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Id: biblio-1091247
Autor: Hochmann Valls, Jimena Paola; Parietti Pintos, Felipe Álvaro; Martínez Cazarre, Jennyfer; López Royes, Ana Clara; Carreño Sastre, Mara; Quijano Herrera, Celia Lía; Boccardo, Enrique; Sichero, Laura; Möller Rodríguez, Matías Nicolás; Mirazo Villar, Santiago; Arbiza Rodonz, Juan Ramón.
Título: Human papillomavirus type 18 E5 oncoprotein cooperates with E6 and E7 in promoting cell viability and invasion and in modulating the cellular redox state
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;115:e190405, 2020. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: ANII; . DICYT; . JH; . FP.
Resumo: BACKGROUND High-risk human papillomaviruses (HR-HPVs) are the etiological agents of cervical cancer. Among them, types 16 and 18 are the most prevalent worldwide. The HPV genome encodes three oncoproteins (E5, E6, and E7) that possess a high transformation potential in culture cells when transduced simultaneously. In the present study, we analysed how these oncoproteins cooperate to boost key cancer cell features such as uncontrolled cell proliferation, invasion potential, and cellular redox state imbalance. Oxidative stress is known to contribute to the carcinogenic process, as reactive oxygen species (ROS) constitute a potentially harmful by-product of many cellular reactions, and an efficient clearance mechanism is therefore required. Cells infected with HR-HPVs can adapt to oxidative stress conditions by upregulating the formation of endogenous antioxidants such as catalase, glutathione (GSH), and peroxiredoxin (PRX). OBJECTIVES The primary aim of this work was to study how these oncoproteins cooperate to promote the development of certain cancer cell features such as uncontrolled cell proliferation, invasion potential, and oxidative stress that are known to aid in the carcinogenic process. METHODS To perform this study, we generated three different HaCaT cell lines using retroviral transduction that stably expressed combinations of HPV-18 oncogenes that included HaCaT E5-18, HaCaT E6/E7-18, and HaCaT E5/E6/E7-18. FINDINGS Our results revealed a statistically significant increment in cell viability as measured by MTT assay, cell proliferation, and invasion assays in the cell line containing the three viral oncogenes. Additionally, we observed that cells expressing HPV-18 E5/E6/E7 exhibited a decrease in catalase activity and a significant augmentation of GSH and PRX1 levels relative to those of E5, E6/E7, and HaCaT cells. MAIN CONCLUSIONS This study demonstrates for the first time that HPV-18 E5, E6, and E7 oncoproteins can cooperate to enhance malignant transformation.
Descritores: Transformação Celular Viral/genética
Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo
Papillomavirus Humano 18/metabolismo
-Oxirredução
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
Sobrevivência Celular
Linhagem Celular Tumoral/virologia
Proliferação de Células
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1013789
Autor: Ulloa, María Teresa; Sanhueza, Camila; Henríquez, Tania; Aguayo, Benjamín; Hermosilla, Germán; Porte, Lorena; Dabanch, Jeannette; Braun, Stephanie; Fica, Alberto; Briceño, Isabel; Osorio, Carlos Gonzalo.
