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Pesquisa : C17.800 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1680 [refinar]
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Id: biblio-949926
Autor: Bem, Layla Comel Corso Perito de; Coppini, Alessandra; Padilha, Vanessa Vinderfeltes; Lima, Brunno Zeni de.
Título: Papular elastorrhexis: a rare and benign disease
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;93(4):573-575, July-Aug. 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Papular elastorrhexis is an acquired disease of elastic tissue; considered rare, its etiology and pathogenesis remain unknown. The vast majority of cases occur in women in the first or second decade of life. The disease manifests as multiple uniformly-sized, circumscribed, hypochromic and achromic papules located predominantly on the trunk and upper extremities. The lesions are generally asymptomatic and have a stable evolution over years. Its diagnosis is based on clinical and histopathological findings. The benignity of papular elastorrhexis and the subtlety of its clinical changes make the expectant treatment perfectly viable. The authors present one case in a young female patient.
Descritores: Dermatopatias/patologia
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/patologia
Tecido Elástico/patologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  2 / 1680 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1038279
Autor: Brito, Leonardo de Andrade Rodrigues; Nascimento, Ana Cláudia Mendes do; Marque, Carla de; Miot, Hélio Amante.
Título: Seasonality of the hospitalizations at a dermatologic ward (2007-2017)
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;93(5):755-758, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: There is little data in the literature concerning dermatologic admissions. Several diseases are seasonal in incidence and clinical worsening. We performed a survey of hospitalizations in the dermatology ward of a public hospital (April/2007 to May/2017). There were 1790 hospitalizations, whose main diagnoses were infectious dermatoses, neoplasias, psoriasis, bullous diseases and cutaneous ulcers. In winter, there were fewer hospitalizations for bacterial infections and urticaria, but more for leprosy. In summer, there were fewer hospitalizations for systemic and subcutaneous mycoses, but more for zoodermatoses and erythema multiforme. In the fall, more patients were admitted with mycoses. Spring favored urticaria and angioedema, but less cases of erythema multiforme and diabetic foot.
Descritores: Estações do Ano
Dermatopatias/epidemiologia
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
-Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Dermatopatias/diagnóstico
Brasil/epidemiologia
Incidência
Dermatopatias Bacterianas/epidemiologia
Dermatologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Tempo de Internação
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  3 / 1680 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1038281
Autor: Miot, Hélio Amante; Penna, Gerson de Oliveira; Ramos, Andréa Machado Coelho; Penna, Maria Lúcia Fernandes; Schmidt, Sílvia Maria; Luz, Flávio Barbosa; Sousa, Maria Auxiliadora Jeunon; Palma, Sérgio Luiz Lira; Sanches Junior, José Antonio.
Título: Profile of dermatological consultations in Brazil (2018)
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;93(6):916-928, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Background: Dermatological diseases are among the primary causes of the demand for basic health care. Studies on the frequency of dermatoses are important for the proper management of health planning. Objectives: To evaluate the nosological and behavioral profiles of dermatological consultations in Brazil. Methods: The Brazilian Society of Dermatology invited all of its members to complete an online form on patients who sought consultations from March 21-26, 2018. The form contained questions about patient demographics, consultation type according to the patient's funding, the municipality of the consultation, diagnosis, treatments and procedures. Diagnostic and therapeutic decisions were compared between subgroups. Results: Data from 9629 visits were recorded. The most frequent causes for consultation were acne (8.0%), photoaging (7.7%), nonmelanoma skin cancer (5.4%), and actinic keratosis (4.7%). The identified diseases had distinct patterns with regard to gender, skin color, geographic region, type of funding for the consultation, and age group. Concerning the medical conducts, photoprotection was indicated in 44% of consultations, surgical diagnostic procedures were performed in 7.3%, surgical therapeutic procedures were conducted in 19.2%, and cosmetic procedures were performed in 7.1%. Study limitations: Nonrandomized survey, with a sample period of one week. Conclusion: This research allowed us to identify the epidemiological profiles of the demands of outpatients for dermatologists in various contexts. The results also highlight the importance of aesthetic demands in privately funded consultations and the significance of diseases such as acne, nonmelanoma skin cancer, leprosy, and psoriasis to public health.
Descritores: Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos
Dermatopatias/epidemiologia
-Dermatopatias/classificação
Dermatopatias/diagnóstico
Brasil/epidemiologia
Distribuição por Sexo
Distribuição por Idade
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Recém-Nascido
Lactente
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 1680 LILACS  
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Barcaui, Carlos Baptista
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Id: biblio-973629
Autor: Barcaui, Carlos Baptista; Bakos, Renato Marchiori; Paschoal, Francisco Macedo Camargo; Bittencourt, Flávia Vazquez; Gadens, Guilherme Augusto; Hirata, Sérgio; Nascimento, Maurício Mendonça; Sá, Bianca Costa Soares de; Maceira, Juan Piñeiro.
