Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : C14.907.137.126.307.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 151 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 16 ir para página                         

  1 / 151 LILACS  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: biblio-847747
Autor: Shirane, Henrique Yassuhiro; van Belle, Bonno.
Título: Índice tornozelo-braquial falso negativo / False negative ankle-brachial index
Fonte: Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo;27(1 (Supl)):12-15, jan.-mar. 2017. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O índice de pressão tornozelo-braquial (ITB) é um excelente método para identificação de doença arterial obstrutiva periférica (DAOP). Os índices baixos frequentemente são associados à coronariopatia grave, entretanto, podem apresentar resultados falsos negativos. O objetivo do trabalho é identificar a prevalência de ITB falso negativo por ultrassom Doppler, com registro gráfico de ondas contínuas ou teste arterial (TA). Foram analisados 382 prontuários de pacientes, submetidos ao exame do TA no período de janeiro de 2014 a dezembro de 2015. Os valores de referência foram considerados de acordo com a Diretriz Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular, ITB anormal <0,90 e >1,30; ITB normal entre 0,91 a 1,29. Obtivemos como resultado 46 (6,02%) exames que passariam como normais se apenas o ITB fosse levado em consideração, pois os valores encontram-se entre 0,9 e 1,3; porém, ao analisar o aspecto da velocidade das ondas arteriais, concluímos que são portadores de DAOP e, portanto, não seriam diagnosticados como portadores de doença somente com o ITB. Logo, o ITB é um excelente exame de triagem para pacientes portadores de DAOP, porém é passível de resultados falsos negativos, como o que ocorreu em 6% dos pacientes que foram analisados aleatoriamente quanto à curva de velocidade.

The ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) is an excellent method for identifying peripheral arterial obstructive disease (PAOD). Low indices are co mmonly associated with severe coronary disease, however, they may present false negative results. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of false negative ABPI by Doppler ultrasound with continuous wave chart recording or arterial test (AT). Methods: We analyzed 382 medical records of patients submitted to the TA exam, performed from January 2014 to December 2015. The reference values were considered, according to the Brazilian Guideline on Angiology and Vascular Surgery, as abnormal ABPI <0.90 and >1.30; Normal ABPI between 0.91 and 1.29. We obtained 46 (6.02%) tests that would pass as normal if the ABPI alone were taken into account, as the values were between 0.9 and 1.3, but when analyzing the aspect of the arterial wave velocity, we concluded that these patients have PAOD, therefore, they would not be diagnosed as having the disease through the ABPI alone. The ABPI is, therefore, an excellent screening test for patients with PAOD, but false negative results are possible, as occurred in 6% of the patients randomly analyzed by the velocity curve.
Descritores: Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos
Reações Falso-Negativas
Índice Tornozelo-Braço/métodos
Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade
-Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Etários
Extremidade Inferior
Diagnóstico Precoce
Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR44.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca, Documentação Científica e Didática Prof. Dr. Luiz Venere Décourt


  2 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1022942
Autor: Saraiva, José Francisco Kerr; Coutinho, Elaine dos Reis; Gonçalves, Mayara Pacheco.
Título: Análise crítica dos estudos que mudaram a prática clínica recente: diabetes mellitus e doenças cardiovasculares / Critical analysis of studies that changed recent clinical practice: diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease
Fonte: Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo;29(3), jul.-set. 2019. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Já é bem conhecida a importância da terapêutica para os pacientes com diabetes mellitus (DM) no que diz respeito à redução dos eventos cardiovasculares e, por isso, existe interesse em comprovar a segurança cardiovascular das diferentes terapias anti-hiperglicêmicas disponíveis no mercado. O objetivo desta revisão consiste em discutir três grandes estudos publicados recentemente, LEADER, CANVAS e DECLARE ­ TIME 58, que avaliaram o efeito sobre morbidade e mortalidade cardiovascular das medicações em questão em comparação com placebo

The importance of therapy for patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) in reducing cardiovascular events is well-known and, therefore, there is interest in confirming the cardiovascular safety of the different antihyperglycemic therapies available on the market. The objective of this review is to discuss three large recently-published studies, LEADER, CANVAS and DECLARE ­ TIME 58, which evaluated the effect of the medications in question on morbidity and cardiovascular mortality as compared to a placebo
Descritores: Doenças Cardiovasculares
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências
-Placebos
Fatores de Risco
Resultado do Tratamento
Doença Arterial Periférica
Canagliflozina/uso terapêutico
Metformina/uso terapêutico
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR44.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca, Documentação Científica e Didática Prof. Dr. Luiz Venere Décourt


