||Gao, Juan; Zhao, Yan; Zhang, Guocai; Li, Yumei; Li, Qiang.|
||Production optimization, purification, expression, and characterization of a novel α-L-arabinofuranosidase from Paenibacillus polymyxa|
||Electron. j. biotechnol;36:24-33, nov. 2018. graf, tab, ilus.
||National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation.
||Background: α-L-Arabinofuranosidase (EC 18.104.22.168) catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal α-L-1,2-, -1,3-, and -1,5- arabinofuranosyl residues in arabinose-containing polymers, and hence, it plays an important role in hemicellulose degradation. Herein, the bacterium Paenibacillus polymyxa, which secretes arabinofuranosidase with high activity, was selected for enzyme production, purification, and characterization. Results: Medium components and cultural conditions were optimized by the response surface method using shake flask cultures. Arabinofuranosidase production reached 25.2 U/mL under optimized conditions, which were pH 7.5, 28°C, and a basic medium supplemented with 1.5 g/L mannitol and 3.5 g/L soymeal. Furthermore, the arabinofuranosidase secreted by P. polymyxa, named as PpAFase-1, was partially purified from the supernatant using a DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow column and a hydroxyapatite column. The approximate molecular mass of the purified PpAFase-1 was determined as 56.8 kDa by SDS-PAGE. Protein identification by mass spectrometry analysis showed that the deduced amino acid sequence had significant similarity to the glycosyl hydrolase family 51. The deduced gene of 1515 bp was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) cells. Purified recombinant PpAFase-1 was active toward p-nitrophenyl-α-L-arabinofuranoside (pNPAraf). The Km and kcat values toward pNPAraf were 0.81 mM and 53.2 s−1 , respectively. When wheat arabinoxylan and oat spelt xylan were used as substrates, PpAFase-1 showed poor efficiency. However, a synergistic effect was observed when PpAFase-1 was combined with xylanase from Thermomyces lanuginosus. Conclusion: A novel GH51 enzyme PpAFase-1 was cloned from the genome of P. polymyxa and expressed in E. coli. This enzyme may be suitable for hemicellulose degradation on an industrial scale.|
Espectrometria de Massas
Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida
Glicosídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação
||CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central|