||Abreu, Filipe Vieira Santos de; Delatorre, Edson; dos Santos, Alexandre Araújo Cunha; Ferreira-de-Brito, Anielly; de Castro, Márcia Gonçalves; Ribeiro, Ieda Pereira; Furtado, Nathália Dias; Vargas, Waldemir Paixão; Ribeiro, Mário Sérgio; Meneguete, Patrícia; Bonaldo, Myrna Cristina; Bello, Gonzalo; Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Ricardo.|
||Combination of surveillance tools reveals that Yellow Fever virus can remain in the same Atlantic Forest area at least for three transmission seasons|
||Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;114:e190076, 2019. tab, graf.
||CNPq; . FAPERJ; . PTR; . CAPES; . CNPq; . MCTIC; . FNDCT; . CNPq; . MEC; . CAPES/MS; . 88881.130684/2016-01; . MCTI; . FINEP; . FNDCT; . INOVA; . Fiocruz; . CAPES; . PNPD; . CAPES.
||BACKGROUND In Brazil, the Yellow Fever virus (YFV) is endemic in the Amazon, from where it eventually expands into epidemic waves. Coastal south-eastern (SE) Brazil, which has been a YFV-free region for eight decades, has reported a severe sylvatic outbreak since 2016. The virus spread from the north toward the south of the Rio de Janeiro (RJ) state, causing 307 human cases with 105 deaths during the 2016-2017 and 2017-2018 transmission seasons. It is unclear, however, whether the YFV would persist in the coastal Atlantic Forest of RJ during subsequent transmission seasons. OBJECTIVES To conduct a real-time surveillance and assess the potential persistence of YFV in the coastal Atlantic Forest of RJ during the 2018-2019 transmission season. METHODS We combined epizootic surveillance with fast diagnostic and molecular, phylogenetic, and evolutionary analyses. FINDINGS Using this integrative strategy, we detected the first evidence of YFV re-emergence in the third transmission season (2018-2019) in a dying howler monkey from the central region of the RJ state. The YFV detected in 2019 has the molecular signature associated with the current SE YFV outbreak and exhibited a close phylogenetic relationship with the YFV lineage that circulated in the same Atlantic Forest fragment during the past seasons. This lineage circulated along the coastal side of the Serra do Mar mountain chain, and its evolution seems to be mainly driven by genetic drift. The potential bridge vector Aedes albopictus was found probing on the recently dead howler monkey in the forest edge, very close to urban areas. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Collectively, our data revealed that YFV transmission persisted at the same Atlantic Forest area for at least three consecutive transmission seasons without the need of new introductions. Our real-time surveillance strategy permitted health authorities to take preventive actions within 48 h after the detection of the sick non-human primate. The local virus persistence and the proximity of the epizootic forest to urban areas reinforces the concern with regards to the risk of re-urbanisation and seasonal re-emergence of YFV, stressing the need for continuous effective surveillance and high vaccination coverage in the SE region, particularly in RJ, an important tourist location.|
Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos
||BR1.1 - BIREME|