  3 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: biblio-909288
Autor: Wolosker, Nelson; Faustino, Carolina Brito.
Título: ABORDAGEM DO PACIENTE COM DIABETES MELLITUS E DOENÇA ATEROMATOSA EM OUTROS TERRITÓRIOS: MEMBROS INFERIORES / APPROACH TO THE PATIENT WITH DIABETES MELLITUS AND ATHEROMATOUS DISEASE IN OTHER TERRITORIES: LOWER LIMBS
Fonte: Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo;28(2):187-192, 2018.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O diabetes mellitus (DM) tem incidência de 2 a 5% nas populações ocidentais, além disso, 40 a 45% de todos os amputados são diabéticos. O DM consiste em fator de risco para aterosclerose e apresenta alta prevalência de doença arterial oclusiva. A macroangiopatia é acometida de forma mais difusa, mais grave e em idade mais precoce, conforme os mecanismos: alteração dos lipídeos e lipoproteínas, alteração da função plaquetária e alteração da função endotelial. O quadro clínico é variável e depende do nível de acometimento vascular e nervoso, podendo variar de claudicação intermitente à isquemia crítica (dor de repouso e lesão trófica). A anamnese e o exame físico são suficientes para determinarem a lesão arterial, o grau de neuropatia periférica e se há ou não infecção. Os exames complementares são importantes para o planejamento da conduta terapêutica: detector ultrassônico de fluxo para mensuração de índice pressórico tornozelo- braço (ITB), ecografia doppler, angiorressonância nuclear magnética, angiotomografia e arteriografia. O tratamento é baseado no quadro clínico e pode variar entre tratamento clínico, tratamento das feridas e tratamento cirúrgico para revascularização do membro

Diabetes mellitus (DM) has an incidence of 2 to 5% in Western populations, and 40 to 45% of all amputees are diabetic. DM is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and presents with a high prevalence of occlusive arterial disease. Macroangiopathy is more diffuse, more severe, and presents at an earlier age, depending on the mechanisms: changes in lipids and lipoproteins, changes in platelet function and changes in endothelial function. The clinical symptoms are variable and depend on the level of vascular and nerve involvement, and may range from intermittent claudication to critical ischemia (resting pain and trophic lesion). Anamnesis and physical examination are sufficient to determine the arterial lesion, the degree of peripheral neuropathy and whether or not there is infection. Complementary exams are important for planning the therapeutic management: ultrasound flow detector for measuring the ankle brachial index (ABI), Doppler ultrasound, magnetic resonance angiography, angiotomography and arteriography. Treatment is based on the clinical symptoms, and may range from clinical treatment, wound treatment, and surgical treatment to limb revascularization.
Descritores: Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia
Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia
Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle
Doença Arterial Periférica/patologia
-Angiografia
Ultrassonografia Doppler
Extremidade Inferior/patologia
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR44.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca, Documentação Científica e Didática Prof. Dr. Luiz Venere Décourt


