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Id: lil-788974
Autor: Gururaj, P; Ramalingam, Subramanian; Devi, Ganesan Nandhini; Gautam, Pennathur.
Título: Process optimization for production and purification of a thermostable, organic solvent tolerant lipase from Acinetobacter sp. AU07
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):647-657, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Department of Biotechnology, Government of India.
Resumo: ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to isolate, purify and optimize the production conditions of an organic solvent tolerant and thermostable lipase from Acinetobacter sp. AU07 isolated from distillery waste. The lipase production was optimized by response surface methodology, and a maximum production of 14.5 U/mL was observed at 30 ºC and pH 7, using a 0.5% (v/v) inoculum, 2% (v/v) castor oil (inducer), and agitation 150 rpm. The optimized conditions from the shake flask experiments were validated in a 3 L lab scale bioreactor, and the lipase production increased to 48 U/mL. The enzyme was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation and ion exchange chromatography and the overall yield was 36%. SDS-PAGE indicated a molecular weight of 45 kDa for the purified protein, and Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight analysis of the purified lipase showed sequence similarity with GDSL family of lipases. The optimum temperature and pH for activity of the enzyme was found to be 50 ºC and 8.0, respectively. The lipase was completely inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride but minimal inhibition was observed when incubated with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and dithiothreitol. The enzyme was stable in the presence of non-polar hydrophobic solvents. Detergents like SDS inhibited enzyme activity; however, there was minimal loss of enzyme activity when incubated with hydrogen peroxide, Tween 80 and Triton X-100. The kinetic constants (Km and Vmax) revealed that the hydrolytic activity of the lipase was specific to moderate chain fatty acid esters. The Vmax, Km and Vmax/Km ratio of the enzyme were 16.98 U/mg, 0.51 mM, and 33.29, respectively when 4-nitrophenyl palmitate was used as a substrate.
Descritores: Compostos Orgânicos
Solventes
Proteínas de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese
Acinetobacter/enzimologia
Lipase/isolamento & purificação
Lipase/biossíntese
-Compostos Orgânicos/química
Solventes/química
Especificidade por Substrato
Temperatura Ambiente
Proteínas de Bactérias/química
Estabilidade Enzimática
Cinética
Cromatografia por Troca Iônica
Ativação Enzimática
Espaço Extracelular/enzimologia
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Íons
Lipase/química
Lipólise
Metais
Peso Molecular
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-780837
Autor: Colla, Luciane Maria; Primaz, Andreiza Lazzarotto; Benedetti, Silvia; Loss, Raquel Aparecida; Lima, Marieli de; Reinehr, Christian Oliveira; Bertolin, Telma Elita; Costa, Jorge Alberto Vieira.
Título: Surface response methodology for the optimization of lipase production under submerged fermentation by filamentous fungi
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(2):461-467, Apr.-June 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract A Plackett–Burman Factorial Design of 16 experiments was conducted to assess the influence of nine factors on the production of lipases by filamentous fungi. The factors investigated were bran type (used as the main carbon source), nitrogen source, nitrogen source concentration, inducer, inducer concentration, fungal strain (Aspergillus niger or Aspergillus flavus were selected as good lipase producers via submerged fermentation), pH and agitation. The concentration of the yeast extract and soybean oil and the pH had a significant effect (p < 0.05) on lipase production and were consecutively studied through a Full Factorial Design 23, with the concentration of yeast extract and pH being significant (p < 0.05). These variables were optimized using a central composite design, obtaining maximum lipolytic activities with the use of 45 g/L of yeast extract and pH 7.15. The statistical model showed a 94.12% correlation with the experimental data.
Descritores: Aspergillus flavus/metabolismo
Aspergillus niger/metabolismo
Microbiologia Industrial/métodos
Proteínas Fúngicas/biossíntese
Lipase/biossíntese
-Carbono/metabolismo
Meios de Cultura/metabolismo
Meios de Cultura/química
Fermentação
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-964865
Autor: González, Yenny; González de García, Mirtha; Degen de Arrúa, Rosa; López, Marcelo; Bernal, Cynthia; Ayala, Juan; Yubero, Fátima.
