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Id: biblio-837657
Autor: Santos, Alessandra Marques dos; Coelho, Joao Paulo Ferreira; Juanes, Camila de Carvalho; Azevedo, Rafael Barbosa de; Melo, Nayanna de Oliveira Ramos; Jamacaru, Francisco Vagnaldo Fechine; Dornelas, Conceição Aparecida.
Título: Carcinogenesis in rats subjected to a new model ureterosigmoidostomy and treated with L-lysine
Fonte: Acta cir. bras;31(12):793-800, Dec. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of L-lysine on the intestinal and urothelial epithelium of rats subjected to ureterosigmoidostomy (new model for surgical carcinogenesis). METHODS: Forty-two rats, 9 weeks of age, were divided into 6 groups. Animals in groups A, B, C were subjected to ureterosigmoidostomy (US) and treated with L-lysine, celecoxib and H2O, respectively. Groups D, E and F (non-operated controls) received L-lysine, celecoxib and H2O, respectively. The L-lysine dose was 150 mg/kg and that of celecoxib was 20 mg/kg. The colon was analyzed for the presence of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) under a stereomicroscope.The tissue was stained with hematoxylin and eosin and PAS alcian blue. RESULTS: There were rare ACF, and there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. Histopathologic study of the ureteral epithelium identified moderate to severe urothelial hyperplasia in rats with ureterosigmoidostomy. Transitional hyperplasia in the ureters of animals receiving L-lysine (A) showed an apparent difference compared to the control (C) (P=0.2424). There was no dysplasia or atypia CONCLUSION: L-lysine does not promote carcinogenesis of the intestinal and urethelial epithelium of rats subjected to ureterosigmoidostomy at the doses and times studied.
Descritores: Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia
Estomas Cirúrgicos
Focos de Criptas Aberrantes/patologia
Carcinogênese
Neoplasias Intestinais/etiologia
Lisina/farmacologia
-Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/etiologia
Ureterostomia/métodos
Ratos Wistar
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Estomas Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos
Mucosa Intestinal/patologia
Limites: Animais
Feminino
Ratos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-837697
Autor: Santos, Alessandra Marques dos; Coelho, Joao Paulo Ferreira; Juanes, Camila de Carvalho; Azevedo, Rafael Barbosa de; Diniz, Clara Araujo; Jamacaru, Francisco Vagnaldo Fechine; Dornelas, Conceição Aparecida.
Título: Transitional metaplasia in intestinal epithelium of rats submitted to intestinal cystoplasty and treatment with L -lysine
Fonte: Acta cir. bras;32(4):297-306, Apr. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Purpose: To evaluated the effects of L-lysine on the intestinal and urothelial epithelia in cystoplasty in rats. Methods: Twenty-eight 9-week-old rats were assigned to 4 groups: Group A (n=8) cystoplasty followed by administration of L-lysine (150 mg/kg body weight by gavage) for 30 weeks; Group B (n=8) cystoplasty + water for 30 weeks; Group C (n=6) L-lysine for 30 weeks; Group D (n=6) water for 30 weeks. Results: On histopathology with hematoxylin and eosin, mild to moderate hyperplasia transitional was observed in at the site of anastomosis in all animals submitted to cystoplasty (Groups A and B), but "transitional metaplasia" of the intestinal glandular epithelium was more accentuated in Group A (p=0.045). No inflammatory cells, dysplasia or abnormalities were observed. Staining with Alcian blue revealed a substantial reduction of goblet cells and mucins in the colon segment (Groups A and B). Conclusion: The administration of L-lysine to rats accelerated the development of transitional metaplasia in the epithelium of the colon segment in cystoplasty.
Descritores: Carcinogênese/induzido quimicamente
Mucosa Intestinal/cirurgia
Mucosa Intestinal/patologia
Lisina/efeitos adversos
-Derivação Urinária
Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Carcinogênese/patologia
Lisina/administração & dosagem
Metaplasia/induzido quimicamente
Metaplasia/patologia
Limites: Animais
Feminino
Ratos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-966626
Autor: Pastore, Silvana Marques; Gomes, Paulo Cezar; Viana, Gabriel da Silva; Silva, Eliane Aparecida da; Oliveira, Will Pereira de; Barbosa, Leonardo Valentino Soares; Fraga, Alícia Zem; Alves, Warley Junior.
