Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : D03.132 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-991699
Autor: Flores-Pamo, Adrian Ernesto; Pisano, Elinor; Carreazo, Nilton Yhuri.
Título: Anticholinergic toxicity in a one-year-old male following ingestion of Lupinus mutabilis seeds: case report
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;136(6):591-593, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT CONTEXT: The seeds from Lupinus mutabilis Sweet, also called "chocho", are an important part of the diet in several countries in South America. Prior to consumption, processing is required to remove toxic alkaloids. These alkaloids are known to have pharmacological properties as antiarrhythmics, antimuscarinics and hypoglycemics. CASE REPORT: We report a case in which a one-year-old male initially presented with altered mental status and respiratory distress and subsequently developed symptoms of anticholinergic toxicity, after ingesting a large amount of chocho seeds. CONCLUSION: In spite of going through a difficult clinical condition, the subject evolved favorably through receiving supportive treatment. The seeds from Lupinus mutabilis provide nutritional benefits when consumed, but people need to know their risks when these seeds are consumed without proper preparation.
Descritores: Lupinus/envenenamento
Ingestão de Alimentos
Síndrome Anticolinérgica/etiologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/etiologia
-Antagonistas Colinérgicos
Alcaloides/envenenamento
Síndrome Anticolinérgica/diagnóstico
Síndrome Anticolinérgica/sangue
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/diagnóstico
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/sangue
Hipoglicemiantes
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Lactente
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284290
Autor: Salleh, Wan Mohd Nuzul Hakimi Wan.
Título: Lindera aggregata (Sims) Kosterm: review on phytochemistry and biological activities / Lindera agreggata (Sims) Kosterm: revisión de su fitoquímica y actividades biológicas
Fonte: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát;19(6):527-541, 2020. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The genus Lindera consists of approximately 100 species that are widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world. Most Lindera plants, particularly Lindera aggregata is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine that has important medicinal value and health benefits. Contemporary chemical and pharmacological studies have shown that L. aggregata are a source of structurally diverse molecules having pharmacological potential. In an effort to promote research on L. aggregata and develop therapeutic and pharmacological products, this review describes the structural diversity of its components and pharmacological and biological significance of L. aggregata. This review is based on a literature analysis of scientific journals from electronic sources, such as Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science. Thus, with the growing interest in traditional medicine and botanical drugs worldwide, L. aggregata will increasingly capture chemists' and pharmacologists' attention because they produce diverse and structurally novel compounds having pharmacological significance.

El género Lindera consta de aproximadamente 100 especies que están ampliamente distribuidas en áreas tropicales y subtropicales en todo el mundo. La mayoría de las plantas de Lindera, particularmente Lindera aggregata, es parte conocida de la medicina tradicional china con un importante valor medicinal y beneficios para la salud. Estudios químicos y farmacológicos contemporáneos han demostrado que L. aggregata es una fuente de moléculas estructuralmente diversas que con potencial farmacológico. En un esfuerzo por promover la investigación sobre L. aggregata y desarrollar productos terapéuticos y farmacológicos, esta revisión describe la diversidad estructural de sus componentes y la importancia farmacológica y biológica de L. aggregata. Esta revisión se basa en un análisis de literatura de revistas científicas de fuentes electrónicas, como Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus y Web of Science. Por lo tanto, con el creciente interés en la medicina tradicional y las drogas botánicas en todo el mundo, L. aggregata captará cada vez más la atención de los químicos y farmacólogos debido a que producen compuestos diversos y estructuralmente novedosos que tienen importancia farmacológica.
Descritores: Produtos Biológicos
Lindera/química
Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise
-Sesquiterpenos/análise
Óleos Voláteis/química
Lauraceae/química
Alcaloides/análise
Compostos Fenólicos/análise
Fitoterapia
Medicina Tradicional
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1284586
Autor: Dranguet Aguilar, Duvia; Rodríguez Martínez, Madelín; García Rodríguez, Yuramys Irma.
Título: Plantas medicinales con propiedades antidiabéticas / Medicinal plants with antidiabetic properties.