Título: Cepas chilenas de origen clínico de Vibrio cholerae no-O1, no-O139 portan los genes vcsN2, vcsC2, vcsV2, vspD, toxR2 y vopF del sistema de secreción T3SS2 presentes en una isla de patogenicidad / Chilean strains of clinical origin of non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae carry the genes vcsN2, vcsC2, vcsV2, vspD, toxR2 y vopF from secretion system T3SS2 present in an island of pathogenicity
Fonte: Rev. chil. infectol;36(3):312-317, jun. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Introducción. Los factores de virulencia de las cepas de Vibrio cholerae no-O1, no-O139 no son claramente conocidos. La cepa de origen septicémico NN1 Vibrio cholerae no-O1, no-O139 fue secuenciada previamente mediante la plataforma Illumina, detectándose en su genoma un fragmento de la isla de patogenicidad VPaI-7 de V. parahaemolyticus. Objetivo: detectar los genes de virulencia vcsN2, vcsC2, vcsV2, vspD, toxR2 y vopF en cepas chilenas clínicas de V. cholerae no-O1, no-O139. Material y Métodos: Un total de 9 cepas chilenas de origen clínico de Vibrio cholerae no-O1, no-O139 aisladas entre 2006-2012 fueron analizadas mediante ensayos de reacción de polimerasa en cadena (RPC, en inglés PCR) convencional para los genes de secreción tipo III codificados en dicha isla: vcsN2, vcsC2, vcsV2, vspD, toxR2 y vopF. Adicionalmente se determinó la presencia de los genes de virulencia hylA y rtxA. Además, se realizaron ensayos de repetitive element palindromic PCR (REP-PCR) y Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR (ERIC-PCR). Resultados: la mayoría (6/9) de las cepas chilenas de V. cholerae no-O1, no-O139 contiene todos los genes de secreción tipo III vcsN2, vcsC2, vcsV2, vspD, toxR2 y vopF, codificados en una isla de patogenicidad. Además, el total de las cepas (9/9) contiene los genes de virulencia hylA y rtxA. Conclusión: Estos resultados sugieren fuertemente la posibilidad que dichas cepas posean un potencial de virulencia importante en seres humanos.

Backgound: The virulence factors of the Vibrio cholerae non-O1, non-O139 strains are not clearly known. The strain of septicemic origin NN1 Vibrio cholerae non-O1, non-O139 was sequenced previously by the Illumina platform. A fragment of the pathogenicity island VPaI-7 of V. parahaemolyticus was detected in its genome. Aim: To detect the virulence genes vcsN2, vcsC2, vcsV2, vspD, toxR2 y vopF in Chilean strains of V. cholerae non-O1, non-O139. Methods: A total of 9 Chilean strains of clinical origin of Vibrio cholerae non-O1, non-O139 isolated between 2006-2012 were analyzed by conventional PCR assays for type III secretion genes encoded on that island: vcsN2, vcsC2, vcsV2, vspD, toxR2 and vopF. Additionally, the presence of the virulence genes hylA and rtxA was determined. In addition, REP-PCR and ERIC-PCR assays were performed. Results: most (6/9) Chilean V. cholerae non-O1, non-O139 strains contain the type III secretion genes vcsN2, vcsC2, vcsV2, vspD, toxR2 and vopF, encoded in an island of pathogenicity. In addition, all (9/9) the strains contain the virulence genes hylA and rtxA. Conclusion: These results strongly suggest the possibility that those strains possess an important virulence potential in humans.
Descritores: Proteínas de Bactérias/genética
Fatores de Transcrição/genética
Vibrio cholerae/genética
Fatores de Virulência/genética
Vibrio cholerae não O1/genética
Ilhas Genômicas/genética
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
Sistemas de Secreção Tipo III/genética
-Toxinas Bacterianas/genética
Vibrio cholerae/isolamento & purificação
Vibrio cholerae/patogenicidade
Chile
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Vibrio cholerae não O1/isolamento & purificação
Vibrio cholerae não O1/patogenicidade
Proteínas Hemolisinas/genética
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1011407
Autor: Yin, Hongtao; Yu, Yan.
Título: Identification of the targets of hematoporphyrin derivative in lung adenocarcinoma using integrated network analysis
Fonte: Biol. Res;52:4, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) has a sensibilization effect in lung adenocarcinoma. This study was conducted to identify the target genes of HPD in lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: RNA sequencing was performed using the lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 after no treatment or treatment with X-ray or X-ray + HPD. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened using Mfuzz package by noise-robust soft clustering analysis. Enrichment analysis was carried out using "BioCloud" online tool. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and module analyses were performed using Cytoscape software. Using WebGestalt tool and integrated transcription factor platform (ITFP), microRNA target and transcription factor (TF) target pairs were separately predicted. An integrated regulatory network was visualized with Cytoscape software. RESULTS: A total of 815 DEGs in the gene set G1 (continuously dysregulated genes along with changes in processing conditions [untreated-treated with X-ray-X-ray + treated with HPD]) and 464 DEGs in the gene set G2 (significantly dysregulated between X-ray + HPD-treated group and untreated/X-ray-treated group) were screened. The significant module identified from the PPI network for gene set G1 showed that ribosomal protein L3 (RPL3) gene could interact with heat shock protein 90 kDa alpha, class A member 1 (HSP90AA1). TFs AAA domain containing 2 (ATAD2) and protein inhibitor of activated STAT 1 (PIAS1) were separately predicted for the genes in gene set G1 and G2, respectively. In the integrated network for gene set G2, ubiquitin-specific peptidase 25 (USP25) was targeted by miR-200b, miR-200c, and miR-429. CONCLUSION: RPL3, HSP90AA1, ATAD2, and PIAS1 as well as USP25, which is targeted by miR-200b, miR-200c, and miR-429, may be the potential targets of HPD in lung adenocarcinoma.