Título: Descriptive dermoscopy terminology in Portuguese language in Brazil: a reproducibility analysis of the 3rd consensus of the International Dermoscopy Society
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;93(6):852-858, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Background: Dermoscopy is a noninvasive complementary diagnostic method largely used in dermatology. Feasibility, accuracy, and reproducibility are key elements for a diagnostic method to be useful, hence the importance of the terminology used to describe dermoscopic criteria. Objective: To evaluate the reproducibility of the English descriptive terminology proposed for dermoscopic criteria at the 3rd Consensus Meeting of the International Dermoscopy Society in Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: Nine Brazilian dermatologists independently analyzed the translation of sixty dermoscopic descriptive terms proposed at the 3rd Consensus Conference of the International Society of Dermoscopy. Interobserver agreement index was analyzed using the Fleiss' kappa test. Results: The interobserver agreement of the descriptive terminology in Brazilian Portuguese was considered weak (κ = 0.373; p < 0.05). The interobserver agreement of the descriptive terminology used to describe morphology and arrangement of vascular structures was considered moderate (κ = 0.43; p < 0.05). Study limitations: Our study limitations include the small number of participants and limited regional representation (only 2 out of 5 Brazilian regions were represented). Conclusions: The descriptive English terminology proposed at the 3rd Consensus Conference of the International Dermoscopy Society revealed weak reproducibility and the morphology and arrangement of vascular structures presented moderate reproducibility in Brazilian Portuguese. Despite small regional differences, metaphoric terminology in dermoscopy seems to be the most useful and reproducible system to be adopted in Brazilian Portuguese.
Descritores: Dermatopatias
Sociedades Médicas
Dermoscopia
Terminologia como Assunto
-Traduções
Brasil
Variações Dependentes do Observador
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Consenso
Linguagem
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  5 / 1680 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-983740
Autor: Pasquali, Paola; Gonzalez, Salvador; Fortuño, Angeles; Freites-Martinez, Azael.
Título: In-vivo assessment of a case of cutaneous sarcoidosis using reflectance confocal microscopy
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;94(1):93-95, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a noninvasive imaging technique that allows visualization of the epidermis and papillary dermis with cellular-level resolution. Granulomatous reactions such as sarcoidosis could be assessed using RCM. The identification of bright beaded-like structures that could correspond to reticulin fibers overlying granulomas, in association with dermoscopy, may be a very useful approach in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis and for the differentiation of this granulomatous entity with superficial cutaneous metastasis.
Descritores: Sarcoidose/diagnóstico por imagem
Dermatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem
Microscopia Confocal/métodos
-Sarcoidose/patologia
Dermatopatias/patologia
Biópsia
Dermoscopia/métodos
Granuloma/patologia
Granuloma/diagnóstico por imagem
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  6 / 1680 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1011112
Autor: Biondo, Giovanni; Sola, Simona; Pastorino, Carlotta; Massone, Cesare.
Título: Clinical, dermoscopic, and histologic aspects of two cases of cutaneous focal mucinosis
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;94(3):334-336, May-June 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Cutaneous mucinoses are a complex and diverse group of connective tissue disorders characterized by the accumulation of mucin and/or glycosaminoglycan in the skin and adnexa. Cutaneous focal mucinosis appears as a solitary, asymptomatic, skin-colored to white papule, nodule, or plaque located anywhere on the body or in the oral cavity. It presents mainly in adults and is characterized on histopathology by mucin throughout the upper and mid dermis. We describe the dermoscopy of two cases of cutaneous focal mucinosis. Both lesions presented a nonspecific homogenous whitish pattern; the first case also exhibited a sharply demarcated yellow border.
Descritores: Dermatopatias/patologia
Mucinoses/patologia
-Dermoscopia
Glicosaminoglicanos
Mucinas
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  7 / 1680 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1011102
Autor: Piccolo, Vincenzo; Russo, Teresa; Delorenze, Lilian Mathias; Argenziano, Giuseppe.
Título: Perinevic dermatosis neglecta: clinical and dermoscopic description
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;94(3):361-362, May-June 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Perinevic dermatosis neglecta is an underestimated skin condition usually affecting children and adolescents, characterized by the appearance of dirt-like brownish pigmentation around a preexisting nevus and often a matter of concern for parents. We describe the clinical and dermoscopic findings in a case of perinaevic dermatosis neglecta and discuss the possible etiology of this phenomenon.
