Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : C07.465 [Categoria DeCS]
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Pordeus, Isabela Almeida
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Id: biblio-952009
Autor: Fernandes, Maria Luiza da Matta Felisberto; Kawachi, Ichiro; Corrêa-Faria, Patrícia; Paiva, Saul Martins; Pordeus, Isabela Almeida.
Título: The impact of the oral condition of children with sickle cell disease on family quality of life
Fonte: Braz. oral res. (Online);30(1):e21, 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the impact of oral conditions of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) on their parents' quality of life (QoL). A cross-sectional study was performed with parents of outpatients suffering from SCD at a hematology referral center in Belo Horizonte, MG. A qualified dentist performed an intraoral exam. The Family Impact Scale (FIS) was used to assess the parents' perception of QoL. The parents answered some questions regarding sociodemographic and medical information about their children. The dmft/DMFT score, DAI, gum bleeding and SCD severity were evaluated in terms of their impacts on the overall mean FIS scores and subscale scores. The chance of more frequent impacts was greater in parents of adolescents (OR = 2.04; 95%CI = 1.2, 3.4) than of younger children. Dental caries (dmft/DMFT ≥ 1) had a negative impact on the QoL of parents of younger children and adolescents (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). Among the parents of younger children, dental caries and SCD severity significantly affected the subscales for parental activities (PA) and parental emotions (PE) (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). Among parents of adolescents, dental caries (DMFT) and severe malocclusion adversely affected the PE and PA subscales (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). SCD severity affected the overall FIS score among young children's parents (p < 0.05). In conclusion, dental caries, age and SCD severity were associated with a negative impact on the QoL of parents of children with SCD
Descritores: Pais/psicologia
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos
Perfil de Impacto da Doença
Anemia Falciforme/psicologia
Doenças da Boca/psicologia
-Psicometria
Brasil
Métodos Epidemiológicos
Fatores Etários
Cuidadores/psicologia
Cárie Dentária/etiologia
Cárie Dentária/psicologia
Anemia Falciforme/complicações
Má Oclusão/etiologia
Má Oclusão/psicologia
Doenças da Boca/etiologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  2 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Cuba
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: lil-498787
Autor: Rodríguez Chala, Hilda; Solar Carballo, Odalys.
Título: Uso indiscriminado de tetraciclinas en afecciones bucales de origen odontógenas / Overuse of tetracycline in oral diseases of odontogenous origin
Fonte: Rev. cuba. estomatol;44(1), ene.-mar. 2007. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El uso de los antibióticos en la terapéutica de las enfermedades infecciosas constituyó un avance en la historia de la humanidad. Sin embargo, en la actualidad existe un uso indiscriminado de estos, que trae consigo la resistencia bacteriana y por ende, la no efectividad del mismo. Se realizó un estudio en 40 pacientes que ingerían la tetraciclina debido a afecciones bucales de origen odontógeno, con el objetivo de conocer cuáles eran las enfermedades bucales donde esta se utilizaba indiscriminadamente, así como los mecanismos (automedicación o prescripción). Se obtuvieron comos resultados que las odontalgias por alteraciones pulpares y los abscesos dentoalveolares agudos son las patologías bucales donde se usa irracionalmente la tetraciclina, tanto en el fenómeno de automedicación como en la prescripción por parte de facultativos. La automedicación fue la vía dónde se evidenció mayor uso de la tetraciclina con el 67,5 por ciento, y se observaron varios factores que condicionan este comportamiento. Existió un elevado porcentaje de no efectividad de este ante afecciones bucales debido al uso indiscriminado, ya sea por no ser el antibiótico de elección ante la patología o por ser ingerido innecesariamente(AU)

The use of antibiotics in treating infectious diseases was a breakthrough in the history of mankind. However, there is at present an excessive use of these drugs that leads to antimicrobial resistance and ineffectiveness. Forty patients, who took tetracycline for oral diseases of odontogenous origin, were studied to find out the oral diseases where this drug was overused as well as the intake mechanisms (self-medication or prescription). The achieved results showed that odontalgias from pulpar disturbances and acute dentoalveolary abscesses are the oral pathologies where tetracycline is irrationally overused through self-medication and prescription by physicians. Self-medication was the most frequent way of administering tetracycline with 67,5 per cent of cases in which several factors conditioning this behaviour were noted. There was a high percentrage of ineffectiveness in the use of tetracycline for oral disturbances because either it was not the antibiotic of choice for a certain pathology or it was taken unnecessarily(AU)
Descritores: Automedicação
Tetraciclina/administração & dosagem
Tetraciclina/efeitos adversos
Doenças da Boca/etiologia
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


  3 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Rados, Pantelis Varvaki
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Id: biblio-952062
Autor: Mendez, Marina; Haas, Alex Nogueira; Rados, Pantelis Varvaki; Sant'ana Filho, Manoel; Carrard, Vinicius Coelho.
