genes Bacterianos
Sistema Imunitário
Inflamação
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1118990
Autor: Quiñones-Laveriano, Dante M; De La Cruz-Vargas, Jhony A; Quintana-Gomez, Sarah; Failoc-Rojas, Virgilio E; Lozano-Gutiérrez, José; Mejia, Christian R.
Título: Asociación entre zonas altitudinales de residencia y diagnóstico clínico de gastritis crónica en pacientes ambulatorios de Perú: estudio transversal analítico / The altitude of residential areas and clinical diagnosis of chronic gastritis in ambulatory patients of Peru: A cross-sectional analytic study
Fonte: Medwave;20(6):e7972, 31-07-2020.
Idioma: en; es.
Resumo: INTRODUCCIÓN: La gastritis crónica es unas de las enfermedades más comunes en la población y varía por regiones. Existen diversos factores que influyen en su aparición. Sin embargo, no se ha estudiado a profundidad el efecto de la altura. OBJETIVOS: Determinar la asociación entre la zona altitudinal de residencia y gastritis crónica en pacientes ambulatorios de Perú. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal analítico. Se realizó a través del análisis secundario de datos. La variable dependiente fue gastritis crónica, tomada del reporte del paciente y verificado en la historia clínica, según antecedentes patológicos mencionados durante consulta médica. La variable independiente fue la zona altitudinal de residencia (divida en baja altitud, altitud intermedia, elevada y muy elevada). Las covariables secundarias fueron edad, sexo y tiempo viviendo en altura. Se realizaron modelos lineales generalizados para estimar razones de prevalencias, usando familia Poisson y ciudad como clúster. RESULTADOS: De los 4263 pacientes estudiados, 63% fue del sexo femenino; la mediana de la edad fue de 42 años. La prevalencia global de gastritis crónica fue 12,9%. Hubo asociación con gastritis crónica y altura de residencia a nivel intermedio, elevado, pero no con muy elevado, con una razón de prevalencia ajustada de 1,52 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,03 a 2,23); 2,01 (1,55 a 2,60) y 1,12 (0,84 a 1,48), respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: Se encontró una asociación significativa entre gastritis crónica y altitud intermedia y elevada, pero no en muy elevada. Esto se explicaría por la hipoxia hipobárica en alturas, que podría conllevar lesiones en la pared gástrica, la adaptación de los peruanos a las alturas y por otras variables sociodemográficas.

INTRODUCTION: Chronic gastritis is one of the most common diseases in the population. Several factors influence its appearance; however, the effect of high altitude has not been studied thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the altitude of the residential area and chronic gastritis in outpatients of Peru. METHODS: Observational, analytical, and cross-sectional study. Secondary data analysis was conducted. The dependent variable was chronic gastritis, obtained from patient references, and verified in the medical history according to the pathological history mentioned during medical consultation. The independent variable was the altitude of the residential areas (categorized into low altitude, intermediate altitude, high and very high), and the secondary co-variables were age, sex, and time living at altitude. Generalized linear models were used to estimate prevalence ratios using Poisson family and city as a cluster. RESULTS: Of the 4263 patients studied, 63% were female; the median age was 42 years. The overall prevalence of chronic gastritis was 12,9%. There was an association with chronic gastritis and altitude of residence at the intermediate and high levels, but not at the very high; with an adjusted prevalence ratio of 1.52 (95% confidence interval, 1.03 to 2.23); 2.01 (1.55 to 2.60) and 1.12 (0.84 to 1.48), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant association between chronic gastritis and intermediate and high altitude but not at very high, which could be explained by hypobaric hypoxia in altitude that could lead to gastric wall lesions and other socio-demographic variables.
Descritores: Altitude
Gastrite/epidemiologia
-Peru/epidemiologia
Doença Crônica
Prevalência
Estudos Transversais
Gastrite/diagnóstico
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Observacional
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-478281
Autor: Pinto-Ribeiro, Gilmário; Macêdo, Zilvana Pinheiro.
Título: A Importância da avaliação endoscópica em pacientes que deverão fazer uso de antiflamatórios por tempo prolongado / The importance of the endoscopic avaliation in patients who will be submited to the use of the anti-inflammatory agents for long time
Fonte: Rev. para. med = Rev. Para. Med. (Impr.);21(1):32-35, jan.-mar. 2007. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Objetivo: analisar, através do exame de endoscopia digestiva alta (EDA),os pacientes que serão submetidos a tratamento por via oral com antiinflamatórios por mais de dez dias. Método: coleta de dados de prontuário, médicos do arquivo de pacientes de ortopedia da POLICLÍNICA, período de janeiro a agosto de 2005, num total 276 prontuários. Resultado: pacientes sem história prévia de lesão do trato digestivo com 178 caso, (64,5%), sem sintomatologia recente pré-tratamento oral com 244 casos (88,4%), porém, com resultados alteração ao exame de endoscopia em 127 casos (46%), sendo as lesões mais incidentes no estômago, com 74 casos (58,3%). Conclusão: verificou-se que, a quase metade dos pacientes (46%), após a avaliação endoscópica, apresentou lesão com prevalência de doenças de localização gástrica, mesmo naqueles com referência negativa de sintomatologia, o que faz concluir pela importância clínica da realização deste procedimento.