  4 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: biblio-949543
Autor: Figueroa, Claudia Lucía; Suárez-Cadena, Fabio Camilo; Ochoa-Díaz, Andrés Felipe; Rengifo-Quintero, Laura Juliana; Isaza-Angarita, Juan Ramón.
Título: Hemoglobina glicosilada y eventos cardiovasculares en pacientes diabéticos de un hospital universitario / Glycosylated hemoglobin and cardiovascular events in diabetic patients of a university hospital
Fonte: Acta méd. colomb;43(2):74-80, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Introducción: la prevalencia de comorbilidades cardiovasculares generadas por la diabetes mellitus, se desconoce a nivel global en Colombia y más a nivel local. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de los eventos cardiovasculares según los niveles de hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), en el Hospital Universitario de Santander. Material y método: estudio observacional analítico retrospectivo tipo corte transversal con pacientes del servicio de medicina interna del Hospital Universitario de Santander en el año 2013. Resultados: la prevalencia de diabetes fue 31.2% (HbA1c>6.5%), de éstos, 52.2% fueron mujeres y la mayoría (70.45%) recibían tratamiento farmacológico. Aunque el infarto agudo de miocardio (10.9%) fue el evento más frecuente, la frecuencia de los diferentes eventos cardiovasculares como motivo de consulta no se relacionaron con algún nivel de HbA1c. Sin embargo, la HbA1c >9% en pacientes >65 años tuvo tendencia de riesgo de ACV, pero sin significancia estadística. Entre los pacientes con HbA1c >9%, 62.02% recibían <4 dosis/día de medicamentos (p=0.000), con una prevalencia alta de muerte intrahospitalaria (88%) siendo el OR de 2.08 (IC95%: 0.85-5.1; p=0.107). Se encontró en el análisis exploratorio, con algunas variables independientes relevantes cierto comportamiento predictivo de niveles de HbA1c no tan altos <9% (AROC 0.67) y otras, para muerte intrahospitalaria (AROC 0.7). Conclusiones: en la población analizada la prevalencia de los eventos cardiovasculares en la población con HbA1c >6.5% fue 31.06%, la categoría HbA1c >9% se relacionó con mayor muerte intrahospitalaria; la HbA1c <9% se relacionó con mayor dosis de tabletas para tratamiento. (Acta Med Colomb 2018; 43: 74-80).

Abstract Introduction: the prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities generated by Diabetes Mellitus is unknown globally in Colombia and is further unknown locally. Objective: to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular events according to the levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), at the University Hospital of Santander. Material and Method: a cross-sectional, retrospective analytical observational study with patients from the internal medicine service of the University Hospital of Santander in 2013. Results: the prevalence of diabetes was 3l.2% (HbA1c>6.5%); of these 52.2% were women and the majority (70.45%) received pharmacological treatment. Although acute myocardial infarction (10.9%) was the most frequent event, the frequency of the different cardiovascular events as a reason for consultation was not related to any level of HbA1c. However, HbA1c> 9% in patients> 65 years had a risk of stroke, but without statistical significance. Among patients with HbA1c> 9%, 62.02% received <4 doses / day of medication (p = 0.000), with a high prevalence of in-hospital death (88%) with an OR of 2.08 (95% CI: 0.85-5.1; p = 0.107). It was found in the exploratory analysis with some relevant independent variables certain predictive behavior of HbA1c levels not so high <9% (AROC 0.67) and others, for in-hospital death (AROC 0.7). Conclusions: in the population analyzed, the prevalence of cardiovascular events in the population with HbA1c >6.5% was 3l.06%; the category HbA1c> 9% was associated with greater in-hospital death; HbA1c <9% was associated with a higher dose of tablets for treatment. (Acta Med Colomb 2018; 43: 74-80).
Descritores: Hemoglobina A Glicada
-Prevalência
Mortalidade Hospitalar
Acidente Vascular Cerebral
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2
Doença Arterial Periférica
Insuficiência Cardíaca
Infarto do Miocárdio
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: CO70 - Asociación Colombiana de Medicina Interna


  5 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1098020
Autor: Noreña Acevedo, Islendy; Peña Quimbayo, Cristian Camilo; Ballén Torres, Angélica María; Pineda Corral, María Fernanada; Aranzález Ramírez, Lus Helena; Mockus Silvickas, Ismena Vilte Ona.
Título: Peripheral artery disease and oxidative stress in patients in a program for preventing complications of diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia / Enfermedad arterial periférica y estrés oxidativo en pacientes del programa para la prevención de complicaciones de diabetes mellitus y dislipidemias
Fonte: Acta méd. colomb;44(3):16-20, July-Sept. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Introduction: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is mainly caused by atherosclerosis but also involves hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, which trigger oxidative stress and lead to vascular damage. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of PAD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and/or prediabetes and/or dyslipidemia, to identify some risk factors and to establish whether urinary levels of 8-isoprostane-f2α (an oxidative stress marker) are elevated in patients with PAD. Design: A cross-sectional, nonprobabilistic, convenience sampling study Materials and methods: The sample included 146 patients with DM2 and/or prediabetes and/ or dyslipidemias from the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Risk factors, symptoms related to PAD, ankle-brachial index measurement and biochemical variables (HbA1c%, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, creatinine and albuminuria) were recorded. Urine levels of 8-isoprostane-f2α were determined by ELISA. The 8-iso-PGF2α/creatine concentration were analyzed using the statistical package R. Risk factors were compared using ANOVA/ Kruskal-Wallis. ROC curves were generated to analyze the discriminant power of the biomarkers. The joint analysis of laboratory results and risk factors was performed using multivariate logistic regressions. Results: PAD was identified in 10 diabetic patients. Risk factors were smoking, dyslipidemia, poor metabolic control, overweight or obesity. There was no evidence of increased urinary 8-isoprostane-f2α in these subjects. Conclusions: A low prevalence of PAD was found in subjects with DM2. There was no evidence of increased 8-isoprostane-f2α measured by ELISA in patients with PAD. The extension of the study with different markers of oxidative stress and the use of other techniques is recommended (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2019.1257).

