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Pesquisa : D08.244.453.491.500.500 [Categoria DeCS]
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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-1094186
Autor: Pedreros-Rosales, Cristian; Jalil Milad, Roberto; Lagos Lucero, Marcela; Solari Gajardo, Sandra.
Título: Efecto de las variantes de CYP2C9 sobre la dosis de losartán en hipertensos chilenos / Association between cytochrome p4502c9 polymorphisms and losartan dosing in hypertensive patients
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;147(12):1527-1534, dic. 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background Losartan is widely used in many clinicals settings. Its dosage is related to the genetic characteristics of CYP2C9 enzymatic activity, which metabolizes losartan to its active form E-3174, responsible for the antihypertensive effect. Aims To identify the frequency of allelic variants CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 in hypertensive patients and to compare genotypes with a healthy Chilean population. To relate polymorphisms with the losartan dosing to obtain an optimal blood pressure. Material and Methods We studied 30 patients with controlled essential hypertension using losartan with normal liver function, and 202 healthy people. Peripheral blood DNA genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction to identify the polymorphisms. Allelic and genotypic frequencies were compared. Results In hypertensive patients, allelic frequencies were 0.85 (CYP2C9*1), 0.05 (CYP2C9*2) and 0.1 (CYP2C9*3). Genotypic frequencies were 73.3% (CYP2C9*1/*1), 6.7% (CYP2C9*1/*2), 16.7% (CYP2C9*1/*3) and 3.3% (CYP2C9*2/3); observing a significantly higher frequency of the allele CYP2C9*3 (p=0.041) and CYP2C9*1/*3 genotype (p=0.04). A non-significant tendency to need a larger dose of losartan was observed with the CYP2C9 * 3 allele, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.46 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.01-18.64). The same tendency was observed with the need to use losartan twice a day, obtaining an OR of 5.88 (CI 0.54 -62.14). Conclusions There could be a relationship between the presence of CYP2C9 polymorphisms and the pathogenesis of hypertension. The presence of CYP2C9*3 is associated with the need for higher doses of losartan, possibly due to a decrease in the conversion of losartan to E-3174.
Descritores: Polimorfismo Genético
Losartan/administração & dosagem
Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9/genética
Hipertensão/genética
Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico
Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem
-Frequência do Gene
Genótipo
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1126975
Autor: Moraes, Jordana Carvalhaes de; Nunes, Fernanda Daniela Dornelas; Coeli-Lacchini, Fernanda Borchers; Miyazaki, Anderson Heiji Lima; Flória-Santos, Milena; Lacchini, Riccardo.
Título: Nurse empowerment through Pharmacogenetics / Empoderamento do enfermeiro por meio da Farmacogenética / Empoderamiento del enfermero a través de la farmacogenética
Fonte: Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online);28:e3265, 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: to verify the existence of elements that justify the use of pharmacogenetics by the Brazilian nurse. Method: this is a quantitative, cross-sectional, observational, descriptive study, whose final sample was 67 individuals. The participants were healthy at the time of the study and reported a history of previous use and the occurrence of adverse effects by drugs commonly used and metabolized by CYP2C9. We collected 4 mL of venous blood for subsequent DNA extraction by salting out method and genotyping of the CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 polymorphisms, using Polymerase Chain Reaction in real time using Taqman assays. Results: the use of drugs metabolized by CYP2C9 was frequent (more than 75% of the individuals have already used between 2 or 4 of these drugs). Regarding adverse events, there were 19 perceived symptomatic occurrences associated with drugs metabolized by CYP2C9. The allele frequency of the polymorphism * 2 and * 3 in the population studied was 11.1% and 7.5%, respectively, and there was a coincidence between the presence of alleles of low enzyme activity and the occurrence of adverse effects. Conclusion: there are elements that justify the adoption of pharmacogenetics in the nursing care to reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions to drugs metabolized by CYP2C9.

