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Pesquisa : D12.776.090 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-974310
Autor: Souza, Renata Carolini; Cantão, Maurício Egídio; Nogueira, Marco Antonio; Vasconcelos, Ana Tereza Ribeiro; Hungria, Mariangela.
Título: Outstanding impact of soil tillage on the abundance of soil hydrolases revealed by a metagenomic approach
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(4):723-730, Oct.-Dec. 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CNPq-Universal; . CNPq; . Embrapa.
Resumo: ABSTRACT The soil represents the main source of novel biocatalysts and biomolecules of industrial relevance. We searched for hydrolases in silico in four shotgun metagenomes (4,079,223 sequences) obtained in a 13-year field trial carried out in southern Brazil, under the no-tillage (NT), or conventional tillage (CT) managements, with crop succession (CS, soybean/wheat), or crop rotation (CR, soybean/maize/wheat/lupine/oat). We identified 42,631 hydrolases belonging to five classes by comparing with the KEGG database, and 44,928 sequences by comparing with the NCBI-NR database. The abundance followed the order: lipases > laccases > cellulases > proteases > amylases > pectinases. Statistically significant differences were attributed to the tillage system, with the NT showing about five times more hydrolases than the CT system. The outstanding differences can be attributed to the management of crop residues, left on the soil surface in the NT, and mechanically broken and incorporated into the soil in the CT. Differences between the CS and the CR were slighter, 10% higher for the CS, but not statistically different. Most of the sequences belonged to fungi (Verticillium, and Colletotrichum for lipases and laccases, and Aspergillus for proteases), and to the archaea Sulfolobus acidocaldarius for amylases. Our results indicate that agricultural soils under conservative managements may represent a hotspot for bioprospection of hydrolases.
Descritores: Solo/química
Proteínas Fúngicas/genética
Archaea/enzimologia
Proteínas Arqueais/genética
Fungos/enzimologia
Hidrolases/genética
-Microbiologia do Solo
Feijão de Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Brasil
Archaea/isolamento & purificação
Archaea/classificação
Archaea/genética
Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Agricultura
Metagenoma
Metagenômica
Fungos/isolamento & purificação
Fungos/classificação
Fungos/genética
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-482077
Autor: Trivedi, S; Gehlot, H. S; Rao, S. R.
Título: Protein thermostability in Archaea and Eubacteria
Fonte: Genet. mol. res. (Online);5(4):816-827, 2006.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: In order to survive at high temperatures, thermophilic prokaryotes (Archaea and Eubacteria) adopt different strategies. Among several important contributing factors for stability of proteins are CG-rich codons, the ratio of charged amino acids compared to uncharged amino acids, ionic interactions, amino acid preferences and their distribution, post-translational modifications, and solute accumulation. However, these factors may differ from taxon to taxon, both within and between species depending upon the composition of proteins found in these organisms. This is exemplified in the case of differences in strategies adopted by soluble proteins and membrane proteins. Therefore, it appears that no single factor or combination of factors together can be universally attributed to the provision of thermal stability in proteins.
Descritores: Archaea/metabolismo
Bactérias/metabolismo
Temperatura Alta
Proteínas Arqueais/metabolismo
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo
Termodinâmica
-Adaptação Biológica
Aminoácidos/metabolismo
Archaea/genética
Bactérias/genética
Relação Estrutura-Atividade
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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