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Texto completo SciELO Chile
Texto completo
Id: biblio-950713
Autor: Yan, Yizhong; Li, Jianjun; Zhang, Yiya; Peng, Xiaozhen; Guo, Tianyao; Wang, Jirong; Hu, Weijun; Duan, Zhigui; Wang, Xianchun.
Título: Physiological and biochemical characterization of egg extract of black widow spiders to uncover molecular basis of egg toxicity
Fonte: Biol. Res;47:1-11, 2014. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China; . Innovation Center of Engineering and New Products for Developmental Biology of Hunan Province. National Basic Research Program or \"973 Program.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Black widow spider (L. tredecimguttatus) has toxic components not only in the venomous glands, but also in other parts of the body and its eggs. It is biologically important to investigate the molecular basis of the egg toxicity. RESULTS: In the present work, an aqueous extract was prepared from the eggs of the spider and characterized using multiple physiological and biochemical strategies. Gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry demonstrated that the eggs are rich in high-molecular-mass proteins and the peptides below 5 kDa. The lyophilized extract of the eggs had a protein content of 34.22% and was shown to have a strong toxicity towards mammals and insects. When applied at a concentration of 0.25 mg/mL, the extract could completely block the neuromuscular transmission in mouse isolated phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparations within 12.0 ± 1.5 min. Using whole-cell patch-clamp technique, the egg extract was demonstrated to be able to inhibit the voltage-activated Na+, K+and Ca2+ currents in rat DRG neurons. In addition, the extract displayed activities of multiple hydrolases. Finally, the molecular basis of the egg toxicity was discussed. CONCLUSIONS: The eggs of black widow spiders are rich in proteinous compounds particularly the high-molecular-mass proteins with different types of biological activity The neurotoxic and other active compounds in the eggs are believed to play important roles in the eggs' toxic actions.
Descritores: Óvulo/química
Extratos de Tecidos/química
Viúva Negra/química
Proteínas de Artrópodes/toxicidade
Nervo Frênico/efeitos dos fármacos
Extratos de Tecidos/toxicidade
Canais de Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos
Baratas/efeitos dos fármacos
Canais de Potássio de Abertura Dependente da Tensão da Membrana/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteínas de Artrópodes/isolamento & purificação
Canais de Sódio Disparados por Voltagem/efeitos dos fármacos
Gânglios Espinais/efeitos dos fármacos
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central

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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Mendonça, Ronaldo Zucatelli
Texto completo
Id: biblio-990809
Autor: Nascimento, Thatyanne Gradowski do; Vieira, Priscilla Santos; Cogo, Sheron Campos; Dias-Netipanyj, Marcela Ferreira; França Junior, Nilton de; Câmara, Diana Aparecida Dias; Porcacchia, Allan Saj; Mendonça, Ronaldo Zucatelli; Moreno-Amaral, Andréa Novais; Sá Junior, Paulo Luiz de; Simons, Simone Michaela; Zischler, Luciana; Elifio-Esposito, Selene.
Título: Antitumoral effects of Amblyomma sculptum Berlese saliva in neuroblastoma cell lines involve cytoskeletal deconstruction and cell cycle arrest / Efeito antitumoral da saliva do carrapato Amblyomma sculptum Berlese em células de neuroblastoma envolve desconstrução do citoesqueleto e parada do ciclo celular
Fonte: Rev. bras. parasitol. vet;28(1):126-133, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CAPES-COFECUB; . Fundação Araucária.
Resumo: Abstract The antitumor properties of ticks salivary gland extracts or recombinant proteins have been reported recently, but little is known about the antitumor properties of the secreted components of saliva. The goal of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of the saliva of the hard tick Amblyomma sculptum on neuroblastoma cell lines. SK-N-SK, SH-SY5Y, Be(2)-M17, IMR-32, and CHLA-20 cells were susceptible to saliva, with 80% reduction in their viability compared to untreated controls, as demonstrated by the methylene blue assay. Further investigation using CHLA-20 revealed apoptosis, with approximately 30% of annexin-V positive cells, and G0/G1-phase accumulation (>60%) after treatment with saliva. Mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) was slightly, but significantly (p < 0.05), reduced and the actin cytoskeleton was disarranged, as indicated by fluorescent microscopy. The viability of human fibroblast (HFF-1 cells) used as a non-tumoral control decreased by approximately 40%. However, no alterations in cell cycle progression, morphology, and Δψm were observed in these cells. The present work provides new perspectives for the characterization of the molecules present in saliva and their antitumor properties.