Descritores: Melanoma/diagnóstico
-Dermatopatias/diagnóstico
Dermatopatias/etiologia
Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico
Hiperpigmentação/complicações
Dermoscopia
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Etanol/uso terapêutico
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico
Nevo Pigmentado/complicações
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Criança
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  8 / 1680 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1038314
Autor: Akinboro, Adeolu Oladayo; Adelufosi, Adegoke Oloruntoba; Onayemi, Olaniyi; Asaolu, Stephen O.
Título: Body dysmorphic disorder in patients attending a dermatology clinic in Nigeria: sociodemographic and clinical correlates
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;94(4):422-428, July-Aug. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Background: Body dysmorphic disorder is a relatively common psychiatric disorder in the context of dermatology and cosmetic and plastic surgery but is underdiagnosed and underreported in Africa. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder and symptoms of anxiety/depression and determine their sociodemographic and clinical correlates. Methods: A systematic random sampling design was made to recruit 114 patients with skin diseases. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained. The Body Dysmorphic Disorder Modification of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was administered, and data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Results: Mean age of participants was 37.70±17.47 years, and 67/114 (58.8%) were females. Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder was 41/114 (36.0%), and prevalence of anxiety/depression symptoms was 35/114 (30.7%). Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in patients with anxiety/depression symptoms was 15/41 (36.6%), and patients with facial disorders expressed the highest burden of anxiety/depression symptoms, in 15/35 (42.9%). Factors associated with significantly higher mean body dysmorphic disorder include age<50years (p=0.039), and anxiety/depression (p<0.001), education below high school was associated with higher mean anxiety/depression score (P= 0.031). In a binary logistic regression model, presence of anxiety/depression symptoms was predictive of body dysmorphic disorder (OR=10.0, CI: 4.1-28.2, p<0.001). Study limitations: the study is uncontrolled, conducted in a single source of care, thus limiting generalization to nonrelated settings. Conclusion: Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder is high among dermatology patients and most prevalent in facial disorders. Facial diseases are associated with the highest burden of anxiety/depression symptoms. This is a clarion call for dermatologists to routinely assess for body dysmorphic disorder and appropriately refer affected patients to mental health care.
Descritores: Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Dermatopatias/psicologia
Dermatopatias/epidemiologia
Depressão/epidemiologia
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/epidemiologia
-Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Escala de Ansiedade Frente a Teste
Fatores de Tempo
Modelos Logísticos
Prevalência
Estudos Transversais
Distribuição por Sexo
Distribuição por Idade
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Nigéria/epidemiologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  9 / 1680 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1038307
Autor: Cárdenas-Gonzalez, Ramiro Eugenio; Ruelas, Maira Elizabeth Herz; Candiani, Jorge Ocampo.
Título: Lichen myxedematosus: a rare group of cutaneous mucinosis
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;94(4):462-469, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Cutaneous mucinoses are a heterogeneous group of dermatoses in which excess deposition of mucin in the dermis gives the skin a waxy appearance, with papules and plaques that can vary from self-healing mucinosis to even disrupting the normal shape of a patient's face, conferring a leonine facies, or be part of life threatening diseases like scleromyxedema. This review will describe the most recent classification on lichen myxedematosus in the generalized (scleromyxedema) and the localized forms, as well as the different organ systems involved in scleromyxedema, diagnostic workup, current management, and prognosis.
Descritores: Dermatopatias/diagnóstico
Dermatopatias/patologia
Escleromixedema/diagnóstico
Escleromixedema/patologia
-Pele/patologia
Dermatopatias/classificação
Dermatopatias/terapia
Escleromixedema/classificação
Escleromixedema/terapia
Fibroblastos/patologia
Mucinas
Limites: Seres Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  10 / 1680 LILACS  
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Barcaui, Carlos Baptista
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Id: biblio-1038301
Autor: Barcaui, Elisa de Oliveira; Carvalho, Antonio Carlos Pires; Piñeiro-Maceira, Juan; Barcaui, Carlos Baptista.
Título: Combined high-frequency and Doppler ultrasound in early diagnosis of atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;94(4):473-475, July-Aug. 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini is a skin disorder affecting dermal collagen and is clinically characterized by well-defined plaques of depressed skin. Histopathological changes are subtle, and in most cases, the diagnosis requires a comparative study with healthy skin from the same anatomical site. High frequency ultrasound is a useful imaging method for diagnosis of atrophic skin changes. A case is presented in which ultrasound can support the clinical and the histopathological diagnosis of atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini.
Descritores: Dermatopatias/patologia
Dermatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem
Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos
Derme/patologia
Derme/diagnóstico por imagem
-Atrofia/patologia
Atrofia/diagnóstico por imagem
Biópsia
Diagnóstico Precoce
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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