||Martins-Ferreira, H; Ribeiro, L. J. C.|
||Biphasic effects of gap junctional uncoupling agents on the propagation of retinal spreading depression|
||Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;28(9):991-4, Sept. 1995. graf.
||Apresentado em: Encontro Anual da Federaçäo de Sociedades de Biologia Experimental, 10, Serra Negra, Aug. 23-26, 1995.
||The spreading depression wave of Leäo (SD) propagates in the nervous tissue at 3-10 mm/min and is a accompanied by an increase of intracellular Ca²+ concentration and a decrease in the extracellular milieu. Recently the spread of Ca²+ waves with propagating velocities of the same order of magnitude has been detected in cultures of nerve cells. It has been suggested that these waves, which can be blocked by gap junctional agents, are related to SD. The present experiments describe some effects of heptanol and octanol (10µM to 10mM), well-known uncoupling agents of gap junctions, on the slow voltage changes and the velocity of propagation of Leäo's phenomenon in isolated chick retina: 1) a 50 to 700 µM concentration of these alcohols in the superfusate solutions increased the velocity, whereas high concentration (1 to 10 mM) decreased and subsequently halted the spread; 2) the recovery period of the slow voltage changes of SD was shorter in the presence of alcohol and its amplitude was larger during faster SD waves. These effects were observed in the retina during successive individual waves as well as in the course of circling SD. All of these effects were reversible, without any sign of damage to the retina. In the concentration range of 50 µM, methanol, ethanol, butanol and cyclo-hexanol had no effect on retinal SD. These data suggest the involvement of gap junctions in Leäo's wave. This involvement is complex and its functional effects together with other factors that influence the velocity of propagation of SD sre being investigated|
Depressão Alastrante da Atividade Elétrica Cortical/fisiologia
Técnicas In Vitro
||-Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular|
Depressão Alastrante da Atividade Elétrica Cortical
||BR1.1 - BIREME|