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Id: lil-788982
Autor: Rosa, Juliana Pacheco da; Tibúrcio, Samyra Raquel Gonçalves; Marques, Joana Montezano; Seldin, Lucy; Coelho, Rosalie Reed Rodrigues.
Título: Streptomyces lunalinharesii 235 prevents the formation of a sulfate-reducing bacterial biofilm
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):603-609, July-Sept. 2016. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Streptomyces lunalinharesii strain 235 produces an antimicrobial substance that is active against sulfate reducing bacteria, the major bacterial group responsible for biofilm formation and biocorrosion in petroleum reservoirs. The use of this antimicrobial substance for sulfate reducing bacteria control is therefore a promising alternative to chemical biocides. In this study the antimicrobial substance did not interfere with the biofilm stability, but the sulfate reducing bacteria biofilm formation was six-fold smaller in carbon steel coupons treated with the antimicrobial substance when compared to the untreated control. A reduction in the most probable number counts of planktonic cells of sulfate reducing bacteria was observed after treatments with the sub-minimal inhibitory concentration, minimal inhibitory concentration, and supra-minimal inhibitory concentration of the antimicrobial substance. Additionally, when the treated coupons were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, the biofilm formation was found to be substantially reduced when the supra-minimal inhibitory concentration of the antimicrobial substance was used. The coupons used for the biofilm formation had a small weight loss after antimicrobial substance treatment, but corrosion damage was not observed by scanning electron microscopy. The absence of the dsrA gene fragment in the scraped cell suspension after treatment with the supra-minimal inhibitory concentration of the antimicrobial substance suggests that Desulfovibrio alaskensis was not able to adhere to the coupons. This is the first report on an antimicrobial substance produced by Streptomyces active against sulfate reducing bacteria biofilm formation. The application of antimicrobial substance as a potential biocide for sulfate reducing bacteria growth control could be of great interest to the petroleum industry.
Descritores: Oxirredução
Streptomyces/fisiologia
Sulfatos/metabolismo
Biofilmes
Antibiose
-Streptomyces/efeitos dos fármacos
Streptomyces/ultraestrutura
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-442811
Autor: Ramírez, A; Pistilli, N; Echagüe, G; Zavala de Melgarejo, M. V.
Título: Comparación entre la determinación analítica del colesterol-LDL y su estimación por cálculo / Comparison between the analytical determination of LDL-cholesterol and its estimation by calculation
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.);3(1):43-46, dic. 2005. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El colesterol­LDL (LDL.C) es uno de los principales marcadores de riesgo aterogénico y es utilizado para objetivos preventivos, su determinación por cálculo es frecuente en los laboratorios. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el método de Friedewal con un método analítico basado en la precipitación de las LDL con sulfato de polivinilo (PVS) descrito por Kerscher. El colesterol ligado a las mismas se determinó empleando el sistema enzimático con colorimetría de Trinder. Por diferencia entre el Colesterol total y el determinado en el sobrenadante, se obtuvo el colesterol unido a las LDL.(C.LDLa). Se comparó con el método por cálculo para la estimación de LDL.C (C.LDLc).Se eliminaron todos los valores de triglicéridos > o = a 400 mg/dl. En los pacientes normolipémicos el valor medio de C.LDLa fue 95 ±29 mg/dl y para C­LDL 99 ±26 mg/dl. El coeficiente de correlación fue r= 0.91 (p< 0.001). En pacientes hipercolesterolémicos, el valor medio de C­LDLa fue 170± 22 mg/dl y para C­LDLc 160 ± 21 mg/dl; el coeficiente de correlación fue r = 0.87 (p< 0.001). En los hipertrigliceridémicos, el valor medio de C­LDLa fue 122 ± 42 mg/dl y para C­LDLc 106 ± 41 mg/dl con coeficiente de correlación r = 0.92 (p< 0.001). En base a estos resultados podemos destacar que el método analítico es rápido, preciso y fácilmente utilizable en el laboratorio clínico y que ambos métodos son comparables entre sí hasta valores de triglicéridos menores a 400 mg/dl.