Descritores: Derivado da Hematoporfirina/farmacologia
Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética
Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética
-Proteínas Ribossômicas/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética
Fatores de Transcrição
Análise por Conglomerados
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
Análise de Sequência de RNA
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/genética
Proteínas Modificadoras Pequenas Relacionadas à Ubiquitina/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteínas Modificadoras Pequenas Relacionadas à Ubiquitina/genética
MicroRNAs/metabolismo
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
Proteínas Inibidoras de STAT Ativados/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteínas Inibidoras de STAT Ativados/genética
Citometria de Fluxo
ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos
ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/genética
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/radioterapia
Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico
Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1287776
Autor: Ekmekci, Sümeyye; Küçük, Ülkü; Kaya, Özge; Yörükoğlu, Kutsal.
Título: The association between the histopathological features and microsatellite instability in young patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder
Fonte: Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992);67(1):64-70, Jan. 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Bladder cancer under the age of 40 is extremely rare. Bladder cancer development involves complex and multi-stage processes, one of which is the DNA damage repair mechanism. In this retrospective study, we aimed to evaluate the histopathological features of bladder urothelial carcinoma seen in patients under 40 years of age and tumor microsatellite instability status using immunohistochemistry. METHODS: A total of 50 patients under the age of 40 with urothelial bladder carcinoma from two different centers in the same country were included. Expression of the mismatch repair proteins MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Age at the time of diagnosis ranged from 17 to 40 years old. Most tumors were non-invasive papillary urothelial carcinoma. Two cases had nuclear loss of MSH-6 and PMS-2. We observed that tumor grade, tumor stage, presence of tumor differentiation, and infiltrative growth pattern of the tumor have significant impact on prognosis, but microsatellite instability does not have an effective role in bladder carcinogenesis in young patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the presence of microsatellite instability is not related to the low tumor grade and stage in urothelial neoplasms in young patients, suggesting that urothelial carcinoma of the bladder in young patients may represent a genetically stable form of neoplasia.
Descritores: Carcinoma de Células de Transição/genética
Instabilidade de Microssatélites
-Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo
Estudos Retrospectivos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo
Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA
Limites: Humanos
Adolescente
Adulto
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1350309
Autor: Ahmad, M; Hameed, Y; Khan, M; Usman, M; Rehman, A; Abid, U; Asif, R; Ahmed, H; Hussain, M S; Rehman, J U; Asif, H M; Arshad, R; Atif, M; Hadi, A; Sarfraz, U; Khurshid, U.
