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Id: biblio-1223790
Autor: Parra, Solange; Petermann-Rocha, Fanny; Celis-Morales, Carlos.
Título: Obesidad infantil: una proyección al escenario de Chile para la próxima década / Childhood obesity: a Chilean projection for the next decade
Fonte: Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes;31(3/4):374-376, mayo.-ago. 2020. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
-Chile/epidemiologia
Saúde Global
Limites: Humanos
Criança
Tipo de Publ: Carta
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1127105
Autor: Bove, María Isabel; Giachetto, Gustavo; Ramírez, Raúl; Zelmonovich, Caren; Guillermo, Valentina; Klaps, Leticia; Iturralde, Adriana; Peregalli, Fabiana; Bia, Daniel; Zócalo, Yanina.
Título: Sobrepeso, obesidad y niveles de presión arterial en niños de nivel 5 de jardines de infantes públicos de Montevideo: prevalencia y factores asociados / Overweight, obesity and high-blood pressure in 5 year-old children in 5 public preschool centers in Montevideo: prevalence and associated factors / Sobrepeso, obesidade e níveis de pressão arterial em crianças de nível 5 de jardins de infância públicos de Montevidéu: prevalência e fatores associados
Fonte: Rev. méd. Urug;36(3):254-266, 2020. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen: Introducción: en Uruguay, en los últimos años, se ha constatado un incremento en la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad. La evidencia científica ha demostrado que las condiciones en la primera infancia son determinantes. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de sobrepeso, obesidad y los niveles de presión arterial (PA) braquial e identificar factores de riesgo asociados en niños de nivel 5 que concurren a jardines públicos de Montevideo. Método: estudio transversal (7/2016-6/2017) en una muestra representativa de 771 niños de nivel 5 de jardines públicos de Montevideo. Se relevó historia y comportamiento alimentario, actividad física, hábitos de sueño, peso y talla materna. En cada niño se registró antropometría y PA braquial. Resultados: la prevalencia de sobrepeso u obesidad fue 40,6% (IC95%: 37,4-44,3), obesidad 16,5% (IC95%: 13,9-19,1) y obesidad abdominal 12,9% (IC95%: 11,0-15,8). Reportaron sobrepeso 29,4% de las madres y obesidad 21,9%. Se observó sedentarismo en 58,3%, exposición prolongada a pantallas en 60,4% y escasas horas de sueño en 40,9%. El consumo frecuente de alfajores, obleas y bizcochos en el desayuno, de embutidos entre semana, la preferencia de alimentos con publicidad, y el reporte de sobrepeso u obesidad materna se asociaron con obesidad infantil. Los niños con sobrepeso, obesidad u obesidad abdominal presentaron mayores niveles de PA braquial. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en niños de nivel 5 de jardines públicos de Montevideo es elevada. El sobrepeso, la obesidad materna y los hábitos en relación con la alimentación, actividad física y sueño se asocian con su presencia.

Summary: Introduction: in recent years, Uruguay has seen an increase of the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Scientific evidence has shown that early childhood conditions are determinant. Objective: to determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity and brachial blood pressure levels and identify associated risk factors in 5-year-old children who attend public preschool centers in Montevideo. Method: transversal study (7/2016-6/2017) in a representative sample of 771 5-year-old children from preschool centers in Montevideo. We assessed their history, eating habits, physical activity, sleeping habits, weight and maternal size. We recorded anthropometry and brachial blood pressure for each child. Results: the prevalence of overweight or obesity was 40.6% (CI 95%: 37.4- 44.3), obesity 16.5% (CI 95%: 13.9-19.1) and abdominal obesity 12.9% (CI 95%: 11.0-15.8). 29.4% of mothers reported overweight and 21.9% of them reported obesity. Sedentary lifestyle was found in 58.3%, long screen viewing in 60.4% and inadequate sleep in 40.9%. Frequent consumption of pastries, wafers and biscuits for breakfast, cold cuts during week days, preference of food they see in advertisements, and reported maternal overweight or obesity were associated to child obesity. Children with overweight and/or abdominal obesity evidenced higher levels of brachial blood pressure. Conclusions: prevalence of overweight and obesity in 5-year-old children from public preschool centers in Montevideo is high. Maternal overweight and obesity and habits in connection with eating, physical activity and amount of sleep are associated with this condition.

