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Id: biblio-1053475
Autor: Lin, Chenqiang; Jia, Xianbo; Fang, Yu; Chen, Longjun; Zhang, Hui; Lin, Rongbin; Chen, Jichen.
Título: Enhanced production of prodigiosin by Serratia marcescens FZSF02 in the form of pigment pellets
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;40:58-64, July. 2019. graf, tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Scientific Research in the Public Interest of Fujian Province; . Science and Technology Innovation Team Program of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences; . Finance Support of Fujian China.
Resumo: Background: Prodigiosin has been demonstrated to be an important candidate in investigating anticancer drugs and in many other applications in recent years. However, industrial production of prodigiosin has not been achieved. In this study, we found a prodigiosin-producing strain, Serratia marcescens FZSF02, and its fermentation strategies were studied to achieve the maximum yield of prodigiosin. Results: When the culture medium consisted of 16.97 g/L of peanut powder, 16.02 g/L of beef extract, and 11.29 mL/L of olive oil, prodigiosin reached a yield of 13.622 ± 236 mg/L after culturing at 26 °C for 72 h. Furthermore, when 10 mL/L olive oil was added to the fermentation broth at the 24th hour of fermentation, the maximum prodigiosin production of 15,420.9 mg/L was obtained, which was 9.3-fold higher than the initial level before medium optimization. More than 60% of the prodigiosin produced with this optimized fermentation strategy was in the form of pigment pellets. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on this phenomenon of pigment pellet formation, which made it much easier to extract prodigiosin at low cost. Prodigiosin was then purified and identified by absorption spectroscopy, HPLC, and LCMS. Purified prodigiosin obtained in this study showed anticancer activity in separate experiments on several human cell cultures: A549, K562, HL60, HepG2, and HCT116. Conclusions: This is a promising strain for producing prodigiosin. The prodigiosin has potential in anticancer medicine studies.
Descritores: Prodigiosina/biossíntese
Prodigiosina/farmacologia
Serratia marcescens/metabolismo
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia
-Arachis/química
Pós
Prodigiosina/isolamento & purificação
Espectrometria de Massas
Células Tumorais Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Cromatografia Líquida
Técnicas de Cultura de Células
Fermentação
Azeite de Oliva/química
Acetatos
Nitrogênio
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1121037
Autor: Rodas-Pernillo, Evelyn; Vasquez-Moscoso, Camila A; García, Ovidio F.
Título: Dinámica del consumo y aporte de nutrientes de fitoplancton, dominado por Microcystis sp. (Cyanophyceae) del lago de Amatitlán / Dynamics of the consumption and nutrient supply of phytoplankton, dominated by Microcystis sp. (Cyanophyceae) of Lake Amatitlán
Fonte: Cienc. tecnol. salud;7(1):129-136, 2020. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El impacto antrópico cercano al lago de Amatitlán ha generado niveles altos de eutrofización que conllevan cambios en la dinámica del ecosistema. Uno de ellos es la proliferación de cianobacterias del género Microcystis que pueden llegar a ser perjudiciales para la fauna y flora de lugar e incluso para los seres humanos. Se presenta el caso de cultivo de un consorcio de fitoplancton, tomado directamente del lago y llevado al laboratorio en condiciones controladas, para medir su consumo y aporte de nitrógeno y fósforo, además de los cambios en los factores fisicoquímicos y la biomasa. Se observó la presencia de diatomeas del genero Nitszchia y cianobacterias como Dolichospermum, con una marcada dominancia de Microcystis sp. Se analizó el porcentaje de cambio en la concentración de nutrientes. Los resultados indican que hubo un aumento en las concentraciones de amonio, nitrato y nitrógeno inorgánico disuelto, mientras que disminuyó el nitrógeno total, el fósforo total y los ortofosfatos. Esto indica que hay aporte de nitrógeno inorgánico, consumo de fósforo y nitrógeno orgánico. El fósforo parece ser el nutriente limitante, ya que, al consumirse en un 90 % la biomasa empieza a decrecer.

