Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : D03.633.100.759.646 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-951889
Autor: Li, Kun; Zhang, Ping; Chen, Li; Guan, Fengying.
Título: Effects of purine nucleotide administration on purine nucleotide metabolism in brains of heroin-dependent rats
Fonte: Braz. j. pharm. sci;52(4):787-794, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Heroin is known to enhance catabolism and inhibit anabolism of purine nucleotides, leading to purine nucleotide deficiencies in rat brains. Here, we determined the effect of exogenous purine nucleotide administration on purine nucleotide metabolism in the brains of heroin-dependent rats. Heroin was administrated in increasing doses for 9 consecutive days to induce addiction, and the biochemical changes associated with heroin and purine nucleotide administration were compared among the treated groups. HPLC was performed to detect the absolute concentrations of purine nucleotides in the rat brain cortices. The enzymatic activities of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and xanthine oxidase (XO) in the treated rat cortices were analyzed, and qRT-PCR was performed to determine the relative expression of ADA, XO, adenine phosphoribosyl transferase (APRT), hypoxanthine-guaninephosphoribosyl transferase (HGPRT), and adenosine kinase (AK). Heroin increased the enzymatic activity of ADA and XO, and up-regulated the transcription of ADA and XO. Alternatively, heroin decreased the transcription of AK, APRT, and HGPRT in the rat cortices. Furthermore, purine nucleotide administration alleviated the effect of heroin on purine nucleotide content, activity of essential purine nucleotide metabolic enzymes, and transcript levels of these genes. Our findings therefore represent a novel, putative approach to the treatment of heroin addiction.
Descritores: Nucleosídeos de Purina/análise
Nucleotídeos de Purina/efeitos adversos
Heroína/efeitos adversos
-Xantina Oxidase/análise
Adenosina Desaminase/análise
Dependência de Heroína/classificação
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas


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Id: lil-529105
Autor: Barbeiro, H. V; Barbeiro, D. F; Debbas, V; Souza, H. P; Laurindo, F. R; Velasco, I. T; Soriano, F. G.
Título: Purine nucleotides reduce superoxide production by nitric oxide synthase in a murine sepsis model
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;42(11):1050-1057, Nov. 2009. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Sepsis involves a systemic inflammatory response of multiple endogenous mediators, resulting in many of the injurious and sometimes fatal physiological symptoms of the disease. This systemic activation leads to a compromised vascular response and endothelial dysfunction. Purine nucleotides interact with purinoceptors and initiate a variety of physiological processes that play an important role in maintaining cardiovascular function. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of ATP on vascular function in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) model of sepsis. LPS induced a significant increase in aortic superoxide production 16 h after injection. Addition of ATP to the organ bath incubation solution reduced superoxide production by the aortas of endotoxemic animals. Reactive Blue, an antagonist of the P2Y receptor, blocked the effect of ATP on superoxide production, and the nonselective P2Y agonist MeSATP inhibited superoxide production. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition by L-NAME blocked vascular relaxation and reduced superoxide production in LPS-treated animals. In the presence of L-NAME there was no ATP effect on superoxide production. A vascular reactivity study showed that ATP increased maximal relaxation in LPS-treated animals compared to controls. The presence of ATP induced increases in Akt and endothelial NOS phosphorylated proteins in the aorta of septic animals. ATP reduces superoxide release resulting in an improved vasorelaxant response. Sepsis may uncouple NOS to produce superoxide. We showed that ATP through Akt pathway phosphorylated endothelial NOS and “re-couples” NOS function.
Descritores: Trifosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia
Aorta Torácica/enzimologia
Endotélio Vascular/enzimologia
Óxido Nítrico Sintase/biossíntese
Nucleotídeos de Purina/fisiologia
Sepse/enzimologia
Superóxidos/metabolismo
-Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia
Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia
Lipopolissacarídeos
Fosforilação
Ratos Wistar
Sepse/fisiopatologia
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-450297
Autor: Karaer, Semian; Sarikaya, Aysegül Topal; Arda, Nazli; Temizkan, Güler.
