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Id: biblio-1055382
Autor: Laboratory of Biochemical EngineeringFreitas, Bárbara Catarina Bastos de; Laboratory of Biochemical EngineeringCassuriaga, Ana Paula Aguiar; Laboratory of Microbiology and BiochemistryMorais, Michele Greque de; Atala, Daniel Ibraim Pires; Laboratory of Biochemical EngineeringCosta, Jorge Alberto Vieira.
Título: Pentoses Used in Cultures of Synechococcus nidulans and Spirulina paracas: Evaluation of Effects in Growth and in Content of Proteins and Carbohydrates
Fonte: Braz. arch. biol. technol;62:e19180728, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract The biological assimilation of the sugars present in lignocellulosic residues has gained prominence since these residues are the most abundant and economic residues in nature. Thus, the objective of this work was to determine whether the use of D-xylose and L-arabinose as sources of carbon in Synechococcus nidulans and Spirulina paracas cultures affects the growth and production of proteins and carbohydrates. Kinetic growth parameters, pentose consumption, protein content and carbohydrates were evaluated. Synechococcus nidulans and Spirulina paracas consumed all concentrations of pentose used. The highest cellular concentration (1.37 g.L-1) and the highest protein productivity (54 mg.L-1.d-1) were obtained for Spirulina paracas, which was submitted to the addition of 38.33 mg.L-1 D-xylose and 1.79 mg.L-1 L-arabinose. The use of pentose promoted the accumulation of proteins for the studied microalgae. This is one of the first works to report protein bioaccumulation as a result of pentose addition.
Descritores: Arabinose/administração & dosagem
Xilose/administração & dosagem
Carboidratos
Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos
Synechococcus
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Cordas, Taki Athanassios
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Id: biblio-1286284
Autor: Oliveira, Jônatas de; Colombarolli, Maíra Stivaleti; Figueredo, Leandro Silva; Cordás, Táki Athanássios.
Título: Cognitive restraint directed at carbohydrates in individuals on low-carb diet with binge eating: the role of guilt about food cravings / Restrição cognitiva direcionada aos carboidratos em indivíduos praticantes de dieta low carb com compulsão alimentar: o envolvimento da culpa pelos desejos por comida
Fonte: Einstein (Säo Paulo);19:eAO5599, 2021. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate whether the carbohydrate-restricted diet leads to higher levels of food cravings in individuals with binge eating. Methods A total of 146 individuals with binge eating participated in the Low-Carb Diet Group (n=48) and Control Group (n=98). The Binge Eating Scale, Hay's questionnaire, Food Cravings Questionnaire - Trait and State, Cognitive restraint subscale and its adapted version for the cognitive restraint toward carbohydrates, were used as measures. Parametric tests were used for comparison between groups (Student's t test), and Pearson's correlation test to verify correlations between variables of interest. Results No differences were found between groups with and without diet concerning the level of binge eating or food craving total score. The differences found were the higher levels of cognitive restraint (p=0.01), cognitive restraint for carbohydrates (p=0.01) and subscales of 'guilt about food craving' (p=0.04) in the Low-Carb Diet Group. Conclusion Individuals with binge eating and a history of low-carb diet have greater cognitive restraint toward carbohydrates and association with altered eating attitudes (guilt about food craving).

