||Corrêa Oliveira, R; Malaquias, L. C. C; Falcäo, P. L; Viana, I. R. C; Bahia Oliveira, L. M. G; Silveira, A. M. S; Fraga, L. A. O; Prata, A; Coffman, R. L; Lambertucci, J. R; Cunha Melo, J. R; Martins Filho, O. A; Wilson, R. A; Gazzinelli, G.|
||Cytokines as determinants of resistance and pathology in human Schistosoma mansoni infection|
||Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;31(1):171-7, Jan. 1998.
||Apresentado em: International Meeting on Cytokines, Angra dos Reis, Nov. 24-28 1996.
||European Commission, INCO-DC Programme, NIH.
||The role of diferent cytokines in the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferative response and in in vitro granuloma formation was evaluated in a cross-sectional study with patients with the different clinical forms and phases of Schistosoma mansoni infection, as well as a group of individuals "naturally" resistant to infection named normal endemic (NE). The blockage of IL-4 and IL-5 using anti-IL-4 and anti-IL-5 antibodies significantly reduced the PBMC proliferative response to soluble egg (SEA) and adult worm (SWAP) antigens in acute (ACT), chronic intestinal (INT) and hepatosplenic (HS) patients. Similar esults were obtained in the in vitro granuloma formation. Blockage of IL-10 had no significant effect on either assay using PBMC from ACT or HS. In contrast, the addition of anti-IL-10 antibodies to PBMC cultures from INT patients significantly increased the proliferative response to SEA and SWAP as well as the in vitro granuloma formation. Interestingly, association of anti-IL-4 and anti-IL-10 antibodies did not increase the PBMC proliferative response of these patients, suggesting that IL-10 may act by modulating IL-4 and IL-5 secretion. Addition of recombinant IL-10 decreased the proliferative response to undetectable levels when PBMC from patients with the different clinical forms were used. Analysis of IFN-gamma in the supernatants showed that PBMC from INT patients secreted low levels of IFN-gamma upon antigenic stimulation. In contrast, PBMC from NE secreted high levels of IFN-gamma. These data suggest that IL-10 is an important cytokine in regulating the immune response and possibly controlling morbidity in human schistosomiasis mansoni, and that the production of IFN-gamma may be associated with resistance to infection.|
| Tipo de Publ:
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
||BR1.1 - BIREME|