Título: Morfología, anatomía estructural y actividad lipasa de la pulpa de "coco", Acrocomia aculeata(Jacq) Lodd. ex Mart.(Arecaceae) en función al tiempo de colecta / Morphology, structural anatomy and lipase activity in coconut pulp, Acrocomia aculeata(Jacq) Lodd.ex Mart.(Arecaceae) according to time of collection
Fonte: Rojasiana;17(1):73-80, 2018.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Cocos/anatomia & histologia
Cocos/enzimologia
Óleo de Palmeira
-Fatores de Tempo
Qualidade dos Alimentos
Arecaceae/anatomia & histologia
Arecaceae/enzimologia
Lipase/metabolismo
Responsável: PY37.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: lil-520217
Autor: Parvathi, Ammini; Krishna, Kiran; Jose, Jiya; Joseph, Neetha; Nair, Santha.
Título: Biochemical and molecular characterization of Bacillus pumilus isolated from coastal environment in Cochin, India / Caracterização bioquímica e molecular de Bacillus pumilus isolado do ambiente costeiro de Cochin, Índia
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;40(2):269-275, Apr.-June 2009. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Bacillus species constitute a diverse group of bacteria widely distributed in soil and the aquatic environment. In this study, Bacillus strains isolated from the coastal environment of Cochin, India were identified by detailed conventional biochemical methods, fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis and partial 16S rDNA sequencing. Analysis of the data revealed that Bacillus pumilus was the most predominant species in the region under study followed by B. cereus and B. sphaericus. The B. pumilus isolates were further characterized by arbitrarily primed PCR (AP-PCR), antibiotic sensitivity profiling and PCR screening for known toxin genes associated with Bacillus spp. All B. pumilus isolates were biochemically identical, exhibited high protease and lipase activity and uniformly sensitive to antibiotics tested in this study. One strain of B. pumilus harboured cereulide synthetase gene cesB of B. cereus which was indistinguishable from rest of the isolates biochemically and by AP-PCR. This study reports, for the first time, the presence of the emetic toxin gene cesB in B. pumilus.

As espécies de Bacillus constituem um grupo diversificado de bactérias amplamente distribuídas no solo e no ambiente aquático. Neste estudo, cepas de Bacillus isoladas do ambiente costeiro de Cochin, Índia, foram identificadas através de métodos bioquímicos convencionais, análise de ésteres metílicos de ácidos graxos (FAME) e sequenciamento de 16S rDNA. A análise dos dados revelou que Bacillus pumilus foi a espécie predominante na região estudada, seguido de B. cereus e B. sphaericus. Os isolados de B. pumilus foram caracterizados através da reação em cadeia da polimerase com primers arbitrários (AP-PCR), perfil de sensibilidade a antibióticos e triagem por PCR de genes de toxinas associadas com Bacillus spp. Todos os isolados de B. pumilus foram bioquimicamente idênticos, apresentaram elevada atividade de protease e lipase e foram uniformemente sensíveis aos antibióticos estudados. Um dos isolados de B. pumilus apresentou o gene cesB de B. cereus, que não foinão distinguível dos demais isolados por testes bioquímicos nem por AP-PCR. Este é o primeiro relato da presença do gene cesB da toxina eméticaem B. pumilus.
Descritores: Aspergillus flavus/genética
Bacillus/isolamento & purificação
Técnicas In Vitro
Lipase/genética
Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética
Pimenta/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Sequência de Bases
Ácidos Graxos/análise
-Ambiente Aquático
Métodos
Solo
Técnicas
Tipo de Publ: Relatório Técnico
Responsável: BR32.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca e Informação Biomédica


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Id: lil-633030
Autor: Berg, Gabriela; Brites, Fernando; Muzzio, María Luz; Zago, Valeria; López, Graciela; Benitez, María Belén; Gomez Rosso, Leonardo; Miksztowicz, Verónica; Cacciagiú, Leonardo; González, Ana Inés; Aisemberg, Laura; Schreier, Laura; Wikinski, Regina.
Título: Factores circulantes de injuria endotelial y procesos subendoteliales en mujeres postmenopáusicas sanas / Endothelial injuring factors and subendothelial events in healthy postmenopausal women
Fonte: Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam;41(4):499-510, oct.-dic. 2007. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: UBACyT; . ANPCyT. PICT 14299.