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar se a dieta com restrição de carboidratos acarreta níveis elevados de desejos intenso por comida em indivíduos com compulsão alimentar. Métodos Participaram 146 indivíduos com compulsão alimentar divididos nos Grupos Dieta Low Carb (n=48) e Grupo Controle (n=98). Foram utilizados como medidas: Escala de Compulsão Alimentar Periódica, Questionário de Hay, Questionário de Desejos Intensos por Comida - Traço e Estado, Subescala de restrição cognitiva e sua versão adaptada para a restrição cognitiva direcionada aos carboidratos. Foram utilizados testes paramétricos para comparação entre grupos (teste t de Student) e o teste de correlação de Pearson para verificar correlações entre variáveis de interesse. Resultados Não foram encontradas diferenças entre grupos com e sem prática de dieta em relação ao nível de compulsão alimentar ou ao escore total para desejos intensos por comida. As diferenças encontradas foram os maiores níveis de restrição cognitiva (p=0,01), restrição cognitiva para carboidratos (p=0,01) e subescalas de 'culpa por causa dos desejos' (p=0,04) no Grupo Dieta Low Carb. Conclusão Indivíduos com compulsão alimentar e histórico de dieta com restrição de carboidratos (low carb) possuem maior restrição cognitiva direcionada aos carboidratos e associação com atitudes alimentares alteradas (culpa pelos desejos).
Descritores: Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar
Fissura
-Carboidratos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Cognição
Dieta
Ingestão de Alimentos
Comportamento Alimentar
Culpa
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1047350
Autor: Sousa, Talles Moraes de; Quaresma, Marcus Vinícius Lúcio dos Santos.
Título: Restrição de carboidratos no manejo do diabetes mellitus tipo 2: revisão crítica de ensaios clínicos randomizados / Carbohydrate restriction in the management of diabetes mellitus type 2: critical review of randomized clinical tests
Fonte: Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo;29(4,Supl):432-440, out.-dez. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) é considerado um dos principais distúrbios metabólicos relacionados ao desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares e outras comorbidades, com elevada incidência e prevalência no Brasil e no mundo. Apesar dos avanços em seu tratamento, a projeção mundial é de aumento no número de diagnósticos. No Brasil, o total de pessoas com a doença cresceu mais de 60% em 10 anos. Como o manejo dietético é um dos pilares no tratamento do DM2, este trabalho objetivou analisar os estudos que compararam as dietas restritas em carboidratos com outras abordagens dietéticas a fim de elucidar se esta seria a opção mais adequada para os pacientes com DM2. Assim, fez-se uma revisão de ensaios clínicos randomizados por meio das plataformas de pesquisa PubMed e Cochrane Library em outubro de 2018, selecionando os estudos segundo a estratégia PICO de pesquisa. Dos 398 artigos encontrados, 19 atenderam os critérios de elegibilidade. Após a análise, demonstrou-se que as dietas restritas em carboidratos favorecem o controle glicêmico, melhora do perfil lipídico e redução dos medicamentos para DM2 em relação às outras opções dietéticas, no entanto, os trabalhos apresentam vieses metodológicos e são, em geral, de curto prazo. Sendo assim, é precipitado afirmar que essas dietas são mais efetivas para o tratamento do DM

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is considered one of the primary metabolic disorders related to the development of cardiovascular diseases and other comorbidities, with high incidence and prevalence in Brazil and in the world. Despite advances in its treatment, an increase in the number of diagnoses is estimated worldwide. In Brazil, the total number of people with the disease has grown more than 60% in 10 years. As dietary management is one of the mainstays in the treatment of T2DM, this study aimed to analyze the studies that compared carbohydrate-restricted diets with other dietary approaches to elucidate if this would be the most appropriate option for patients with T2DM. Thus, randomized clinical trials were reviewed through the PubMed and Cochrane Library research platforms in October 2018, selecting the studies according to the PICO research strategy. Of the 398 articles found, 19 met the eligibility criteria and had their data collected. After the analysis, it was demonstrated that carbohydrate-restricted diets support glycemic control, loss of body mass, improvement of lipid profile and reduction of medications for T2DM compared to other dietary options. However, a significant part of the studies has methodological biases and is generally short-term. Therefore, the level of evidence supporting dietary restriction of carbohydrates in the management of T2DM is considered moderate. Thus, according to the principle of the null hypothesis, it is unwise to affirm that these diets are superior in the treatment of DM2
Descritores: Carboidratos
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia
Dieta com Restrição de Carboidratos
-Doenças Cardiovasculares
Índice de Massa Corporal
Fatores de Risco
Índice Glicêmico
Dieta
Obesidade
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR44.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca, Documentação Científica e Didática Prof. Dr. Luiz Venere Décourt