The anthropic impact near lake Amatitlán has generated high levels of eutrophication that lead to changes in ecosystem dynamics. One of them is the proliferation of cyanobacteria of the genus Microcystis that can be harmful to the fauna and flora of the place and even to humans. The case of cultivation of a phytoplankton consortium, taken directly from the lake and taken to the laboratory under controlled conditions, to measure its consumption and contribution of nitrogen and phosphorus, in addition to changes in physicochemical factors and biomass is presented. The presence of diatoms of the genus Nitszchia and cyanobacteria such as Dolichospermum was detected, with a marked dominance of Microcystis sp. The percentage change in nutrient concentration was analyzed. The results indicated that there was an increase in the amounts of dissolved inorganic ammonium, nitrate and nitrogen, while total nitrogen, total phosphorus and orthophosphates decreased. This indicates that there is contribution of inorganic nitrogen, consumption of phosphorus and organic nitrogen. Phosphorus seems to be the limiting nutrient, since, when consumed by 90 %, biomass begins to decrease.
Descritores: Lagos/análise
Cianobactérias
Microcystis
-Fósforo/análise
Fitoplâncton
Eutrofização
Nitrogênio/análise
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: GT49.1


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Id: biblio-1128483
Autor: Battiston, J; Henrique, D. S; Mayer, L. R. R; Kölln, R. S; Fluck, A. C; Oliveira, J. G; Schneider, A. E; Fioreli, A. B; Fernandes, R. A. A.
Título: Composição química e cinética de degradação ruminal in vitro de aveia branca cv. URS guapa sob diferentes níveis de adubação nitrogenada / Chemical compounds and kinects of in vitro ruminal degradation of white oats URS Guapa under distinct levels of nitrogen fertilization
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online);72(2):581-589, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Avaliaram-se as doses de nitrogênio 0, 60, 120 e 240kg ha-1 sobre a composição bromatológica e os parâmetros da cinética de degradação ruminal da aveia branca obtida de dois anos de cultivo (2013-2014). Foram realizadas as análises de matéria seca, matéria mineral (MM), proteína bruta (PB), extrato etéreo, fibra em detergente neutro (aFDNmo), lignina, carboidratos solúveis (CHOs) e proteína insolúvel em detergente ácido (PIDA). Não foi observado efeito da adubação nitrogenada sobre as variáveis em nenhum dos anos de cultivo. As variáveis bromatológicas foram influenciadas pelos fatores ambientais. A cinética de degradação ruminal foi correspondente à composição bromatológica. No ano de 2013, foram observados valores superiores para as variáveis PB, MM, PIDA, CHOs e carboidratos não fibrosos, o que influenciou positivamente nos parâmetros da cinética de produção de gás in vitro, Vf 1 e k 2. A composição da cultivar em 2014 tendeu a maiores teores de aFDNmo, lignina e carboidratos totais e a valores superiores para os parâmetros Vf 2 e L. O parâmetro k 1 não foi significativo nos períodos avaliados. Em 2014 o valor nutritivo foi negativamente influenciado pelo atraso na semeadura e pela soma de períodos de restrição hídrica combinados com a elevação da temperatura.(AU)

Doses of Nitrogen were evaluated: 0, 60, 120 and 240kg ha-1 on the chemical composition and rumen degradation kinetics of white oats obtained from two consecutive years (2013-2014). For nutritional characterization the following parameters were analyzed: dry matter; ash, crude protein, ethereal extract, neutral detergent fiber, lignin, soluble carbohydrates and insoluble acid detergent protein. No effect of nitrogen fertilization was observed on the variables analyzed in any of the growing years. The nutritional variables were influenced by environmental factors that occurred in the respective experimental periods and the parameters of ruminal degradation kinetics corresponded to the effects in these compounds. In year 2013, higher values were observed for the variables crude protein, ash, insoluble acid detergent protein, soluble CHO and no fibrous carbohydrates, resulting in higher values also for the in vitro gas production kinetics, Vf1 and k2. Nutritional contents in 2014 tended to higher levels of NDF, lignin and total carbohydrates, and higher values for the parameters Vf2 and L. The parameter k1 was not significant in any of the experimental periods evaluated. In 2014 the forage has its nutritive value negatively influenced by the delay in sowing and the periods of water restriction combined with higher temperatures.(AU)
Descritores: Rúmen/metabolismo
Carboidratos da Dieta/metabolismo
Avena/química
Nitrogênio
-Técnicas In Vitro
Cinética
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1128427
Autor: Ribeiro, A. D. B; Ferraz Junior, M. V. C; Polizel, D. M; Miszura, A. A; Barroso, J. P. R; Cunha, A. R; Souza, T. T; Ferreira, E. M; Susin, I; Pires, A. V.