Título: Standardized ileal digestible lysine requirement of white commercial layers in peak egg production / Níveis de lisina digestível em rações para galinhas poedeiras leves no pico de produção
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);34(1):186-193, jan./feb. 2018. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study was conducted to determine the standardized ileal digestible lysine (SID Lys) requirements for white commercial layers in peak egg production phase. A total of two hundred eighty-eight 24 week-old Hy-Line W-36 layers were randomly assigned to one of six treatments groups, with eight replicates of six hens each. A basal diet, SID Lys-deficient, was graded supplemented with L-Lysine HCl (78.4%) in order to produce experimental treatments (6.0, 6.6, 7.2, 7.8, 8.4 and 9.0 g SID Lys/kg diet). Throughout the 16-week-feeding trial (24 to 40 weeks of age) hens had free access to water and mash feed. Data were analyzed as one-way ANOVA and optimum SID Lys level for each dependent variable assessed were estimated using polynomial and linear broken-line regression model. Feed intake and SID Lys intake were both linearly enhanced by graded SID Lys levels. According to linear broken-line regression model, the breakpoint for egg production, egg weight, and egg mass occurred at 8.14, 8.56 and 8.35 g SID Lys/kg diet, respectively. The breakpoint for feed conversion per egg mass (kg/kg) and per dozen of eggs (kg/dozen) occurred at 8.48 and 7.80 g SID Lys/kg diet, respectively. Eggshell weight and albumen weight were unaffected by dietary SID Lys supply. Weight gain and yolk weight reached optimum values at 8.33 and 8.03 g SID Lys/kg diet, respectively, according to linear broken-line regression model. In conclusion, SID Lys requirement for white commercial layers in peak egg production phase is 8.48 g/kg diet, which corresponds to an average daily SID Lys intake of 813 mg/hen.

Este estudo foi realizado para determinar a exigência de lisina digestível para galinhas poedeiras leves no pico de postura. Foram utilizadas 288 poedeiras Hy Line W-36 durante o período de 24 a 40 semanas de idade. As poedeiras foram distribuídas em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com seis níveis de lisina digestível (6,0; 6,6; 7,2; 7,8; 8,4 e 9,0 g/kg de ração), oito repetições e seis aves por unidade experimental. Os níveis de lisina digestível na ração proporcionaram aumento linear do consumo de ração e de lisina digestível. O modelo Linear Response Plateau (LRP) foi o que melhor representou a distribuição dos dados para produção e peso dos ovos, ocorrendo os platôs nos níveis de lisina digestível de 8,14 e 8,56 g/kg, respectivamente. Para massa dos ovos e conversões alimentares por massa e por dúzia de ovos, os platôs ocorreram nos níveis de 8,35; 8,48 e 7,80 g/kg de lisina digestível, respectivamente. Os pesos de casca e de albúmen não foram influenciados pelos níveis de lisina da ração. O ganho de peso das aves e o peso de gema atingiram, respectivamente, os platôs nos níveis de 8,33 e 8,03 g/kg de lisina digestível. A exigência de lisina digestível para galinhas poedeiras leves no pico de postura é de 8,48 g/kg de ração, que corresponde ao consumo diário de lisina digestível de 813 mg/ave.
Descritores: Galinhas
Ovos
Ração Animal
Lisina
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-987853
Autor: Contreras Calderón, J; Guerra Hernández, E. J; García-Villanova, B.