Título: Up-regulation of GINS1 highlighted a good diagnostic and prognostic potential of survival in three different subtypes of human cancer / A regulação positiva de GINS1 destacou um bom potencial diagnóstico e prognóstico de sobrevivência em três subtipos diferentes de câncer humano
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;84:e250575, 2024. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Cancer is a fatal malignancy and its increasing worldwide prevalence demands the discovery of more sensitive and reliable molecular biomarkers. To investigate the GINS1 expression level and its prognostic value in distinct human cancers using a series of multi-layered in silico approach may help to establish it as a potential shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of different cancer subtypes. The GINS1 mRNA, protein expression, and promoter methylation were analyzed using UALCAN and Human Protein Atlas (HPA), while mRNA expression was further validated via GENT2. The potential prognostic values of GINS1 were evaluated through KM plotter. Then, cBioPortal was utilized to examine the GINS1-related genetic mutations and copy number variations (CNVs), while pathway enrichment analysis was performed using DAVID. Moreover, a correlational analysis between GINS1 expression and CD8+ T immune cells and a the construction of gene-drug interaction network was performed using TIMER, CDT, and Cytoscape. The GINS1 was found down-regulated in a single subtypes of human cancer while commonly up-regulated in 23 different other subtypes. The up-regulation of GINS1 was significantly correlated with the poor overall survival (OS) of Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC), Lung Adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC). The GINS1 was also found up-regulated in LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC patients of different clinicopathological features. Pathways enrichment analysis revealed the involvement of GINS1 in two diverse pathways, while few interesting correlations were also documented between GINS1 expression and its promoter methylation level, CD8+ T immune cells level, and CNVs. Moreover, we also predicted few drugs that could be used in the treatment of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC by regulating the GINS1 expression. The expression profiling of GINS1 in the current study has suggested it a novel shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC.

Resumo O câncer é uma doença maligna fatal e sua crescente prevalência mundial exige a descoberta de biomarcadores moleculares mais sensíveis e confiáveis. Investigar o nível de expressão de GINS1 e seu valor prognóstico em cânceres humanos distintos, usando uma série de abordagens in silico em várias camadas, pode ajudar a estabelecê-lo como um potencial biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de diferentes subtipos de câncer. O mRNA de GINS1, a expressão da proteína e a metilação do promotor foram analisados ​​usando UALCAN e Human Protein Atlas (HPA), enquanto a expressão de mRNA foi posteriormente validada via GENT2. Os valores prognósticos potenciais de GINS1 foram avaliados por meio do plotter KM. Em seguida, o cBioPortal foi utilizado para examinar as mutações genéticas relacionadas ao GINS1 e as variações do número de cópias (CNVs), enquanto a análise de enriquecimento da via foi realizada usando DAVID. Além disso, uma análise correlacional entre a expressão de GINS1 e células imunes T CD8 + e a construção de uma rede de interação gene-droga foi realizada usando TIMER, CDT e Cytoscape. O GINS1 foi encontrado regulado negativamente em um único subtipo de câncer humano, enquanto comumente regulado positivamente em 23 outros subtipos diferentes. A regulação positiva de GINS1 foi significativamente correlacionada com a sobrevida global pobre (OS) de Carcinoma Hepatocelular de Fígado (LIHC), Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão (LUAD) e Carcinoma de Células Claras Renais de Rim (KIRC). O GINS1 também foi encontrado regulado positivamente em pacientes LIHC, LUAD e KIRC de diferentes características clínico-patológicas. A análise de enriquecimento de vias revelou o envolvimento de GINS1 em duas vias diversas, enquanto poucas correlações interessantes também foram documentadas entre a expressão de GINS1 e seu nível de metilação do promotor, nível de células imunes T CD8 + e CNVs. Além disso, também previmos poucos medicamentos que poderiam ser usados ​​no tratamento de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC, regulando a expressão de GINS1. O perfil de expressão de GINS1 no estudo atual sugeriu que é um novo biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC.
Descritores: Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética
Neoplasias Renais/genética
Neoplasias Hepáticas
-Prognóstico
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
Regulação para Cima
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1278525
Autor: Souza, K M; Mendes, I C; DallIgna, D M; Repolês, B M; Resende, B C; Moreira, R S; Miletti, L C; Machado, C R; Vogel, C I G.
