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Pesquisa : D02.065.199.860.470 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 29 [refinar]
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Id: lil-90768
Autor: Huaroto Sedda, Manuel Pablo.
Título: Tratamiento de las Parasitosis del aparato digestivo. / Treatment in parasitic of digestive sistem.
Fonte: Rev. gastroenterol. Perú;1(1):64-72, 1981. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Se hace una actualización referente a los tratamientos delas parasitosis del aparato digestivo, poniendo énfasis en las características de los más importantes antiparasitarios y señalando los esquemas de tratamiento establecidos para cada uno de ellos.
Descritores: Sistema Digestório/parasitologia
Enteropatias Parasitárias/tratamento farmacológico
-Pamoato de Pirantel/uso terapêutico
Pirimetamina/uso terapêutico
Tiabendazol/efeitos adversos
Tiabendazol/uso terapêutico
Paromomicina/uso terapêutico
Emetina/administração & dosagem
Emetina/uso terapêutico
Furazolidona/efeitos adversos
Furazolidona/uso terapêutico
Mebendazol/uso terapêutico
Metronidazol/efeitos adversos
Metronidazol/uso terapêutico
Niclosamida/uso terapêutico
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: PE1.1 - Oficina Universitária de Biblioteca


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Id: lil-317804
Autor: Andrade Neto, José Luiz de; Ramos Filho, Niazy; Ferreira, Carlos Gil.
Título: Tratamento das enteroparasitoses / Treatment of the parasitic intestinal diseases
Fonte: In: Veronesi, Ricardo; Focaccia, Roberto. Tratado de infectologia: v.2. Säo Paulo, Atheneu, 2002. p.1772-1776. (BR)
Idioma: pt.
Símbolo: BR.
Descritores: Enteropatias Parasitárias
-Oxamniquine
Piperazinas
Praziquantel
Pamoato de Pirantel
Tiabendazol
Albendazol
Mebendazol
Metronidazol
Niclosamida
Responsável: BR31.1 - SIDC - Serviço de Informação e Documentação Científica
BR31.1; WC100, V599t, 2.ed., v.2


  3 / 29 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: lil-623716
Autor: Rosas, Edivaldo; Ribeiro, Edna Cristina.
Título: Estudo da ação do moluscocida (Bayluscide-SRB) da Dynatech R/D Company em lagos do nordeste brasileiro - Sergipe, Brasil / Study on the action of molluscicide (Bayluscide-SRB) of Dynatech R/D company in ponds in northeast Brazil - Sergipe State
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;82(supl.4):321-329, 1987. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Conferência: Apresentado em: International Symposium on Schistosomiasis, Apresentado em: Reunião Nacional de Esquistossomose, 1, Rio de Janeiro, Oct. 25-30, 1987.
Resumo: To study the action of molluscicide nine ponds were selected: 3 of them lying in Maruim municipality, 29 km far from north Aracaju, the State capital, and 6 ponds in Itabaianinha municipality, 118 km far from south Aracaju. This study was carried out for 16 months. Environmental parameters observed were those thought to have any influence on the planorbids and/or the molluscicide: water temperature, transparence, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, CO2, and the nutrients-phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium and calcium. Plancton microorganisms were also considered to observe Bayluscide action on them. SRB was used in a concentration of 6.25 kg per 1.000 [cubic metres] water, to achieve 1.0 ppm Bayluscide concentration according to the producer's instruction in Massachussett-USA.
Descritores: Moluscocidas
Niclosamida
-Lagos/parasitologia
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1024643
Autor: Manna, Mohammed J; Abu-raghif, Ahmed; Muhsin, Hanan Yassin.
