Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : D02.033.415.600 [Categoria DeCS]
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-589035
Autor: Laporta, Gabriel Z; Sallum, Maria Anice M.
Título: Effect of CO2 and 1-octen-3-ol attractants for estimating species richness and the abundance of diurnal mosquitoes in the southeastern Atlantic forest, Brazil
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;106(3):279-284, May 2011. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP; . CNPq; . FAPESP.
Resumo: Studies have shown that both carbon dioxide (CO2) and octenol (1-octen-3-ol) are effective attractants for mosquitoes. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the attractiveness of 1-octen-3-ol and CO2 for diurnal mosquitoes in the southeastern Atlantic forest. A Latin square experimental design was employed with four treatments: CDC-light trap (CDC-LT), CDC-LT and 1-octen-3-ol, CDC-LT and CO2 and CDC-LT with 1-octen-3-ol and CO2. Results demonstrated that both CDC-CO2 and CDC-CO2-1-octen-3-ol captured a greater number of mosquito species and specimens compared to CDC-1-octen-3-ol; CDC-LT was used as the control. Interestingly, Anopheles (Kerteszia) sp. was generally attracted to 1-octen-3-ol, whereas Aedes serratus was the most abundant species in all Latin square collections. This species was recently shown to be competent to transmit the yellow fever virus and may therefore play a role as a disease vector in rural areas of Brazil.
Descritores: Dióxido de Carbono
Culicidae
Insetos Vetores
Octanóis
Feromônios
-Brasil
Densidade Demográfica
Árvores
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
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Id: lil-512669
Autor: Torres-Estrada, José Luis; Rodríguez, Mario H.
Título: Señales físico químicas involucradas en la búsqueda de hospederos y en la inducción de picadura por mosquitos: [revisión] / Physic-chemical signals involved in host localization and induction of disease vector mosquito bites: [review]
Fonte: Salud pública Méx;45(6):497-505, nov.-dic. 2003. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Las hembras de los mosquitos vectores de enfermedades utilizan señales físicas y químicas para localizar su fuente de alimentación sanguínea en hospederos vertebrados. Los mosquitos zoofílicos responden preferentemente al CO2 y al octenol liberados en la respiración y excreciones, mientras que los mosquitos antropofílicos responden al ácido láctico y a una variedad de compuestos del sudor. Estos compuestos son modificados por microrganismos saprófitos de las glándulas sebáceas de la piel. Otros factores presentes en las viviendas contribuyen a la integración de microsistemas constituidos por olores característicos, que explican los diferentes niveles de atracción de mosquitos y la focalización de la transmisión del paludismo a una porción de casas en localidades de áreas endémicas. La identificación de estos atrayentes químicos y sus moléculas receptoras en mosquitos puede ser utilizada como complemento de nuevos métodos para la vigilancia epidemiológica, para atraer a los mosquitos a trampas de colecta o para incrementar su contacto con insecticidas usados en su control, así como en la manipulación genética para desviar las picaduras de los mosquitos hacia otros hospederos vertebrados.

Disease vector female mosquitoes respond to physic-chemical signals to localize vertebrate hosts for blood meals. Zoophylic mosquitoes preferentially respond to CO2 and octenol released in the breath and bodily fluids, while anthropophylic mosquitoes respond to lactic acid and a variety of sweat compounds. These compounds are modified by saprophytic microorganisms in the skin sebaceous glands. Other factors present in human dwellings contribute to the integration of microsystems with characteristic odors that have different attraction for mosquitoes, explaining the focalization of malaria transmission in few households in endemic areas. The identification of the chemical attractants and their molecular receptors could be used to complement new methods to attract mosquitoes to traps during epidemiological surveys, to increase their contact with insecticides in control interventions, and for genetic manipulation to divert mosquito bites towards other animal populations.
Descritores: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Culicidae/fisiologia
Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos
-Dióxido de Carbono
Fenômenos Químicos
Físico-Química
Ácidos Graxos
Ácido Láctico
Octanóis
Odorantes
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele
Pele/microbiologia
Limites: Animais
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-460245
Autor: Gama, Renata Antonaci; Andrade, Andrey José de; Andrade, Mateus Ramos de; Resende, Marcelo Carvalho de; Eiras, Álvaro Eduardo.
Título: Avaliação da armadilha HP iscada com diferentes taxas de liberação de octenol na captura de anofelinos (Diptera: Culicidae) em Brejo do Mutambal, Município de Varzelândia, Estado de Minas Gerais / Evaluation of the HP trap baited with different release rates of octenol for capturing anophelines (Diptera: Culicidae) in Brejo do Mutambal, municipality of Varzelândia, State of Minas Gerais
Fonte: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop;40(4):408-410, jul.-ago. 2007. graf, tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Para avaliar o papel do octenol na coleta de anofelinos foram utilizadas armadilhas HP iscadas com diferentes taxas de evaporação. Foram capturados 285 anofelinos e não houve diferença entre o número de anofelinos coletados com as armadilhas controle e as iscadas com octenol e nem entre as taxas de evaporação.

To evaluate the role of octenol in collecting anophelines, HP traps baited with different rates of evaporation. A total of 285 anophelines was captured and there was no significant difference in the numbers of anophelines captured between the control traps and the traps baited with octenol and no difference between the release rates.
Descritores: Anopheles
Controle de Insetos/métodos
Octanóis
Feromônios
-Brasil
Limites: Animais
Feminino
Masculino
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-161090
Autor: Martins-Ferreira, H; Ribeiro, L. J. C.
Título: Biphasic effects of gap junctional uncoupling agents on the propagation of retinal spreading depression
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;28(9):991-4, Sept. 1995. graf.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Encontro Anual da Federaçäo de Sociedades de Biologia Experimental, 10, Serra Negra, Aug. 23-26, 1995.
Resumo: The spreading depression wave of Leäo (SD) propagates in the nervous tissue at 3-10 mm/min and is a accompanied by an increase of intracellular Ca²+ concentration and a decrease in the extracellular milieu. Recently the spread of Ca²+ waves with propagating velocities of the same order of magnitude has been detected in cultures of nerve cells. It has been suggested that these waves, which can be blocked by gap junctional agents, are related to SD. The present experiments describe some effects of heptanol and octanol (10µM to 10mM), well-known uncoupling agents of gap junctions, on the slow voltage changes and the velocity of propagation of Leäo's phenomenon in isolated chick retina: 1) a 50 to 700 µM concentration of these alcohols in the superfusate solutions increased the velocity, whereas high concentration (1 to 10 mM) decreased and subsequently halted the spread; 2) the recovery period of the slow voltage changes of SD was shorter in the presence of alcohol and its amplitude was larger during faster SD waves. These effects were observed in the retina during successive individual waves as well as in the course of circling SD. All of these effects were reversible, without any sign of damage to the retina. In the concentration range of 50 µM, methanol, ethanol, butanol and cyclo-hexanol had no effect on retinal SD. These data suggest the involvement of gap junctions in Leäo's wave. This involvement is complex and its functional effects together with other factors that influence the velocity of propagation of SD sre being investigated
Descritores: Álcoois/farmacologia
Depressão Alastrante da Atividade Elétrica Cortical/fisiologia
Técnicas In Vitro
Junções Comunicantes/fisiologia
Octanóis/farmacologia
Retina/fisiologia
-Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular
Galinhas
Depressão Alastrante da Atividade Elétrica Cortical
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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