Resumo: Introdução: nos últimos anos observou-se um aumento da prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade no Uruguai. A evidência científica mostra que as condições de vida na primeira infância são determinantes. Objetivo: determinar a prevalência de sobrepeso, obesidade e os niveles de pressão arterial (PA) braquial e identificar fatores de risco associados em crianças com 5 anos que frequentam jardines de infância públicos em Montevidéu. Métodos: estudo transversal (7/2016-6/2017) em uma amostra representativa de 771 crianças com 5 anos de jardins de infância públicos de Montevidéu. Foram coletados dados sobre a história e o comportamento alimentar, atividade física, hábitos de sono e peso e altura materna. Os dados antropométricos e PA braquial de todas as crianças foram registrados. Resultados: a prevalência de sobrepeso ou obesidade foi de 40,6% (I.C.95%:37,4-44,3), obesidade 16,5% (I.C.95%:13,9-19,1) e obesidade abdominal 12,9% (I.C.95%:11,0-15,8). 29,4% das mães informaram sobrepeso e 21,9% obesidade. Observou-se sedentarismo em 58,3%, exposição prolongada a telas de equipamentos eletrônicos em 60,4% e poucas horas de sono em 40,9%. O consumo frequente de alfajores, obleias e pães com altos teores de açúcar e gordura no café da manhã, de embutidos nos dias de semana, preferência de alimentos com publicidade, e a informação de sobrepeso ou obesidade materna estava associado a obesidade infantil. As crianças com sobrepeso, obesidade e/ou obesidade abdominal apresentaram niveles mais altos de PA braquial. Conclusões: a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças com 5anos de jardins de infância públicos de Montevidéu é elevada. O sobrepeso e obesidade materna e os hábitos relacionados à alimentação, atividade física e sono, estão associados à sua presença.
Descritores: Sobrepeso/epidemiologia
Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
-Prevalência
Hipertensão
Limites: Humanos
Pré-Escolar
Responsável: UY6.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-1040006
Autor: Jaramillo-Espinosa, Laura; Vasquez-Trespalacios, Elsa Maria; Alfaro-Velásquez, Juan Manuel.
Título: Uso temprano de antibióticos en la infancia y obesidad pediátrica: revisión sistemática de la literatura / Early use of antibiotics in infancy and pediatric obesity: a systematic review of the literatura
Fonte: Infectio;23(4):357-363, Dec. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Introducción: la prevalencia de obesidad en el mundo es creciente y específicamente la obesidad en niños se ha convertido en un problema de salud pública que preocupa a varios países. La evidencia ha señalado al uso de antibióticos en la infancia como un factor relacionado con la presencia de obesidad infantil. Objetivo: Analizar sistemáticamente la evidencia reciente acerca de la relación entre el uso temprano de antibióticos en la infancia y la presencia de obesidad infantil. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de Pubmed, Ovid, EBSCO, Lilacs, JAMA pediatrics de estudios observacionales en los últimos diez años que abordaran la relación entre el uso de antibióticos antes de los 24 meses de edad y la obesidad infantil. Resultados: Luego de realizar el tamizaje de los artículos, se seleccionaron 9 para la síntesis cualitativa. Con dos excepciones, los estudios analizados muestran una relación estadísticamente significativa entre el uso temprano de antibióticos y la obesidad o sobrepeso infantil, medido como peso para la edad o mediante el índice de masa corporal y aún con el ajuste por las potenciales variables de confusión, esta asociación permanece siendo estadísticamente significativa, debido a algunos de los diseños epidemiológicos, no se puede verificar la relación de antecedencia temporal de la exposición.