Resumo As propriedades antitumorais de extratos de glândulas salivares de carrapatos ou proteínas recombinantes foram relatadas recentemente, mas pouco se sabe sobre as propriedades antitumorais dos componentes secretados da saliva. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o efeito in vitro da saliva bruta do carrapato duro Amblyomma sculptum sobre as linhagens celulares de neuroblastoma. Células SK-N-SK, SH-SY5Y, Be(2)-M17, IMR-32 e CHLA-20 foram suscetíveis à saliva, com redução de 80% na sua viabilidade em comparação com controles não tratados, como demonstrado pelo ensaio de Azul de Metileno. Investigações posteriores utilizando CHLA-20 revelaram apoptose, com aproximadamente 30% de células positivas para anexina-V, e G0/G1 (> 60%) após tratamento com saliva. O potencial de membrana mitocondrial (Δψm) foi reduzido significativamente (p <0,05), e o citoesqueleto de actina foi desestruturado, como indicado pela microscopia de fluorescência. A viabilidade do fibroblasto humano (células HFF-1), usado como controle não tumoral, diminuiu em aproximadamente 40%. No entanto, não foram observadas alterações na progressão do ciclo celular, morfologia e Δψm nestas células. O presente trabalho fornece novas perspectivas para a caracterização das moléculas presentes na saliva e suas propriedades antitumorais.
Descritores: Saliva/química
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia
Citoesqueleto/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteínas de Artrópodes/farmacologia
-Produtos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Proteínas de Artrópodes/isolamento & purificação
Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME

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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-954858
Autor: Valdez-Velázquez, Laura L; Olamendi-Portugal, Timoteo; Restano-Cassulini, Rita; Zamudio, Fernando Z; Possani, Lourival D.
Título: Mass fingerprinting and electrophysiological analysis of the venom from the scorpion Centruroides hirsutipalpus (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;24:17, 2018. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Centruroides hirsutipalpus, of the family Buthidae, is a scorpion endemic to the Western Pacific region of Mexico. Although medically important, its venom has not yet been studied. Therefore, this communication aims to identify their venom components and possible functions. Methods Fingerprinting mass analysis of the soluble venom from this scorpion was achieved by high-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray mass spectrometry. Furthermore, the soluble venom and its toxic effects were evaluated extensively via electrophysiological assays in HEK cells expressing human voltage-gated Na+ channels (hNav 1.1 to Nav1.6), CHO cells expressing hNav 1.7, potassium channel hERG 1 (Ether-à-go-go-related-gene) and the human K+-channel hKv1.1. Results The separation of soluble venom produced 60 fractions from which 83 distinct components were identified. The molecular mass distribution of these components varies from 340 to 21,120 Da. Most of the peptides have a molecular weight between 7001 and 8000 Da (46% components), a range that usually corresponds to peptides known to affect Na+ channels. Peptides with molecular masses from 3000 to 5000 Da (28% of the components) were identified within the range corresponding to K+-channel blocking toxins. Two peptides were obtained in pure format and completely sequenced: one with 29 amino acids, showing sequence similarity to an "orphan peptide" of C. limpidus, and the other with 65 amino acid residues shown to be an arthropod toxin (lethal to crustaceans and toxic to crickets). The electrophysiological results of the whole soluble venom show a beta type modification of the currents of channels Nav1.1, Nav1.2 and Nav1.6. The main effect observed in channels hERG and hKv 1.1 was a reduction of the currents. Conclusion The venom contains more than 83 distinct components, among which are peptides that affect the function of human Na+-channels and K+-channels. Two new complete amino acid sequences were determined: one an arthropod toxin, the other a peptide of unknown function.(AU)
Descritores: Venenos de Escorpião/isolamento & purificação
Venenos de Escorpião/toxicidade
-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos
Sequência de Aminoácidos
Proteínas de Artrópodes/fisiologia
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR33.1 - Divisão Técnica de Biblioteca e Documentação