Resumo: La concentración elevada de lipoproteínas aterogénicas con apo B en mujeres posmenopáusicas (MPM), es un componente importante del mecanismo multifactorial causante de la enfermedad coronaria. En MPM sanas (n=30) en comparación con premenopáusicas (MpreM) (n=28), se evaluó el perfil lipoproteico incluyendo apoproteínas A-I y B, LDL pequeña y densa, composición y oxidabilidad de LDL, proteína transportadora de colesterol esterificado y lipasa hepática. Se determinaron los siguientes factores emergentes: homocisteína, fosfolipasa A2, ferritina, PCR-hs (alta sensibilidad) y fibronectina proveniente de la matriz extracelular. La insulino-resistencia fue evaluada por la circunferencia de cintura, el índice HOMA y el índice triglicéridos/colesterol-HDL. El índice de riesgo apo B/apoA-I fue significativamente mayor en MPM (p<0,0001). MPM presentaron mayor proporción de LDL pequeña y densa, la cual correlacionó con el aumento de actividad de lipasa hepática (p<0,005), y con marcadores de insulino-resistencia (p<0,05). Fosfolipasa A2 (p<0,05), homocisteína (p<0,005), ferritina (p<0,0001), PCR-hs (p<0,005) y fibronectina (p<0,05)) fueron mayores en MPM. La oxidabilidad de LDL no mostró diferencias significativas pero correlacionó positivamente con LDL pequeña y densa (p<0,01), fosfolipasa A2 (p<0,05), homocisteína (p<0,05), PCR-hs (p<0,04), fibronectina (p<0,05) y cintura (p<0,02). Luego de ajustar por la condición menopáusica, edad y cintura, la oxidabilidad de LDL permaneció asociada con LDL pequeña y densa (b:0,36, p=0,027), homocisteína (b:0,36, p<0,038), fibronectina (b:0,41 p=0,05) y cintura (b:0,35, p=0,047). En este estudio, la interacción de factores de riesgo aterogénico clásicos y no tradicionales sugiere una secuencia de eventos que comienzan con la injuria endotelial causada por homocisteína y LDL pequeña y densa, que penetra en subendotelio donde su oxidación es favorecida por la homocisteína. Se produciría un proceso inflamatorio, que cursa con aumento de PCR y ferritina. La fosfolipasa A2, proveniente de macrófagos, atravesaría el endotelio unida a la LDL modificada, y promueve la liberación de fibronectina desde la matriz extracelular. La estrecha interacción entre la injuria endotelial, inflamación e insulino-resistencia se observaría desde estadíos subclínicos de aterosclerosis en MPM sanas.

In postmenopausal women (PMW), high concentrations of atherogenic apoB lipoproteins is an important component of the multifactorial mechanism underlying a higher risk of coronary artery disease, as compared with premenopausal women (PreMW). Lipoprotein pattern, including apopoproteins A-I and B, LDL chemical composition and small dense LDL (sdLDL), hepatic lipase activity, circulating cholesterol transfer protein and LDL oxidability were assessed in PMW (n=30) in comparison to PreMW (n=28). The following endothelial injuring factors were measured: homocysteine, lipoprotein binding phospholipase A2 (LpPLA2), ferritin, hs-CRP and fibronectin coming from extracellular vascular matrix. Insulin-resistance was evaluated by waist circumference, HOMA and triglyceride/HDL-cholesterol. PMW showed higher apoB/apoA-I (p<0.0001) and a higher proportion of sdLDL which showed significant correlations with the increase in hepatic lipase activity (p<0.005) and insulin-resistance markers (p<0.05). LpPLA2 (p<0.05), homocysteine (p<0.005), hs-CRP (p<0.005), fibronectin (p<0.05) and ferritin (p<0.0001) were elevated in PMW. LDL oxidability showed no differences between groups, but was positively correlated with waist (p<0.02), homocysteine (p<0.05), fibronectin (p<0.05), hs-CRP (p<0.04), LpPLA2 (p<0.05) and sdLDL (p<0.01). After adjusting by age, menopausal condition and waist, LDL oxidability remained associated with homocysteine (b: 0,36) p<0,038), sdLDL (b: 0.36, p=0.027), waist (b: 0.35, p=0.047) and fibronectin (b: 0,41 p=0.05). In this study, the interaction of classic and emerging atherogenic risk factors would suggest a sequence of events starting with endothelial damage caused by homocysteine and sdLDL, promoting its passage into the subendothelial space where it is oxidatively modified, enhanced by homocysteine. The above mentioned inflammatory process takes place with an increase in circulating hs-CRP and ferritin. LpPLA2, coming from macrophages, passes through the endothelium bound to modified LDL, promoting a release of fibronectin from the subendothelial extracellular matrix. Results suggest that the close interaction among endothelial injury, inflammation and insulin resistance can be observed since subclinical atherosclerosis states in healthy PMW.