Título: Agreement between clinical and histopathologic diagnoses and completeness of oral biopsy forms
Fonte: Braz. oral res. (Online);30(1):e94, 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract The present study aimed to assess the rate of agreement between clinical and histopathological diagnoses and to report the frequency of completed forms for specimens that were subjected to histopathological examination and retrospectively examined. Data from 8,168 specimens submitted to histopathological examination were retrieved from the records. A total of 5,368 cases were included. Agreement was defined based on the definition of lesion nature according to its diagnostic category. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were calculated for each diagnostic category. The highest rate of agreement was observed for periapical lesions (92.6%), followed by potentially malignant disorders (90.1%) and non-neoplastic proliferative disorders (89.3%). Low rates of histopathological confirmation of the clinical impression were observed for mesenchymal tumors (25.0%) and cysts (44.2%). Sensitivity values were > 0.70 for all lesions, except for cysts (0.51). Specificity was relatively high, ranging from 0.97 to 1.00. The frequency of incomplete biopsy forms ranged from 16.8% (malignant tumors of oral mucosal epithelium) to 51.0% (nonspecific inflammatory reaction). The most frequently completed biopsy forms corresponded to epithelial malignant tumors (83.2%) and glandular inflammation (72.3%). In conclusion, there was an acceptable level of agreement. The low level of completeness of biopsy forms indicates little awareness about the relevance of gathering detailed information during clinical examination.
Descritores: Boca/patologia
Doenças da Boca/patologia
-Valores de Referência
Biópsia/métodos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Erros de Diagnóstico
Mucosa Bucal/patologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-952128
Autor: Paula, Janice Simpson; Cruz, José Nilton da; Ramires, Thiago Gentil; Ortega, Edwin Moysés Marco; Mialhe, Fábio Luiz.
Título: Longitudinal impact of clinical and socioenvironmental variables on oral health-related quality of life in adolescents
Fonte: Braz. oral res. (Online);31:e70, 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: São Paulo Research Foundation; . São Paulo Research Foundation.
Resumo: Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of oral diseases, socioeconomic status, and family environmental factors on changes in the perception of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in adolescents. A prospective cohort study was conducted in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil, with a sample of 286 twelve-year-old adolescents from public and private schools, selected by means of multistage random sampling. The adolescents were clinically examined for dental caries experience (number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth - DMFT index), presence of bleeding, and orthodontic treatment needs. They were asked to complete the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14). In addition, parents answered a questionnaire about their socioeconomic status and family environmental characteristics. After 3 years, the adolescents were contacted again to participate in the research. Logistic regression models, with explanatory variables assessed both individually and jointly, were used to determine which independent variables impacted longitudinally on OHRQoL. The final result demonstrated that only DMFT explained part of the response variability in CPQ11-14 scores. In conclusion, caries experience was an important predictor of OHRQoL in adolescents followed up for 3 years.