Abstract Introduction: Prevalence of obesity in the world is increasing and specifically obesity in children has become a public health problem concerning several countries. Evidence has pointed to the use of antibiotics in childhood as a factor related to the presence of childhood obesity. Objective: To analyse evidence about the relationship between the early use of antibiotics in childhood and childhood obesity. Methods: A literature search was carried out on scientific databases, such as Pubmed, Ovid, EBSCO, Lilacs, JAMA pediatrics of observacional studies published in the last ten years assessing the relationship between the use of antibiotics before 24 months of age and pediatric obesity. Results: Nine of the articles were selected for the qualitative synthesis. With two exceptions, the analyzed studies show a statistically significant relationship between the early use of antibiotics and childhood obesity or overweight, measured as weight for age or through the body mass index and even with the adjustment for potential confounding variables, this association remains statistically significant, due to some of the epidemiological designs, the relationship of temporal antecedence of the exposure can not be verified.
Descritores: Obesidade Pediátrica
Antibacterianos
-Índice de Massa Corporal
Fatores de Risco
Revisão
Sobrepeso
Limites: Humanos
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Responsável: CO359.1 - ACIN - Asociación Colombiana de Infectologia


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes de
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Id: biblio-962719
Autor: Rossi, Camila Elizandra; Correa, Elizabeth Nappi; Neves, Janaina das; Gabriel, Cristine Garcia; Benedet, Jucemar; Rech, Cassiano Ricardo; Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes de.
Título: Body mass index and association with use of and distance from places for physical activity and active leisure among schoolchildren in Brazil. Cross-sectional study
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;136(3):228-236, May-June 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: MCTI/CNPq; . CNPq; . Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; . Fundação de Apoio à Pesquisa e Inovação do Estado de Santa Catarina.
Resumo: ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: We evaluated associations between use of public places for physical activity and active leisure (PAAL) and their distances from subjects' homes and indicators of overweight and obesity, among schoolchildren from different socioeconomic levels, in the city of Florianópolis, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 2,152 schoolchildren aged 7 to 14 years, enrolled at 30 public and private schools. METHODS: The exposure variables were the use of public places for PAAL in the neighborhood and their distance from schoolchildren's homes. The outcomes were body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted according to income strata. RESULTS: Among the schoolchildren from low-income families, living closer to parks/playgrounds was associated with lower BMI (β = -2.15; 95% confidence interval, CI = -2.53; -1.77) and lower WC (β = -0.11 95% CI = -0.17; -0.05), while living at these distances from football pitches was associated with higher BMI (β = 1.73; 95% CI = 0.31; 3.15) and larger WC measurements (β = 0.03; 95% CI = 0.005; 0.14). Among the schoolchildren in low-income groups, living at an intermediate distance from beaches was associated with lower BMI (β = -1.10; 95% CI = -1.61; -0.59). CONCLUSION: Living closer to parks/playgrounds was associated with lower BMI and WC among schoolchildren from low-income families. Living closer to football pitches was associated with higher BMI and WC among these schoolchildren. Living at intermediate distances from beaches was associated with lower BMI among these schoolchildren.
Descritores: Exercício Físico/fisiologia
Índice de Massa Corporal
Obesidade Pediátrica/fisiopatologia
Instalações Esportivas e Recreacionais/provisão & distribuição
Atividades de Lazer
-Fatores Socioeconômicos
Brasil
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Caminhada/estatística & dados numéricos
Circunferência da Cintura/fisiologia
Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
Renda
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1138754
Autor: Fajardo, Adriana; Martínez, Cindy; Moreno, Zoraida; Villaveces, Mariana; Céspedes, Jaime.