Descritores: Menopausa
Fibronectinas
Pós-Menopausa
Homocisteína
-Receptores da Fosfolipase A2
Lipase
Responsável: AR1.2 - Instituto de Investigaciónes Epidemiológicas


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Id: biblio-1015957
Autor: Li, Jiajia; Xiao, Qiong; Huang, Yufeng; Ni, Hui; Wu, Changzheng; Xiao, Anfeng.
Título: Tannase application in secondary enzymatic processing of inferior Tieguanyin oolong tea
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;28:87-94, July. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Science and Technology Planning Project of Fujian Province.
Resumo: Background: Inferior Tieguanyin oolong tea leaves were treated with tannase. The content and bioactivity of catechins in extracts from the treated tea leaves were investigated to assess the improvement in the quality of inferior Tieguanyin oolong tea. Results: Analysis showed that after treatment, the esterified catechin content decreased by 23.5%, whereas non-galloylated catechin and gallic acid contents increased by 15.3% and 182%, respectively. The extracts from tannase-treated tea leaves showed reduced ability to bind to BSA and decreased tea cream levels. The extracts also exhibited increased antioxidant ability to scavenge OH and DPPH radicals, increased ferric reducing power, and decreased inhibitory effects on pancreatic α-amylase and lipase activities. Conclusions: These results suggested that tannase treatment could improve the quality of inferior Tieguanyin oolong tea leaves.
Descritores: Chá/enzimologia
Hidrolases de Éster Carboxílico/metabolismo
-Chá/metabolismo
Chá/química
Temperatura Ambiente
Catálise
Catequina/análise
Folhas de Planta/enzimologia
Fermentação
Hidrólise
Lipase/antagonistas & inibidores
Lipase/metabolismo
Antioxidantes
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1021336
Autor: Saraswat, Rashmi; Verma, Vijeshwar; Sistla, Srinivas; Bhushan, Indu.
Título: Evaluation of alkali and thermotolerant lipase from an indigenous isolated Bacillus strain for detergent formulation
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;30:33-38, nov. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background: Lipases are used in detergent industries to minimise the use of phosphate-based chemicals in detergent formulations. The use of lipase in household laundry reduces environmental pollution and enhances the ability of detergent to remove tough oil or grease stains. Results: A lipase-producing indigenous Bacillus subtilis strain [accession no. KT985358] was isolated from the foothills of Trikuta mountain in Jammu and Kashmir, India. The lipase (BSK-L) produced by this strain expressed alkali and thermotolerance. Lipase has an optimal activity at pH 8.0 and temperature 37°C, whereas it is stable at pH 6.0­9.0 and showed active lipolytic activity at temperatures 30 to 60°C. Furthermore, lipase activity was found to be stimulated in the presence of the metal ions Mn2+, K+, Zn2+, Fe2+ and Ca2+. This lipase was resistant to surfactants, oxidising agents and commercial detergents, suggesting it as a potential candidate for detergent formulation. BSK-L displayed noticeable capability to remove oil stains when used in different washing solutions containing buffer, lipase and commercial detergent. The maximum olive oil removal percentage obtained was 68% when the optimum detergent concentration (Fena) was 0.3%. The oil removal percentage from olive oil-soiled cotton fabric increased with 40 U/mL of lipase. Conclusions: This BSK-L enzyme has the potential for removing oil stains by developing a pre-soaked solution for detergent formulation and was compatible with surfactants, oxidising agents and commercial detergents.
Descritores: Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo
Lipase/metabolismo
-Temperatura Ambiente
Bacillus subtilis/isolamento & purificação
Bacillus subtilis/enzimologia
Detergentes
Alcalinização
Termotolerância
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Lipase/biossíntese
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-966517
Autor: Rajabi, Ali; Sani, Ali Mohamadi.
