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Id: biblio-1056430
Autor: Wang, Jing-yuan; Wang, Xue-min; Xu, Xiao-yan; Li, Shi-rong; Liu, Xiu-lan.
Título: Expression and significance of CK5/6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, NapsinA, CD56, Syn and CgA in biopsy specimen of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and small cell lung carcinoma / Expresión y significado de CK5/6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, NapsinA, CD56 Syn y CgA en muestras de biopsia de carcinoma de células escamosas, adenocarcinoma y carcinoma de células pequeñas de pulmón
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;38(2):247-251, abr. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Nine tumor and various potential biomarkers were measured and combined the information to diagnose disease, all patients accepted fiber bronchoscopy brush liquid based cytologyand histopathology examination in order to reliably detect lung cancer. The samples from 314 Chinese lung cancer patients were obtained and CK5/6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, NapsinA CD56, Syn and CgA were measured with the immunohistochemical SP method and analyzed correlation of the expression of these markers with pathological and clinical features of squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and small cell lung carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma were 61 cases, 114 cases and 139 cases,CK5/6 and P63 expression were more frequent in squamous cell carcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 77.05 % and 96.44 %, 83.61 % and 88.93 %,and compared with adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), The incidences of a positive P40 expression were 100 % in squamous cell carcinoma, with specificity of 98.81 %.CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 85.09 % and 78.69 %, 79.82 % and 93.44 %, 56.14 % and 95.08 %, and compared with squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). TTF-1, Syn, CgA and CD56 expression were more frequent in adenocarcinoma, with sensitivity and specificity of 86.33 % and 93.44 %, 89.21 % and 98.36 %, 74.10 % and 100 %, 96.40 % and 96.72 %. The combined detection of CK5/6, P63 and P40 were more useful and specific in differentiating squamous cell carcinoma. CK7, TTF-1 and NapsinA were more useful and specific in differentiating lung adenocarcinoma. The impaired CD56, TTF-1, Syn and CgA reflects the progression of small cell lung cancer.

Se midieron tumores y utilizaron nueve biomarcadores potenciales y se analizó la información para diagnosticar la enfermedad. A todos los pacientes se les realizó citología en líquido con broncoscopía de fibra y examen histopatológico para detectar de manera confiable el cáncer pulmonar. Se obtuvieron muestras de 314 pacientes chinos con cáncer de pulmón y CK5 / 6, P63, P40, CK7, TTF-1, Napsina A, CD56, Syn y CgA se midieron a través de histoquímica SP y analizaron la correlación de la expresión de estos marcadores con características patológicas y clínicas de carcinoma de células escamosas, adenocarcinoma y carcinoma de células pequeñas en el cáncer de pulmón. El carcinoma de células escamosas, el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas fueron 61 casos, 114 casos y 139 casos, respectivamente, la expresión de CK5 / 6 y P63 fueron más frecuentes en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 77,05 % y 96,44 %, 83,61 % y 88,93 %, y en comparación con el adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma de células pequeñas, la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05). La incidencia de ap la expresión positiva P40 fue del 100 % en el carcinoma de células escamosas, con una especificidad del 98,81 %. La expresión de CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más frecuentes en el adenocarcinoma, con una sensibilidad y especificidad del 85,09 % y 78,69 %, 79,82 % y 93,44 %, 56,14 % y 95,08 %, y en comparación con el carcinoma de células escamosas y la diferencia de carcinoma de células pequeñas fue estadísticamente significativa (P <0,05) .TTF-1, Syn, CgA y la expresión de CD56 fueron más frecuentes en adenocarcinoma, con sensibilidad y especificidad de 86.33 % y 93.44 %, 89.21 % y 98.36 %, 74.10 % y 100 %, 96.40 % y 96.72 %. La detección combinada de CK5 / 6, P63 y P40 fue más útil y específica en la diferenciación del carcinoma de células escamosas. CK7, TTF-1 y NapsinA fueron más útiles y específicos para diferenciar el adenocarcinoma de pulmón. El deterioro de CD56, TTF-1, Syn y CgA refleja la progresión del cáncer de pulmón de células pequeñas.
Descritores: Carcinoma/metabolismo
Carcinoma/patologia
Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia
-Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo
Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
Imuno-Histoquímica
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo
Adenocarcinoma/patologia
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo
Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/metabolismo
Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia
Antígeno CD56/metabolismo
Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
Queratinas Tipo II/metabolismo
Queratina-7/metabolismo
Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/metabolismo
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Soares, Fernando Augusto
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Id: biblio-911493
Autor: Suzuki, Mario; Patel, Kashyap; Huang, Chiang-Ching; Costa, Felipe D'Almeida; Kondo, Akihide; Soares, Fernando Augusto; Tomita, Tadanori; Sredni, Simone Treiger.
Título: Loss of expression of the Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (NCAM1) in atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors: a new diagnostic marker?
Fonte: Appl. cancer res;37:1-6, 2017. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background: Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) are aggressive embryonal tumors of the central nervous system. They are largely characterized by inactivating mutations of the SMARCB1 tumor suppressor gene. AT/RT patients have a very poor prognosis and no standard therapeutic protocol has been defined yet. Recently, multimodal therapy with multiple drug combinations has slightly improved the overall survival, however drug toxicity remains high. In this scenario, a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease is needed. Methods: We evaluated the gene expression profile of AT/RT samples to find new genetic factors contributing to the pathophysiology of the disease. We found target genes significantly differentially expressed between AT/RT and medulloblastoma (MB), the most common embryonal brain tumor. The mRNA expression was validated by quantitative real-time PCR and, at the protein level, expression was validated by immunohistochemistry in an independent set of tumors. Results: The Neural cell adhesion molecule 1 (NCAM1) gene was found to be consistently downregulated in AT/RT samples when compared to MB and normal brain tissue. Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of NCAM1 in AT/RT was significantly lower than that of MB. Conclusion: NCAM1 is an important molecule involved in neuron-to-neuron and neuron-to-muscle adhesion during development. Downregulation of NCAM1 has been implicated in several human cancers suggesting that it might have a tumor repressor role. In this study we found a significantly reduced expression of NCAM1 in AT/RT when compared to MB and we suggest that this feature can be used as a diagnostic marker, along with demonstration of SMARCB1 (INI1) or SMARCA4 (BRG1) inactivation. The roles of NCAM1 in the pathophysiology of AT/RT are still to be determined (AU)
Descritores: Biomarcadores Tumorais
Antígeno CD56
Imunoglobulinas
Tumor Rabdoide/diagnóstico
Teratoma/diagnóstico
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR30.1 - Biblioteca



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