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Pesquisa : C26.115 [Categoria DeCS]
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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-959570
Autor: Muñoz Ch, Sara; Astudillo A, Claudia; Miranda V, Edith; Albarracin G, Juan Francisco.
Título: Lesiones musculares deportivas: correlación entre anatomía y estudio por imágenes / Muscle injuries in sports: imaging study
Fonte: Rev. chil. radiol;24(1):22-33, mar. 2018. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Un gran segmento de la población participa en actividades deportivas. Las lesiones musculares corresponden a aproximadamente un tercio de las lesiones deportivas. Las demandas recreacionales y profesionales de la sociedad moderna exigen un diagnóstico precoz y preciso, para un adecuado tratamiento y seguimiento, dadas las implicancias económicas y mediáticas, especialmente en deportistas de elite. La imagenología tiene un rol fundamental en la evaluación de estas lesiones. Permite evaluar localización, extensión, severidad y estimar pronóstico, así como también el seguimiento para determinar el retorno deportivo. En este artículo se revisa la anatomía microscópica y macroscópica muscular, la fisiología, los tipos de lesiones y su representación en imágenes, tanto en ultrasonido (US), como en resonancia magnética (RM). Se mencionan distintas clasificaciones descritas en la literatura y se propone una nueva nomenclatura y descripción, basada principalmente en la anatomía muscular, la localización y cuantificación de las lesiones.

A large segment of the population participates in sporting activities. Muscle injuries account for approximately one-third of the injuries. The recreational and professional demands of modern society require an early and precise diagnosis of these, for an adequate treatment and follow-up, given the economic and media implications, especially in elite athletes1. Imaging plays a fundamental role in the evaluation of these lesions. It allows evaluation location, extent, severity and estimations of prognosis, as well as the follow-up to determine the return to sport. This article reviews the microscopic and macroscopic muscle anatomy, the physiology, types of lesions and their representation in images, both in ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance (MRI). Different classifications described in the literature are mentioned and a nomenclature and description is proposed, based mainly on the muscle anatomy, localization and type of injury.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas/patologia
Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico por imagem
Músculo Esquelético/lesões
Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem
-Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
Ultrassonografia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CL30.1 - Biblioteca


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-959569
Autor: Celsi Y, Fiorella; Corral G, Gonzalo; Diamante, Carolina.
Título: Lesión por estrés de la fisis distal del fémur: reporte de un caso y revisión del tema / Distal physis femur stress injury
Fonte: Rev. chil. radiol;24(1):18-21, mar. 2018. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: En este reporte presentamos el caso de un niño de 14 años sin antecedentes mórbidos, que consulta por un cuadro de gonalgia, confirmándose el diagnóstico mediante resonancia magnética (RM) de lesión por estrés de la fisis distal del fémur. La literatura muestra que este tipo de lesiones son frecuentes en pacientes jóvenes deportistas y que el mecanismo que lleva al engrosamiento fisiario se produce por un trauma repetido que genera estrés mecánico y distracción del cartílago de crecimiento. El objetivo de esta publicación es aportar un caso a la literatura y dar a conocer la importancia de la radiología en el diagnóstico precoz de esta enfermedad, para que de esta forma el paciente no presente complicaciones futuras.

In this case report we present a 14-year-old patient with no previous medical history, who asked for knee pain. He was diagnosed with stress injury of the femur physis. The literature shows that this type of injuries are frequent in young athletes and the mechanism that leads to physeal widening is produced by a repeated trauma that generates mechanical stress and distraction of the growth cartilage. The aim of this case report is to show the relevance of radiology in the early diagnosis of this disease preventing future complications.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico por imagem
Fêmur/lesões
Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem
-Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos
Radiografia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Revisão
Responsável: CL30.1 - Biblioteca


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: biblio-1039049
Autor: Chielle, Eduardo Ottobelle; Granella, Lucilene Wildner; Maziero, Jorlana Stacke; Vidigal, Tiago Mateus Andrade; Mallmann, Bárbara Lidiane Kummer; Karal, Jaison.
Título: Evolution of potential biomarkers of acute muscle injury after physical exercise
Fonte: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online);55:e17594, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Skeletal muscle injury is a frequent event and diagnosis using the classical blood markers sometimes produces unsatisfactory results. Therefore, objective of the study was to detect new biomarkers in plasma, saliva and urine in response to acute muscle damage induced by physical exercise. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 27 American football players. Before the physical exercises (T0), 60 minutes (T1) and 24 hours (T2) after physical exercise, was determined the clinical, biochemical and molecular parameters, including ADA, TBARS, leukocytes, lymphocytes and comet assay. The serum ADA was significantly higher in T1 and T2, in the urine there was a significant increase in T1, in the saliva there was no significant differences. There was an increase in serum TBARS in T2, saliva and urine in T1. The leukocytes increased in T1 and decreased in T2. Through the comet assay was observed significant DNA damage in T1 and T2. Serum and urinary ADA activity, serum, urinary and salivary TBARS are robust and promising biomarkers of acute muscle injury and that the comet assay allows a quick and effective evaluation of DNA lesions induced by physical exercise and could be used to monitor athletes avoiding injuries that are more serious.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Biomarcadores/análise
Adenosina Desaminase/análise
-Plasma
Saliva
Urina
DNA/classificação
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas


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Id: biblio-1017833
Autor: Sánchez Pérez, Rosanna Elizabeth.
Título: Prevalencia del uso de protectores bucales en jóvenes adultos que práctican rugby y hockey en Asunción y Área Metropolitana / Prevalence of use of mouthguards in young adults who play rugby and hockey in ownership and Metropolitan Area.
Fonte: Asunción; s.e; 2009.Dic. 41 p. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Con el objetivo de determinar la prevalencia del uso de los protectores bucales en jugadores de la Unión de Rugby del Paraguay y jugadoras de la Liga Paraguaya de Hockey, se realizó un estudio de diseño observacional descriptivo de corte transverso con componente analítico. Fueron incluidos en el estudio jóvenes adultos de 15 a 40 años que practican rugby y hockey, de nacionalidad paraguaya, residentes en Asunción y área metropolitana. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 267 jugadores (171 de rugby y 69 de hockey) que respondieron voluntariamente un cuestionario autoadministrado. Los resultados fueron: el 48,5% de los jugadores de rugby utilizan protectores bucales frente al 50% de jugadoras de hockey. Del total deportistas encuestados el 49,1% utilizan protectores bucales. De todos los jugadores de rugby que utilizaban protectores bucales el 74,7% lo hacían siempre y el 25,3% a veces. De todas las jugadoras de hockey que utilizan protectores bucales el 45,8% lo hacían siempre y el 54,2% a veces. Es fundamental implementar programas educativos con enfoque preventivo en el uso de protectores bucales personalizados para los deportistas y difundir información a los odontólogos sobre la importancia de la prescripción de estos dispositivos como medida preventiva para los pacientes que practican estos tipos de deportes de contacto .
Descritores: Acidentes
Odontologia
Odontologia Preventiva/educação
Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
-Protetores Bucais
Limites: Seres Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: PY8.1 - Biblioteca
PY8.1; 617.6