LDL­cholesterol(LDL­C) is one of the principal markers of atherogenic risk and is used for preventive aims. The determination of this marker by calculation is frequent in laboratories. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare Friedewald formula with an analytical method based on the precipitation of LDL with polyvinyl sulphate (PVS) described by Kerscher. The cholesterol linked to these proteins was determined using the enzymatic colorimetric system of Trinder. The cholesterol linked to LDL (LDL­Ca) was obtained by the difference between total cholesterol and the one determined in the supernatant. This result was compared with the method of calculation for LDL­C estimation. All values of triglycerids > or equal to 400 mg/dl were eliminated. In the normolipemic patients, the mean LDL­Cc was 95 ± 29 mg/dl and for LDL­Cc 99 ± 26 mg/dl. The correlation coefficient was r=0.91 (p <0.001). In hypercholesterolemic patients, mean LDL­Ca was 170 ± 22 mg/dl and for LDL­Cc 160 ± 21 mg/dl; the correlation coefficient was r=0.87 (p <0.001). In hypertriglyceridemic patients, mean LDL­Ca was 122 ± 42 mg/dl and LDL­Cc 106 ± 41 mg/dl with a correlation coefficient of r= 0.92 (p <0.001). Based in these results, we could emphasize that the analytical method is rapid, precise and easy to use in the clinical laboratory and that both methods are comparable for triglyceride values lower than 400 mg/dl.
Descritores: Sulfatos
LDL-Colesterol
Triglicerídeos
Responsável: PY3.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: lil-711594
Autor: Pinheiro, Flávio Alexandre Lima; Mourão, Carlos Fernando de Almeida Barros; Diniz, Vitor Senna; Silva, Paulo Cesar; Meirelles, Luiz; Santos Junior, Emanuel; Schanaider, Alberto.
Título: In-vivo bone response to titanium screw implants anodized in sodium sulfate
Fonte: Acta cir. bras;29(6):376-382, 06/2014. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: PURPOSE: To evaluate the early bone response to a nanotextured dental implant treated with sodium sulfate (Na2SO4), using a rabbit model. METHODS: Twelve animals were randomly divided into group 1 (Control) - machined implants and group 2 (Test) - nanotextured implants. Extra-oral incision was performed to provide access to intended surgical site where the dental implant was inserted immediately after the extraction of the mandibular first premolar. Implant surface characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy attached to energy dispersive spectroscopy and interferometry. Three weeks after surgery, the animals were induced to death and undecalcified sections of the samples were prepared for histological and histomorphometrical analysis. RESULTS: Surface characterization of the implant demonstrated enhanced surface area of anodized group compared to Control group with 19.2% ± 6.2 versus 1.6 ± 0.7, respectively. Histological evaluation demonstrated new bone formation starting from the buccal and lingual cortical walls on both groups. After three weeks, significant higher bone contact of 27% (p<0.05) was observed to nanotextured compared to machined implants (Control group). CONCLUSION: The anodization with sodium sulfate nanostructures to the implant surface that resulted in faster osseointegration. .
Descritores: Parafusos Ósseos
Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea/métodos
Mandíbula/efeitos dos fármacos
Sulfatos/farmacologia
Titânio
-Interferometria
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
Modelos Animais
Mandíbula/patologia
Osseointegração/efeitos dos fármacos
Distribuição Aleatória
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Espectrometria por Raios X
Sulfatos/química
Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos
Fatores de Tempo
Titânio/química
Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Coelhos
Tipo de Publ: Estudos de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-658015
Autor: Davi, Letícia Resende; Felipucci, Daniela Nair Borges; Souza, Raphael Freitas de; Bezzon, Osvaldo Luiz; Lovato-Silva, Cláudia Helena; Pagnano, Valéria Oliveira; Paranhos, Helena de Freitas Oliveira.