Objective: to evaluate the importance of the high digestive tract investigation, through the endoscopy, in thl patients who will be submit to clinic oral treatment with anti-inflammatory agents by time higher than ten days. Method: They had been collected in this revision, from patients to orthopedics archives under of POLICLÍNICA from January to August 2005 in a total 276 cases reported. Results: the profile showed, presents patients without previous history of digestive tract injury, with 178 cases (64,5%), without recent symptoms pre oral treatment, with 244 cases (88,4%), but with alterations to endoscopy exam in 127 cases (46%), with most much more lesions in stomach, with 74 cases (58,3%) Conclusion: it was evidenced that the almost half of patients (46%), presentinjury in high digestive tract, with prevalence of the stomach exactly in patients without symptoms what in it makes them to conclude for the clinical importance of this examination.
Descritores: Anti-Inflamatórios
Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório
Gastrite
Limites: Adolescente
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Responsável: BR3.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-960032
Autor: Martínez, Diana; Otero, William; Ricaurte, Orlando.
Título: Impacto del sistema OLGA en la detección de gastritis crónica atrófica en Colombia: un estudio de casos y controles / A Case and Control Study of the OLGA System's Impact on Detection of Chronic Atrophic Gastritis in Colombia
Fonte: Rev. colomb. gastroenterol;31(4):360-367, oct.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: la gastritis crónica atrófica (GCA) es una entidad clinicopatológica relacionada con cáncer gástrico (CG) de tipo intestinal. Su principal causa es Helicobacter pylori. Actualmente, además del diagnóstico, se recomienda evaluar la extensión de la atrofia o de la metaplasia intestinal, para estadificar el riesgo de CG. El método más preciso para la atrofia es el OLGA, que exige 5 biopsias: 2 del cuerpo, 2 del antro y 1 de la incisura angularis, marcadas y enviadas en frascos separados. En Colombia, no se ha evaluado el rendimiento de OLGA en el estudio de la atrofia gástrica. Materiales y métodos: estudio de casos y controles. Los casos son pacientes en quienes se hizo el muestreo de biopsias para el OLGA. Los controles pacientes con menos de 5 biopsias gástricas, sin el muestreo del OLGA. Resultados: 1599 casos y 4191 controles. Edad promedio de los casos: 49±12 años versus controles 54±10 años (p: NS). H. pylori: 60% versus 57%. GCA en casos: 42% versus 26%. El 12,3% tenía OLGA III/IV y el 88%, OLGA 0, I o II, los cuales no ameritarían vigilancia endoscópica. Conclusión: el sistema OLGA permite detectar un 61,8% más de atrofia que la detectada con un muestreo insuficiente de biopsias gástricas. La mayoría de los casos (88%) tuvo bajo riesgo de CG (estado 0-II) y no se justificaría vigilancia endoscópica.