Descritores: Qualidade de Vida
Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/métodos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos
-Pais
Meio Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Brasil/epidemiologia
Modelos Logísticos
Características da Família
Estudos Prospectivos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Fatores de Risco
Seguimentos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia
Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  5 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo
Id: biblio-952098
Autor: Zimmermann, Caroline; Clinic of StomatologyMeurer, Maria Inês; Lacerda, Josimari Telino de; Mello, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de; Clinic of StomatologyGrando, Liliane Janete.
Título: The use of tools to support oral lesion description in oral medicine referrals
Fonte: Braz. oral res. (Online);31:e93, 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Poor description of oral lesions jeopardize the prioritization of appointments in Oral Medicine. The present study investigated whether the use of support tools changes the quality of descriptions focusing on health care prioritization. Two oral lesions (A and B) were described by 64 dental students and 48 dentists using three methods: (a) without support tools (free); (b) using the oral examination form from the Specialties Manual in Oral Health/Brazilian Ministry of Health (SMOH form); and (c) using the OralDESC guideline. The descriptions were compared with a gold standard and percentage of agreement was analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests (p<0.05). Descriptions with the OralDESC presented higher information quality. Considering items essential for prioritization, the OralDESC demonstrated better performance for lesion A; for lesion B, free descriptions and descriptions using the OralDESC were of higher quality than those using SMOH form. Therefore, the OralDESC offered greater support for the description of oral lesions for health care prioritization in Oral Medicine.
Descritores: Encaminhamento e Consulta/normas
Registros Odontológicos/normas
Medicina Bucal/normas
Troca de Informação em Saúde/normas
Doenças da Boca/patologia
-Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas
Padrões de Referência
Valores de Referência
Estudantes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Variações Dependentes do Observador
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  6 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-952088
Autor: Department of StomatologySordi, Mariane Beatriz; Department of StomatologyMassochin, Rachel Captzan; Department of StomatologyCamargo, Alessandra Rodrigues de; Department of PharmacologyLemos, Tadeu; Department of StomatologyMunhoz, Etiene de Andrade.
Título: Oral health assessment for users of marijuana and cocaine/crack substances
Fonte: Braz. oral res. (Online);31:e102, 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status of users of illicit drugs such as marijuana and cocaine/crack and compare it with individuals not using these chemical substances. Questionnaires were applied to 35 illicit drugs users to gather information on demographic status, general health, and use of drugs. Then, a clinical assessment of the oral health condition was performed to collect data on decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index, salivary flow rate (SFR), and mucosal lesions. The control group was composed of 35 non-illicit drug users. In the experimental group, 91.43% were males, 80% were smokers, and 42.85% were alcoholics. Cocaine was the most common drug used (77.15%), followed by marijuana (68.6%), and crack (51.4%). The average DMFT index was 9.8 and the SFR was reduced in 60% of subjects. Mucosal alterations were detected, but no potentially malignant disorders or oral cancer were diagnosed. Compared to control group, significantly higher values for gender (40%, p = 0.0001), smoking (22.86%) and heavy drinking (5.7%) habits (p = 0.0001), SFR (31.4%; p = 0.0308), and oral lesions (p = 0.0488) were found for the experimental group, although significantly higher values were found in the control group for DMFT index (p = 0.0148). It can be concluded that the use of illicit drugs contributed to an increased prevalence of oral mucosa lesions. In addition, a decline on SFR and a reduced DMFT index was observed for illicit drug users.
Descritores: Abuso de Maconha/complicações
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/complicações
Doenças da Boca/induzido quimicamente
-Salivação/efeitos dos fármacos
Taxa Secretória/efeitos dos fármacos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Fumar/epidemiologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Índice CPO
Abuso de Maconha/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Fatores de Risco
Distribuição por Sexo
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/epidemiologia
Alcoolismo/complicações
Alcoolismo/epidemiologia
Dependência de Heroína/tratamento farmacológico
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia
Mucosa Bucal/efeitos dos fármacos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  7 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1132685
Autor: Miranda, Rafael Resende de; Lopes, Camila de Carvalho Almança; Franco, Nathália Maria Afonso Silveira; Cabral, Luana Cardoso; Simamoto JÚnior, Paulo Cézar; Novais, Veridiana Resende.