Título: Effect of goat lipase on sensory properties of curd / Efeito da lipase de cabra nas propriedades sensoriais da coalhada
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);33(6):1572-1575, nov./dec. 2017. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Curd is one the main dairy products in Iran with high nutritional value. People tend to consume traditional products with special taste and odour and this has led industrial manufacturers to use some additives to adopt the sensory properties similar to traditional ones. Animal lipase is a good choice with three sources including calve, lamb and kid ones which create perfect taste and aroma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of kid goat lipase at 5 levels (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 ppm) on some physic-chemical and sensory properties of curd in batch system. Results showed that addition of enzyme improved sensory properties and the highest score was gained in treatment containing 150 ppm of lipase.

A coalhada é um dos principais produtos lácteos no Irã com alto valor nutricional. As pessoas tendem a consumir produtos tradicionais com gosto e odor especiais e isso levou os fabricantes industriais a usar alguns aditivos para adotar as propriedades sensoriais semelhantes às tradicionais. A lipase animal é uma boa escolha com três fontes, incluindo bezerro, cordeiro e cabrito que criam sabor e aroma perfeitos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito da lipase de cabrito em 5 níveis (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 ppm) em algumas propriedades físico-químicas e sensoriais da coalhada no sistema de lote. Os resultados mostraram que a adição de propriedades sensoriais melhoradas enzimáticas e a maior pontuação foi obtida no tratamento contendo 150 ppm de lipase.
Descritores: Cabras
Laticínios
Lipase
Valor Nutritivo
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1002684
Autor: Casadio, Luciana Vilas Boas; Salles, Ana Paula Moreira; Malta, Fernanda de Mello; Leite, Gabriel Fialkovitz; Ho, Yeh-Li; Gomes-Gouvêa, Michele Soares; Malbouisson, Luiz Marcelo Sá; Levin, Anna S; de Azevedo Neto, Raymundo Soares; Carrilho, Flair José; Nastri, Ana Catharina Seixas Santos; Pinho, João Renato Rebello.
Título: Lipase and factor V (but not viral load) are prognostic factors for the evolution of severe yellow fever cases
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;114:e190033, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND Despite a highly efficacious vaccine, yellow fever (YF) is still a major threat in developing countries and a cause of outbreaks. In 2018, the Brazilian state of São Paulo witnessed a new YF outbreak in areas where the virus has not been detected before. OBJECTIVE The aim is to describe the clinical and laboratorial characteristics of severe cases of YF, evaluate viral to determine markers associated with fatal outcome. METHODS Acute severe YF cases (n = 62) were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of a reference hospital and submitted to routine laboratorial evaluation on admission. YFV-RNA was detected in serum and urine by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and then sequenced. Patients were classified in two groups: survival or death. FINDINGS In the univariate analysis the following variables were associated with outcome: alanin aminotransferase (ALT), aspartat aminotransferase (AST), AST/ALT ratio, total bilirubin (TB), chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI), ammonia, lipase, factor V, international normalised ratio (INR), lactate and bicarbonate. Logistic regression model showed two independent variables associated with death: lipase [odds ratio (OR) 1.018, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.007 to 1.030, p = 0.002], and factor V (OR -0.955, 95% CI 0.929 to 0.982, p = 0.001). The estimated lipase and factor V cut-off values that maximised sensitivity and specificity for death prediction were 147.5 U/L [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.879], and 56.5% (AUC = 0.913). MAIN CONCLUSIONS YF acute severe cases show a generalised involvement of different organs (liver, spleen, heart, kidneys, intestines and pancreas), and different parameters were related to outcome. Factor V and lipase are independent variables associated with death, reinforcing the importance of hemorrhagic events due to fulminant liver failure and pointing to pancreatitis as a relevant event in the outcome of the disease.
Descritores: Febre Amarela/terapia
Fator V/provisão & distribuição
Carga Viral/imunologia
-Lipase
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Monteiro, Josefina Bressan Resende
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Id: biblio-882322
Autor: Rezende, Fabiane Aparecida Canaan; Monteiro, Josefina Bressan Resende.