Título: Bioinformatics and expression analysis of the Xeroderma Pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) of Trypanosoma evansi in Trypanosoma cruzi cells / Análises de bioinformática e da expressão do gene Xeroderma Pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) de Trypanosoma evansi em células de Trypanosoma cruzi
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;83:e243910, 2023. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Nucleotide excision repair (NER) acts repairing damages in DNA, such as lesions caused by cisplatin. Xeroderma Pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) protein is involved in recognition of global genome DNA damages during NER (GG-NER) and it has been studied in different organisms due to its importance in other cellular processes. In this work, we studied NER proteins in Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma evansi, parasites of humans and animals respectively. We performed three-dimensional models of XPC proteins from T. cruzi and T. evansi and observed few structural differences between these proteins. In our tests, insertion of XPC gene from T. evansi (TevXPC) in T. cruzi resulted in slower cell growth under normal conditions. After cisplatin treatment, T. cruzi overexpressing its own XPC gene (TcXPC) was able to recover cell division rates faster than T. cruzi expressing TevXPC gene. Based on these tests, it is suggested that TevXPC (being an exogenous protein in T. cruzi) interferes negatively in cellular processes where TcXPC (the endogenous protein) is involved. This probably occurred due interaction of TevXPC with some endogenous molecules or proteins from T.cruzi but incapacity of interaction with others. This reinforces the importance of correctly XPC functioning within the cell.

Resumo O reparo por excisão de nucleotídeos (NER) atua reparando danos no DNA, como lesões causadas por cisplatina. A proteína Xeroderma Pigmentosum complementation group C (XPC) está envolvida no reconhecimento de danos pela via de reparação global do genoma pelo NER (GG-NER) e tem sido estudada em diferentes organismos devido à sua importância em outros processos celulares. Neste trabalho, estudamos proteínas do NER em Trypanosoma cruzi e Trypanosoma evansi, parasitos de humanos e animais, respectivamente. Modelos tridimensionais das proteínas XPC de T. cruzi e T. evansi foram feitos e observou-se poucas diferenças estruturais entre estas proteínas. Durante testes, a inserção do gene XPC de T. evansi (TevXPC) em T. cruzi resultou em crescimento celular mais lento em condições normais. Após o tratamento com cisplatina, T. cruzi superexpressando seu próprio gene XPC (TcXPC) foi capaz de recuperar as taxas de divisão celular mais rapidamente do que T. cruzi expressando o gene TevXPC. Com base nesses testes, sugere-se que TevXPC (sendo uma proteína exógena em T. cruzi) interfere negativamente nos processos celulares em que TcXPC (a proteína endógena) está envolvida. Isso provavelmente ocorreu pois TevXPC é capaz de interagir com algumas moléculas ou proteínas endógenas de T.cruzi, mas é incapaz de interagir com outras. Isso reforça a importância do correto funcionamento de XPC dentro da célula.
Descritores: Trypanosoma cruzi/genética
Xeroderma Pigmentoso
-Dano ao DNA/genética
Biologia Computacional
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo
Reparo do DNA/genética
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1058180
Autor: Sánchez, N; Hernández, M; Cruz, JP; Mellado, C.
Título: Espectro fenotípico de Síndrome de CHARGE neonatal / Phenotypic spectrum of neonatal CHARGE syndrome
Fonte: Rev. chil. pediatr;90(5):533-538, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: INTRODUCCIÓN: El Síndrome de CHARGE (SCH), es un síndrome genético de amplia variabilidad fenotípica, de he rencia autosómica dominante, causado por variantes patogénicas en el gen CHD7. OBJETIVO: Descri bir el amplio espectro fenotípico de un SCH neonatal, heterocigoto para el gen CDH7 y la utilidad de la secuenciación en la confirmación diagnóstica, considerando los diagnósticos diferenciales. CASO CLÍNICO: recién nacida prematura de 34 semanas, con antecedentes prenatales de polihidroamnios severo, translucencia nucal aumentada y foco hiperecogénico cardiaco, con estudio de TORCH antenatal, que descartó infección congénita. Al nacer se pesquisó parálisis facial periférica, atresia de coanas, dismorfias múltiples, cardiopatía congénita y coloboma retinocoroideo bilateral. Las neuroimágenes mostraron hipoplasia de cóclea y de canales semicirculares bilaterales e hipoplasia pontocerebelosa. Los potenciales evocados auditivos mostraron hipoacusia sensorioneural profunda derecha y anacusia izquierda. Evolucionó con hipocalcemia y alteraciones en la inmunidad, confirmándose un hipoparatiroidismo e hipoplasia de timo. El cariograma fue normal y la amplificación de sondas dependiente de ligandos múltiples (MLPA) excluyó microdeleción 22q11.2. La sospecha clínica de SCH se confirmó con la detección de una variante patogénica en el gen CHD7. CONCLUSIONES: La su perposición de características clínicas del SCH con otros síndromes genéticos requiere confirmación genética molecular considerando diferencias en evolución, terapias y riesgos de recurrencia.