Título: Effect of thyme essential oil on rumen parameters, nutrient digestibility, and nitrogen balance in wethers fed high concentrate diets / Efeito do óleo essencial de tomilho sobre os parâmetros ruminais, a digestibilidade dos nutrientes e o balanço de nitrogênio em borregos alimentados com elevado teor de concentrado
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online);72(2):573-580, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This trial aimed to evaluate the effects of thyme essential oils (EO) on rumen parameters, nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in wethers fed with high-concentrate diet. Twenty rumen-cannulated wethers were blocked according to body weight (BW= 64.0±2.1kg), and received one of the following treatments: 25mg of monensin/kg of dry matter (DM; MON) or doses of thyme EO (1.25, 2.50 or 3.75g/kg of DM). The diet was composed of 90% concentrate. Thyme EO was composed mainly by thymol (46.6% of DM) and p-cymene (38.9% of DM). The nutrient intake and apparent digestibility were similar among treatments. The inclusion of 3.75g of thyme EO tended (P= 0.07) to increase butyrate compared to MON and 1.25OE and wethers fed with 1.25g of thyme EO tended (P= 0.07) to decrease ruminal pH on the 14th day compared to MON. The treatments did not affect acetate:propionate ratio, total short chain fatty acids (SCFA) and nitrogen retention. Results from this study suggest that adding thyme EO to high-concentrate diets may be used as an alternative to monensin as feed additive in feedlot lambs.(AU)

O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os efeitos do óleo essencial (OE) de tomilho nos parâmetros ruminais, na digestibilidade e no balanço de nitrogênio em borregos alimentados com elevado teor de concentrado. Vinte borregos providos de cânulas ruminais foram blocados de acordo com o peso corporal (PC=64,0±2,1kg) e receberam um dos tratamentos: 25mg de monensina/kg de matéria seca (MS; MON) ou doses de OE de tomilho (1,25; 2,50 ou 3,75g/kg de MS). A dieta foi composta por 90% de concentrado. A composição do OE de tomilho foi principalmente timol (46,6% da MS) e p-cimeno (38,9% da MS). A ingestão e a digestibilidade dos nutrientes foram semelhantes entre os tratamentos. A inclusão de 3,75g de OE de tomilho tendeu (P=0,07) a aumentar o butirato em relação aos tratamentos MON e 1,25OE. Os borregos alimentados com 1,25g de OE tenderam (P=0,07) a apresentar menor pH ruminal no 14º dia comparado a MON. No entanto, os tratamentos não afetaram a relação acetato:propionato, concentração total de ácidos graxos de cadeia curta e retenção de nitrogênio. Os resultados sugerem que a adição de OE de tomilho em dietas com elevado teor de concentrado pode ser uma alternativa à monensina como aditivo alimentar para cordeiros em confinamento.(AU)
Descritores: Rúmen/química
Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem
Ovinos/metabolismo
Thymus (Planta)/química
Nitrogênio
-Monensin
Aditivos Alimentares
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1089077
Autor: Kessi-Pérez, Eduardo I; Molinet, Jennifer; Martínez, Claudio.
Título: Disentangling the genetic bases of Saccharomyces cerevisiae nitrogen consumption and adaptation to low nitrogen environments in wine fermentation
Fonte: Biol. Res;53:02, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Universidad de Santiago de Chile; . CONICYT/FONDECYT.
Resumo: The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been considered for more than 20 years as a premier model organ- ism for biological sciences, also being the main microorganism used in wide industrial applications, like alcoholic fermentation in the winemaking process. Grape juice is a challenging environment for S. cerevisiae , with nitrogen deficiencies impairing fermentation rate and yeast biomass production, causing stuck or sluggish fermentations, thus generating sizeable economic losses for wine industry. In the present review, we summarize some recent efforts in the search of causative genes that account for yeast adaptation to low nitrogen environments, specially focused in wine fermentation conditions. We start presenting a brief perspective of yeast nitrogen utilization under wine fermentative conditions, highlighting yeast preference for some nitrogen sources above others. Then, we give an outlook of S. cerevisiae genetic diversity studies, paying special attention to efforts in genome sequencing for population structure determination and presenting QTL mapping as a powerful tool for phenotype-genotype correlations. Finally, we do a recapitulation of S. cerevisiae natural diversity related to low nitrogen adaptation, specially showing how different studies have left in evidence the central role of the TORC1 signalling pathway in nitrogen utilization and positioned wild S. cerevisiae strains as a reservoir of beneficial alleles with potential industrial applications (e.g. improvement of industrial yeasts for wine production). More studies focused in disentangling the genetic bases of S. cerevisiae adaptation in wine fermentation will be key to determine the domestication effects over low nitrogen adaptation, as well as to definitely proof that wild S. cerevisiae strains have potential genetic determinants for better adaptation to low nitrogen conditions.