Título: Modification of nutritional value during storage of infant formulas elaborated with different intact and partially hydrolyzed proteins and carbohydratese / Modificación del valor nutricional durante el almacenamiento de fórmulas infantiles elaboradas con diferentes proteínas intactas, parcialmente hidrolizadas y carbohidratos
Fonte: Vitae (Medellín);22(2):87-100, 2015. Ilustraciones.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background: Human milk is considered the best source of nutrition for young infants. However, if mothers cannot provide adequate breast milk or if infants are premature or have a low birth weight, breast-feeding must often be replaced or complemented with infant formulas (IFs). The interactions between infant formula components (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamin and minerals) mainly affect carbohydrates and proteins (Maillard reaction, MR), but those involving proteins are especially important in products used in infant feeding because of the high protein requirements of infants. On the other hand, fatty acids (FAs) are considered important in infant development. Objectives: The aim of the present work was to test the stability of IFs made with different ingredients, analyzing the available lysine losses (for protein stability) and the FAs content and the peroxide value (for fat stability) during stored at normal and adverse conditions and to propose a faster control of that stability. Methods: Available lysine analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), lipid oxidation by titrimetric method and FAs profile by gas chromatography (GC) were determined in four types of IFs prepared with intact and partially hydrolyzed proteins and different carbohydrates (lactose or maltodextrins) during storage at 4, 20 and 30 ºC for 24 months at normal water activity (Aw=0.1-0.4), and at Aw of 0.65 at 20 and 30 ºC for 4 weeks. These IFs were prepared twice (IF1 and IF2) in different batches by a Spanish dietary product company. Results: At 30ºC, available lysine losses were 40-50% in all IFs analyzed. The behavior and percentage lysine loss between 1 and 4 weeks of storage at 30 °C with Aw=0.65 was similar to those obtained after 24 months of storage at 30 °C. No significant changes were observed in fatty acid profile during storage. Oxidation was only observed in opened packs and after 4 weeks/30 °C/Aw=0.65. Conclusions: The losses of available lysine increase to higher time and storage temperatures. The FAs shows a good stability for any storage condition; however peroxide values prove more sensitive than FAs changes for evaluating fat oxidation during the storage of IFs.

Antecedentes: La leche materna es la mejor fuente nutricional para niños recién nacidos. Sin embargo, cuando las madres no pueden proveer leche, o si los niños son prematuros o tienen bajo peso al nacer, la lactancia debe ser reemplazada o complementada con fórmulas infantiles (IFs). La interacción entre los componentes de las IFs (proteínas, grasas, carbohidratos, vitaminas y minerales) principalmente afecta carbohidratos y proteínas (Reacción de Maillard, MR), pero los que implican proteínas son especialmente importantes en alimentación infantil debido a los altos requerimientos de proteína de los lactantes. Por otra parte, los ácidos grasos (FAs) son considerados importantes en el desarrollo de los niños. Objetivos: El objetivo fue evaluar la estabilidad de IFs elaboradas con diferentes ingredientes, analizando lisina útil (para estabilidad de proteínas), contenido de FAs y valor de peróxidos (para estabilidad de grasas) durante el almacenamiento bajo condiciones normales y adversas, y proponer un control más rápido de la estabilidad. Metodos: Los análisis de lisina útil por cromatografía liquida de alta resolución (HPLC), oxidación lipídica por el método de titulación y el perfil de FAs por cromatografía de gases (GC) fueron determinados en cuatro tipos de IFs preparadas con proteínas intactas y parcialmente hidrolizadas con diferentes carbohidratos (lactosa y maltodextrinas) durante el almacenamiento a 4, 20 y 30ºC por 24 meses a actividad de agua normal (Aw=0,1-0,4), y a Aw de 0,65 a 20 y 30 ºC por 4 semanas. Estas IFs fueron preparadas dos veces (IF1 y IF2 ) en baches diferentes por una empresa Española de productos dietarios. Resultados: A 30ºC, las pérdidas de lisina útil fueron de 40-50% en todas las IFs analizadas. El comportamiento y porcentaje de pérdidas de lisina entre la 1 y 4 semana de conservación a 30 °C con Aw=0,65 fue similar a las obtenidas tras 24 de almacenamiento a 30 °C. No se observaron cambios significativos en el perfil de FAs durante el almacenamiento. Oxidación solo se observo en los envases abiertos y después de 4 semanas/30 °C/Aw=0.65. Conclusiones: Las pérdidas de lisina útil incrementan a mayor tiempo y temperatura de almacenamiento. Los FAs muestran una buena estabilidad para cualquiera de las condiciones de almacenamiento, sin embargo el valor de peróxidos evidencia mayor sensibilidad que los cambios en FAs para evaluar la oxidación de las grasas durante el almacenamiento de IFs.
