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Pesquisa : D08.811.913.696.620.682.700.140 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-947665
Autor: Milaneze, H. S; Silva, L. S; Kottwitz, L. B. M; Zambom, M. A; Fonseca, L. M; Guimarães, A. T. B; Pozza, M. S. S.
Título: Microbiological, chemical, physical, and proteolytic activities of raw milk after thermal processing / Atividade microbiológica, física, química e proteolítica do leite cru após o processamento térmico
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online);70(5):1625-1632, set.-out. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The aim was to evaluate the microbiological, chemical- physical, and shelf-life quality of milk samples after pasteurization (HTST) for 10 days or ultra-high temperature (UHT) treatment for 120 days. Raw milk counts of mesophilic aerobic microorganisms, Staphylococcus spp. and thermotolerant coliforms before HTST and UHT processing were 6.73 and 7.77; 2.84 and 4.30, and 4.68 and 4.37log10, respectively. Pseudomonas spp. were found in raw milk samples. No presence of any other microorganisms studied was detected and no microbial inhibitor was found. Processed samples met microbiological legal requirements. However, aerobic mesophilic counts for HTST pasteurized milk samples stored for 5 and 10 days increased to values comparable to those in raw milk. Composition chemical- physical of all samples were within legal limits. These results demonstrate that, although HTST and UHT processed milk comply with the microbiological standards required by Brazilian law, high microbial counts in raw milk are an issue, possibly due to failures in the early stages of the production chain. Increase in casein macropeptide (CMP), probably because of proteases psychrotrophic bacteria. It is concluded that the quality of raw milk directly influences the progressive increase of the CMP values.(AU)

O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica, fisco-química e a vida de prateleira de amostras de leite, após o processo de pasteurização rápida (HTST) ou de ultra-alta temperatura (UHT) durante 10 dias, ou de ultra-alta temperatura (UHT) por 120 dias. As contagens de micro-organismos aeróbios mesófilos, Staphylococcus spp. e de coliformes termotolerantes do leite cru utilizado para tratamentos HTST e UHT foram, respectivamente (log10): 6,73 e 7,77; 2,84 e 4,30 e 4,68 e 4,37. Foi constatada a presença de Pseudomonas spp. no leite cru. Não foi detectada a presença de nenhum outro micro-organismo estudado, e as amostras estavam isentas de inibidores microbianos. Após a pasteurização, todas as amostras apresentaram contagens microbianas compatíveis com os limites legais. No entanto, as amostras de leite pasteurizado apresentaram contagens de aeróbios mesófilos semelhantes ao leite cru após cinco e 10 dias de armazenamento. A composição físico-química de todas as amostras estava de acordo com os limites legais. Observou-se acréscimo dos níveis de caseinomacropeptídeo (CMP) no leite UHT, provavelmente em função das proteases de bactérias psicrotróficas. Conclui-se que a qualidade do leite cru influencia diretamente os valores de CMP.(AU)
Descritores: Leite/química
Leite/microbiologia
Peptídeo Hidrolases/análise
-Caseína Quinases/análise
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: lil-501445
Autor: Rachagani, Satyanarayana; Gupta, Ishwar Dayal.
Título: Bovine kappa-casein gene polymorphism and its association with milk production traits
Fonte: Genet. mol. biol;31(4):893-897, Sept.-Dec. 2008. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Point mutations in exon IV of the bovine k-casein (CSN3) gene determine two allelic variants, A and B. These variants were distinguished by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis in the indigenous Sahiwal and Tharparkar cattle breeds. DNA samples (252 Sahiwal and 56 Tharparkar) were analyzed for allelic variants of the CSN3 gene. Polymorphism was detected by digestion of PCR-amplified products with HindIII, HhaI and HaeIII restriction enzymes, followed by separation on 3 percent agarose gels, and resolved by ethidium bromide staining. Allele A of the k-casein gene occurred at a higher frequency than allele B, in both Sahiwal and Tharparkar breeds. The genotypic frequencies of AA, AB, and BB in the Sahiwal and Tharparkar breeds were 0.758, 0.230 and 0.012, and 0.0.732, 0.250 and 0.018, respectively. The frequencies of alleles A and B in the Sahiwal and Tharparkar breeds were 0.873 and 0.127, and 0.857 and 0.143, respectively. Genotype BB of the kappa-casein gene had more influence on the monthly milk yield, 305-days milk yield, monthly solids-not-fat (SNF) yield, and monthly protein yield, in the Sahiwal cattle.
Descritores: Bovinos/genética
Leite
Polimorfismo Genético
-Caseína Quinases
Produção de Alimentos
Genótipo
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR26.1 - Biblioteca Central



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