Título: Effect of denture cleansers on metal ion release and surface roughness of denture base materials
Fonte: Braz. dent. j;23(4):387-393, 2012. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Chemical disinfectants are usually associated with mechanical methods to remove stains and reduce biofilm formation. This study evaluated the effect of disinfectants on release of metal ions and surface roughness of commercially pure titanium, metal alloys, and heat-polymerized acrylic resin, simulating 180 immersion trials. Disk-shaped specimens were fabricated with commercially pure titanium (Tritan), nickel-chromium-molybdenum-titanium (Vi-Star), nickel-chromium (Fit Cast-SB Plus), and nickel-chromium-beryllium (Fit Cast-V) alloys. Each cast disk was invested in the flasks, incorporating the metal disk to the heat-polymerized acrylic resin. The specimens (n=5) were immersed in these solutions: sodium hypochlorite 0.05%, Periogard, Cepacol, Corega Tabs, Medical Interporous, and Polident. Deionized water was used as a control. The quantitative analysis of metal ion release was performed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ELAN DRC II). A surface analyzer (Surftest SJ-201P) was used to measure the surface roughness (µm). Data were recorded before and after the immersions and evaluated by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). The nickel release proved most significant with the Vi-Star and Fit Cast-V alloys after immersion in Medical Interporous. There was a significant difference in surface roughness of the resin (p=0.011) after immersion. Cepacol caused significantly higher resin roughness. The immersion products had no influence on metal roughness (p=0.388). It could be concluded that the tested alloys can be considered safe for removable denture fabrication, but disinfectant solutions as Cepacol and Medical Interporous tablet for daily denture immersion should be used with caution because it caused greater resin surface roughness and greater ion release, respectively.

Desinfetantes químicos são normalmente associados a métodos mecânicos para remover manchas e reduzir a formação do biofilme. Este estudo avaliou o efeito de desinfetantes na liberação de íons metálicos e na rugosidade superficial do titânio comercialmente puro, ligas metálicas e resina acrílica termopolimerizável, simulando 180 ensaios de imersões. Espécimes em formato de discos foram confeccionados com titânio comercialmente puro (Tritan), liga de níquel-cromo-molibdênio-titânio (Vi-Star), liga de níquel-cromo (Fit Cast-SB Plus) e liga de níquel-cromo-berílio (Fit Cast-V). Os espécimes (n=5) foram imersos nestas soluções: hipoclorito de sódio a 0,05%, Periogard, Cepacol, Corega Tabs, Medical Interporous e Polident. Como controle, foi utilizada a água deionizada. A análise quantitativa de liberação de íons metálicos foi realizada por meio de espectrometria de massa com plasma indutivamente acoplado (ELAN DRC II). O rugosímetro (Surftest SJ-201P) foi utilizado para medir a rugosidade superficial (µm). Os dados foram registrados antes e depois das imersões e avaliados por ANOVA com dois fatores e teste de Tukey (α=0,05). A liberação de níquel provou ser mais expressiva nas ligas Vi-Star e Fit Cast-V após a imersão em Medical Interporous. Houve diferença significante na rugosidade superficial da resina (p=0,011) após a imersão. O Cepacol causou maior rugosidade superficial de forma significativa. Os produtos de imersão não influenciaram nos resultados da rugosidade do metal (p=0,388). Pode-se concluir que as ligas metálicas testadas podem ser consideradas seguras para a fabricação de próteses removíveis, mas as soluções desinfetantes como o Cepacol e a pastilha Medical Interporous para a imersão diária da prótese devem ser utilizados com cautela, pois causaram maior rugosidade superficial da resina e maior liberação de íons, respectivamente.