Resumen Introducción: la enfermedad arterial periférica (EAP) es causada principalmente por aterosclerosis e intervienen la hiperglucemia y dislipidemia que desencadenan estrés oxidativo y daño vascular. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de EAP en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) y/o prediabetes y/o dislipidemias, así como algunos factores de riesgo; también, establecer si los niveles urinarios de 8-isoprostano-f2α (marcador de estrés oxidativo) están elevados en pacientes con EAP. Diseño: estudio de tipo transversal, no probabilístico, de conveniencia. Material y métodos: la muestra comprendió 146 pacientes con DM2 y/o prediabetes y/o dislipidemias de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Se registraron factores de riesgo, síntomas relacionados con EAP, medida índice tobillo-brazo y variables bioquímicas (HbA1c%, glucemia basal, perfil lipídico, creatinina y albuminuria). Se determinaron niveles en orina de 8-isoprostano-f2α por ELISA. Los resultados de la concentración de 8-iso-PGF2α/creatinuria se analizaron mediante el paquete estadístico R. La comparación de factores de riesgo se analizó mediante ANOVA/Kruskal-Wallis. Se generaron curvas ROC para analizar el poder discriminante del biomarcador. El análisis conjunto de resultados de laboratorios y de factores de riesgo se realizó mediante regresiones logísticas multivariantes. Resultados: se evidenció prevalencia de EAP en 10 pacientes diabéticos. Como factores de riesgo se encontraron: fumar, dislipidemia, mal control metabólico, sobrepeso u obesidad. No se evidenció aumento del 8-isoprostano-f2α urinario en estos sujetos. Conclusiones: se encontró baja prevalencia de EAP en los sujetos con DM2. No se evidenció aumento del 8-isoprostano-f2α medido por ELISA en pacientes con EAP. Se recomienda ampliar el estudio con diferentes marcadores de estrés oxidativo y uso de otras técnicas. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2019.1257).
Descritores: Diabetes Mellitus
Dislipidemias
-Estresse Oxidativo
Isoprostanos
Doença Arterial Periférica
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Idoso
Responsável: CO70 - Asociación Colombiana de Medicina Interna


  6 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Cuba
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1251679
Autor: Álvarez Prats, Manuel; Triana Mantilla, María Eugenia; Rodríguez Villalonga, Luis Enríque; Ramos Morales, Luisa Estela; Arpajón Peña, Yunier.
Título: Pesquisa de enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores en personas mayores de 50 años / Investigation of lower limb peripheral artery disease in people over the age of 50
Fonte: Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc;22(1):e296, ene.-abr. 2021. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores se considera un problema de salud por presentar elevadas tasas de morbi-mortalidad y de amputaciones no traumáticas. En ocasiones se desconoce su presencia en los adultos de la población general. Objetivo: Evaluar mediante pesquiza la presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores en personas mayores de 50 años de la población. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y analítico en 235 personas mayores de 50 años de diferentes municipios de la capital. El diagnóstico de la enfermedad arterial se realizó por examen físico y estudio hemodinámico. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y algunos factores de riego cardiovasculares. Se trabajó con un nivel de confiabilidad del 95 por ciento. Resultados: Predominaron el sexo femenino (68,1 por ciento), la piel blanca (53,2 por ciento) y el grupo etáreo entre 50 y 69 años (68,1 por ciento). Hubo mayor frecuencia de la enfermedad en el sexo masculino (70,5 por ciento). El 55,7 por ciento presentó macroangiopatía diabética. Las prevalencias encontradas para la enfermedad arterial periférica y para los factores de riesgo fueron de 51,9 por ciento y de 91,5 por ciento, respectivamente. El 64,7 por ciento de las personas presentaban tres o más factores. La hipertensión (χ 2 = 23,66; p = 0,0000; OR: 3,88) y la obesidad (χ 2 = 8,74; p < 0,001; OR: 1,38) estuvieron asociadas con la enfermedad arterial periférica. Conclusiones: Las personas mayores de 50 años de edad, del sexo masculino y con más de tres factores de riesgo tienen un riesgo elevado de presentar una enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores(AU)