Introduction: Chronic atrophic gastritis (GCA) is a clinicopathological entity related to intestinal type gastric cancer (GC) whose main cause is helicobacter pylori. Currently, in addition to the diagnosis, it is recommended that the extent of atrophy or intestinal metaplasia be evaluated in order to stage the GC risk. The most accurate method for atrophy is OLGA which requires five biopsies: two from the corpus, two from the antrum and one from the angular incisure. Each biopsy is marked placed in a separate tube and marked. In Colombia, the use of OLGA to study gastric atrophy had not been evaluated previously. Materials and methods: This is a case and control study whose cases are patients who had biopsies taken to be studied with OLGA. Control patients had less than five gastric biopsies, without OLGA sampling. Results: This study includes 1,599 cases and 4,191 controls. The average age of cases was 49 +/- 12 years, and the average age of controls was 54 +/- 10 years (p: NS). H. pylori infections were found in 60% of the cases and in 57% of the controls while 42% of the cases were found to have gastric cancer and 26% of the cases were found to have GC. 12.3% had OLGA III or IV and 88% had OLGA 0, I or II and did not merit endoscopic monitoring. Conclusion: The OLGA system detects 61.8% more atrophy than is detected with less sampling of gastric biopsies. Most of the cases (88%) had low risk of GC (stages 0-II) and did not require endoscopic monitoring
Descritores: Biópsia
Diagnóstico
Controle
Gastrite
Gastrite Atrófica
-Métodos
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Ensaio Clínico
Responsável: CO354 - Sociedad Colombiana de Gastroenterología


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Id: biblio-1115595
Autor: Ahumada R, Enoc; Rodríguez G, Marcela; Hidalgo P, Estefanny Johanna; Ahumada D, Juliana; Castro-Álvarez, John Fredy.
Título: Identificación de Helicobacter pylori por medio de la coloración especial de Warthin-Starry en biopsias de pacientes con gastritis crónica folicular, previamente negativas en la tinción de hematoxilina-eosina / Warthin-Starry stain identification of Helicobacter pylori in biopsies of patients who previously tested negative in hematoxylin-eosin staining for follicular gastritis
Fonte: Rev. colomb. gastroenterol;35(1):1-7, 2020. graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Las técnicas empleadas para la detección del Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) son no invasivas e invasivas. En estas últimas, la presencia del H. pylori se determina a partir de la tinción de hematoxilina-eosina (HE), prueba rutinaria, mientras que en pocas ocasiones se aplica la tinción de Warthin-Starry (WS) como coloración especial. Objetivo: identificar la presencia de H. pylori por medio de la coloración especial de la WS en biopsias de pacientes con gastritis crónica folicular, previamente negativas en la tinción HE. Materiales y métodos: se desarrolló un estudio de tipo descriptivo transversal, en un período de 12 meses. Se tomaron los bloques de parafina de las muestras de la mucosa gástrica de pacientes con diagnóstico de gastritis crónica e hiperplasia folicular. Además, se extrajo un corte histológico del mismo bloque, al cual se le aplicó HE y se determinó la presencia o ausencia de H. pylori. Así, de estar ausente, se tomó del mismo bloque un corte adicional y se aplicó WS. Esto se evaluó con el fin de identificar la existencia o no del bacilo. Resultados: se recolectaron 314 muestras; 209 fueron negativas y 105 fueron positivas para HE. El 45 % (94) de estas muestras fueron positivas respecto a la presencia del bacilo, al aplicar la segunda coloración, y el 55 % (115) de las muestras persistieron negativas. Conclusión: el hallazgo de H. pylori es significativamente alto al aplicar la coloración de WS a muestras cuyo estudio histológico evidenció la ausencia del bacilo en biopsias de la mucosa gástrica, especialmente en muestras con escasa cantidad de bacterias.

Abstract Non-invasive and invasive techniques can be used for detection of Helicobacter pylori. An invasive technique identifies the bacteria through routine hematoxylin-eosin staining. Warthin-Starry stain is rarely used. Objective: Our objective was to identify H. pylori by Warthin-Starry staining of patient's biopsies with chronic follicular gastritis who had previously tested negative in hematoxylin-eosin staining. Materials and methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional descriptive study that was carried out over a period of 12 months. The study examined paraffin blocks of samples taken from the gastric mucosa of patients diagnosed with chronic gastritis and follicular hyperplasia. A histological section was extracted from a block and tested with hematoxylin-eosin staining for the presence or absence of H. pylori. If absent, an additional cut was taken from the same block and Warthin-Starry staining was used to retest for the presence of the bacteria. Results: Of the 314 samples collected, 209 tested negative, and 105 tested positive for H. pylori when hematoxylin-eosin staining was used. Of the 209 negative samples, 45% (94) tested positive when Warthin Starry stain was used, and 55% (115) still tested negative. Conclusion: Findings of H. pylori are significantly higher when Warthin Starry stain was used to test samples whose previous histological study had evidenced an absence of the bacillus, especially in samples with a small amount of bacteria.
Descritores: Helicobacter pylori
Gastrite
Hematoxilina
Hiperplasia
-Bactérias
Mucosa Gástrica
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Observacional
Responsável: CO354 - Sociedad Colombiana de Gastroenterología