Descritores: Fórmulas Infantis
-Peróxidos
Ácidos Graxos
Lisina
Proteínas do Leite
Limites: Lactente
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: CO56.3 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-999030
Autor: Maza C, M. Pía de la; Algarin C, Cecilia; Rodríguez S, Juan Manuel.
Título: Evaluación piloto de la reducción de niveles séricos de productos de glicación avanzada (AGEs) sobre la electrofisiología de la visión, en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 / Pilot evaluation of the serum levels reduction of advanced glication products (AGEs) on the vision electrophysiology in type 2 diabetic patients
Fonte: Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes;11(1):20-27, 2018. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Diabetic vascular complications are associated with elevated concentrations of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). These substances can be originated endogenously by hyperglycaemia and oxidative stress, but also by dietary intake. There is indirect evidence suggesting that these complications can be prevented by lowering AGEs levels by dietary or pharmacological interventions, however its clinical benefits are still not clear enough because this would require long periods of treatment. Specific neuro-ophthalmologic tests like Multifocal Electroretinogram (MFERG) and visual evoked potentials (VEP) can detect retinal and myelinic nerve early changes, and thus could represent good methods to study the results of certain interventions in shorter lapses. The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the effects of a pharmacological intervention designed to lower AGEs levels, on these variables. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 7 patients with type 2 diabetes (DM2), with more than 5 and less than 10 years of disease, without clinically evident micro and macrovascular disease, without renal failure, hypothyroidism nor vitamin B12 deficiency, whose AGEs dietary intake was moderately elevated or high (according to dietary recalls). Upon admission, a clinical evaluation, urine and blood samples were obtained for routine labs, plus ultrasensitive C Reactive Protein (usCRP) as an inflammatory marker, and carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) as representative of AGEs. Then a complete ophthalmologic evaluation was performed, including fundus, MFERG and VEP. After the initial evaluation, placebo capsules were prescribed (12 daily capsules, 4 with each main meal) during 3 months, repeating the same initial evaluation at completion of this period. Then the active treatment followed, with capsules containing cholestyramine (4 capsules containing 500 mg each, totaling 6 g per day). Patients were cited each month, to register adverse events and repeating the same evaluation after this second 3 months period. RESULTS: The sample was composed of 2 male patients, mean age was 55.1 ± 3.8 years, and diabetes was managed with metformin plus other oral agents or o insulin (4 cases). In addition, 4 patients received lipid lowering and 4 antihypertensive drugs. Metabolic control and lipid levels were variable (ranges of HbA1c 6.2-8.4%, LDL cholesterol 45-141 mg/dL, triglycerides 70-220 mg/dL). AGEs levels represented by CML were highly variable (median 31.7, range min-max 3.4-58.9 ug/uL). Basal usCRP was also variable (median 405.9, range min-max 265.6-490.7 mg/L). The treatment was well tolerated, except for mild constipation associated with cholestiramine intake. No significant changes in electroretinography or evoked potentials were observed when comparing the initial placebo period with cholestyramine treatment. A significant increase in triglyceride levels and decrease of vitamin D levels after cholestyramine treatment was observed. No changes were detected in serum concentrations of CML, usCRP or glycemic control, after treatment. The latter variables were not correlated with neurophthalmologic studies. DISCUSSION: In this preliminary study we did not observe changes in MFERG nor VEP after 6 g/day cholestyramine treatment, which did not induce lowering of CML levels. This could be attributed to the many limitations of a pilot study, such as a small sample size, short duration of treatment, reduced doses. However this design allowed to evaluate the patients´ tolerance to the drug and rule out adverse effects, in order to plan further studies using the necessary doses to obtain lowering of AGEs
Descritores: Retina
Resina de Colestiramina/administração & dosagem
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/efeitos dos fármacos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2
Eletrorretinografia
-Projetos Piloto
Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/sangue
Potenciais Evocados Visuais
Lisina/análogos & derivados
Lisina/efeitos dos fármacos
Lisina/sangue
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Meia-Idade
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-951876
Autor: Carneiro, Jaqueline; Döll-Boscardin, Patrícia Mathias; Fiorin, Bárbara Celânia; Nadal, Jessica Mendes; Farago, Paulo Vitor; Paula, Josiane Padilha de.