Título: The effect of Niclosamide in acetic acid induce colitis: an experimental study
Fonte: Prensa méd. argent;105(5):309-316, jun 2019. tab, fig.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Ulcerative colitis is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory disease of the colon for which a lot of treatment modalities are present. However, significant side effects are associated with them, and there is a need for a search for other tretment options. This study was aimed to assess the contribution of niclosamide in experimentally established colitis in rats. Animals were categorized into 5 groups; the control group undergoes no induction of UC, colitis group in which UC was induced, and animals receive no treatment, the niclosamide group that received niclosamide and sulfasalazine group that received sulfasalazine. Each group was composed of 10 animals. After the completion of a one-month period of the experiment animals were sacrificed and the following meausres were done: the weight of the colon, determination of the area of mucosal damage by mm2, histological scoring after hematoxylin and eosin stain together with MAC score and immunohistochemistry of IL-6, TNF-alpha, MPO, MDA, CD62, and ICAM1. The results of the current study revealed that Nicosamide was able to reduce the area of mucosal damage, colon weight, histological and Mac scores and immunohistochemical scores of inflammatory and oxidative markers, significantly when contrasted to a group of colitis (P< 0.05). It has been concluded that Niclosamide was proved to have a significant effect as an adjuvant mode of therapy for colitis through its, anti-inflamatory and anti-oxidant effects (AU)
Descritores: Sulfassalazina/uso terapêutico
Colite Ulcerativa/terapia
Efeito Secundário
Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas
Epidemiologia Experimental
Tempo para o Tratamento
Abate de Animais
Niclosamida/uso terapêutico
Limites: Ratos
Responsável: AR392.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-986605
Autor: Loján Neira, Romel Augusto(org); Loján Córdova, María del Cisne(org); Mayorga Brito, Brian(org).
Título: Himenolepiasis por Hymenolepis nana, a propósito de 2 casos / Hymenolepiasis due to Hymenolepis nana, in relation to 2 cases
Fonte: Metro cienc;25(1):24-26, Jun. 2017.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La himenolepiasis es una infección parasitaria cosmopolita; su prevalencia global oscila entre 0.1 y 58%, es más frecuente en niños. El agente etiológico es el cestodo Hymenolepis nana, que evoluciona mediante ciclos vitales: monoxénico (en el cual existe un único huésped definitivo e intermediario que puede ser el ser humano, ratas y ratones) y un ciclo heteroxénico (en el que un artrópodo ­pulga o gorgojo­ consume los huevos presentes en las materias fecales y desarrolla el cisticercoide ­larva­). Este vector es ingerido por el huésped definitivo (humano o rata) desarrollando posteriormente la infección. Los síntomas dependerán del grado de afectación de las vellosidades del intestino delgado; se destacan: dolor abdominal, meteorismo, diarrea, irritabilidad, prurito anal y anorexia. El tratamiento de elección es el praziquantel 25 mg/kg dosis única. Presentamos 2 casos de usuarios adultos que acuden al Centro de Salud de San Antonio de Pichincha ­ Quito, con sintomatología inespecífica, a los que se les realiza examen coproparasitario como control al primero y como sospecha por contacto con roedor al segundo; en ambos casos se encuentra el parásito. Aunque se decide iniciar el tratamiento con praziquantel, no se lo consigue, por lo que se prescribe niclosamida 2 g por día durante 2 días; desapareció el cuadro sintomático y el parásito en el examen de control de laboratorio (AU)

Hymenolepiasis is a parasitic infection with a cosmopolitan distribution, it has a global prevalence ranging from 0.1 to 58%. Is more frequent in children and is produced by the Hymenolepis nana basket, which evolves through life cycles: monoxenic, with a single final host and an intermediate host, which can be a man, rats or mice. In the heterocyclic cycle, it's evident the presence of an arthropod (flea or weevil) that consumes eggs in fecal matter and develops the cysticercoid (larva). Then, this vector is ingested by the definitive host (human or rat) who is going to develop the infection subsequently. Symptoms depend on the degree of involvement of villi in the small intestine, including abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, irritability, anal pruritus and anorexia. The treatment of choice is praziquantel in a single dose of 25 mg. In the present work, we describe the cases of users who visited the Health Center of San Antonio de Pichincha in Quito. They came with nonspecific symptomatology. At first, they were analyzed through a coproparasitary examination of the control and the suspicion of contact with the rodent at second. In both cases with the pathology. It was decided to start the treatment. However, this medication was not obtained, so a dose of 2 g per day for 2 days of niclosamide was given for disappearing of the clinical picture. (AU)
Descritores: Hymenolepis nana
Himenolepíase
Enteropatias Parasitárias
Niclosamida
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: EC110.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: lil-536972
Autor: Silva, Nyéssia Fernanda de Sousa; Cogo, Juliana; Wiepieski, Cleuza Conceição Pereira; Laverde Junior, Antonio.