Fonte: Artemisa; I Jornada Científica de Farmacología y Salud. Fármaco Salud Artemisa 2021; 2021. [1-16] p. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: En este artículo se expone una revisión bibliográfica realizada con el objetivo de actualizar los conocimientos sobre la actividad antidiabética de las plantas medicinales y los productos naturales obtenidos a partir de ellas. Existe gran variedad de plantas con acciones hipoglicemiante y antidiabética relacionadas con la presencia de determinados metabolitos secundarios, entre los que se encuentran en primer lugar los flavonoides, seguidos de alcaloides, taninos y saponinas. Los resultados obtenidos en esta revisión se fundamentan en estudios in vitro e in vivo que probaron el potencial farmacológico de un elevado número de plantas estudiadas.
Descritores: Plantas Medicinais
Hipoglicemiantes
-Saponinas
Flavonoides
Bases de Dados Bibliográficas
Alcaloides
Medicina Tradicional
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-950720
Autor: Chaudhuri, Dipankar; Ghate, Nikhil Baban; Deb, Shampa; Panja, Sourav; Sarkar, Rhitajit; Rout, Jayashree; Mandal, Nripendranath.
Título: Assessment of the phytochemical constituents and antioxidant activity of a bloom forming microalgae Euglena tuba
Fonte: Biol. Res;47:1-11, 2014. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Unstable generation of free radicals in the body are responsible for many degenerative diseases. A bloom forming algae Euglena tuba growing abundantly in the aquatic habitats of Cachar district in the state of Assam in North-East India was analysed for its phytochemical contents, antioxidant activity as well as free radical scavenging potentials. RESULTS: Based on the ability of the extract in ABTS•+ radical cation inhibition and Fe3+ reducing power, the obtained results revealed the prominent antioxidant activity of the algae, with high correlation coefficient of its TEAC values to the respective phenolic and flavonoid contents. The extract had shown its scavenging activity for different free radicals and 41.89 ± 0.41 µg/ml, 5.83 ± 0.07 µg/ml, 278.46 ± 15.02 µg/ml and 223.25 ± 4.19 µg/ml were determined as the IC50 values for hydroxyl, superoxide, nitric oxide and hypochlorous acid respectively, which are lower than that of the corresponding reference standards. The phytochemical analysis also revealed that the phenolics, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and carbohydrates are present in adequate amount in the extract which was confirmed by HPLC analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that 70% methanol extract of the algae possesses excellent antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties.
Descritores: Extratos Celulares/química
Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo
Substâncias Redutoras/metabolismo
Euglena/química
Antioxidantes/metabolismo
-Oxirredução
Fenóis/análise
Ácido Ascórbico/análise
Taninos/análise
Flavonoides/análise
Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos
Cromanos/metabolismo
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Metanol
Alcaloides/análise
Microalgas
Glucose/análise
Índia
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Camundongos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-950753
Autor: Zeb, Anwar; Sadiq, Abdul; Ullah, Farhat; Ahmad, Sajjad; Ayaz, Muhammad.
Título: Phytochemical and toxicological investigations of crude methanolic extracts, subsequent fractions and crude saponins of Isodon rugosus
Fonte: Biol. Res;47:1-6, 2014. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Isodon rugosus is used traditionally in the management of hypertension, rheumatism, tooth-ache and pyrexia. Present study was arranged to investigate I. rugosus for phytoconstituents, phytotoxic and cytotoxic activities to explore its toxicological, pharmacological potentials and to rationalize its ethnomedicinal uses. Briefly, qualitative phytochemical analysis of the plant extracts were carried out for the existence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, oils, glycosides, anthraquinones, terpenoids, sterols and tannins. Plant crude methanolic extract (Ir.Cr), its subsequent fractions; n-hexane (Ir.Hex), chloroform (Ir.Chf), ethyl acetate (Ir.EtAc), aqueous (Ir.Aq) and saponins (Ir.Sp) in different concentrations were tested for phytotoxic and cytotoxic activities using radish seeds and brine shrimps (Artemia salina) respectively. The phytotoxic activity was determined by percent root length inhibition (RLI) and percent seeds germination inhibition (SGI) while the cytotoxicity was obtained with percent lethality of the brine shrimps. RESULTS: Ir.Cr was tested positive for the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, oils, terpenoids, saponins, tannins and anthraquinones. Among different fractions Ir.Sp, Ir.Chf, Ir.EtAc, and Ir.Cr were most effective causing 93.55, 89.32, 81.32 and 58.68% inhibition of seeds in phytotoxicity assay, with IC50 values of 0.1, 0.1, 0.1 and 52 µg/ml respectively. Similarly, among all the tested samples, Ir.Sp exhibited the highest phytotoxic effect causing 91.33% root length inhibition with IC50 of 0.1 µg/ml. Ir.Sp and Ir.Chf were most effective against brine shrimps showing 92.23 and 76.67% lethality with LC50 values of 10 and 12 µg/ml respectively. CONCLUSIONS: It may be inferred from the current investigations that I. rugosus contains different secondary metabolites and is a potential source for the isolation of natural anticancer and herbicidal drug molecules. Different fractions exhibited phytotoxic and cytotoxic activities, thus providing pharmacological basis for ethnomedicinal uses of this plant.