Título: Development and characterization of hyaluronic acid-lysine nanoparticles with potential as innovative dermal filling
Fonte: Braz. j. pharm. sci;52(4):645-651, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Skin aging causes changes such as wrinkles and flaccidity leading to a large demand for aesthetic procedures, including dermal filling. A key agent in dermal filling is hyaluronic acid (HA), which is a naturally occurring glycosaminoglycan. However, it is a hydrophilic macromolecule that experiences great difficulty in crossing the skin barrier causing most commercial formulations containing it to be injectable, which in turn brings risks since they involve an invasive technique. In that sense, the aim of this study was to develop and characterize nanoparticles obtained from ionic interaction between HA and lysine (Lys) for use as a potential agent of dermal filling for topical application, increasing and improving its applicability and safety. To this end, nanoparticles were obtained by dripping of Lys over HA under magnetic stirring. A nanometric size was confirmed and a suitable surface charge was obtained by zeta potential. Nanoparticles were almost spherical in shape with a smooth surface. Interaction between raw materials for preparing nanoparticles was studied by FTIR and NMR spectroscopy and an ionic interaction was confirmed. These physicochemical features suggest that obtained nanoparticles can be further used as a topical dermal filling.
Descritores: Envelhecimento da Pele/genética
Nanotecnologia/classificação
Ácido Hialurônico/análise
Lisina/análise
-Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos
Preenchedores Dérmicos/efeitos adversos
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas


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Id: biblio-914044
Autor: Caballero, Silvia; Wiszovaty, Lourdes; Piris, Patricia; Mereles, Laura; Michajluk, Javier.
Título: Composicion quimica y valor nutricional del Kumanda yvyra´i, Cajanus cajan(L) Huth(Fabaceae) / Chemical composicion and nutricional value of kumanda yvyra´i, Cajanus cajan(L) Huth (Fabaceae)
Fonte: Rojasiana;Vol. 12(1-2):[23 - 27], 2013.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Cajanus
Lisina
Metionina
Responsável: PY37.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-836702
Autor: Faria, G. Q; Bonafé, C. M; Souza, K. A. R; Silva, M. A; Costa, L. S; Lima, H. J. D; Campos, F. G; Silva, R. B; Silva, A. A; Tarocô, G; Rocha, G. M. F; Miranda, J. A.
Título: Estimação de valores genéticos para codornas europeias em função dos níveis da relação treonina: lisina da dieta: do nascimento aos 21 dias de idade / Estimation of breeding values for European quails in function of threonine: lysine ratios of diet: from birth to 21 days of age
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec;69(1):214-224, jan.-fev. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O presente trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar a sensibilidade dos valores genéticos dos pesos corporais e as características de carcaças de codornas europeias às mudanças do gradiente ambiental (níveis da relação treonina com a lisina das dietas), do nascimento aos 21 dias de idade, por meio de modelos de regressão aleatória com diferentes classes de variância residual. Os dados utilizados neste estudo são provenientes de 915 codornas de corte da linhagem LF1 e 839 da linhagem LF2, pertencentes ao Programa de Melhoramento Genético da Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri. Foram avaliados os pesos corporais e os rendimentos da carcaça das aves. As sensibilidades dos valores genéticos às mudanças nos níveis da relação treonina:lisina (interação genótipo x ambiente) foram obtidas por modelos de regressão aleatória (utilizando normas de reação) por meio do programa Wombat, que utiliza o princípio da máxima verossimilhança restrita (REML). O modelo de regressão aleatória que considerou duas classes de variância residual foi o mais indicado para a maioria das análises realizadas. Verificaram-se alterações na classificação dos valores genéticos para as duas linhagens de codornas de corte estudadas. Esse comportamento indica sensibilidade de valores genéticos aditivos às mudanças nutricionais, o que caracteriza a existência de interação genótipo x ambiente. A predição dos valores genéticos deve ser feita com o mesmo nível da relação treonina:lisina da dieta com a qual as codornas serão alimentadas no sistema de produção.(AU)