Título: Head and neck cancer therapy-related oral manifestation management in the COVID-19 pandemic: a critical review
Fonte: Braz. oral res. (Online);34:e120, 2020.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Nível Superior.
Resumo: Abstract With the onset of the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, the dental treatment of patients at risk of infection has become quite challenging. In view of this, patients with head and neck cancer may present with oral complications due to anticancer therapy, making dental assistance necessary. Thus, the objective of the study was to review the literature and critically discuss important concerns about the treatment of patients with head and neck cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic. Because dental professionals are in close contact with the main viral transmission routes, this study presents recommendations for management and protection during clinical dental care. The main characteristics and transmission routes of COVID-19 are also discussed. Dental professionals should control pain and the side effects of antineoplastic treatment and use preventive measures for infection control. During this pandemic, patients with head and neck cancer should not undergo elective procedures, even if they do not have symptoms or a history of COVID-19; therefore, in asymptomatic or painless cases, only preventive actions are recommended. In symptomatic or painful cases, precautions for safe interventional treatments must be implemented by following the hygiene measures recommended by health agencies and using personal protective equipment. During health crises, new protocols emerge for cancer treatment, and professionals must act with greater attention toward biosafety and updated knowledge. It is important to offer adequate individualized treatment based on the recommendations of preventative and interventional treatments so that patients can face this difficult period with optimized quality of life.
Descritores: Pneumonia Viral
Infecções por Coronavirus
Pandemias
Betacoronavirus
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia
Doenças da Boca/terapia
-Qualidade de Vida
SARS-CoV-2
COVID-19
Doenças da Boca/etiologia
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  8 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Costa Rica
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1091433
Autor: Sachdeva, Suresh K; Mehta, Sakshi; Sabir, Husain; Rout, Purnendu.
Título: Peripheral Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma withUncommon Clinical Presentation: A Case Report / Fibroma periférico cemento-ossificante con una presentación clínica poco común: Reporte de caso
Fonte: Odovtos (En línea);20(1):17-23, Jan.-Apr. 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Peripheral cemento-ossifying fibroma (PCOF) is a reactive gingival over growth, occurring frequently in the maxillary anterior region of teenage and young females. Peripheral cemento-ossifying fibroma (PCOF) is supposed to be originating from periosteum and/or periodontal ligament. A large number of factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of PCOF, which includes trauma, local irritation, calculus and hormonal disturbances. The definitive diagnosis of PCOF is based upon its clinical, radiological and histological features. Because of the high recurrence rate (8-20%) of PCOF, a close post-operative follow-up is required. Herewith, we are presenting a case of PCOF in 24-year old female patient at an uncommon location.

Resumen El fibroma cemento-osificante periférico (PCOF, por sus siglas en inglés) es un crecimiento gingival reactivo, que se produce con frecuencia en la región anterior del maxilar en adolescentes y mujeres jóvenes. Se supone que el fibroma cemento-osificante periférico (PCOF) se origina en el periostio y/o el ligamento periodontal. Una gran cantidad de factores han sido implicados en la patogénesis de PCOF, dentro de las que se incluye trauma, irritación local, cálculo y alteraciones hormonales. El diagnóstico definitivo de PCOF se basa en sus características clínicas, radiológicas e histológicas. Debido a la alta tasa de recurrencia (8-20%) , se requiere un seguimiento post-operatorio estricto. Mediante este artículo presentamos un caso de PCOF en una paciente de 24 años de edad y el manejo teraupético.
Descritores: Cementoma/complicações
Mandíbula/cirurgia
-Doenças da Boca
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


  9 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Chile
Texto completo
Id: biblio-844433
Autor: Donoso-Hofer, Francisca.