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Id: biblio-1251534
Autor: Castro-Murillo, Julio César; Velasco-Benítez, Carlos Alberto; Calderón-Guerrero, Otto Gerardo.
Título: Hallazgos en la endoscopia digestiva alta en niños con talla baja / Findings of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in children with short stature
Fonte: Rev. colomb. gastroenterol;36(1):130-137, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Introducción: en el estudio de la baja talla de origen digestivo en niños no hay un patrón de paraclínicos preestablecido; sin embargo, la endoscopia de vías digestivas puede ser una herramienta útil para tal fin. Objetivo: reportar una serie de casos de niños con diagnóstico de baja talla a quienes se les indicó una endoscopia de vías digestivas altas como parte de su estudio. Reporte de casos: se incluyeron 15 niños entre los 2 y 16 años de edad, 53,3% niñas, 26,7% desnutridos según el índice de masa corporal y la talla para la edad, 66,7% con baja talla grave y 33,3% con baja talla moderada. El 53,3% presentó dolor abdominal, el 46,7% no tuvo ganancia de peso, el 26,7% tuvo inapetencia y el 13,3% tuvo vómito, entre otros. Entre el 40,0% y el 93,4% presentaron macro- o microscópicamente esofagitis, gastritis y duodenitis. Los hallazgos microscópicos más importantes fueron duodenitis crónica con giardiasis, úlceras duodenales, hiperplasia nodular linfoide duodenal, Helicobacter pylori y duodenitis crónica eosinofílica. Conclusiones: a pesar de que la endoscopia de vías digestivas es un método poco utilizado y no bien descrito en el estudio de niños con baja talla, este reporte de casos describe organicidad en un 80,0% de los niños analizados.

Abstract Introduction: The study of short stature of digestive origin in children shows no pre-established laboratory patterns. However, endoscopy of the digestive tract may be a useful tool for this purpose. Objective: To report a series of cases of children with a diagnosis of short stature who underwent upper digestive tract endoscopy as part of their study. Case report: 15 children between the ages of 2 and 16 years were included; 53.3% were girls. 26.7% presented with malnutrition according to their body mass index and height-for-age, 66.7% had short stature, and 33.3% moderate short stature. Abdominal pain was reported in 53.3% of the cases, and no weight gain in 46.7%. Other symptoms were lack of appetite in 26.7%, vomiting in 13.3%, among others. Between 40% and 93.4% of the children presented macro and/or microscopic esophagitis, gastritis, and duodenitis. The most important microscopic findings were chronic duodenitis with giardiasis, duodenal ulcers, duodenal nodular lymphoid hyperplasia, Helicobacter pylori, and chronic eosinophilic duodenitis. Conclusions: Although endoscopy of the digestive tract is a method barely used and not well described in the study of children with short stature, this case report describes organicity in 80% of the children analyzed.
Descritores: Baja
Endoscopia Gastrointestinal
Endoscopia
-Índice de Massa Corporal
Duodenite
Esofagite
Gastrite
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CO354 - Sociedad Colombiana de Gastroenterología


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Id: biblio-1251526
Autor: Vanegas-Duarte, Esteban; Duque-Montaño, Angélica María.
Título: Gastritis enfisematosa en asociación con un adenocarcinoma gástrico, a propósito de un caso / Emphysematous gastritis in association with gastric adenocarcinoma. A case report
Fonte: Rev. colomb. gastroenterol;36(1):87-92, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen A través del presente reporte se describe un caso de gastritis enfisematosa, una rara condición clínica consistente en la invasión de la pared gástrica por microorganismos productores de gas. Puede resultar en una situación fatal debido a lo inespecífico de su clínica y a lo tórpido de su evolución. En este caso se describe a un paciente anciano de 77 años, con alta fragilidad, quien cursaba con un cuadro de gastritis enfisematosa que no respondió a manejo médico y requirió gastrectomía de urgencia. Adicionalmente, cursaba con un adenocarcinoma gástrico ulcerado infiltrante, que previamente no había sido diagnosticado, como probable factor condicionante y desencadenante.