Descritores: Bases de Dentadura
Ligas Dentárias/química
Higienizadores de Dentadura/química
-Resinas Acrílicas/química
Ligas/química
Alumínio/análise
Berílio/análise
Boratos/química
Cetilpiridínio/química
Clorexidina/análogos & derivados
Clorexidina/química
Ligas de Cromo/química
Cromo/análise
Ácido Cítrico/química
Desinfetantes de Equipamento Odontológico/química
Materiais Dentários/química
Teste de Materiais
Metais/análise
Metais/química
Molibdênio/análise
Níquel/análise
Espectrofotometria Atômica
Propriedades de Superfície
Hipoclorito de Sódio/química
Sulfatos/química
Titânio/análise
Titânio/química
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-640498
Autor: Pizarro, Carolina; Donoso-Bravo, Andrés; Jeison, David; Ruiz-Filippi, Gonzalo; Chamy, Rolando.
Título: Biofilm formation for organic matter and sulphate removal in gas-lift reactors
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;14(4):3-3, July 2011. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FONDECYT.
Resumo: A start-up strategy was presented and evaluated to obtain a well-established biofilm in a gas lift-reactor capable both for the removal of organic matter and sulphate. Pumice stone was used as material support. The influence of shear forces, given by the biogas recirculation, the effect of the COD/SO4-2 ratio and the OLRs increase were evaluated on the reactor performance. From the first stages, cell colonization was observed along with the presence of extracellular polymeric substances. The COD and sulphate removal was over 70 percent, for all conditions. The increase of gas flow did not have an adverse effect on biofilm development even though there was some detachment. Specific methanogenic activity of the biofilm increased along the experiments. Operational parameters as alkalinity and alkalinity ratio were within the recommended values for the operation with sulphate-rich wastewater. For gas-lift reactors operation it becomes fundamental to have a suitable start-up strategy that takes into account the initial biofilm development from a non-acclimatized biomass.
Descritores: Biofilmes
Reatores Biológicos
Matéria Orgânica
Sulfatos/metabolismo
-Gases
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-634576
Autor: Torrado Rincón, J. R.; Calixto Gómez, D. M.; Sarmiento Caraballo, A. E.; Panqueva Álvarez, J. H..
Título: Evaluación del molibdato y nitrato sobre bacterias sulfato-reductoras asociadas a procesos de corrosión en sistemas industriales / Evaluation of molybdate and nitrate on sulphate-reducing bacteria related to corrosion processes in industrial systems
Fonte: Rev. argent. microbiol;40(1):52-62, ene.-mar. 2008. graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Se estudió la cinética de crecimiento de bacterias sulfato-reductoras (BSR) y la biotransformación de sulfato a sulfuro de hidrógeno bajo condiciones de laboratorio, para establecer el efecto inhibitorio de sales de molibdato y nitrato de sodio. Los microorganismos estudiados fueron aislados del agua de producción contenida en un sistema de transporte de gas natural, donde se encontraban relacionados con procesos de corrosión influenciada microbiológicamente. Con 5 mM de molibdato se obtuvo una reducción de células libres a niveles no detectables y de seis órdenes de magnitud en las biopelículas, con una disminución del sulfuro de alrededor del 100%. Con 75 mM de nitrato se observó una reducción de cuatro y dos órdenes de magnitud en las células libres y en las adheridas en forma de biopelículas, respectivamente, con una disminución del sulfuro de alrededor del 80%. La reducción de la tasa de corrosión observada sustenta la posibilidad de emplear estas sales como biocidas no convencionales no contaminantes del medio ambiente, para el control y mitigación efectiva de los procesos de biocorrosión interna de tanques de almacenamiento y de líneas de transporte en sistemas industriales de gas natural y petróleo.

The sulfate-reducing bacteria growth kinetics and the biotransformation of sulfate into hydrogen sulfide were studied under laboratory conditions, using batch and continuous assays to determine the effect of molybdate and nitrate as metabolic inhibitors. The microorganisms were isolated from water coming from a natural gas dehydration plant, where they were associated with Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (MIC) processes, and later cultured in planktonic and sessile states. The addition of 5 mM molybdate showed a growth reduction to levels of non - detectable floating cells and a six order of magnitude reduction in biofilms, concomitant with a sulfide decrease of around 100% in all cultures inhibited by this compound. The addition of 75 mM nitrate showed a four order of magnitude reduction in free bacterial cells and a two order of magnitude reduction in adhered bacterial cells, respectively, as well as a sulfide decrease of around 80%. The decreased corrosion rate detected suggests that these inorganic salts could be nonconventional biocides for an effective and environmentally non contaminant way of controlling and mitigating internal biocorrosion processes in storage tanks and pipelines in natural gas and petroleum industrial systems.