Descritores: Saponinas/análise
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Isodon/química
Fitoterapia
-Artemia/efeitos dos fármacos
Taninos/análise
Terpenos/análise
Flavonoides/análise
Óleos Vegetais/análise
Clorofórmio
Antraquinonas/análise
Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Citotoxinas
Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química
Metanol
Alcaloides/análise
Glicosídeos/análise
Hexanos
Limites: Animais
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1179413
Autor: Bonilla Rivera, Pablo Enrique; Toche Tuesta, Analucía; Fernández Rebaza, Gustavo Adolfo; Curioso Melo, Dara Edith; Rayme Gutierrez, Robert Leonardo; Soto Tantaraico, Edith Celia; Balladares Quintana, Alfonso David; Milla Guerra, Geralda Ines; Suarez Santa Cruz, Kevin Angel; Mamani Herrera, Leslie Karina; Acuña Guzman, Victor Anderson; Yui Gongora, Ariana Yasmeen; Venegas Fiestas, Gerardo Antonio.
Título: Composición química y caracterización de flavonoides de extractos metanólicos de hojas de dos tipos de Ruta chalepensis L / Chemical composition and flavonoids characterization of the methanolic extract of leaves of two types of Ruta Chalepensis L
Fonte: Rev. peru. med. integr;5(3):100-109, 2020. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivos. Detectar metabolitos secundarios y caracterizar estructuras químicas de flavonoides de los extractos metanólicos de hojas de dos tipos de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y «ruda hembra¼. Materiales y métodos. Se elaboraron extractos metanólicos de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y «ruda hembra¼. Se llevó a cabo la prueba de solubilidad de los extractos obtenidos utilizando solventes de polaridad creciente. Posteriormente, se detectaron los metabolitos secundarios presentes en los extractos mediante la ejecución del tamizaje fitoquímico, donde se utilizaron diversos reactivos Shinoda, Dragendorff, Borntrager, entre otros. Se utilizó el método de cromatografía en capa fina, espectrofotometría UV/Vis y reactivos de desplazamiento para caracterizar las estructuras químicas de los flavonoides presentes en los extractos metanólicos de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y «ruda hembra¼. Resultados. El extracto metanólico de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ presentó una mayor afinidad por solventes polares, mientras que en el extracto metanólico de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda hembra¼ fue soluble en solventes medianamente polares. Se detectaron metabolitos secundarios tales como: taninos, alcaloides y flavonoides en ambos tipos. Por otro lado, se caracterizaron diez estructuras químicas tipo flavonoides a través del análisis de los espectros UV/Vis y utilizando reactivos de desplazamiento, de las cuales cinco corresponden a Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y las restantes a Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda hembra¼. Conclusiones. Se detectaron algunos metabolitos secundarios caracterizándose diez estructuras químicas de flavonoides en los extractos metanólicos de hojas de Ruta chalepensis L. «ruda macho¼ y «ruda hembra¼. Asimismo, la presencia de rutina en «ruda hembra¼ es la principal característica que la diferencia de «ruda macho¼.