This research was carried out to evaluate the sensitivity of breeding values of body weight and carcass traits in two lines of European quails (LF1 and LF2) to changes in the environment gradient (levels of threonine: lysine ratio of diets) from hatch to 21 days of age in two lines LF1 and LF2 using Random Regression Models with different classes of residual variance. Records are from 915 quails of line LF1 and 839 of line LF2 belonging to the Breeding Improvement Program of Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri. Live body weight and weights and yields of carcass, breast, and thigh and drumstick were measured. The sensitivities of breeding values to changes in threonine: lysine ratios (genotype x environment interaction) of diets were obtained by random regression models (reaction model) using the WOMBAT program using the Restricted Maximum Likelihood principle. Model considering two classes of residual variance showed the best goodness of fit. The Reaction Norms analyses indicated changes in the ranking of breeding values for both lines suggesting quails selected in one level of threonine: lysine ratio will not express all their genetic potential if fed different threonine: lysine ratio diets. This behavior indicates sensitivity of breeding values to changes in the nutrition characterizing the genotype by environment interaction. The prediction of breeding values must be performed using the same level of threonine: lysine ratio in diet the quails will be fed in the production system.(AU)
Descritores: Coturnix/genética
Coturnix/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Dieta/veterinária
Heterogeneidade Genética
Lisina/análise
Treonina/análise
-Fenômenos Genéticos/genética
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: lil-785703
Autor: Oliveira, R. G; Pinheiro, S. R. F; Castro, M. R; Abreu, L. R. A; Pires, A. V; Vieira, D. J; Mota, L. F. M; Miranda, J. A; Rocha, G. M. F; Costa, L. S.
Título: Lisina digestível na ração de frangos de corte tipo caipira na fase de crescimento / Dietary digestible lysine in free-range broiler chickens during the growth phase
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec;68(3):733-738tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O presente experimento foi conduzido para determinar as exigências de lisina digestível para frangos de corte (linhagem Redbro), machos e fêmeas, durante o período de crescimento. Foram utilizados 630 frangos, alojados em 30 boxes com acesso à área de pastejo. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente ao acaso, em esquema fatorial 5x2 (lisina e sexo), e três repetições com 21 aves cada. Os níveis de lisina digestível avaliados foram: 7,07; 8,07; 9,07; 10,07 e 11,07g/kg. Avaliou-se o consumo de lisina, o consumo de ração, o ganho de peso e a conversão alimentar. Observou-se efeito de interação (P<0,05) entre os níveis de lisina e sexo para o ganho de peso. Houve efeito (P<0,01) dos níveis de lisina sobre o consumo de lisina, o ganho de peso e a conversão alimentar. Verificou-se que todas as variáveis foram influenciadas (P<0,05) pelo sexo dos frangos. Recomendam-se 10,08 e 9,49g de lisina digestível/kg de ração, correspondendo ao consumo estimado de 21 e 20g de lisina, para machos e fêmeas, respectivamente, para melhor ganho de peso das aves. Para melhor conversão alimentar, recomendam-se 9,61g de lisina digestível/kg, para frangos de ambos os sexos, correspondendo ao consumo estimado de 20g de lisina.(AU)

This experiment was conducted to determine the requirements of digestible lysine in male and female free-range broiler chickens (Redbro lineage) during the growth phase. Six hundred and thirty broiler chickens were allocated in 30 pens with access to the pasture area. The experimental design was completely randomized in a 5x2 (lysine and gender) factorial arrangement with 3 repetitions with 21 chickens each. The levels of digestible lysine evaluated were: 7.07, 8.07, 9.07, 10.07 and 11.07g/kg. The performance traits evaluated were lysine intake, feed intake, weight gain and feed conversion ratio. An interaction effect (P<0.05) was observed between dietary lysine level and gender for body weight gain. There was an effect (P<0.01) of the levels of lysine on lysine intake, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio. It was found that all the variables were affected (P<0.05) for the gender of chickens. We recommended 10.08 and 9.49 g of digestible lysine/kg diet, corresponding to the estimated intake of 21 and 20g of lysine, for males and females, respectively, for better body weight gain of chickens. For better feed conversion ratio, the recommendation is of 9.61 g of lysine/kg of diets, for chickens of both genders, corresponding to the estimated intake of 20g of lysine.(AU)
Descritores: Ração Animal/efeitos adversos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Pastagens
Ganho de Peso
-Aminoácidos
Lisina
Aves Domésticas
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-768162
Autor: Caetano, V. C; Faria, D. E; Caniatto, A. R. M; Faria Filho, D. E; Nakagi, V. S.