Título: Bioensaio de atividade moluscicida adaptado para a avaliação de extratos de plantas medicinais / Bioensayo de actividad moluscicida adaptado para evaluación de extractos de plantas medicinales / Bioassay of molluscicidal activity adapted for the evaluation of medicinal plant extracts
Fonte: Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR;11(2):179-181, jul.-dez. 2008.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Nesta nota é apresentada detalhadamente a metodologia (preparação dos extratos, adaptação dos caramujos, ensaio de atividade, destino dos caramujos) usada para a avaliação da atividade moluscicida de extratos de plantas frente a caramujos da espécie Biomphalaria glabrata. A adaptação desta metodologia tem o propósito de avaliar extratos naturais para a busca de produtos alternativos mais baratos, biodegradáveis, seguros e disponíveis localmente, para o controle das populações de caramujos.

The methodology (extract preparation, adaptation of the snails, activity test, destiny of the snails) used for the evaluation of the molluscicidal activity of plant extracts in relation to snails from the Biomphalaria glabrata species appears in detail in this note. The adaptation of this methodology has the purpose of evaluating natural extracts in order to find cheaper, biodegradable, safe and easily available alternative products for the control of the populations of snails.

En este apunte se presenta detalladamente la metodología (preparación de los extractos, adaptación de los caracoles, ensayo de actividad, destino de los caracoles) utilizada para la evaluación de la actividad moluscicida de extractos de plantas frente a caracoles de la especie Biomphalaria glabrata. La adaptación de esta metodología tiene el propósito de evaluar extractos naturales para la búsqueda de productos alternativos más baratos, biodegradables, seguros y disponibles localmente, para el control de las poblaciones de caracoles.
Descritores: Biomphalaria
Poluentes Conservativos
Caramujos
Caramujos/parasitologia
Esquistossomose/epidemiologia
Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle
Fasciola hepatica/isolamento & purificação
Moluscos
Niclosamida/administração & dosagem
Schistosoma mansoni/isolamento & purificação
-Brasil/epidemiologia
Niclosamida/efeitos adversos
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-435293
Autor: Takougang, I; Meli, J; Angwafo III, F.
Título: Field trials of low dose Bayluscide on snail hosts of schistosome and selected non-target organisms in sahelian Cameroon
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;101(4):355-358, June 2006. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: More than 85 percent of all cases of schistosomiasis in Cameroon occur in the northern sahelian half of the country representing 20 percent of the population. Several workers have advocated the integrated approach to schistosomiasis control, including snail control, but the death and decay of aquatic organisms, and fish kill that often follows Bayluscide application at the dose of 1g/m³ decrease its acceptability. The present study was designed to assess the effect of lower Bayluscide doses on snail host and non-target fish, frog, the tadpole kill. Bayluscide was applied to study ponds at concentrations of 0, 0.25, 0.5, and 1 g/m³ (ppm). Pre and post application assessment of snails hosts of schistosomes, fish, frog, and tadpole kill were carried out. All 0.25, 0.5, and 1 g/m³ Bayluscide concentrations reduced snail population significantly. Bayluscide concentration of 0.50 g/m³ applied in two rounds of 0.25 g/m³ resulted in high snail mortality and low lethality to fish, frogs, and tadpoles. Further studies are needed to assess the cost-effectiveness of Bayluscide in the control of schistosomiasis following the simplified approach.
Descritores: Bulinus/parasitologia
Vetores de Doenças
Moluscocidas/farmacologia
Niclosamida/farmacologia
Schistosoma/efeitos dos fármacos
-Anuros
Bulinus/efeitos dos fármacos
Camarões
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Peixes
Larva/efeitos dos fármacos
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-360977
Autor: Sukumaran, D; Parashar, B. D; Gupta, A. K; Jeevaratnam, K; Prakash, Shri.