Título: Lesiones orales asociadas con la enfermedad del virus de inmunodeficiencia humana en pacientes adultos, una perspectiva clínica / Oral lesions associated with human immunodeficiency virus disease in adult patients, a clinical perspective
Fonte: Rev. chil. infectol;33(supl.1):27-35, oct. 2016. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Among the clinical manifestations which may occur in HIV/AIDS patients, oral lesions are relevant because there are easily accessible and usually the diagnosis is made through clinical features. Some oral manifestations are strongly related with HIV/AIDS patients indicating infection and progression to AIDS and also allow monitoring the success or failure of using antiretroviral therapy. The massive introduction of antiretroviral therapy has changed the morbidity and mortality, frequency, type of clinical manifestation and the timing of the classic opportunistic complications. The aim of this review is to provide an updated of the classical clinical features of the most frequent and relevant HIV/AIDS oral manifestations, considering the fundamental clinical features for their diagnosis.

Dentro de las manifestaciones que pueden aparecer en los pacientes con infección por VIH/SIDA, las lesiones de la cavidad oral tienen gran relevancia debido a que son fácilmente accesibles y por lo general su diagnóstico se efectúa a través de signos clínicos. Además, algunas manifestaciones orales están fuertemente relacionadas con el síndrome por lo que indican sospecha de infección y progresión a etapa SIDA y permiten monitorizar el éxito o fracaso de la terapia anti-retroviral empleada. La introducción masiva de la terapia anti-retroviral ha modificado la morbi-mortalidad, la frecuencia, el tipo de manifestación clínica y el momento de aparición de las clásicas complicaciones oportunistas. El objetivo de esta revisión es entregar las características clínicas clásicas actualizadas de aquellas manifestaciones orales asociadas a la infección por VIH/SIDA que son más frecuentes y que tienen mayor relevancia clínica, considerando las características fundamentales para su diagnóstico.
Descritores: Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/patologia
Doenças da Boca/patologia
Doenças da Boca/virologia
-Sarcoma de Kaposi/patologia
Sarcoma de Kaposi/virologia
Doença de Hodgkin/patologia
Doença de Hodgkin/virologia
Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/patologia
Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/virologia
Mucosa Bucal/patologia
Mucosa Bucal/virologia
Limites: Humanos
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  10 / 1004 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Chile
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1058725
Autor: Acosta H, Nicolás; Salazar F, Cristofer; Bahamonde S, Héctor.
Título: Halitosis en otorrinolaringología: una revisión de la literatura / Halitosis in otolaryngology: a review of the literature
Fonte: Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello;79(4):473-481, dic. 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN La halitosis es un motivo de consulta frecuente y que puede repercutir de gran manera en la calidad de vida de quien la presenta. Puede dividirse en halitosis genuina, pseudohalitosis y halitofobia. De las halitosis genuinas, cerca del 90% son secundarias a patología de la cavidad oral. En otorrinolaringología, las principales causas responden a tonsilolitiasis, patología rinosinusal y cuerpos extraños nasales. Existen distintos métodos diagnósticos que permiten medir e identificar la halitosis, con sus beneficios y desventajas. Las medidas generales de higiene oral, así como intervenciones específicas deben estar basadas en la evidencia a cargo de un equipo multidisciplinario que permita garantizar mejores resultados.

ABSTRACT Halitosis is a frequent health problem, that can have a huge impact in the quality of life of those affected. It can be classified as genuine halitosis, pseudohalitosis and halitophobia. Of genuine halitosis, approximately 90% is originated from the oral cavity. In otorhinolaryngology, most frequent causes are tonsiloliths, rhinosinusitis and nasal foreign bodies. There are different diagnostic methods, each one with its benefits and disadvantages. General measures of oral hygiene, as specific interventions must be evidence-based in charge of a multidisciplinary team that guarantees better results.
Descritores: Otolaringologia
Halitose/diagnóstico
Halitose/etiologia
Halitose/terapia
-Higiene Bucal
Qualidade de Vida
Halitose/epidemiologia
Doenças da Boca
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CL30.1 - Biblioteca



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