Título: Desempenho e rendimento de carcaça em frangos de corte de um a 46 dias alimentados com dietas contendo diferentes níveis de valina e reduzido teor proteico / Performance and carcass yield of broilers from 1 to 46 days fed diets containing different levels of valine and reduced protein content
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec;67(6):1721-1728, nov.-dez. 2015. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as relações de valina:lisina digestíveis em dietas com teor reduzido de proteína bruta (PB) e os efeitos dessa redução sobre desempenho e rendimento de carcaça em frangos de corte. Foram utilizados 1200 pintos machos seguindo modelo inteiramente ao acaso, com seis tratamentos de seis repetições (exceto controle, com 10 repetições), compostos por 30 aves cada. O tratamento controle (T1) foi formulado conforme os níveis de proteína bruta e aminoácidos (AAs) recomendados por Rostagno et al . (2011), e os demais tratamentos (T2 a T6) tiveram seus níveis de PB reduzidos (4% em relação ao controle) e variaram em função da relação valina:lisina digestíveis, com cinco níveis equidistantes em intervalos de 0,07:1, variando de 0,63:1 e 0,91:1 (dietas até 21 dias) e de 0,64:1 e 0,92:1 (dietas após 21 dias). As seguintes características de desempenho foram avaliadas: ganho de peso, consumo de ração, conversão alimentar, viabilidade criatória e índice de eficiência produtiva. Aos 46 dias de idade, seis animais por repetição foram abatidos para determinação de rendimento de carcaça e de cortes comerciais. As diferentes relações valina:lisina digestíveis não influenciaram o desempenho dos animais (P>0,05) para nenhuma característica avaliada. A redução proteica piorou a conversão alimentar dos animais (P≤0,05) até os 21 dias. Os resultados sugerem que os níveis de valina utilizados não afetam o desempenho dos animais, apenas o rendimento de peito e que, portanto, a redução proteica não é recomendada durante as três primeiras semanas de criação.

This study aimed to evaluate valine:lysine ratios in diets with reduced content of crude protein and the effects of this reduction on the performance of broiler chickens. 1200 male chicks were used following a complete randomized design with six replicates of six treatments (except control, with 10 replicates), each one with 30 chicks. The control treatment (T1) was formulated following levels of crude protein (CP) and the amino acids (AAs) recommended by Rostagno et al. (2011), and the other treatments (T2 to T6) had reduced levels of CP (4 % compared to control) and varied in proportion valine:lysine, with 5 levels at equidistant intervals 0.07:1 ranging from 0.63:1 to 0.91:1 (up to 21 days) and from 0.64:1 to 0.92:1 (after 21 days). The performance characteristics measured were: weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion, viability and productive efficiency index. At 46 days six animals per replicate were slaughtered for evaluation of carcass and commercial cuts. The different valine:lysine ratios did not affect animal performance (P>0.05). Reducing protein impaired feed conversion (P≤.05) up to 21 days. The results suggest that levels of valine used did not affect the broilers' performance, however, breast meat yield and reduced protein are not recommended during the first three weeks.
Descritores: Aminoácidos/administração & dosagem
Dieta/veterinária
Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Proteínas na Dieta/análise
Valina/administração & dosagem
-Encefalina Metionina/administração & dosagem
Lisina/administração & dosagem
Treonina/administração & dosagem
Triptofano/administração & dosagem
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice



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