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-1138615
Autor: Penner Teichgräf, Meliessa; González Cañete, Natalia Elizabeth.
Título: Estado nutricional, hábitos de alimentación y de estilo de vida en vegetarianos de Asunción y Gran Asunción, Paraguay / Nutritional status, eating habits and lifestyle factors among vegetarians from Asunción and Great Asunción, Paraguay
Fonte: Rev. chil. nutr;47(5):782-791, set. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN Una dieta vegetariana se define por la exclusión total o parcial de alimentos de origen animal. Cuando es planificada adecuadamente puede prevenir y tratar enfermedades. Sin embargo, una dieta restrictiva en ciertos alimentos debe ser evaluada. El propósito de esta investigación fue describir parámetros antropométricos, hábitos de alimentación y de estilo de vida en ovo-lácteo-vegetarianos y veganos y explorar diferencias en la ingesta de nutrientes críticos entre ambos grupos. Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, realizado en ovo-lácteo-vegetarianos y veganos de Asunción, Paraguay, durante el 2015. Se evaluaron parámetros antropométricos,, ingesta y hábitos de estilo de vida saludable. Participaron 17 ovo-lácteo-vegetarianos y 14 veganos. El 67,7 % (n= 21) se encontró normopeso, el 29 % (n= 9) presentó exceso de peso, y el 3,2% (n=1) bajo peso. Se presentó una ingesta inferior a los requerimientos en energía, carbohidratos, proteínas y grasas en ambos grupos de vegetarianos, e ingesta muy limitada de calcio y vitamina B12 en veganos. Las mujeres presentaron ingesta muy por debajo de las recomendaciones para hierro y calcio. Ninguna mujer vegana cumplió con la recomendación dietaria de vitamina B12. Al comparar grupos, se hallaron diferencias significativas en proteínas, calcio (menor consumo en veganos) y fibra (menor en ovo-lácteo-vegetarianos). La suplementación con vitaminas y suplementos también fue muy baja. Los resultados resaltan la importancia de una evaluación constante de la ingesta de nutrientes en una dieta vegetariana, a modo de evitar deficiencias o excesos, y la insoslayable tarea del nutricionista para el asesoramiento alimentario-nutricional a los individuos que expresen interés en adoptar este tipo de dieta.

ABSTRACT A vegetarian diet is defined by the total or partial exclusion of foods of animal origin. When properly planned it can prevent and treat disease. However, a restrictive diet in certain foods must be evaluated. The purpose of this research was to describe anthropometric parameters, eating and lifestyle habits of lacto-ovo-vegetarians and vegans, and to explore differences in critical nutrient intake between both groups. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study, carried out among lacto-ovo-vegetarians and vegans in the city of Asunción, Paraguay, during 2015. Anthropometric parameters,, intake and healthy lifestyle habits were evaluated. Seventeen lacto-ovo-vegetarians and 14 vegans participated. 67.7% (n= 21) were normal weight, 29.1% (n= 9) were overweight, and 3.2% (n= 1) were underweight. There was an intake lower than the requirements in terms of energy, carbohydrates, proteins and fats in both groups of vegetarians, and very limited intake of calcium and vitamin B12 in vegans. Women particularly had intake well below the recommendations for iron and calcium. No woman on a vegan diet met the dietary recommendation for vitamin B12. When comparing groups, significant differences were found in terms of protein and calcium, (lower consumption in vegans), fiber (lower in lacto-ovo-vegetarians). Vitamin supplementation was also very low. The results highlight the importance of constant evaluation of nutrient intake in a vegetarian diet in order to avoid deficiencies or excesses, and the very important work of the nutritionist for food and nutritional advice for individuals who express interest in adopting this type of diet.
Descritores: Dieta Vegetariana
Nutrientes
Estado Nutricional
-Carboidratos
Proteínas
Estilo de Vida
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: CL334.1 - Biblioteca UBO