Introduction: Lower limb peripheral artery disease is considered a health problem because it has high rates of morbidity-mortality and non-traumatic amputations. Its presence in adults in the general population is sometimes unknown. Objective: Assess by investigation the presence of peripheral artery disease of lower limbs in people of the population over 50 years. Methods: Descriptive and analytical study in 235 people over 50 years from different municipalities of the capital. The diagnosis of arterial disease was made by physical examination and hemodynamic study. Sociodemographic variables and some cardiovascular risk factors were analyzed. The reliability level was of 95 percent. Results: Female sex (68.1 percent), white skin (53.2 percent) and the age group between 50 and 69 years (68.1 percent) predominated. There was a higher frequency of the disease in the male sex (70.5 percent). 55.7 percent had diabetic macroangiopathy. The prevalences found for peripheral artery disease and risk factors were 51.9 percent and 91.5 percent, respectively. 64.7 percent of people had three or more factors. Hypertension (χ 2 = 23.66; p = 0.0000; OR: 3.88) and obesity (χ 2 = 8,74; p < 0,001; OR: 1,38) were associated with peripheral artery disease. Conclusions: People over 50 years of age, males and with more than three risk factors have a high risk of developing peripheral lower limb artery disease(AU)
Descritores: Extremidade Inferior
Doença Arterial Periférica
Amputação Traumática
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


  7 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Cuba
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1251676
Autor: Cabrera Zamora, José Luis; Hernández Seara, Alejandro; Viña Cisneros, Héctor; Jaime Cabrera, Zaida.
Título: Factores de riesgo cardiovasculares asociados a enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores en sus estadios iniciales / Cardiovascular risk factors associated with peripheral arterial disease of lower limbs in their initial stages
Fonte: Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc;22(1):e194, ene.-abr. 2021. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: La enfermedad arterial periférica en la actualidad se considera una verdadera epidemia. Se estima que puede afectar al 10 por ciento de los individuos mayores de 55 años. El principal problema de la enfermedad radica en su infravaloración diagnóstica y terapéutica, debido a la modificación de los factores de riesgo, el uso de fármacos antiplaquetarios y el tratamiento de los síntomas. Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares en pacientes ambulatorios con enfermedad arterial periférica de los miembros inferiores en sus estadios iniciales. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-retrospectivo de corte transversal en una muestra de 57 pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores en sus estadios iniciales, atendidos en consulta externa de Arteriología durante dos años. Las variables estudiadas fueron: clínicas y de laboratorio, y algunos de los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares como: edad, sexo, diabetes mellitus, hábito de fumar, hiperlipemia y micro albuminuria. Resultados: Se encontró un predominio del sexo masculino (57,8 por ciento). El 100 por ciento de los pacientes fumaban. Se evidenció la presencia de variables de laboratorio elevadas, lo que justificó la presencia de factores de riesgo cardiovasculares desde etapas tempranas de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: Se logró identificar a los pacientes ambulatorios en sus estadios iniciales y la presencia de algunos factores de riesgo cardiovasculares en etapas tempranas de la enfermedad(AU)

Introduction: Peripheral arterial disease is currently considered a true epidemic. Estimates indicate that it can affect 10 percent of individuals over 55 years of age. The main problem of the disease is its diagnostic and therapeutic underestimation, due to the modification of risk factors, the use of antiplatelet drugs, and the treatment of symptoms. Objective: To identify the cardiovascular risk factors in ambulatory patients with peripheral arterial disease of lower limbs in its initial stages. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive-retrospective study was carried out in a sample of 57 patients with diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease of lower limbs in its initial stages and who attended an outpatient department of arteriology for two years. The variables studied included clinical ones and of laboratory, as well as some cardiovascular risk factors, such as age, sex, diabetes mellitus, smoking, hyperlipidemia, and microalbuminuria. Results: A predominance of the male sex was found (57.8 percent). 100 percent of the patients smoked. The presence of elevated laboratory variables was evidenced, a fact consistent with the presence of cardiovascular risk factors from the early stages of the disease. Conclusions: In the initial stages of the disease, ambulatory patients were identified, as well as some cardiovascular risk factors in early stages of the disease(AU)
Descritores: Fatores de Risco
Diagnóstico
Doença Arterial Periférica
-Diabetes Mellitus
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