Título: Molluscicidal effect of nicotinanilide and its intermediate compounds against a freshwater snail Lymnaea luteola, the vector of animal schistosomiasis
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;99(2):205-210, Mar. 2004. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The molluscicidal effect of nicotinanilide was evaluated and compared with niclosamide (2',5-dichloro-4'-nitrosalicylanilide, ethanolamide salt) against different stages of the freshwater snail Lymnaea luteola i.e., eggs, immature, young mature, and adults. Calculated values of lethal concentrations (LC50 and LC90 ) showed that both nicotinanilide and niclosamide as toxic against eggs, immature, and adults. The young mature stage of the snails was comparatively more tolerant to both molluscicides than the other stages. The toxicity of the intermediate compounds of nicotinanilide against the young mature stage of the snails showed them as ineffective. The mortality pattern of the snails exposed to LC90 concentration of these molluscicides showed niclosamide to kill faster (within 8 to 9 h) than nicotinanilide (26 to 28 h). In view of the above studies it may be concluded that both molluscicides are toxic against all the stages of the L. luteola snails.
Descritores: Vetores de Doenças
Lymnaea
Moluscocidas
Niclosamida
-Água Doce
Testes de Toxicidade
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-337578
Autor: Pile, Edwin Alberto Maure; Pastor, Nanci; Santos, José Augusto dos; Barros, Juliana Säoluiz de.
Título: Aspectos histopatológicos de Biomphalaria glabrata Say, 1817, hospedeiro intermediário de Schistosoma mansoni, submetida a Niclosamida / Histological change in Biomphalaria glabrata, Say, 1817, Schistosoma mansoni intermediary host, submitted to Niclosamide
Fonte: Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci;39(4):218-219, 2002.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Foi feita uma avaliaçäo histológica de moluscos da espécie Biomphalaria glabrata submetidos a soluçöes aquosas de niclosamida, em concentracöes subletais. Os experimentos foram realizados de acordo com os parâmetros descritos pela Organizaçäo Mundial da Saúde para testes com moluscicidas. Os resultados demonstraram lesöes focais na glândula digestiva, rim e gônadas, e uma correlaçäo entre a concentraçäo da soluçäo e a extensäo das lesöes
Descritores: Biomphalaria
Histologia
Niclosamida
-Moluscos
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-321200
Autor: Giovanelli, Alexandre; Silva, Cesar Luiz Pinto Ayres Coelho da; Medeiros, Luisa; Vasconcellos, Maurício Carvalho de.
Título: The molluscicidal activity of niclosamide (Bayluscide WP70®) on Melanoides tuberculata (Thiaridae), a snail associated with habitats of Biomphalaria glabrata (Planorbidae)
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;97(5):743-745, July 2002. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The aim of this study was to determine the toxicity of niclosamide (Bayluscide ®) on Melanoides tuberculata and Biomphalaria glabrata under laboratory conditions. The latter species is the intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon 1917). M. tuberculata was successfully used as competitor of B. glabrata in biological control programs in French West Indies. Both molluscicide and biological control using M. tuberculata have proved to be successful in reducing the population density of B. glabrata. The associated use of molluscicide in this area would be an effective measure if M. tuberculata were less susceptibility to the molluscicide than B. glabrata. Three hundreds individuals each of B. glabrata and of M. tuberculata, collected in Sumidouro, State of Rio de Janeiro, were used in the experiment. The molluscs were exposed to 14 different concentrations of niclosamide as recommended by the World Health Organization. Probit analysis was used to determine the LC 50 and LC 90. The LC 50 and LC 90 values for B. glabrata were 0.077 mg/l and 0.175 mg/l, respectively and the LC 50 and LC 90 values for M. tuberculata were 0.082 mg/l and 0.221 mg/l respectively. As the lethal concentrations of niclosamide were approximately the same to both species, this could be a disadvantage when controlling B. glabrata with niclosamide in an area of M. tuberculata occurrence. It migth therefore be preferable to utilize the latex extracted from the Euphorbia splendens, which presented a much higher efficiency for B. glabrata than to M. tuberculata
Descritores: Biomphalaria
Moluscocidas
Niclosamida
-Laboratórios
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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