Descritores: Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
Vinho/microbiologia
Adaptação Fisiológica
Vitis/metabolismo
Fermentação
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
-Saccharomyces cerevisiae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Vitis/microbiologia
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-522375
Autor: Tucci, Carlos Alberto Franco; Lima, Hedinaldo Narciso; Lessa, Josimar Ferreira.
Título: Adubação nitrogenada na produção de mudas de mogno (Swietenia macrophylla King) / Nitrogen fertilization in the production of seedlings of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King)
Fonte: Acta amaz;39(2):289-293, 2009. graf, tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Estudos sobre aspectos silviculturais de espécies florestais nativas da Amazônia são escassos, principalmente aqueles que visam a identificar técnicas de cultivo para a produção de mudas. O trabalho foi realizado objetivando avaliar efeitos de doses crescentes de N no desenvolvimento de mudas de mogno. O estudo consistiu de sete tratamentos, correspondentes à doses crescentes e equivalentes a 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 e 120 g N ton-1 de substrato, utilizando-se uréia como fonte de N. Os tratamentos foram distribuídos em delineamento experimental de blocos casualizados, com oito repetições. Noventa dias após a repicagem foram avaliadas as seguintes características: altura de planta, diâmetro do caule, matéria seca das raízes, do caule, das folhas e total. Também se avaliou o conteúdo de N, P, K, Ca e Mg nas folhas. Os resultados mostraram que a dose de máxima eficiência física correspondeu a 61,5 g N ton-1 de substrato; o nível crítico de N para a parte aérea é de 27 g kg-1 e a dose para atingí-lo de 57,5 g N ton-1 de substrato. Observou-se também que na dose de 120 g N ton-1 houve efeito negativo da adubação nitrogenada sobre as características de crescimento avaliadas. Estes resultados indicam que as características de desenvolvimento e de acumulação de nutrientes pelas mudas de mogno foram influenciadas positivamente por doses crescentes de N, contudo na dose máxima utilizada neste estudo 120 g N ton-1, houve efeito negativo; a adubação nitrogenada resultou em aumento no conteúdo de N, P e Ca nas folhas; a dose de N recomendada para a produção de mudas de mogno, em substratos com características semelhantes ao empregado neste estudo, é de 57,5 g N ton-1 de substrato.

Studies on silvicultural aspects of native forest species of the Amazon Rainforest are scarce, mainly those that seek to establish cultivation techniques for production of seedlings. The current work had the objective of evaluating the effects of growing levels of N in the development of mahogany seedlings. The treatments were seven growing doses that were equivalent to the application of: 0; 20; 40; 80; 100 and 120 g N ton-1 of the substratum. The source of N was urea. The experimental design was randomized blocks with eight repetitions. Evaluations were accomplished after 90 days of transplanting where it was observed answers to the growing doses of N for the diameter of stem, dry matter of the leaves and for total content of N, P, K, Ca and Mg of the leaves. The recommendation of nitrogen fertilization for the production of mahogany seedlings is of 57,5 g N ton-1 of the substratum as a first approach.
Descritores: Ecossistema Amazônico
Nitrogênio
Responsável: BR6.1 - BCS - Biblioteca de Ciências da Saúde


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Id: biblio-1122182
Autor: Alves, Bruna Gomes; Martins, Cristian Marlon de Magalhães Rodrigues; Sousa, Dannylo de Oliveira; Arcari, Marcos André; Rennó, Francisco Palma; Santos, Marcos Veiga.
Título: Levels and degradability of crude protein in digestive metabolism and performance of dairy cows / Níveis e degradabilidade da proteína bruta no metabolismo digestivo e desempenho de vacas leiteiras
Fonte: Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online);57(3):e168157, 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo).