Descritores: Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias/metabolismo
Microbiologia Industrial
Molibdênio/farmacologia
Nitratos/farmacologia
Sulfatos/metabolismo
-Corrosão
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: AR1.2 - Instituto de Investigaciónes Epidemiológicas


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Id: lil-634481
Autor: Gili, P.; Marando, G.; Irisarri, J.; Sagardoy, M..
Título: Actividad biológica y enzimática en suelos afectados por sales del Alto Valle de Río Negro y Neuquén / Biological and enzymatic activities in salts affected soils from Alto Valle de Río Negro and Neuquén
Fonte: Rev. argent. microbiol;36(4):187-192, Oct.-Dec. 2004. tab.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: Secretaría de Investigación de la Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Proyecto A063.
Resumo: En el presente trabajo se estudiaron los cambios que provocó el lavado de cinco suelos afectados por sales sobre la actividad biológica (número de bacterias g-1y producción de CO2) y enzimática (catalasa, deshidrogenasa, ureasa y fosfotriesterasa) de los mismos. El lavado disminuyó la conductividad eléctrica (CE) y modificó el tipo de sales dominantes en los suelos. La producción de CO2 y la actividad de la fosfotriesterasa fue significativamente mayor (p<0,05) en un suelo lavado (Torrifluventes Típicos Centenario); el incremento fue del 88% y 71%, respectivamente. Los resultados demostraron que la disminución de la salinidad por lavado no ocasionó comportamientos significativamente diferentes, en la mayoría de los parámetros bióticos estudiados, bajo las condiciones en que se realizó este estudio.

Changes in the biological activity (number of bacteria g-1and CO2 production) and in the enzymatic activity (catalase, deshidrogenase, urease and phosphotriesterase) caused by the leaching of five soils affected by salts have been studied. The leaching decreased the electric conductivity (CE) and modified the type of dominant salts in the soils. Production of CO2and the activity of the phosphotriesterase was significantly higher (p<0,05) in a leached soil (Torrifluventes Typical Centennial); the increment were 88% and 71%, respectively. The results showed that the decrease of the salinity by leaching did not produce significantly different results in most of the biotic parameters analised.
Descritores: Bactérias Aeróbias/isolamento & purificação
Proteínas de Bactérias/análise
Microbiologia do Solo
Sais/análise
Solo/análise
-Argentina
Bactérias Aeróbias/enzimologia
Cálcio/análise
Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Catalase/análise
Cloretos/análise
Oxirredutases/análise
Hidrolases de Triester Fosfórico/análise
Sódio/análise
Sulfatos/análise
Urease/análise
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: AR1.2 - Instituto de Investigaciónes Epidemiológicas


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Id: lil-601840
Autor: Felipucci, Daniela Nair Borges; Davi, Letícia Resende; Paranhos, Helena Freitas Oliveira; Bezzon, Osvaldo Luiz; Silva, Rodrigo Ferreira; Pagnano, Valéria Oliveira.