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Id: biblio-1132245
Autor: Giraldo, Néstor David; Buchelly, Raquel Juliana Romo; Hincapié, Danilo Echeverri; Atehortua, Lucia.
Título: Transformation of Brewery Subproducts into Valuable Biomass Using Mixotrophic Culture of Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Associated Bacteria
Fonte: Braz. arch. biol. technol;63:e20190229, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación - Colciencias, Cervecería Union, Fondo de Internacionalización of Universidad de Antioquia and ERANet-LAC1st Joint Call.
Resumo: Abstract To develop a biorefinery concept applied in the brewery industry, Chlorella pyrenoidosa and a consortium of associated bacteria were cultivated mixotrophically in a continuous photobioreactor using brewery low-value subproducts as an integrative process. Beer production residues were biochemically characterized to assess the most promising options to be used as a nutrient source for microalgal cultivation. Due to its physical and chemical properties, pre-treated weak wort was used to prepare an organic complex culture medium for microalgal biotransformation. Filtration and nitrogen supplementation were necessary to improve nutrient removal and biomass productivity. Maximal removal of nitrate and phosphate obtained were 90% and 100% respectively. Depending on operation conditions, total carbohydrates depuration ranged from 50 - 80%. The initial concentration of total carbohydrates of the weak wort must be adjusted to 2 - 4g/L to maintain a stable equilibrium between microalgal and bacterial growth. The biochemical composition of produced biomass varied depending on the cultivation conditions as well as on its final use. Upon continuous mixotrophic conditions evaluated in this study, C. pyrenoidosa was composed mainly of carbohydrates and protein.
Descritores: Cerveja
Fenômenos Bioquímicos
Biotransformação
Chlorella/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Microalgas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
-Carboidratos
Chlorella/química
Biomassa
Fotobiorreatores/microbiologia
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1223591
Autor: Vázquez Franco, Mireya; Giménez-Blasi, Nuria; Latorre, José Antnio; Martínez-Bebia, Manuel; Bach, Anna; Olea-Serrano, Fátima; Mariscal-Arcas, Miguel.
Título: Actualización sobre deficiencias nutricionales en la mujer deportista a partir de la literatura científica / Update on nutritional deficiencies in women athletes from the scientific literature
Fonte: Arch. latinoam. nutr;70(3):191-204, sept. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Los déficits nutricionales en la mujer deportista causan numerosos problemas de salud, así como un empeoramiento en el rendimiento deportivo, como consecuencia de estas deficiencias nutricionales. El conocimiento de estos déficits y su prevención deben ser un aspecto principal para cualquier responsable deportivo. Establecer la importancia del estudio de los déficits de energía, proteínas, minerales (Fe, Ca y Mg) y vitaminas (Vitamina D, ácido fólico y vitamina B12) que pueden desarrollar las mujeres deportistas y su relación con la prevalencia de la tríada femenina y constatar la importancia del conocimiento por parte de los responsables deportivos de los problemas derivados de los déficits nutricionales. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de artículos, entre 2013-2020, relevantes para el objetivo de estudio. Se usaron bases de datos científicas como PubMed y Pennutrition, siguiendo los criterios de exclusión e inclusión elegidos para este estudio. 51 artículos fueron encontrados. Los resultados mostraron la prevalencia de energía, Fe, vitamina D y Ca, así como un suficiente aporte proteico, faltan estudios para determinar los niveles de vitamina B12 y ácido fólico. Se observó, además la prevalencia de mujeres que cumplen con uno o varios factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de la tríada de la deportistas femenina. Es imprescindible la prevención o, el tratamiento, de los déficits nutricionales en las mujeres deportistas para asegurar un correcto estado de salud y un rendimiento deportivo óptimo(AU)

Nutritional deficiencies in women athletes cause numerous health problems, as well as a worsening of sports performance, as a result of these nutritional deficiencies. Awareness of these deficiencies and their prevention should be a major aspect for any sports manager. The aim of the study was to establish the importance of studying the deficits of energy, protein, minerals (Fe, Ca and Mg) and vitamins (Vitamin D, folic acid and vitamin B12) that can be developed by female athletes and their relationship with the prevalence of the female triad and to establish the importance of knowledge by sports managers of the problems arising from nutritional deficiencies. 51 papers were found. A bibliographic search of relevant articles for the study objective was carried out (2013-2020). Scientific databases such as PubMed and Pennutrition were used, following the exclusion and inclusion criteria chosen for this study. The results showed the prevalence of energy, Fe, vitamin D and Ca, as well as sufficient protein intake and a lack of studies to determine the levels of vitamin B12 and folic acid. In addition, the prevalence of women meeting one or more risk factors for the development of the female sports triad was observed. It is essential the prevention or, treatment, of nutritional deficits in female athletes to ensure proper health status and optimal sports performance(AU)
Descritores: Esportes
Deficiência de Vitaminas
Mulheres
Deficiências Nutricionais
Deficiência de Minerais
-Osteoporose
Carboidratos
Amenorreia
Metabolismo
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: VE1.1 - Biblioteca Humberto Garcia Arocha