INTRODUCTION: CHARGE syndrome is a genetic disorder of wide phenotypic variability, of autosomal dominant in heritance, caused by pathogenic variants in the CHD7 gene. OBJECTIVE: To describe the broad pheno typic spectrum of neonatal CHARGE syndrome, heterozygous for the CHD7 gene, and the usefulness of genome sequencing in diagnostic confirmation, considering differential diagnoses. CLINICAL CASE: 34-week preterm newborn, with severe prenatal history of polyhydramnios, increased nuchal trans- lucency, and hyperechogenic cardiac focus, with a TORCH study that ruled out congenital infection. Peripheral facial paralysis, choanal atresia, multiple dysmorphisms, congenital heart disease, and bilateral retinochoroidal coloboma were observed at birth. The neuroimaging study showed hypo plasia of the cochlea and bilateral semicircular canals, and pontocerebellar hypoplasia. The auditory evoked potentials showed deep right-sided sensorineural hearing loss and left anacusis. The patient developed hypocalcemia and immunological alterations, confirming hypoparathyroidism and thy mus hypoplasia. The karyogram was normal and 22q11.2 microdeletion was excluded through mul tiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MPLA). A pathogenic variant in the CHD7 gene was detected that confirmed the clinical suspicion of CHARGE syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The overlap of clinical characteristics of CHARGE syndrome requires molecular genetic confirmation, considering differences in evolution, therapies, and recurrence risks with other genetic syndromes.
Descritores: DNA Helicases/genética
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
Síndrome CHARGE/fisiopatologia
-Fenótipo
Síndrome CHARGE/diagnóstico
Síndrome CHARGE/genética
Mutação
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Recém-Nascido
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1040573
Autor: Rozo, Zayda Lorena Corredor; Márquez-Ortiz, Ricaurte Alejandro; Castro, Betsy Esperanza; Gómez, Natasha Vanegas; Escobar-Pérez, Javier.
Título: Participation of the arcRACME protein in self-activation of the arc operon located in the arginine catabolism mobile element in pandemic clone USA300
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;112(7):499-503, July 2017. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: COLCIENCIAS; . COLCIENCIAS.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Staphylococcus aureus pandemic clone USA300 has, in addition to its constitutive arginine catabolism (arc) gene cluster, an arginine catabolism mobile element (ACME) carrying another such cluster, which gives this clone advantages in colonisation and infection. Gene arcR, which encodes an oxygen-sensitive transcriptional regulator, is inside ACME and downstream of the constitutive arc gene cluster, and this situation may have an impact on its activation. Different relative expression behaviours are proven here for arcRACME and the arcACME operon compared to the constitutive ones. We also show that the artificially expressed recombinant ArcRACME protein binds to the promoter region of the arcACME operon; this mechanism can be related to a positive feedback model, which may be responsible for increased anaerobic survival of the USA300 clone during infection-related processes.
Descritores: Óperon/genética
Arginina/genética
Staphylococcus aureus/genética
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
-Arginina/metabolismo
Staphylococcus aureus/metabolismo
Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/genética
Sequências Repetitivas Dispersas/genética
Genes Bacterianos/genética
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  9 / 104 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-889012
Autor: de Almeida, V H; de Melo, A C; Meira, D D; Pires, A C; Nogueira-Rodrigues, A; Pimenta-Inada, H K; Alves, F G; Moralez, G; Thiago, L S; Ferreira, C G; Sternberg, C.