Abstract This report describes a case of emphysematous gastritis, a rare clinical condition consisting of invasion of the gastric wall caused by gas-producing bacteria. It can lead to fatal outcomes due to the unspecific nature of the symptoms and its torpid course. The following is the case of a highly fragile 77-year-old male patient, who presented with symptoms of emphysematous gastritis that did not respond to medical treatment and required emergency gastrectomy. In addition, the patient had an infiltrating ulcerated gastric adenocarcinoma, which had not previously been diagnosed and was a probable conditioning and triggering factor.
Descritores: Adenocarcinoma
Gastrite
-Emergências
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CO354 - Sociedad Colombiana de Gastroenterología


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Id: biblio-1178836
Autor: Choque, A. Raquel; Gomez G, Carla C; Chura H, Carla A; Vargas B, Sussan K; Yanique C, Ana G; Magariños L, Walter; Torrico A, Bernardo; Mendoza O, Elia S.
Título: Determinación de sangre oculta en heces (SOH) por Inmunocromatografía en estudiantes primer año de la Facultad de Ciencias Farmacéuticas y Bioquímicas de la UMSA y su entorno familiar, en la Gestión 2016 / Determination of occult blood in heces (SOH) by immunocromatography in students first year of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical and Biochemical Sciences of the UMSA and its family environment, in management 2016
Fonte: Con-ciencia (La Paz);5(2):81-95, nov. 2017. ilus., tab..
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El presente es un estudio de tipo descriptivo no experimental para determinar sangre oculta de heces (SOH) en población aparentemente sana. La presencia de SOH, puede estar relacionada con varias causas, como gastritis, úlcera péptica o duodenal, parasitosis intestinal, sangrado de encías o cáncer colorectal. Se analizaron 1093 muestras de heces fecales provenientes de estudiantes que cursaban la cátedra de Anatomía y Fisiología de la FCFB de la UMSA y su entorno familiar. Utilizando el método inmunocromatográfico (SUMASOHF), todos los investigadores que participaron fueron capacitados para realizar el análisis. Las muestras se procesaron, por duplicado y aquellas que dieron resultado positivo, se procesaron nuevamente. Los resultados se analizaron con el programa estadístico SPSS 22. Se encontró presencia de SOH en el 16,1% de todas las muestras procesadas. El porcentaje de casos positivos de SOH fue ligeramente superior en el género masculino y en el grupo etario de 61-80 años. En el grupo de fumadores se reveló un 24.50% de casos positivos y un 19.20% en las personas que declararon consumir bebidas alcohólicas. También se consideraron otras causas de SOH, como la insuficiencia cardiaca, la gastritis, la ingestión de medicamentos como la aspirina y el ibuprofeno. A todos los casos que dieron positivo de SOH, se recomendó consultar con su médico para realizar otros exámenes más específicos. En conclusión la pérdida de sangre por heces fecales es un problema, que puede pasar desapercibido por la ausencia de sintomatología; por lo tanto, sugerimos que esta prueba sea incluida en la evaluación rutinaria de pacientes.

A descriptive, non-experimental study was carried out to determine the presence of fecal occult blood (SOH) considering its relation with the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer. We analyzed 1093 fecal samples from students who were in the Chair of Anatomy and Physiology of the FCFB of UMSA and their family environment. Using the immunochromatographic method (SUMASOHF), all the researchers who participated were trained to perform the analysis. The samples were processed in the laboratory of Anatomy and Physiology, using a inmunocromatographic metod, (SUMASOHF). The investigatours were trained to perform the test and the samples were processed with the supervision of the professors. All samples were processed in duplicate and all positive samples were reprocessed. All results were registrated in the correspondy datasheet. The data were analysed using the a statistical program SPSS 22. We found presence of fecal occult blood in 16.1 % of the samples. The percentage of positive cases of SOH in the male gender was slightly higher compared to the number of positive cases was higher in goner of 61 to 80 age group. In the group of smokers revealed a 24.50% of positive cases and 19.20% in the group that consumes alcohol. Other causes of SOH were also investigated such as heart failure, gastritis, ingestion of drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen. In some cases, no probable cause of bleeding was found. It was recommended to all participant with a positive test, consult their doctors for more specific diagnosis. Here were concluded that stool blood loss is a problem, which is ignored since there is absence of symptomatology, therefore, we suggest that this test be included in the routine evaluation of patients.
Descritores: Doenças Parasitárias
Sangue Oculto
-Pacientes
Úlcera Péptica
Ibuprofeno
Fezes
Fumantes
Gastrite
Responsável: BO138.1 - Biblioteca Central



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