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Id: biblio-1223201
Autor: Ventura Santos, Salomé Danilo(edt); Mendoza Hernández, José Roberto(edt).
Título: Estudio comparativo de la dieta en la salud de pacientes con enfermedades crónicas degenerativas no transmisibles: en asocio con Unidad de Salud Barrio Lourdes / Comparative study of diet in the health of patients with chronic degenerative non-communicable diseases: in association with Unidad de Salud Barrio Lourdes.
Fonte: Santa Tecla, La Libertad; ITCA Editores; ene. 2018. 40 p. tab., graf..
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La salud es un factor determinante en el desarrollo físico de las actividades cotidianas del ser humano, sin embargo, a pesar de su importancia no se valora así en algunos casos, el consumo excesivo de algunos alimentos con alto contenido de grasa y carbohidratos provoca alteraciones en la homeóstasis, que es la que se encarga de mantener el equilibrio del buen funcionamiento del sistema interno del cuerpo humano. En ese contexto la presente investigación está enfocada en proporcionar a la comunidad un aporte que contribuya a minimizar riesgos en la salud de las personas; a través de una guía de cocina saludable práctica, que le permita al usuario sensibilizarse hacia el cuido de su salud y el bienestar de sus familias, y además que desarrolle hábitos alimentarios con la puesta en práctica de las recetas propuestas. Con este aporte se espera que el costo que significa el tratamiento médico por enfermedades crónicas disminuya en las familias que tienen un paciente con algún padecimiento. También se muestran resultados reales, obtenidos de las muestras realizadas a personas con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, que tienen su control en la Unidad de Salud del Barrio Lourdes de San Salvador.

Health is a determining factor in the physical development of the daily activities of the human being, however, despite its importance, it is not valued in this way in some cases, the excessive consumption of some foods high in fat and carbohydrates causes alterations in homeostasis, which is responsible for maintaining the balance of the proper functioning of the internal system of the human body. In this context, this research is focused on providing the community with a report that contributes to minimizing risks to people's health; Through a practical healthy cooking guide, which allows the user to become aware of taking care of their health and the well-being of their families, and also to develop eating habits by putting the proposed recipes into practice. With this contribution, it is expected that the cost of medical treatment for chronic diseases will decrease in families who have a patient with a disease. Real results are also shown, obtained from samples taken from people with chronic non-communicable diseases, who have their control in Unidad de Saludo Barrio Lourdes
Descritores: Carboidratos
Doença Crônica
Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição
Doenças não Transmissíveis
-Dieta
Comportamento Alimentar
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: SV2 - Departamento de Gobernanza y Gestión del Conocimiento
SV39.1; 616.0440654, V468e


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Id: biblio-1132228
Autor: Demirel, Zeliha; Imamoglu, Esra; Dalay, Meltem Conk.
Título: Growth Kinetics of Nanofrustulum Shiloi Under Different Mixing Conditions in Flat-plate Photobioreactor
Fonte: Braz. arch. biol. technol;63:e20190201, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: European Seventh Framework Programme.
Resumo: Abstract Diatoms are the major group of microalgae which have been utilized by the potential applications as food industries, aquatic feeds, cosmetics, biofuels, and pharmaceuticals. In this study, current approaches were made in order to determine growth rate, biomass productivity, protein, carbohydrate, lipid and fatty acid composition for Nanofrustulum shiloi cultures using both aeration and mixing conditions in flat-plate photobioreactor (PBR). Physical (the intensity of aeration, mixing, light intensity etc.) and chemical (nutritional materials) factors are affecting the growth and bioproduct contents of a diatom. Biomass and lipid productivities of N. shiloi were measured as 31.29 and 36.9622±0.0598 mg L-1 day-1 in flat-plate PBR having the combination of aeration and stirring system, respectively. A slightly higher amount of saturated fatty acids was detected in PBR having only bubbling system while the increase of mono- and poly- unsaturated fatty acids were found in PBR having the combination of aeration and stirring system. Flat-plate PBR design was also investigated for improving not only biomass but also the lipid productivity of N. shiloi.
Descritores: Diatomáceas/fisiologia
Fotobiorreatores
-Carboidratos/análise
Diatomáceas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Diatomáceas/química
Biomassa
Ácidos Graxos/análise
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1151067
Autor: Ventura Santos, Salomé Danilo(edt); Mendoza Hernández, José Roberto(edt).
Título: Estudio comparativo de la dieta en la salud de pacientes con enfermedades crónicas degenerativas no transmisibles: en asocio con Unidad de Salud Barrio Lourdes / Comparative research about the diet in the health from patients with chronic degenerative non-communicable diseases in partnership with Unidad de Salud Barrio Lourdes
Fonte: Rev. téc. (ITCA-FEPADE. En línea);11(11):49-51, 2018. il. col.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La salud es un factor determinante en el desarrollo físico de las actividades cotidianas del ser humano, sin embargo, a pesar de su importancia no se valora así en algunos casos. El consumo excesivo de algunos alimentos con alto contenido de grasa y carbohidratos provoca alteraciones en la homeóstasis, que es la que se encarga de mantener el equilibrio del buen funcionamiento del sistema interno del ser humano. En ese contexto ITCA-FEPADE a través de la Escuela de Tecnología de Alimentos desarrolló una investigación en asocio colaborativo con personal médico de la Unidad de Salud del Barrio Lourdes de San Salvador, enfocada en proporcionar a la comunidad con enfermedades crónicas degenerativas no transmisibles usuaria de esta Unidad, un aporte que contribuye a minimizar riesgos en la salud de estas personas. Se desarrolló una guía alimenticia de cocina saludable y práctica, que le permite al usuario sensibilizarse hacia el cuido de su salud, el bienestar de su familia y además desarrollar hábitos alimentarios con la puesta en práctica de las recetas propuestas. Esta investigación propone una guía para cocinar los alimentos de acuerdo a prescripciones del médico responsable del tratamiento. De acuerdo a fuentes consultadas de estudios realizados en este tema, se encuentra un vacío entre la dieta y la forma de cocinar los alimentos para lograr la eficiencia y rigurosidad del programa alimenticio.
Descritores: Doença Crônica
Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição
-Carboidratos
Comportamento Alimentar
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: SV2 - Departamento de Gobernanza y Gestión del Conocimiento