Objective. To detect the secondary metabolites and characterize the chemical structures of the flavonoids in the methanolic extracts of leaves of the Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" and "ruda hembra" types. Materials and methods. We elaborate the methanolic extracts of Ruta chalepensis L. leaves "ruda macho" and "ruda hembra". Then, the solubility test of the obtained extracts was carried out using solvents of increasing polarity. Subsequently, the secondary metabolites present in the extracts were detected by executing the phytochemical screening, various reagents were used: Shinoda, Dragendorff, Borntrager, among others. The method of thin layer chromatography, UV / Vis spectrophotometry and displacement reagents was used to characterize the chemical structures of the flavonoids in the methanolic extracts of leaves of the Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" and "ruda hembra". Results. The methanolic extract of Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" leaves showed a greater affinity for polar solvents, while the methanolic extract of Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda hembra" leaves was soluble in moderately polar solvents. Secondary metabolites were detected, such as: tannins, alkaloids and flavonoids in both types. On the other hand, ten flavonoidtype chemical structures were characterized through the analysis of UV / Vis spectra and using displacement reagent, of which five of them correspond to Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" and the others to Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda hembra". Conclusions. Some secondary metabolites were detected and ten chemical structures of flavonoids were characterized in the methanolic extracts of Ruta chalepensis L. "ruda macho" and "ruda hembra" leaves. Likewise, the presence of rutina in "ruda hembra" is the main characteristic that differentiates it from "ruda macho".
Descritores: Flavonoides
Ruta/química
-Extratos Vegetais
Cromatografia
Alcaloides
Compostos Fitoquímicos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1116296
Autor: Salleh, Wan Mohd Nuzul Hakimi Wan.
Título: Phytochemistry and anti-inflammatory activities of Piper kadsura (Choisy) Ohwi ­ a review / Actividades fitoquímicas y antiinflamatorias de Piper kadsura (Choisy) Ohwi - una revisión
Fonte: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát;19(3):289-299, mayo 2020. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Piper kadsura (Choisy) Ohwi which belongs to the family Piperaceae, is a well-known medicinal plant possessing high medicinal and various therapeutic properties. It is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of asthma and rheumatic arthritis. Numerous studies on this species have also corroborated the significant anti-inflammatory potential of its extracts and secondary metabolites. The main chemical constituents which have been isolated and identified from P. kadsura are lignans and neolignans, which possess anti-inflammatory activities. The present article aims to provide a review of the studies done on the phytochemistry and antiinflammatory activities of P. kadsura. The scientific journals for this brief literature review were from electronic sources, such as Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science. This review is expected to draw the attention of the medical professionals and the general public towards P. kadsura and to open the door for detailed research in the future.

Piper kadsura (Choisy) Ohwi, perteneciente a la familia Piperaceae, es una planta medicinal conocida que posee importantes propiedades medicinales y diversas propiedades terapéuticas. Es ampliamente utilizada en la medicina tradicional china para el tratamiento del asma y la artritis reumática. Numerosos estudios sobre esta especie también han corroborado el destacado potencial antiinflamatorio de sus extractos y metabolitos secundarios. Los principales componentes químicos que se han aislado e identificado de P. kadsura son los lignanos y los neolignanos, que poseen actividades antiinflamatorias. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo proporcionar una revisión de los estudios realizados sobre las actividades fitoquímicas y antiinflamatorias de P. kadsura. Las revistas científicas para esta breve revisión de literatura fueron de fuentes electrónicas, como Science Direct, PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus y Web of Science. Se espera que esta revisión atraiga la atención de los profesionales médicos y el público en general respecto de P. kadsura y abra la puerta a una investigación detallada en el futuro.
Descritores: Piper/química
Anti-Inflamatórios/química
-Plantas Medicinais
Óleos Voláteis/química
Lignanas/análise
Piperaceae/química
Kadsura
Alcaloides/análise
Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1116290
Autor: Reginaldo, Fernanda Priscila Santos; Costa, Isabelly Cristina de Matos; Giordani, Raquel Brandt.