Título: Effect of different cleansers on the surface of removable partial denture
Fonte: Braz. dent. j;22(5):392-397, 2011. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Removable partial dentures (RPD) demand specific hygienic cleaning and the combination of brushing with immersion in chemical solutions has been the most recommended method for control of biofilm. However, the effect of the cleansers on metallic components has not been widely investigated. This study evaluated the effect of different cleansers on the surface of RPD. Five disc specimens (12 mm x 3 mm metallic disc centered in a 38 x 18 x 4 mm mould filled with resin) were obtained for each experimental situation: 6 solutions [Periogard (PE), Cepacol (CE), Corega Tabs (CT), Medical Interporous (MI), Polident (PO), 0.05 percent sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and distilled water (DW) control] and 2 Co-Cr alloys [DeguDent (DD) and VeraPDI (VPDI)] were used for each experimental situation. A 180-day immersion was simulated and the measurements of roughness (Ra, µm) of metal and resin were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test. The surface changes and tarnishes were examined with a scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). In addition, energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry (EDS) analysis was carried out at representative areas. Visually, NaOCl and MI specimens presented surface tarnishes. The roughness of materials was not affected by the solutions (p>0.05). SEM images showed that NaOCl and MI provided surface changes. EDS analysis revealed the presence of oxygen for specimens in contact with both MI and NaOCl solutions, which might suggest that the two solutions promoted the oxidation of the surfaces, thus leading to spot corrosion. Within the limitations of this study, it may be concluded that the NaOCl and MI may not be suitable for cleaning of RPD.

As próteses parciais removíveis (PPR) exigem higienização específica e a associação da escovação com imersão em soluções químicas tem sido o método mais recomendado para controle do biofilme. Entretanto, os efeitos destas soluções não são amplamente reportados em componentes metálicos. Este estudo avaliou o efeito de diferentes agentes de higienização na superfície dos componentes de uma PPR. Foram confeccionados 5 espécimes (disco metálico de 12 x 3 mm centralizado em uma tira de resina com 38 x 18 x 4 mm) para cada situação experimental: 6 soluções [Periogard (PE), Cepacol (CE), Corega Tabs (CT), Medical Interporous (MI), Polident (PO), hipoclorito de sódio 0,05 por cento (HS) e água destilada (AD) como controle)] e 2 ligas de cobalto-cromo [DeguDent (DD) e Vera PDI (VPDI)] foram utilizadas para cada situação experimental. Foram simuladas imersões de 180 dias. As aferições de rugosidade (Ra, μm) tanto em porção metálica quanto em resina acrílica termopolimerizável foram submetidos ao ANOVA e ao teste de Tukey. As alterações superficiais e manchas foram examinadas por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Áreas de interesse foram submetidas à espectrometria por energia dispersiva por raios X (EDS). Visualmente, puderam ser verificadas manchas nas superfícies metálicas quando utilizados HS e MI. A rugosidade dos materiais não foi afetada pelas soluções (p>0,05). As fotomicrografias evidenciaram que HS e MI ocasionaram alterações superficiais. As análises de EDS revelaram a presença de oxigênio nos grupos HS e MI, o que pode sugerir que estas duas soluções causaram oxidação das superfícies, provocando pontos de corrosão. Dentre as limitações do presente estudo, pode-se concluir que estas soluções não são apropriadas para a higienização das PPR.
Descritores: Resinas Acrílicas/química
Ligas de Cromo/química
Prótese Parcial Removível
Materiais Dentários/química
Higienizadores de Dentadura/química
-Boratos/química
Corrosão
Cetilpiridínio/química
Clorexidina/análogos & derivados
Clorexidina/química
Ácido Cítrico/química
Imersão
Teste de Materiais
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
Oxirredução
Oxigênio/análise
Espectrometria por Raios X
Propriedades de Superfície
Hipoclorito de Sódio/química
Sulfatos/química
Fatores de Tempo
Limites: Seres Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Ensaio Clínico Controlado Aleatório
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-563734
Autor: López-Luzardo, Michelle.