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Id: biblio-1179129
Autor: Ventura Santos, Salomé Danilo(edt); Mendoza Hernández, José Roberto(edt).
Título: Alimentos potenciales a base de yuca y camote como fuente de carbohidratos complejos para contribuir en la dieta de personas con intolerancia al gluten / Potential foods based on yucca and sweet potato as a source of complex carbohydrates to contribute to the diet of people with gluten intolerance.
Fonte: Santa Tecla, La Libertad; ITCA Editores; ene. 2020. 58 p. ilus., tab..
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Esta investigación de campo se enfocó en hacer un estudio sobre la alimentación de las personas celiacas en El Salvador asociadas en ACELYSES. Se propuso un recetario de alimentos libres de gluten como fuente de carbohidratos complejos, a base de yuca, camote y otros vegetales inocuos para contribuir en la dieta de personas con intolerancia al gluten (celíacos). Para la elaboración de las 27 recetas fue necesario dar prioridad a la inocuidad y control de la contaminación cruzada, es decir, que los alimentos no hayan sido contaminados con gluten en ningún proceso. Otro aspecto importante fue analizar la trazabilidad de las materias primas que se deben utilizar para preparar los alimentos, así como los utensilios con los que se preparan, a fin de evitar riesgos a las personas con esta patología. Se realizaron pruebas sensoriales y hedónicas a través de focus group para obtener la opinión de aceptación de las recetas propuestas; igualmente, se elaboró una tabla con el contenido nutricional de cada receta, lo cual permitirá al usuario informarse del consumo de grasas, carbohidratos y otros minerales en beneficio de su salud.

This field research was focused on conducting a study of the diet of people with celiac disease in El Salvador associated with ACELYSES. A recipe book for gluten-free foods was proposed as a source of complex carbohydrates, based on yucca, sweet potato and other harmless vegetables to contribute to the diet of people with gluten intolerance (celiacs). For the preparation of the 27 recipes, it was necessary to give priority to safety and control of cross contamination, that means that the food had not been contaminated with gluten in any process. Another important aspect was to analyze the traceability of the raw materials that should be used to prepare food, as well as the utensils with which they are prepared, in order to avoid risks to people with this pathology. Sensory and hedonic tests were carried out through focus groups to obtain the opinion of acceptance of the proposed recipes; Likewise, a table was prepared with the nutritional content of each recipe, which can allow the user to find out about the consumption of other fats, carbohydrates and minerals for the benefit of their health.
Descritores: Doença Celíaca
Yucca
Ipomoea batatas
Dieta
Glutens
-Pesquisa
Carboidratos
Alimentos
Tipo de Publ: Relatório Técnico
Estudo Observacional
Responsável: SV2 - Departamento de Gobernanza y Gestión del Conocimiento
SV39.1; 641.5631, V468a



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