Título: Selaginellaceae: traditional use, phytochemistry and pharmacology / Selaginellaceae: uso tradicional, fitoquímica y farmacología
Fonte: Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát;19(3):247-288, mayo 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Selaginella is the only genus from Selaginellaceae, and it is considered a key factor in studying evolution. The family managed to survive the many biotic and abiotic pressures during the last 400 million years. The purpose of this review is to provide an up-to-date overview of Selaginella in order to recognize their potential and evaluate future research opportunities. Carbohydrates, pigments, steroids, phenolic derivatives, mainly flavonoids, and alkaloids are the main natural products in Selaginella. A wide spectrum of in vitro and in vivo pharmacological activities, some of them pointed out by folk medicine, has been reported. Future studies should afford valuable new data on better explore the biological potential of the flavonoid amentoflavone and their derivatives as chemical bioactive entities; develop studies about toxicity and, finally, concentrate efforts on elucidate mechanisms of action for biological properties already reported.

Selaginella es el único género de Selaginellaceae, y se considera un factor clave en el estudio de la evolución. La familia logró sobrevivir a las muchas presiones bióticas y abióticas durante los últimos 400 millones de años. El propósito de esta revisión es proporcionar un resumen actualizado de Selaginella para reconocer su potencial y evaluar futuras oportunidades de investigación. Los hidratos de carbono, pigmentos, esteroides, derivados fenólicos, principalmente flavonoides, y alcaloides son los principales productos naturales en Selaginella. Se ha informado un amplio espectro de actividades farmacológicas in vitro e in vivo, algunas de ellas señaladas por la medicina popular. Los estudios futuros deberían proporcionar datos nuevos y valiosos para explorar mejor el potencial biológico de la amentoflavona flavonoide y sus derivados como entidades bioactivas químicas; desarrollar estudios sobre la toxicidad y, finalmente, concentrar los esfuerzos en dilucidar los mecanismos de acción para las propiedades biológicas ya informadas.
Descritores: Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Extratos Vegetais/química
Selaginellaceae/química
-Flavonoides/análise
Alcaloides/análise
Medicina Tradicional
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1100220
Autor: Suffredini, Ivana Barbosa; Cavarsan, Ellen Carolina Montagner; Marin, Lucyana Cano; Díaz, Ingrit Elida Collantes; Paciencia, Mateus Luís Barradas; Frana, Sergio Alexandre.
Título: Preliminary analysis of Brazilian Amazonian plant extracts using bench-top assays in a through-put basis aiming the identification of potential antioxidant natural product
Fonte: Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl;38, 01/01/2017. tab, ilus, Graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Plants are a source of compounds that are used for the treatment of human and veterinary diseases. Brazil is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity. The present study evaluated extracts using thin-layer chromatography to identify antioxidant activity and determine the presence of groups of compounds, in a large-scale basis. A total of 1,260 aqueous and organic extracts were obtained from plants that were collected in the Amazon and Atlantic rain forests. Thin-layer chromatography was performed to evaluate the presence of alkaloids, anthraquinones, cardioactive glicosides, terpenes, and phenolics and determine antioxidant and radical scavenging activity using the following reagents: Dragendorff's reagent, KOH, Kedde's reagent, sulphuric acid, NP reagent, ß-carotene, and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Of the 1,260 extracts, 837 (66.43%) presented a ß-carotene/bleaching response, and 1,205 (95.63%) presented a radical scavenging response. Alkaloids were found in 203 extracts (16.11%). Anthraquinones were found in 14 extracts (1.11%), cardenolides were found in eight extracts (0.63%). The present findings shows the importance of the Brazilian Amazon plants as sources of antioxidant and radical scavenging active compounds.(AU)
Descritores: Extratos Vegetais/análise
Ecossistema Amazônico
Annonaceae/química
Antioxidantes/química
-Brasil
Cromatografia/métodos
Antraquinonas
Alcaloides
Responsável: BR33.1 - Divisão Técnica de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: biblio-1126684
Autor: Vílchez Cáceda, Héctor Alexander; Inocente Camones, Miguel Angel; Flores López, Oscar Bernuy.