  8 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Cuba
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1144500
Autor: Chao Paredes, José Miguel; Rodríguez Allende, Miguel Ángel; Martínez Rodríguez, Mackdiers; Dehesa Gallo, Gisela; Ferrer Arrocha, Marlene; Alonso Martínez, Mailyn.
Título: Enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores detectada por Eco-doppler en pacientes asintomáticos / Lower limb arterial disease detected by Echo-doppler in asymptomatic patients
Fonte: Rev. cuba. med;59(4):e1366, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: La enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores es un marcador de riesgo coronario, causa de invalidez y muerte en quienes la padecen, su identificación temprana puede atenuar estos efectos. Objetivo: Identificar la enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores no diagnosticada a través de Eco-Doppler en pacientes con factores de riesgo aterogénicos. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de tipo transversal que incluyó a 100 pacientes de 40 años o más, fumadores, diabéticos y/o hipertensos, sin diagnóstico de enfermedad arterial de miembros inferiores, a quienes se le realizó Eco-Doppler de miembro inferior. Resultados: Se identificaron lesiones compatibles con EAMI en 69 por ciento de los estudiados, cuya edad media fue de 64,81 ± 10,12 años, y discreto predominio del sexo masculino. Las arterias más afectadas fueron la tibial posterior y la pedia con 43 por ciento y 39 por ciento respectivamente, las medidas de asociación mostraron OR (IC 95 por ciento) de 4,15 para la diabetes mellitus, 1,63 para el tabaquismo seguido de la hipertensión arterial con 0,27. Conclusiones: Seis de cada diez pacientes presentaron lesiones ateroscleróticas identificables por Eco-Doppler, predominaron las del sector tibial posterior y pedio en fumadores y diabéticos, estos últimos tuvieron cuatro veces más riesgo de padecer la enfermedad(AU)

Introduction: Arterial disease of the lower limbs is a marker of coronary risk, causing disability and death in those who suffer from it. Early detection can mitigate these effects. Objective: To identify undiagnosed lower limb arterial disease through Echo-Doppler in patients with atherogenic risk factors. Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 100 patients aged 40 years or older, smoking habits history, and diabetic and / or hypertensive patients, with no diagnosis of arterial disease in the lower limbs, who underwent Eco-Doppler of the lower limb. Results: EAMI compatible lesions were identified in 69 percent of those studied, whose mean age was 64.81 ± 10.12 years, and a discrete male predominance. The most affected arteries were the posterior tibial and pediatric arteries in 43 percent and 39 percent respectively, the association measures showed OR (95 percent CI) of 4.15 for diabetes mellitus, 1.63 for smoking followed by arterial hypertension with 0.27. Conclusions: Six out of ten patients showed atherosclerotic lesions identifiable by Echo-Doppler, those of the posterior tibial sector and pedium predominated in smokers and diabetics, the latter had four times the risk of suffering from the disease(AU)
Descritores: Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos
Fatores de Risco
Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem
Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem
-Estudos Transversais
Estudo Observacional
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Observacional
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