Resumo: Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of the level and degradability of crude protein (CP) on the digestive metabolism and productive performance of dairy cows. In both experiments, 15 Holstein cows with 585 ± 40 kg of body weight were distributed in a Latin square design with five contemporary squares, three periods of 21 days and three treatments. In experiment 1, treatments consisted of three CP levels (130, 160 or 180 g CP/kg DM), while in experiment 2, the treatments consisted of three levels of rumen degradable protein (RDP; 80, 100 or 120 g RDP/kg DM) in diets with average of 163 g CP/kg DM. Variables evaluated in both experiments were dry matter intake (DMI), total apparent digestibility, milk yield (MY) and composition, ruminal fermentation and N balance. In experiment 1, the increase of CP from 130 to 180 linearly increased the organic matter, CP, neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF) intake (kg) and the apparent total digestibility coefficient of DM and CP. In addition, a linear increase of MY, fat corrected milk (FCM) and daily production of fat, protein, lactose, casein and total solids was observed. A linear increase in ruminal ammoniacal nitrogen (NH3-N) concentration and nitrogen excretion in milk, feces and urine was also observed. However, there was no observed effect on SCFA concentration. In experiment 2, the increase of the RDP from 80 to 120 increased the DMI, MY, FCM, milk protein content and digestibility coefficient of the NDF, ADF and ethereal extract. Additionally, there was an increase in NH3-N concentration and milk nitrogen excretion. The studies indicated that the increase of CP content up to 100 g RDP/kg DM increased the DMI and the productive performance of the cows, but also increased urine N. Thus, it is desirable that the increase of the CP through the increase of the RDP is carried out up to 100 g of RDP/kg DM, since there is elimination of nitrogen, decrease of milk yield and decrease of propionic acid in values above that level.(AU)

Dois experimentos foram realizados com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito do nível e da degradabilidade da proteína bruta (PB) no metabolismo digestivo e no desempenho produtivo de vacas leiteiras. Nos dois experimentos, 15 vacas da raça Holandesa com 585 ± 40 kg de peso corporal foram distribuídas em delineamento do tipo quadrado latino com cinco quadrados contemporâneos, sendo três períodos de 21 dias e três tratamentos. No experimento 1, os tratamentos consistiram de três níveis de PB (130, 160 ou 180 g CP/kg de MS), enquanto que no experimento 2, os tratamentos consistiram de três níveis de proteína degradável no rúmen (PDR; 80, 100 ou 120 g de PDR/kg MS) em dietas com média de 163 g CP/kg MS. As variáveis avaliadas nos dois experimentos foram: consumo de matéria seca (CMS), digestibilidade aparente total, produção e composição do leite (PL), fermentação ruminal e balanço de N. No experimento 1, o aumento da PB de 130 para 180 aumentou linearmente o consumo de matéria orgânica, PB, fibra detergente neutro (FDN), fibra em detergente ácido (ADF) (kg) e o aparente coeficiente de digestibilidade total de MS e PB. Além disso, foi observado um aumento linear da PL, leite corrigido para gordura (LCG) e produção diária de gordura, proteína, lactose, caseína e sólidos totais. Também foi observado aumento linear na concentração de nitrogênio amoniacal ruminal (N-NH3) e excreção de nitrogênio no leite, fezes e urina. No entanto, não foi observado efeito na concentração de ácidos graxos de cadeia curta. No experimento 2, o aumento do PDR de 80 para 120 aumentou o CMS, PL, LCG, teor de proteína do leite e o coeficiente de digestibilidade do FDN, FDA e extrato etéreo. Além disso, houve aumento na concentração de N-NH3 e excreção de nitrogênio no leite. Os estudos indicaram que o aumento do teor de PB em até 100 g RDP/kg de MS aumentou o CMS e o desempenho produtivo das vacas, mas também aumentou o N urinário. Assim, é desejável que o aumento da PB através do aumento da PDR seja realizado até 100 g de PDR/kg de MS, uma vez que há eliminação de nitrogênio, diminuição da produção de leite e diminuição do ácido propiônico em valores acima desse nível.(AU)
Descritores: Rúmen
Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo
Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo
Fermentação
Nitrogênio/administração & dosagem
Limites: Animais
Feminino
Bovinos
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-886773
Autor: CORDEIRO, RAQUEL S; VAZ, IZABELA C D; MAGALHÃES, SÉRGIA M S; BARBOSA, FRANCISCO A R.
Título: Effects of nutritional conditions on lipid production by cyanobacteria
Fonte: An. acad. bras. ciênc;89(3,supl):2021-2031, 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico; . Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais.