Título: The 3' terminal sequence of the inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase gene encodes an active domain in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Fonte: Genet. mol. biol;29(3):551-557, 2006. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The gua1 gene encoding inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), which catalyses the first step in de novo biosynthesis of guanosine monophosphate (GMP), was cloned in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe by functional complementation of a gua1ura4-D18 mutant strain from a S. pombe DNA genomic library. Complementation analysis revealed a 1.2 kb fragment which segregation analysis confirmed did not code for a suppressor gene. Only 446 nucleotides of the gua1 gene encoding the IMPDH C-terminal residues were found within this 1.2 kb sequence (GenBank, AJ293460). The comparison of this wild-type fragment with the same fragment from the gua1ura4-D18 mutant revealed that there was a point mutation at position 1261 (guanine -> adenine) from the 5' end, corresponding to the amino acid residue 421 (glycine -> serine) of the enzyme. Dot and Northern analyses showed that the gua1 gene was expressed in transformants as well as in the wild-type and the gua1ura4-D18 mutant, but enzyme activity was only detected in wild-type and transformant cells. It seems likely that a 446 bp fragment from the 3' end of the gua1 gene abolished the point mutation in the mutant strain, suggesting that this fragment participates in the sequences encoding the active domain of IMPDH in S. pombe.
Descritores: Inosina Monofosfato
Schizosaccharomyces/genética
-Leveduras/genética
Nucleotídeos de Purina
Responsável: BR26.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-313897
Autor: Jancso, Mario A; Sculaccio, Susana A; Thiemann, Otavio H.
Título: Identification of sugarcane genes involved in the purine synthesis pathway
Fonte: Genet. mol. biol;24(1/4):251-255, 2001. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: A via de síntese de purino nucleotídeos é considerada uma via de central importância para todas as células. Na maioria dos organismos, os purino nucleotídeos säo sintetizados "de novo" a partir de precursores näo-nucleotídicos como amino ácidos, amônia e dióxido de carbono. O conhecimento das enzimas envolvidas na via de síntese de purinas da cana-de-açúcar vai abrir a possibilidade do uso dessas enzimas como alvos no desenho racional de inibidores no combate a agentes fitopatogênicos, como esta sendo feita com diversos parasitos e células cancerosas. A seguinte estratégia está sendo utilizada na identificaçäo de genes de cana-de-açúcar para cada membro da via de síntese de purinas: Seqüências representativas dos genes que compõe a via foram escolhidas do banco de dados NCBI. Essas seqüências de peptídeos estäo sendo utilizadas em buscas ao banco de dados gerado pelo SUCEST pelo programa BLAST (implementaçäo tBLASTn). Alinhamentos com os clusters de cana-de-açúcar säo posteriormente analisados para sua significância estatística pela implementaçäo PRSS3 do algoritmo conhecido como Monte Carlo shuffling. Para calibrar a análise dos resultados de PRSS3, foram empregadas seqüências conhecidas de diferentes taxas ao longo da árvore filogenética. Essas seqüências säo comparadas duas a duas e com o cluster da cana-de-açúcar. A tabela de valores-p resultante indica o grau estatístico de similaridade e divergência entre as seqüências já descritas e entre essas e os clusters de cana-de-açúcar. Os resultados obtidos dessas análises estäo descritos neste artigo.
Descritores: Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas
Plantas
Nucleotídeos de Purina
-Plantas
Responsável: BR26.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-228546
Autor: Bazaes, S. E.
Título: Affinity labels as probes for the study of the nucleotide binding site of enzymes
Fonte: Biol. Res;29(1):21-30, 1996.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Affinity labeling has proved to be a very useful tool for searching important amino acid residues located in active or allosteric sites of enzymes. In this article, the general principles and specific examples of the use of affinity labeling are discussed
Descritores: Marcadores de Afinidade/química
Nucleotídeos/química
Nucleotídeos de Purina/química
Piruvato Quinase/química
-Sítios de Ligação/fisiologia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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