Título: Actividad cicatrizante de seis extractos hidroalcohólicos de plantas en heridas incisas de Rattus norvegicus albinus / Healing activity of six hydroalcoholic extracts of plants in incised wounds of Rattus norvegicus albinus
Fonte: Rev. cuba. med. mil;49(1):e489, ene.-mar. 2020. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: En la medicina militar, los agentes cicatrizantes naturales frente a heridas por incisión son relevantes en el tratamiento de los militares. Objetivo: Evaluar la actividad cicatrizante de los extractos hidroalcohólicos de Peperomia congona Sodiro (congona), Annona muricata L. (guanábana), Urtica urens L. (ortiga),Ormosia coccinea (Aubl) Jacks (huayruro), Opuntia ficus-indica L. Mill. (tuna) y Musa acuminata Colla (plátano bellaco) en heridas incisas de Rattus norvegicus albinus (rata albina). Métodos: Estudio analítico experimental de tipo prospectivo y longitudinal. Se realizó el análisis fitoquímico preliminar de los 6 extractos. Se emplearon 80 ratas albinas machos, aleatorizadas y distribuidas en 8 grupos (n = 10). Se realizó una aplicación dermal durante 10 días consecutivos posteriores a la generación de heridas incisas que se realizaron en el dorso. Grupo I (cloruro de sodio al 0,9 por ciento). Grupo II (gel cicatrizante comercial). Del Grupo III al VIII fueron tratados con extracto hidroalcohólico de congona, guanábana, ortiga, huairuro, tuna y plátano bellaco respectivamente. La evolución de la cicatrización fue seguida en los días 1, 5 y 11 y medida en milímetros. Resultados: Se detectó la presencia de alcaloides, compuestos fenólicos y flavonoides en los 6 extractos; además de cumarinas en congona, taninos en guanábana, ortiga, tuna y huayruro, y quinonas en guanábana y plátano bellaco. Se comprobó la actividad cicatrizante en los extractos de guanábana (69,77 por ciento), tuna (66,27 por ciento), plátano bellaco (64,38 por ciento), ortiga (56,73 por ciento), congona (55,74 por ciento) y huayruro (54,50 por ciento), comparados con un gel comercial (72,21 por ciento). Conclusiones: El extracto hidroalcohólico de las hojas de Annona muricata L. (guanábana) presentó la mayor actividad cicatrizante en heridas incisas de ratas albinas machos(AU)

Introduction: In military medicine, natural healing agents against incision wounds are relevant in the treatment of the military. Objective: To evaluate the healing activity of the hydroalcoholic extracts of Peperomia congona Sodiro (congona), Annona muricata L. (guanabana), Urtica urens L. (ortiga), Ormosia coccinea (Aubl) Jacks (huairuro), Opuntia ficus-indica L. Mill. (tuna) and Musa acuminata Colla (platano bellaco) in incised wounds of Rattus norvegicus albinus (albino rat). Methods: Experimental analytical study of prospective and longitudinal type. The preliminary phytochemical analysis of the 6 extracts was carried out. We used 80 male albino rats, randomized and distributed in 8 groups (n = 10). A dermal application was made during 10 consecutive days after the generation of incised wounds that were made on the back. Group I (0.9 percent sodium chloride). Group II (commercial healing gel). From Group III to VIII they were treated with hydroalcoholic extract of congona, guanábana, ortiga, huairuro, tuna and platano bellaco respectively. The evolution of healing was followed on days 1, 5 and 11 and measured in millimeters. Results: The presence of alkaloids, phenolic compounds and flavonoids was detected in the 6 extracts; in addition to coumarins in congona, tannins in guanábana, nettle, tuna and huayruro, quinonas in guanábana and plantain bellaco. The healing activity was verified in the extracts of guanabana (69.77 percent), tuna (66.27 percent), platano bellaco (64.38 percent), ortiga (56.73 percent), congona (55.74 percent) and huayruro (54.50 percent), compared with a commercial gel (72.21 percent). Conclusions: The hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of Annona muricata L. (guanábana) showed the highest healing activity in incised wounds of male albino rats(AU)
Descritores: Plantas
Terapêutica
Flavonoides/administração & dosagem
Alcaloides/administração & dosagem
Compostos Fenólicos/métodos
Compostos Fitoquímicos
Medicina Militar
Limites: Ratos
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional



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