Resumo: ABSTRACT The present study evaluated the effects of the culturing media and the levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on the growth, biomass productivity and lipid production of four species of Microcystis (M. novacekii, M. aeruginosa, M panniformis and M. protocystis). The lipid extract was obtained by refluxing with dichloromethane (Soxhlet). The biomass and biomass productivity yields were maximized with ASM-1 medium treatment enriched with nitrogen and/or phosphorus (0.25-0.65 g/L and 25-50.7 mg/L d-1, respectively). The lipid extract yields from M. panniformis and M. novacekii were inversely correlated with the concentration of nitrogen and directly correlated with the concentration of phosphorus (35.8 % and 31.7 %). The lipid extract yield from M. aeruginosa was inversely correlated with the nutrient concentration (23.3 %). M. protocystis exhibited a higher lipid content in the control medium (41.5 %) than in the nitrogen-enriched media. The recorded results show that a nutrient-poor culture medium favours cell growth and stimulates lipid accumulation, which directly affects the cost of cultivation by reducing nutrient consumption. All studied species may serve as biomass sources for biodiesel production, although M. protocystis exhibited the highest lipid production. Further studies are necessary to determine the composition of the recorded lipid extract.
Descritores: Biocombustíveis/microbiologia
Lipídeos/biossíntese
-Fósforo/metabolismo
Cianobactérias/química
Biomassa
Meios de Cultura/farmacologia
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-886707
Autor: WANG, CONGYAN; LIU, JUN; ZHOU, JIAWEI.
Título: N deposition affects allelopathic potential of Amaranthus retroflexus with different distribution regions
Fonte: An. acad. bras. ciênc;89(2):919-926, Apr.-June 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Open Science Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, China.
Resumo: ABSTRACT This study aims to determine the allelopathic potential of Amaranthus retroflexus (Ar) with different climatic zones on seed germination and growth of A. tricolor (At) treated with a gradient N addition. Ar leaf extracts only displayed significantly allelopathic potential on the underground growth of Ar but not the aboveground growth of At. The allelopathic potential of Ar leaf extracts on root length of At were enhanced under N addition and there may be a N-concentration-dependent relationship. The effects of the extracts of Ar leaves that collected from Zhenjiang on seed germination and growth of At may be higher than that collected from Jinan especially on root length of At under medium N addition. This reason may be the contained higher concentration of secondary metabolites for the leaves of plants that growths in high latitudes compare with that growth in low latitudes. This phenomenon may also partly be attributed to the fact that Ar originated in America and/or south-eastern Asia which have higher similarity climate conditions as Zhenjiang rather than Jinan. The allelopathic potential of Ar on seed germination and growth of acceptor species may play an important role in its successful invasion especially in the distribution region with low latitudes.
Descritores: Amaranthus/fisiologia
Amaranthus/química
Alelopatia/fisiologia
Nitrogênio/química
-Sementes/fisiologia
Sementes/química
Extratos Vegetais/química
China
Análise de Variância
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Folhas de Planta/química
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: biblio-886906
Autor: SILVA, GLÁUCIA ALVES E; SIQUEIRA, JOSÉ O; STÜRMER, SIDNEY L; MOREIRA, FATIMA M S.
Título: Effectiveness of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Isolates from the Land Uses of Amazon Region in Symbiosis with Cowpea
Fonte: An. acad. bras. ciênc;90(1):357-371, Mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi provide several ecosystem services, including increase in plant growth and nutrition. The occurrence, richness, and structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi communities are influenced by human activities, which may affect the functional benefits of these components of the soil biota. In this study, 13 arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi isolates originating from soils with different land uses in the Alto Solimões-Amazon region were evaluated regarding their effect on growth, nutrition, and cowpea yield in controlled conditions using two soils. Comparisons with reference isolates and a mixture of isolates were also performed. Fungal isolates exhibited a wide variability associated with colonization, sporulation, production of aboveground biomass, nitrogen and phosphorus uptake, and grain yield, indicating high functional diversity within and among fungal species. A generalized effect of isolates in promoting phosphorus uptake, increase in biomass, and cowpea yield was observed in both soils. The isolates of Glomus were the most efficient and are promising isolates for practical inoculation programs. No relationship was found between the origin of fungal isolate (i.e. land use) and their symbiotic performance in cowpea.
Descritores: Solo/química
Microbiologia do Solo
Simbiose/fisiologia
Micorrizas/isolamento & purificação
Micorrizas/fisiologia
Vigna/crescimento & desenvolvimento
-Fósforo/análise
Fatores de Tempo
Brasil
Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
Biodiversidade
Vigna/microbiologia
Nitrogênio/análise
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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