||Brovia, V; Costa, A; Bedo, G; Peluffo, H; Manta, E; Barbeito, L.|
||N-acetylaspartylglutamate acetoxymethyl triester (NAAG.AM) as a tool for loading the neuropeptides NAAG and succinimidyl-NAAG into intact cells: effect on [3H]-dopamine exocytosis|
||Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;29(2):249-58, Feb. 1996. graf, ilus.
||Apresentado em: Annual Meeting of the Brazilian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 24, Caxambu, May 7-9, 1995.
||Although N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG) is one of the neuropeptides found in highest concentrations in the mammalian central nervous system, its functional role in neuronal signaling has not been definitively established. In some neuronal populations, NAAG is concentrated in nerve terminals and thus, it may play a role in the cytoplasmic events underlying neurotransmitter exocytosis. In the present study we have validated the use of the synthetic derivative NAAG-acetoxymethyl triester (NAAG.AM) as a tool to increase the intracellular levels of the peptide and assessed the ability of NAAG to regulate [3H]-dopamine ([3H]-DA) secretion in PC12 cells. Enzymatic degradation of NAAG.AM by nonspecific brain esterases resulted in the progressive formation of NAAG and succinimidyl-NAAG (Asu-NAAG). However, only 8 percent of NAAG.AM was converted to NAAG. Significant amounts of NAAG (1 nmol/mg protein) were demonstrable in cultures of the neuroblastoma cell line N2A following incubation with NAAG.AM for 2 h, with the concentration of (Asu)-NAAG being at least 100-fold higher. The pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 was used to assess the influence of loaded NAAG derivatives on [3H]-DA exocytosis. Incubation with 0.1-1 mM NAAG.AM did not affect the basal efflux or total content of [3H]-DA. However, it induced a dose-dependent decrease of [3H]-DA secretion in response to 56 mM KCI depolarization reaching an inhibition of 49 percent with 1 mM NAAG.AM. In contrast, NAAG.AM did not affect secretion induced by the calcium ionophore A23187 (100 microM). The present study validates the use of NAAG.AM as a tool to load NAAG derivatives into intact cells and provides preliminary evidence for an intracellular role of the peptide.|
Técnicas In Vitro
||-Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão|
Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos H1/química
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||BR1.1 - BIREME|