Título: Las dietas hiperproteicas y sus consecuencias metabólicas / Hiperproteicas diets and metabolic consequences
Fonte: An. venez. nutr;22(2):95-104, 2009. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El consumo excesivo de proteínas produce un incremento en la excreción neta de ácidos, lo cual a su vez aumenta la excreción urinaria de calcio. Los efectos de la dieta sobre la excreción urinaria de ácidos y de calcio no sólo dependen de la cantidad de proteínas, sino que también pueden ser modificados por otros constituyentes de la alimentación, tales como el potasio y los equivalentes alcalinos de bicarbonato contenidos en las frutas y hortalizas. La deficiencia de estas bases de potasio en la dieta aumenta la carga ácida sistémica producida por las proteínas. En consecuencia, el resultado de una ingesta elevada en proteínas o bien deficiente en frutas y hortalizas es la generación de acidosis metabólica crónica, la cual, aún siendo de bajo grado, tiene efectos deletéreos sobre el organismo, incluyendo retardo del crecimiento en niños, disminución de la masa ósea y muscular en adultos, y formación de cálculos renales. En la presente revisión se resumen las evidencias actuales en relación a los efectos de las dietas hiperproteicas sobre distintos órganos y sistemas incluyendo el metabolismo hidroelectrolítico y ácido base, el metabolismo óseo, la función renal y la función endocrina. Asimismo se mencionan los aspectos particulares que influyen de un modo especial en los gupos de las edades extremas de la vida, los niños y los ancianos.

High protein intake produces an increase in net acid excretion, which in turn leads to an increase in urinary calcium. Effects of diet in urinary acid and calcium excretion depend not only on the protein content, but also may be modified by other constituents such as potassium and alkali equivalents of bicarbonate present in fruits and vegetables. Diets deficient in these potassium bases increase the acid load imposed by proteins. In consequence, diets with a high protein intake or poor in fruits and vegetables produce a low-grade systemic metabolic acidosis which exerts deleterious effects on the body, including growth retardation in children, decreased muscle and bone mass in adults, and kidney stone formation. This review intends to summarize the present evidence in relation to the effects of high protein diets in different organs and systems including hydroelectrolytic and acid base metabolism, bone metabolism, renal and endocrine function. Particular aspects that may exert a special influence in life extremes as childhood and old age are also addressed.
Descritores: Fosfatos/metabolismo
Proteínas na Dieta/efeitos adversos
Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo
Sulfatos/metabolismo
-Nutrição em Saúde Pública
Ácidos Orgânicos
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: VE1.1 - Biblioteca Humberto Garcia Arocha


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Id: lil-559589
Autor: Gatica Arias, Andrés M; Muñoz Valverde, Jenny; Ramírez Fonseca, Pilar; Valdez Melara, Marta.
Título: In vitro plant regeneration system for common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris): effect of N6-benzylaminopurine and adenine sulphate / Sistema de regeneración de plantas in vitro para el frijol común (Phaseolus vulgaris): efecto del frl sulfato N6-bencilaminopurina y adenina
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;13(1):6-7, Jan. 2010. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: University of Costa Rica; . (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas.
Resumo: A method for regeneration of the commercially important common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris ) using N6-benzylaminopurine(BAP) and adenine sulphate (AS) was established. Embryogenic axes of the Costa Rican common bean cultivars Bribrí, Brunca, Guaymí, Huetar and Telire were cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 100 mgl-1 myo-inositol, 1 mgl-1 thiamine, 30 gl-1 sucrose, BAP (0, 5 and 10 mgl-1), AS (0, 20 and 40 mgl-1) and 8 gl-1 agar. Regardless of the concentration of BAP and AS in the induction medium, the number of shoots and leaves differed significantly among the common bean cultivars evaluated. The higher average of shoots was obtained for Brunca > Telire > Bribrí > Guaymí > Huetar. Moreover, independently of the cultivar, the induction medium supplemented with 5 mgl-1 BAP and 20 or 40 mgl-1 AS resulted in the higher average of shoots formation. Culture of Bribrí, Brunca, Guaymí, Huetar and Telire embryogenic axes on induction medium supplemented with different BAP and AS resulted in a differential response. Successful acclimatization of common bean in vitro plants were achieved in the greenhouse, and plants appeared morphologically normal. The regeneration system developed in this investigation for this important crop could be a useful tool for the genetic modification through mutagenesis or genetic transformation.
Descritores: Phaseolus/anatomia & histologia
Phaseolus
Phaseolus/metabolismo
-Adenina/administração & dosagem
Adenina/uso terapêutico
Estruturas Vegetais
Sulfatos/metabolismo
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central



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