Título: Composição corporal: influência na ação da insulina, leptina, lipase lipoprotéica e lipase hormônio-sensível / Body composition: influence on insulin action, leptin, lipoproteic-and hormone-sensitive lipase
Fonte: Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr;30:131-140, 2005.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: The balance between food intake and energy expenditure is of major importance for weight control and prevention of non-transmissible diseases. Within this context body composition profile is a determining factor for the adequate functioning of neuroendocrine mechanisms; body fat, especially that localized around the abdomen, plays a major role in these mechanisms. Fat tissue may be considered an endocrine organ since hormones such as insulin and leptin, are directly linked to its storage acting in the control of food intake, energy expenditure and nutrient metabolism. In addition, enzymes such as lipoproteic- and hormone-sensitive lipase, which are directly related to lipid metabolism, are regulated by several hormones, including insulin, which in turn are influenced by fat storages. Usually, alteration of these enzymes trigger important metabolic changes, such as elevated serum tryglicerides, which is involved with onset of diabetes and dislipidemia. Considering the influence of body composition on the body's functioning itis essential to stimulate the practice of regular physical activity and incorporation of adequate feeding habits and life style, since these could contribute to a better body composition profile. Moreover, with relatively simple and inexpensive anthropometric measurements it is possible to detect high percentage of body fat, and by means of appropriate interventions, prevent and control many non-transmissible diseases

El equilibrio entre la ingestión alimentar y elgasto de energía es de importancia fundamental para el control del peso y prevención de las enfermedades crónico-degenerativas. En esse contexto, la composición corpórea es un fator determinante en el funcionamiento correcto delos mecanismos neuroendocrinos, y la grasa corpórea, principalmente aquella localizada enel área abdominal, ejerce gran influencia en esos mecanismos.El tejido adiposo puede ser considerado un órganoendocrino, porque se relacionan hormonas, como insulina y leptina, directamente al tamaño de su depósito y ellos actúan en el control de la ingesta alimentar, en el gasto de energía y en el metabolismo de los nutrientes. Además, enzimas como las lipoprotéica, lipasa y lipasa sensible a hormona que participan directamente en el metabolismo de lípidos tiene su actividad controlada por varias hormonas, como la insulina que es fuertemente influenciada por los depósitos de grasa corpórea existentes. Normalmente, la alteración de esas enzimas desencadena alteraciones metabólicas importantes como la elevación de los niveles séricos de triglicéridos,involucrados principalmente en el aparecimiento de diabetes y dislipidemias.Considerando que la influencia de la composición corpórea en el funcionamiento del organismo semanifiesta la importancia del incentivo de la práctica de actividad física de una manera regulary la adopción de hábitos alimentarios y de estilo devida adecuados. Esto contribuiría a un mejor perfil de la composición corpórea. Además, por médio de medidas antropométricas relativamente simples y de bajo costo es posible descubrir los porcentajes elevados de grasa corpórea y a través de las intervenciones prevenir y controlar muchas de las enfermedades crónico-degenerativas.

O equilíbrio entre a ingestão alimentar e o gasto energético é de fundamental importância para o controle do peso e prevenção de doenças não transmissíveis. Nesse contexto, o padrão de composição corporal é fator determinante no funcionamento adequado dos mecanismos neuro-endócrinos, sendo que a gordura corporal, principalmente a localizada na região abdominal, exerce grande influência nesses mecanismos. O tecido adiposo pode ser considerado um órgão endócrino, visto que hormônios, como insulina e leptina, estão diretamente ligados ao tamanho do seu estoque e atuam no controle da ingestão alimentar, gasto energético e metabolismo dos nutrientes. Além disso, enzimas como lipase lipoprotéica e lipase hormônio sensível, as quais estão envolvidas diretamente no metabolismo de lipídios, têm sua atividade controlada por diversos hormônios, como a insulina, que por sua vez sofrem grande influência dos estoques de gordura corporal. Normalmente, a alteração dessas enzimas desencadeia alterações metabólicas importantes como a elevação dos níveis séricos de triglicerídeos, envolvidos principalmente no aparecimento de diabetes e dislipidemias. Considerando essa influência da composição corporal sobre o funcionamento do organismo torna-se importante o incentivo à prática da atividade física, de forma regular, e a adoção de hábitos alimentares e de estilo de vida adequados, já que isto contribuiria para um melhor perfil da composição corporal. Além disso, por meio de medidas antropométricas ,relativamente simples e de baixo custo, é possível detectar elevados percentuais de gordura corporal e por meio de intervenções, prevenir e controlar muitas das doenças não transmissíveis
Descritores: Antropometria/instrumentação
Metabolismo dos Carboidratos/fisiologia
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia
Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
-Insulina/metabolismo
Leptina/fisiologia
Lipase/fisiologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR1600.9



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