Título: Percepción sobre alimentación saludable en cuatro instituciones escolares / Perception of a healthy diet in four schools
Fonte: Rev. colomb. cardiol;27(1):49-54, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Introducción: La obesidad infantil ha venido en aumento en los últimos años y Colombia no es ajena a esta problemática. Uno de los lugares para conocer la percepción sobre comida saludable son las instituciones educativas, en las cuales los escolares son quienes escogen sus alimentos. Objetivo: Caracterizar los hábitos alimentarios de una población pediátrica de cuatro instituciones educativas colombianas, con el fin de conocer las prioridades infantiles en cuanto a la escogencia de los alimentos, y por ende generar recomendaciones. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo multicéntrico que presenta los resultados de encuestas dirigidas a escolares entre 8 y 18 años, usuarios de tiendas escolares. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de acuerdo con las preferencias de alimentación por institución, género, edad, entre otros. Resultados: Se incluyeron en total 512 escolares. La distribución por género y edad fue similar en las cuatro instituciones educativas. Entre los alimentos de preferencia predominaron los empaquetados, la pizza, los helados y, en menor proporción, las frutas. En cuanto a las bebidas sobresalieron la gaseosa y el té en botella. En las razones para escoger los alimentos predominó "el sabor" seguido de la "facilidad y rapidez", en tanto que entre las razones para no escoger se encontró el precio como el motivo principal. Conclusión: Es necesario hacer intervención desde temprana edad para generar hábitos de alimentación saludable y equilibrada. Así mismo, es prioritario diseñar un programa para la detección de hábitos alimentarios inadecuados en las instituciones escolares con el fin de combatirlos.

Abstract Introduction: Childhood obesity has been increasing in the last few years and Colombia is not excluded from this problem. One of the places to determine the perception of healthy food is in schools, where the schoolchildren are the ones who select their food. Objective: To provide a profile of the dietary habits of a childhood population in four Colombian schools, with the aim of determining their priorities as regards the choice of foods, and in order to provide recommendations. Methodology: A descriptive multicentre study that presents the results of questionnaires completed by schoolchildren between 8 and 18 years, users of school shops. A descriptive analysis was performed in accordance with the dietary preferences that included the school, gender, and age. Results: A total of 512 schoolchildren were included. The distribution by gender and age was similar in the four schools. Among the foods of preference there was a predominance of pre-packed food, pizza and ice-cream with a lower percentage of fruit. As regards drinks, there was an excess of fizzy ones and bottled tea. Among the reasons that predominated for choosing the foods was "the taste" followed by "ease and speed", whilst among the reasons for not choosing, the price was the main reason. Conclusion: Interventions are needed from an early age in order to develop healthy and balanced eating habits. Likewise, it should be a priority to design a program for the detection of inadequate eating habits in schools with the aim of combatting them.
Descritores: Alimentação Escolar
Ciências da Nutrição
Nutrição da Criança
-Serviços de Saúde Escolar
Obesidade Pediátrica
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CO369.9 - SCC - Sociedad Colombiana de Cardiologia y Cirugía Cardiovascular


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Id: biblio-1139718
Autor: Department of PediatricsMartini, Mariana Contiero San; Department of PediatricsAssumpção, Daniela de; Department of Public HealthBarros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo; Department of PediatricsBarros Filho, Antonio de Azevedo; Department of NutritionMattei, Josiemer.
Título: Satisfaction with body weight among adolescents with excess weight: findings from a cross-sectional population-based study
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;138(5):377-384, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico.
Resumo: ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Individuals who are overweight or obese often underestimate their size, and they are less likely to consider their weight status to be a health problem and consequently to make lifestyle changes. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of satisfaction with weight among adolescents classified as overweight/obese, according to sociodemographic factors, morbidities and health-related behaviors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional population-based study conducted among adolescents aged 10 to 19 years in the city of Campinas (SP), Brazil. METHODS: The sample (n = 217) included participants with self-reported weight and height who were classified as overweight or obese, based on body mass index (BMI) according to age-specific cutoff points recommended by the World Health Organization. Participants whose answer to the question: "Would you like to gain or lose weight?" was "no" (i.e. no change) were deemed to be satisfied with their body weight. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using logistic regression. RESULTS: The proportions of the respondents who were satisfied with their weight were 75.8% (95% CI: 65.3-83.9) among the overweight adolescents and 24.2% (95% CI: 16.1-34.7) among the obese adolescents (P < 0.01). Satisfaction was lower among individuals aged 15 to 19 years (versus 10 to 14 years), those born outside of Campinas (versus in Campinas), those with ≥ 8 household appliances (versus < 8), and those reporting ≥ two health complaints (versus none). CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the overweight adolescents and almost a quarter of the obese adolescents were satisfied with their weight. These results support the need for strategies for healthy weight management among Brazilian adolescents.