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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: lil-643660
Autor: Cui, Yubao; Zhou, Ying; Ma, Guifang; Yang, Li; Wang, Yungang; Shi, Weihong.
Título: Cloning, bioinformatics analysis, and expression of the dust mite allergen Der f 5 of Dermatophagoides farinae
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;45(8):746-752, Aug. 2012. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Crude extracts of house dust mites are used clinically for diagnosis and immunotherapy of allergic diseases, including bronchial asthma, perennial rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. However, crude extracts are complexes with non-allergenic antigens and lack effective concentrations of important allergens, resulting in several side effects. Dermatophagoides farinae (Hughes; Acari: Pyroglyphidae) is one of the predominant sources of dust mite allergens, which has more than 30 groups of allergen. The cDNA coding for the group 5 allergen of D. farinae from China was cloned, sequenced and expressed. According to alignment using the VECTOR NTI 9.0 software, there were eight mismatched nucleotides in five cDNA clones resulting in seven incompatible amino acid residues, suggesting that the Der f 5 allergen might have sequence polymorphism. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the matured Der f 5 allergen has a molecular mass of 13604.03 Da, a theoretical pI of 5.43 and is probably hydrophobic and cytoplasmic. Similarities in amino acid sequences between Der f 5 and allergens of other domestic mite species, viz. Der p 5, Blo t 5, Sui m 5, and Lep d 5, were 79, 48, 53, and 37%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that Der f 5 and Der p 5 clustered together. Blo t 5 and Ale o 5 also clustered together, although Blomia tropicalis and Aleuroglyphus ovatus belong to different mite families, viz. Echimyopodidae and Acaridae, respectively.
Descritores: Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/genética
Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética
Dermatophagoides farinae/genética
Expressão Gênica/genética
-Sequência de Aminoácidos
Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/imunologia
Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/metabolismo
Proteínas de Artrópodes/imunologia
Proteínas de Artrópodes/metabolismo
Clonagem Molecular
Biologia Computacional
DNA Complementar
Dermatophagoides farinae/imunologia
Dermatophagoides farinae/metabolismo
Escherichia coli/genética
Expressão Gênica/imunologia
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME

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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: lil-596908
Autor: Rego, Francisca X. M; Giavina-Bianchi, Pedro; Kalil, Jorge; Arruda, L. Karla; Toledo-Barros, Myrthes.
Título: The hammock: a reservoir of allergens
Fonte: Clinics;66(7):1199-1202, 2011. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: Asthma affects approximately 10 percent of the world's population. Sensitization to allergens is an important risk factor, and exposure to allergens is associated with disease severity. METHODS: We performed skin tests to evaluate allergen sensitization to mites, cockroaches, cats, dogs, and molds in 73 asthmatic patients. Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay was used to assay the mite and cockroach allergens found in dust from the bedding, hammocks, bedroom floors, living rooms, and kitchens of 29 patients and 14 controls. RESULTS: Fifty patients (68.5 percent) had positive skin test responses. There were positive responses to D. pteronyssinus (52.0 percent), B. tropicalis (53.4 percent), T. putrescentiae (15.0 percent), E. maynei (12.3 percent), L. destructor (8.2 percent), B. germanica (20.5 percent), P. americana (21.9 percent), Felis catus (10.9 percent), C. herbarium (2.7 percent), A. alternata (4.1 percent), and P. notatun (1.3 percent). The exposure to mite and cockroach allergens was similar in the patients and the controls. The Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus Group 1 levels were highest in the beds and hammocks. The Blattella germanica Group 1 levels were highest in the kitchens, living rooms and hammocks. DISCUSSION: The positive skin tests to mites, cockroaches and cats were consistent with previous studies. D pteronyssinus was the most prevalent home dust mite, and hammocks were a source of allergens. To improve asthma prophylaxis, it is important to determine its association with mite allergen exposure in hammocks.
Descritores: Alérgenos/imunologia
-Antígenos de Dermatophagoides/análise
Proteínas de Artrópodes/análise
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Cisteína Endopeptidases/análise
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Fatores de Risco
Testes Cutâneos
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Limites: Adolescente
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME

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