Título: Radiotherapy modulates expression of EGFR, ERCC1 and p53 in cervical cancer
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;51(1):e6822, 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Cervical cancer is a public health problem and the molecular mechanisms underlying radioresistance are still poorly understood. Here, we evaluated the modulation of key molecules involved in cell proliferation, cell cycle and DNA repair in cervical cancer cell lines (CASKI and C33A) and in malignant tissues biopsied from 10 patients before and after radiotherapy. The expression patterns of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) and p53 were evaluated in cancer cell lines by quantitative PCR and western blotting, and in human malignant tissues by immunohistochemistry. The mutation status of TP53 gene was evaluated by direct sequencing. Among cell lines, absent or weak modulations of EGFR, ERCC1 and p53 were observed after exposure to 1.8 Gy. Conversely, increased expressions of p53 (5/10 patients; P=0.0239), ERCC1 (5/10 patients; P=0.0294) and EGFR (4/10 patients; P=0.1773) were observed in malignant tissues after radiotherapy with the same radiation dose. TP53 mutations were found only in one patient. Here we show that a single dose of radiotherapy induced EGFR, ERCC1 and p53 expression in malignant tissues from cervical cancer patients but not in cancer cell lines, highlighting the gap between in vitro and in vivo experimental models. Studies on larger patient cohorts are needed to allow an interpretation that an upregulation of p53, EGFR and ERCC1 may be part of a radioresistance mechanism.
Descritores: Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia
Genes p53/efeitos da radiação
Genes erbB-1/efeitos da radiação
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/efeitos da radiação
Endonucleases/efeitos da radiação
-Imuno-Histoquímica
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia
Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco
Western Blotting
Estudos Prospectivos
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Mutação
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Ensaio Clínico
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-974257
Autor: Zheng, Xingguo; Dai, Jinhua; Zhang, Haijun; Ge, Zhibin.
Título: MicroRNA-221 promotes cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation by regulation of ZFPM2 in osteoblasts
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;51(12):e7574, 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Molecular Biology of Ningbo City; . Subjects of Ningbo No.2 Hospital.
Resumo: Bone fracture is a common medical condition, which may occur due to traumatic injury or disease-related conditions. Evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate osteoblast differentiation and function. In this study, we explored the effects and mechanism of miR-221 on the growth and migration of osteoblasts using MC3T3-E1 cells. The expression levels of miR-221 in the different groups were measured by qRT-PCR. Then, miR-221 mimic and inhibitor were transfected into MC3T3-E1 cells, and cell viability and migration were measured using the CCK-8 assay and the Transwell migration assay. Additionally, the expression levels of differentiation-related factors (Runx2 and Ocn) and ZFPM2 were measured by qRT-PCR. Western blot was used to measure the expression of cell cycle-related proteins, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins, ZFPM2, and Wnt/Notch, and Smad signaling pathway proteins. miR-221 was significantly up-regulated in the patients with lumbar compression fracture (LCM) and trochanteric fracture (TF). miR-221 promoted ALP, Runx2, and OPN expressions in MC3T3-E1 cells. miR-221 overexpression significantly increased cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, and matrix mineralization, whereas suppression of miR-221 reversed these effects. Additionally, the results displayed that ZFPM2 was a direct target gene of miR-221, and overexpression of ZFPM2 reversed the promoting effects of miR-221 overexpression on osteoblasts. Mechanistic study revealed that overexpression of miR-221 inactivated the Wnt/Notch and Smad signaling pathways by regulating ZFPM2 expression. We drew the conclusions that miR-221 overexpression promoted osteoblast proliferation, migration, and differentiation by regulation of ZFPM2 expression and deactivating the Wnt/Notch and Smad signaling pathways.
Descritores: Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia
Movimento Celular/fisiologia
MicroRNAs/fisiologia
Proliferação de Células/fisiologia
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/fisiologia
Fraturas Ósseas/sangue
-Osteoblastos/fisiologia
Valores de Referência
Fatores de Transcrição/sangue
Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia
Western Blotting
Análise de Variância
Células 3T3
MicroRNAs/sangue
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/sangue
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Coelhos
Tipo de Publ: Retratação de Publicação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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