Objetivo: verificar a existência de elementos que justifiquem o uso da farmacogenética pelo enfermeiro brasileiro. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, do tipo transversal, observacional descritivo, cuja amostra final foi de 67 indivíduos. Os participantes estavam saudáveis no momento do estudo e reportaram histórico de uso prévio e ocorrência de efeitos adversos por fármacos comumente utilizados e metabolizados pela CYP2C9. Coletamos 4 mL de sangue venoso para posterior extração de DNA por método salting out e genotipagem dos polimorfismos CYP2C9*2 e CYP2C9*3 através de Polymerase Chain Reaction em tempo real, utilizando ensaios Taqman. Resultados: o uso de fármacos metabolizados pela CYP2C9 foi frequente (mais de 75% dos sujeitos já utilizaram entre 2 ou 4 desses fármacos). A respeito dos eventos adversos, houve 19 ocorrências sintomáticas percebidas, associadas a fármacos metabolizados pela CYP2C9. A frequência alélica do polimorfismo *2 e *3 na população estudada foi de 11,1% e 7,5%, respectivamente, com coincidência entre a presença dos alelos de baixa atividade enzimática e ocorrência de efeitos adversos. Conclusão: existem elementos que justificam a adoção da farmacogenética no cuidado do enfermeiro com objetivo de redução da ocorrência de reações adversas a fármacos metabolizados pela CYP2C9.

Objetivo: verificar la existencia de elementos que justifiquen el uso de la farmacogenética por parte del enfermero brasileño. Método: se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, transversal, observacional, descriptivo, cuya muestra final fue de 67 individuos. Los participantes estaban sanos en el momento del estudio e informaron un historial de uso previo y la aparición de efectos adversos por fármacos comúnmente utilizados y metabolizados por el CYP2C9. Recolectamos 4 ml de sangre venosa para la posterior extracción de ADN mediante el método de salazón y genotipificación de los polimorfismos CYP2C9 * 2 y CYP2C9 * 3 a través de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa en tiempo real utilizando ensayos Taqman. Resultados: el uso de drogas metabolizadas por el CYP2C9 fue frecuente (más del 75% de las personas ya han usado entre 2 o 4 de estas drogas). Con respecto a los eventos adversos, hubo 19 casos sintomáticos percibidos asociados con medicamentos metabolizados por el CYP2C9. La frecuencia alélica del polimorfismo * 2 y * 3 en la población estudiada fue de 11.1% y 7.5%, respectivamente, y hubo una coincidencia entre la presencia de alelos de baja actividad enzimática y la aparición de efectos adversos. Conclusión: existen elementos que justifican la adopción de la farmacogenética en el cuidado del enfermero para reducir la aparición de reacciones adversas a los medicamentos metabolizados por el CYP2C9.
Descritores: Farmacogenética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Enfermagem
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos
Uso de Medicamentos
Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9
Cuidados de Enfermagem
Processo de Enfermagem
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Responsável: BR26.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1019531
Autor: Usman, Muhammad; Zhen-Han, Zhu; Ze-Na, Chang; Jun-Ping, Han; Wen, Qian; Chang-Qing, Yang; Miyu, Nishikawa; Toshiyuki, Sakaki.
Título: Effect of iguratimod on diclofenac metabolism by CYP2C9 in rats and human recombinant CYP2C9 yeast cells
Fonte: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online);55:e17240, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Iguratimod (IGU, also known as T-614), a novel disease modifying antirheumatic drug intended to cure patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of IGU on the pharmacokinetics of CYP2C9 probe drug diclofenac and its metabolite 4′-hydroxy diclofenac in vivo and in vitro. In in vivo experiments, 24 rats were randomly assigned to three groups consisting of the control group (Normal saline), low dose IGU group (10 mg/kg) and high dose IGU group (30 mg/kg). Blood samples were collected from orbital sinuses vein before 1 hour and serial times of giving diclofenac (15 mg/kg) to all the rats. Plasma concentration of diclofenac and its metabolite 4´-hydroxy diclofenac were assayed by high performance liquid chromatography. Pharmacokinetic parameters were assessed by Winnonlin 6.4 pharmacokinetic software. Moreover, in vitro studies were performed in recombinant human CYP2C9 yeast cell system. IGU at low dose showed no significant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of diclofenac and 4-hydroxy diclofenac in vivo when compared with control group (p>0.005). However, at the high dose of IGU, the pharmacokinetic parameters of 4´-hydroxy metabolite of diclofenac increase in half-life (T1/2) and mean area under the curve (AUC0→24), while a decrease in mean clearance (CL, mL/h/kg) and volume of distribution Vz (mL/kg). In addition, in in vitro study, high doses of IGU reduces the metabolism rate of diclofenac. IGU at high dose significantly increase the pharmacokinetics parameters of 4´-hydroxy diclofenac in rats. Additionally, it also showed the potent inhibitory effect on diclofenac metabolism in recombinant human CYP2C9 yeast cells.
Descritores: Diclofenaco/efeitos adversos
Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9
Citocromo P-450 CYP2C9/farmacocinética
Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos
-Artrite Reumatoide/classificação
Técnicas In Vitro
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Feminino
Ratos
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas



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