||Wang, Meng-jie; Abbas Raza, Sayed Haidar; Wu, Qiang; Xue, Cai-hua; Liu, Jia-hua; Zhang, Long-fei; Zhang, Wen-ying; Wang, Ai-chao; Wu, Hua.|
||Cichoric acid from extracted Echinacea purpurea induces the proliferation and apoptosis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from yaks|
||Electron. j. biotechnol;47:17-28, sept. 2020. ilus, graf.
||National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Applied Basic Research of Foundation of Qinghai Province.
||BACKGROUND: Cichoric acid (CA) is extracted from Echinacea purpurea. It is well known and widely used for its immunological function. However, the effect of CA on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from yaks is still unclear. This study investigated the potential influences of CA on the proliferation, cytokine induction, and apoptosis of PBMCs from Datong yak in vivo, and aimed to provide a basis for exploring the pharmacological activities of CA on yaks. RESULTS: In this study, CA promoted PBMCs proliferation by combining concanavalin A (Con A) and exhibited a dose-dependent effect as demonstrated by a Cell Counting Kit-8. The concentration of 60 µg/ml CA was the best and promoted the transformation from the G0/G1 phase to the S and G2/M phases with Con A. Furthermore, 60 µg/ml CA significantly increased IL-2, IL-6, and IFN-Î³ levels and PCNA, CDK4 and Bcl-2 expression levels, but it significantly inhibited the TP53, Bax, and Caspase-3 expression levels. Transcriptome analysis revealed a total of 6807 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the CA treatment and control groups. Of these genes, 3788 were significantly upregulated and 3019 were downregulated. Gene Ontology and pathway analysis revealed that DEGs were enriched in cell proliferation and immune function signaling pathways. The expression level of some transcription factors (BTB, Ras, RRM_1, and zf-C2H2) and genes (CCNF, CCND1, and CDK4) related to PBMCs proliferation in yaks were significantly promoted after CA treatment. By contrast, anti-proliferation-associated genes (TP53 and CDKN1A) were inhibited. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, CA could regulate the immune function of yaks by promoting proliferation and inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis of PBMCs.|
Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos
||-Fatores de Transcrição|
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
||CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central|