Descritores: Satisfação Pessoal
Peso Corporal
Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
-Brasil/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Limites: Humanos
Criança
Adolescente
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-998767
Autor: Scalabrini Neto, Augusto.
Título: Importância da educação para prevenção cardiovascular / Importance of education for cardiovascular disease prevention
Fonte: Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo;29(1):43-45, 2019.
Idioma: en; pt.
Resumo: As doenças cardiovasculares estão entre as maiores causas de morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo e são responsáveis por um elevado custo para os sistemas de saúde. Assim, as medidas de prevenção dessas doenças e o controle de seus fatores de risco tornam-se essenciais. Para isso, temos como alternativa, intervenções educacionais para a população, como maneira de fortalecer o indivíduo para realizar as mudanças necessárias em seu estilo de vida, e medidas de educação profissional, para difundir o manejo de emergências cardiovas-culares, com grande impacto na sobrevida de indivíduos com esses problemas. Neste texto, procuramos descrever as medidas educacionais mais frequentes e efetivas para essa prevenção.

Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and represents a high cost for health systems. Therefore, measures to prevent these conditions and to control their risk factors are essential. One alternative consists of educational interventions for the population as a means of enabling the individual to make the necessary changes in their lifestyle, as well as professional education measures to disseminate the management of cardiovascular emergencies with considerable impact on the survival of individuals with these problems. In this text, we strive to describe the most common and effective educational measures for this prevention
Descritores: Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem
Dislipidemias/genética
Obesidade Pediátrica/genética
-Educação Alimentar e Nutricional
Fatores de Risco
Endotélio/anormalidades
Aterosclerose/etiologia
Comportamento Sedentário
Limites: Humanos
Criança
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR44.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca, Documentação Científica e Didática Prof. Dr. Luiz Venere Décourt


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Registro de Ensaios Clínicos
Id: biblio-1252249
Autor: Dunker, Karin Louise Lenz; Department of NutritionAlvarenga, Marle dos Santos; Teixeira, Paula Costa; Grigolon, Ruth Bartelli.
Título: Effects of participation level and physical activity on eating behavior and disordered eating symptoms in the Brazilian version of the New Moves intervention: data from a cluster randomized controlled trial
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;139(3):269-278, May-June 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; . Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico.
Reg. de E.C: https://ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/ReBEC-6ddpb3
Resumo: ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Childhood and adolescent obesity is a worldwide public health concern. The New Moves program aims to change eating behavior (EB) and physical activity (PA). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention and predictors of better outcomes relating to EB and PA levels. DESIGN AND SETTING: Secondary data from a cluster randomized controlled trial in 10 public schools in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: 270 female adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years, were analyzed. Participation levels were categorized as presence in 1 to 9 sessions or 10 to 17 sessions, or control. Effectiveness was evaluated through improvement in disordered EB (DEB) and EB. Predictors of better outcomes relating to PA levels were evaluated through clustering of individual characteristics that affected changes in PA scores. RESULTS: Participation level was not significantly associated with changes in DEB or EB. Girls with higher body mass index percentile (BMI-P) percentile tended to have increases in sedentary lifestyles through the program. Girls with less body image dissatisfaction presented higher increases in daily PA. Girls with higher BMI-P percentile and higher self-esteem showed reductions in sedentary lifestyles. The program seemed to have more effect on daily PA among older girls than among younger girls. CONCLUSIONS: This program could be used as a structured action plan in schools, with the aims of improving eating behaviors and physical activity, in addition to promoting self-acceptance. The results indicate the importance of evaluating determinants of adherence, as these metrics might influence the effectiveness and future design of lifestyle programs.
Descritores: Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos
Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle
-Brasil
Exercício Físico
Comportamento Alimentar
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Ensaio Clínico Controlado Aleatório
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Costa Rica
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Id: biblio-1091476
Autor: Ramirez, Karol.
Título: Childhood overweight and obesity are serious public health problems worldwide. Editorial
Fonte: Odovtos (En línea);21(2):9-10, May.-Aug. 2019.
Idioma: en.
Descritores: Saúde Pública
Sobrepeso
Obesidade Pediátrica
Tipo de Publ: Editorial
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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Id: biblio-1290813
Autor: Cordero Muñoz, Raimundo E; Rodríguez Bermúdez, Armando A; 0000-0002-0440-7743Gollo, Omaira; García Avendaño, Pedro.
Título: Asociación entre indicadores antropométricos y dislipidemia en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes de la ciudad de Caracas / Association between anthropometric indicators and dyslipidemia in adolescents and young adults in the city of Caracas
Fonte: Arch. latinoam. nutr;71(2):85-93, jun. 2021. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Tradicionalmente se han utilizado algunos índices antropométricos para el diagnóstico de exceso de peso en niños y adolescentes que han mostrado algunas desventajas por lo que se han postulado otros indicadores. En ese sentido, se plantea estimar el nivel de asociación entre indicadores antropométricos y la presencia de dislipidemia en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Se realizó una investigación observacional, descriptiva y de corte transversal en 123 adolescentes (68,2% mujeres, edad promedio 14,5 años) y 122 adultos jóvenes (70,5% mujeres, edad promedio 21 años) de la ciudad de Caracas. Se calcularon Índices de Masa Corporal (IMC), Índice Cintura­Talla (ICT), Índice de Masa Corporal Abdominal (IMCA) e Índice de Masa Tri-Ponderal (IMT). Se obtuvo una muestra de sangre por punción venosa, en ayuno de 12 a 14 horas, a partir de la cual se cuantificó Colesterol Total, Lipoproteína de alta densidad y Triglicéridos. Se calculó la concentración de Lipoproteína de baja densidad por la fórmula de Friedewald, así como el índice LDL-C/HDL-C y el índice LogTg/HDL. Para el análisis e interpretación de los datos se utilizó estadística descriptiva univariante y multivariante. Los resultados revelaron que los índices antropométricos IMCA e IMT no mostraron mejor desempeño en predecir dislipidemia que los indicadores IMC, Circunferencia de Cintura (CC) e ICT en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Los indicadores antropométricos de adiposidad abdominal, CC e ICT, tendieron a presentar mayores OR, ABC, sensibilidad y especificidad independientemente del grupo de estudio. En general, la capacidad de los indicadores antropométricos evaluados en predecir la presencia de dislipidemia en adultos jóvenes fue adecuada, situación que no se presentó en los adolescentes(AU)

Traditionally, some anthropometric indices have been used for the diagnosis of excess weight in children and adolescents, which have shown some disadvantages for which other indicators have been postulated. In this sense, it is proposed to estimate the level of association between anthropometric indicators and the presence of dyslipidemia in adolescents and young adults. An observational, descriptive cross-sectional investigation was carried out in 123 adolescents (68,2% women, media age 14,5 years) and 122 young adults (70,5% women, media age 21 years) from the city of Caracas. Body Mass Indices (BMI), Waist-Height Ratio (WHR), Abdominal Body Mass Index (BMAI) and Tri-Ponderal Mass Index (TMI) were calculated. A blood sample was obtained by venipuncture, fasting for 12 to 14 hours, from which Total Cholesterol, High Density Lipoprotein and Triglycerides were quantified. The low-density lipoprotein concentration was calculated by the FriedEwald formula, as well as the LDL-C / HDL-C index and the LogTg / HDL index. Univariate and multivariate descriptive statistics were used for the analysis and interpretation of the data. The results revealed that the BMI and TMI anthropometric indices did not show better performance in predicting dyslipidemia than the BMI, Waist Circumference (WC) and WHR indicators in adolescents and young adults. The anthropometric indicators of abdominal adiposity, WC and WHR, tended to present higher OR, AUC, sensitivity and specificity regardless of the study group. In general, the capacity of the anthropometric indicators evaluated to predict the presence of dyslipidemia in young adults was adequate, a situation that did not occur in adolescents(AU)
Descritores: Dislipidemias/fisiopatologia
Circunferência da Cintura
Razão Cintura-Estatura
-Índice de Massa Corporal
Antropometria
Obesidade Abdominal
Obesidade Pediátrica
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Masculino
Adolescente
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: VE1.1 - Biblioteca Humberto Garcia Arocha



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