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-764130
Autor: Silfies, Sheri P; Ebaugh, David; Pontillo, Marisa; Butowicz, Courtney M.
Título: Critical review of the impact of core stability on upper extremity athletic injury and performance
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(5):360-368, Sept.-Oct. 2015. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Programs designed to prevent or rehabilitate athletic injuries or improve athletic performance frequently focus on core stability. This approach is based upon the theory that poor core stability increases the risk of poor performance and/or injury. Despite the widespread use of core stability training amongst athletes, the question of whether or not sufficient evidence exists to support this practice remains to be answered.OBJECTIVES: 1) Open a dialogue on the definition and components of core stability. 2) Provide an overview of current science linking core stability to musculoskeletal injuries of the upper extremity. 3) Provide an overview of evidence for the association between core stability and athletic performance.DISCUSSION: Core stability is the ability to control the position and movement of the trunk for optimal production, transfer, and control of forces to and from the upper and lower extremities during functional activities. Muscle capacity and neuromuscular control are critical components of core stability. A limited body of evidence provides some support for a link between core stability and upper extremity injuries amongst athletes who participate in baseball, football, or swimming. Likewise, few studies exist to support a relationship between core stability and athletic performance.CONCLUSIONS: A limited body of evidence exists to support the use of core stability training in injury prevention or performance enhancement programs for athletes. Clearly more research is needed to inform decision making when it comes to inclusion or emphasis of core training when designing injury prevention and rehabilitation programs for athletes.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia
Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia
Extremidade Superior/fisiologia
Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia
-Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Movimento
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-764129
Autor: Logerstedt, David; Arundale, Amelia; Lynch, Andrew; Snyder-Mackler, Lynn.
Título: A conceptual framework for a sports knee injury performance profile (SKIPP) and return to activity criteria (RTAC)
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(5):340-359, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACTInjuries to the knee, including intra-articular fractures, ligamentous ruptures, and meniscal and articular cartilage lesions, are commonplace within sports. Despite advancements in surgical techniques and enhanced rehabilitation, athletes returning to cutting, pivoting, and jumping sports after a knee injury are at greater risk of sustaining a second injury. The clinical utility of objective criteria presents a decision-making challenge to ensure athletes are fully rehabilitated and safe to return to sport. A system centered on specific indicators that can be used to develop a comprehensive profile to monitor rehabilitation progression and to establish return to activity criteria is recommended to clear athletes to begin a progressive and systematic approach to activities and sports. Integration of a sports knee injury performance profile with return to activity criteria can guide clinicians in facilitating an athlete's safe return to sport, prevention of subsequent injury, and life-long knee joint health.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia
Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/fisiopatologia
Traumatismos do Joelho/fisiopatologia
-Traumatismos em Atletas/reabilitação
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-764127
Autor: Reis, Guilherme F; Santos, Thiago R. T; Lasmar, Rodrigo C. P; Oliveira Júnior, Otaviano; Lopes, Rômulo F. F; Fonseca, Sérgio T.
Título: Sports injuries profile of a first division Brazilian soccer team: a descriptive cohort study
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(5):390-397, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACTObjective:To establish the injury profile of soccer players from a first division Brazilian soccer team. In addition, we investigated the association between the characteristics of the injuries and the player's age and position.Method: Forty-eight players from a Brazilian first division soccer team were followed during one season. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the injury profile. Spearman's tests were used to verify the association between the number and severity of injuries and the player's age. Chi-square test was used to verify the association between type of injury and player's position. Fisher's exact test was used to verify the association between the severity of injuries and player's position.Results: The incidence of injuries was 42.84/1000 hours in matches and 2.40/1000 hours in training. The injury severity was 19.5±34.4 days off competition or training. Lower limb was the most common location of injury and most injuries were muscular/tendinous, overuse, non-recurrent, and non-contact injuries. Player's age correlated with the amount and severity of muscle and tendon injuries. Defenders had more minimal injuries (1-3 days lost), while forwards had more moderate (8-28 days lost) and severe injuries (>28 days lost). Furthermore, wingbacks had more muscle and tendon injuries, while midfielders had more joint and ligament injuries.Conclusion: The injury profile of the Brazilian players investigated in this study reflected regional differences in soccer practices. Results confirm the influence of the player's age and position on the soccer injuries profile.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas
Futebol/fisiologia
Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia
-Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Brasil
Incidência
Estudos Prospectivos
Estudos de Coortes
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-764126
Autor: Hespanhol Junior, Luiz C; Barboza, Saulo D; van Mechelen, Willem; Verhagen, Evert.
Título: Measuring sports injuries on the pitch: a guide to use in practice
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(5):369-380, Sept.-Oct. 2015. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CAPES.
Resumo: Sports participation is a major ally for the promotion of physical activity. However, sports injuries are important adverse effects of sports participation and should be monitored in sports populations. The purpose of this paper is to review the basic concepts of injury monitoring and discuss the implementation of these concepts in practice. The aspects discussed are: (1) sports injury definition; (2) classification of sports injuries; (3) population at risk, prevalence, and incidence; (4) severity measures; (5) economic costs; (6) systems developed to monitor sports injuries; and (7) online technology. Only with reliable monitoring systems applied in a continuous and long-term manner will it be possible to identify the burden of injuries, to identify the possible cases at an early stage, to implement early interventions, and to generate data for sports injury prevention. The implementation of sports injuries monitoring systems in practice is strongly recommended.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas
Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
-Incidência
Fatores de Risco
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-764125
Autor: Kulig, Kornelia; Noceti-DeWit, Lisa M; Reischl, Stephen F; Landel, Rob F.
Título: Physical therapists' role in prevention and management of patellar tendinopathy injuries in youth, collegiate, and middle-aged indoor volleyball athletes
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(5):410-420, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACTPatellar tendinopathy is highly prevalent in all ages and skill levels of volleyball athletes. To illustrate this, we discuss the clinical, biomechanical, and ultrasound imaging presentation and the intervention strategies of three volleyball athletes at different stages of their athletic career: youth, middle-aged, and collegiate. We present our examination strategies and interpret the data collected, including visual movement analysis and dynamics, relating these findings to the probable causes of their pain and dysfunction. Using the framework of the EdUReP concept, incorporating Education, Unloading, Reloading, and Prevention, we propose intervention strategies that target each athlete's specific issues in terms of education, rehabilitation, training, and return to sport. This framework can be generalized to manage patellar tendinopathy in other sports requiring jumping, from youth to middle age, and from recreational to elite competitive levels.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia
Tendinopatia/fisiopatologia
Fisioterapeutas
Traumatismos do Joelho/fisiopatologia
-Ultrassonografia/normas
Voleibol
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-764124
Autor: Cools, Ann M; Johansson, Fredrik R; Borms, Dorien; Maenhout, Annelies.
Título: Prevention of shoulder injuries in overhead athletes: a science-based approach
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(5):331-339, Sept.-Oct. 2015. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The shoulder is at high risk for injury during overhead sports, in particular in throwing or hitting activities, such as baseball, tennis, handball, and volleyball. In order to create a scientific basis for the prevention of recurrent injuries in overhead athletes, four steps need to be undertaken: (1) risk factors for injury and re-injury need to be defined; (2) established risk factors may be used as return-to-play criteria, with cut-off values based on normative databases; (3) these variables need to be measured using reliable, valid assessment tools and procedures; and (4) preventative training programs need to be designed and implemented into the training program of the athlete in order to prevent re-injury. In general, three risk factors have been defined that may form the basis for recommendations for the prevention of recurrent injury and return to play after injury: glenohumeral internal-rotation deficit (GIRD); rotator cuff strength, in particular the strength of the external rotators; and scapular dyskinesis, in particular scapular position and strength.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Articulação do Ombro/fisiologia
Manguito Rotador/fisiopatologia
Força Muscular/fisiologia
Lesões do Ombro/prevenção & controle
-Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Atletas
Lesões do Ombro/fisiopatologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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