  9 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Cuba
Texto completo SciELO Cuba
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1156382
Autor: Barnés Domínguez, José Arnaldo; Álvarez López, Adanay; Cabrera Zamora, José Luis; Arpajón Peña, Yunier.
Título: Presencia de enfermedad arterial periférica en pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica / Presence of peripheral artery disease in patients with ischemic heart disease
Fonte: Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc;21(3):e191, sept.-dic. 2020. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: La enfermedad isquémica del corazón y la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores mantienen su vigencia como problemas de salud por presentar elevadas tasas de prevalencias y ser causas principales de morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Identificar la presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, ambispectivo y analítico en 167 pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica, dispensarizados en un área de salud del municipio San Miguel del Padrón, de la provincia La Habana. La edad promedio del grupo fue de 64 ± 8 años (rango: 39-81). El período de investigación abarcó tres años y finalizó en 2017. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, sexo, factores de riesgo (tabaquismo, obesidad, dislipidemia, hipertensión arterial), índice de presiones tobillo brazo, presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores y su severidad. Resultados: Se encontraron 43 pacientes cardiópatas con enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores para una prevalencia porcentual de 26 por ciento. El 60,5 por ciento (n = 26) del total era sintomáticos, con igual frecuencia para el estadio y la severidad moderada de la enfermedad (51,2 por ciento). Los factores de riesgo más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial (83,7 por ciento) y el tabaquismo (81,4 por ciento), los cuales resultaron asociados significativamente (p < 0,05) con la presencia de la enfermedad arterial periférica de miembros inferiores. Conclusiones: La enfermedad arterial periférica es común en los pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica, asociada fuertemente con la hipertensión arterial y el tabaquismo(AU)

Introduction: Ischemic heart disease and lower limb´s peripheral artery disease are still health problems because they have high prevalence rates and are major causes of morbidity and mortality. Objective: Identify the presence of lower limb´s peripheral artery disease in patients with ischemic heart disease. Methods: A descriptive, ambispective and analytical study was carried out in 167 patients with ischemic heart disease who were classified in a health area of San Miguel del Padrón municipality, Havana province. The average age of the group was 64 ± 8 years (range: 39-81). The research period spanned three years and ended in 2017. The study variables were: age, sex, risk factors (smoking, obesity, dyslipidemia, high blood pressure), ankle arm pressure index, presence of lower limb´s peripheral artery disease and its severity. Results: 43 patients suffering a cardiopathy with lower limb´s peripheral artery disease were found for a percentage prevalence of 26 percent. 60.5 percent (n = 26) of the total were symptomatic, with equal frequency for the stage and moderate severity of the disease (51.2 percent). The most common risk factors were high blood pressure (83.7 percent) and smoking habit (81.4 percent), which were significantly associated (p< 0.05) with the presence of lower limb´s peripheral artery disease. Conclusions: Peripheral artery disease is common in patients with ischemic heart disease, and it is strongly associated with high blood pressure and smoking habit(AU)
Descritores: Fatores de Risco
Extremidade Inferior
Doença Arterial Periférica
-Prevalência
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


  10 / 151 LILACS  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Puech-Leäo, Pedro
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1039562
Autor: Correia, Marilia de Almeida; Cucato, Gabriel Grizzo; Lanza, Fernanda Cordoba; Peixoto, Roger André Oliveira; Zerati, Antonio Eduardo; Puech-Leao, Pedro; Wolosker, Nelson; Ritti-Dias, Raphael Mendes.
Título: Relationship between gait speed and physical function in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease
Fonte: Clinics;74:e1254, 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CNPq.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between gait speed and measurements of physical function in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: One hundred sixty-nine patients (age 66.6±9.4 years) with symptomatic PAD were recruited. Usual and fast gait speeds were assessed with a 4-meter walk test. Objective (balance, sit-to-stand, handrip strength, and six-minute walk test) and subjective (WIQ - Walking Impairment Questionnaire and WELCH - Walking Estimated-Limitation Calculated by History) measurements of physical function were obtained. Crude and adjusted linear regression analyses were used to confirm significant associations. RESULTS: Usual and fast gait speeds were significantly correlated with all objective and subjective physical function variables examined (r<0.55, p<0.05). In the multivariate model, usual gait speed was associated with six-minute walking distance (β=0.001, p<0.001), sit-to-stand test score (β=-0.005, p=0.012), and WIQ stairs score (β=0.002, p=0.006) adjusted by age, ankle brachial index, body mass index, and gender. Fast gait speed was associated with six-minute walking distance (β=0.002, p<0.001), WIQ stairs score (β=0.003, p=0.010), and WELCH total score (β=0.004, p=0.026) adjusted by age, ankle brachial index, body mass index, and gender. CONCLUSION: Usual and fast gait speeds assessed with the 4-meter test were moderately associated with objective and subjective measurements of physical function in symptomatic PAD patients.
Descritores: Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia
Teste de Caminhada/métodos
Velocidade de Caminhada/fisiologia
-Estudos Transversais
Fatores de Risco
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



página 1 de 16 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde