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Pesquisa : D12.776.543.750.250 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1248140
Autor: Almeida, Yasmim Cristina Ferreira de; Dourado, Keina Maciele Campos; Figueiredo, Camila Alexandrina.
Título: Descrição da frequência de variantes genéticas no gene da endoglina em uma população do Nordeste do Brasil / Description of the frequency of genetic variants in the endoglin gene in a population of Northeast Brazil
Fonte: Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) = J. med. biol. sci;17(3):392-397, nov 19, 2018. tab, ilus.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Introdução: a endoglina (ENG, CD105) é um co-receptor da família transforming growth factor-beta e participa da regulação de processos celulares como proliferação, diferenciação, migração e apoptose. ENG é mais conhecida por sua expressão em células endoteliais, desempenhando papel importante na angiogênese e vasculogênese, porém sua expressão já foi associada a diferentes desfechos patogênicos, inclusive devido a mutações no gene ENG. Objetivos: descrever a frequência de variantes genéticas no gene ENG, comparar com populações ancestrais e analisar as variantes genéticas que possam estar envolvidas em processos patogênicos em outras populações. Metodologia: foi utilizado o banco de dados do programa SCAALA (Social Change Asthma and Allergy in Latin America) para a população do estudo, sendo genotipado 1309 indivíduos usando o chip Illumina 2.5 Human Omni Bead e feitas análises in silico utilizando plataformas on-line. Resultados: as variantes genéticas rs10987746, rs10121110, rs11792480 e rs16930129 apresentaram frequência de menor alelo entre 16 a 48% na população estudada, as quais foram mais reiteradamente próximas do padrão africano que do europeu. Os SNVs foram relacionados aos mecanismos regulatórios genéticos conhecidos, pressupondo que essas variantes não estejam envolvidas diretamente em processos funcionais. Conclusão: são necessárias maiores investigações referentes aos mecanismos funcionais deste gene, visto que a endoglina participa de uma gama de processos celulares importantes e mais esforços devem ser feitos para estudos genéticos na população brasileira, considerando a mistura de populações.

Introduction: the endoglin (ENG, CD105) is a coreceptor of the family transforming growth factor-beta and participates in the regulation of cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, migration and apoptosis. ENG She is best known for your expression in endothelial cells, playing an important role in angiogenesis and vasculogenesis, but its expression has already been associated with different pathogenic outcomes, including due to mutations in the ENG gene. Objectives: describe the frequency of genetic variants in the ENG gene in the population of northeastern Brazil, compare with ancestral populations and analyze genetic variants that may be involved in pathogenic processes in other populations. Methodology: we used the SCAALA program database (Social Change Asthma and Allergy in Latin America) for the population of the study, and the DNA of 1309 individuals were genotyped using the Illumina chip 2.5 Human Omni Bead and made in silico analysis. Results: the SNVs rs10987746, rs10121110, rs11792480 and rs16930129 presented lower allele frequency between 16 to 48% in the population studied, which were more consistently next African European standard. The SNVs were related to known genetic regulatory mechanisms assuming that these variants are not directly involved in functional processes. Conclusion: further investigation regarding the functional mechanisms of this gene are necessary, since the endoglin participates in a range of important cellular processes and more efforts should be made for genetic studies in the Brazilian population, considering the mixture of populations.
Descritores: Endoglina
Responsável: BR342.1 - Biblioteca Universitária de Saúde


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Id: biblio-1150870
Autor: Legorreta Villegas, Itzel; Trejo Remigio, David Alonso; Ramírez Martínez, Carla Monserrat; Portilla Robertson, Javier; Leyva Huerta, Elba Rosa; Jacinto Alemán, Luis Fernando.
Título: Análisis de microdensidad vascular y factores de crecimiento en carcinoma oral de células escamosas / Analysis of vascular microdensity and growth factors in oral squamous cell carcinoma
Fonte: Rev. ADM = ADM;77(6):287-294, nov.-dic. 2020. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: El carcinoma oral de células escamosas (COCE) es una neoplasia epitelial maligna que se presenta frecuentemente entre la quinta y sexta década de la vida. Su compleja patogénesis incluye el proceso de angiogénesis y la regulación del microambiente tumoral como mecanismos de progresión tumoral. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre las variables clínicas e histológicas del COCE con la inmunoexpresión de VEGF, FGF-1, FGFR-1, TGFB-1, TGFBR-II y CD105. Material y métodos: Nueve casos de COCE; tres bien (BD), tres moderado (MD) y tres pobremente diferenciados (PD) obtenidos del Departamento de Patología y Medicina Bucal, División de Estudios de Postgrado e Investigación. Se aplicó la técnica de inmunohistoquímica por peroxidasa para identificar la expresión de VEGF, FGF-1, FGFR- 1, TGFB-1, TGFBR-II y CD105. El análisis de inmunoexpresión se realizó con el programa ImageJ. Se aplicó la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis y correlación de Spearman (p < 0.05). Resultados: La inmunoexpresión de VEGF fue mayor en los COCE PD, FGFR-1 fue positivo en los BD, mientras que FGF, TGFB-1 y TGFBR-II fueron negativos. El análisis de microdensidad vascular (MVD) indicó mayor número de vasos CD105 positivos en los carcinomas BD, seguidos de los PD y MD. Conclusión: Considerando los resultados obtenidos podemos concluir que la angiogénesis es un fenómeno constante independiente del grado de diferenciación que durante el proceso de transformación de una neoplasia requerirá la formación de vasos sanguíneos y que este proceso puede ser modulado por factores de crecimiento tales como los analizados en este trabajo (AU)

Introduction: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a malignant epithelial neoplasm that frequently occurs between the fifth and sixth decade of life. Its complex pathogenesis includes the angiogenesis process and the regulation of the tumor microenvironment as mechanisms of tumor progression. Objective: To determine the relationship between the clinical and histological variables of OSCC with the immunoexpression of VEGF, FGF-1, FGFR-1, TGFB- 1, TGFBR-II and CD105. Material and methods: Nine cases of OSCC; three well (WD), three moderate (MD) and three poorly differentiated (PD) obtained from the Oral Medicine and Pathology Department, Division of Graduate Studies and Research. The peroxidase immunohistochemistry technique was performed to identify the expression of VEGF, FGF-1, FGFR-1, TGFB-1, TGFBR-II and CD105. The immunoexpression analysis was performed with the ImageJ software. The Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman correlation test were performed (p < 0.05). Results: VEGF immunoexpression was higher in PD OSCC, while FGFR-1 was predominantly positive in WD; FGF, TGFB-1 and TGFBR-II were negative. Vascular microdensity analysis (MVD) indicated a greater number of CD105 positive vessels in WD carcinomas, followed by PD and MD. Conclusion: Considering the results obtained, we can conclude that angiogenesis is a constant phenomenon independent of the degree of differentiation; that during the transformation process of a neoplasm it will require the formation of blood vessels and that this process can be modulated by growth factors such as those analyzed in this work (AU)
Descritores: Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia
Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos
Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
-Vasos Sanguíneos
Imuno-Histoquímica
Análise Estatística
Técnicas Histológicas
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular
Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos
Endoglina
México
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Responsável: AR29.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-828547
Autor: Ribeiro, Osmar Damasceno; Canedo, Nathalie Henriques Silva; Pannain, Vera Lucia.
Título: Immunohistochemical angiogenic biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis: correlation with pathological features
Fonte: Clinics;71(11):639-643, Nov. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE To investigate immunohistochemical markers of angiogenesis and their association with pathological prognostic features in hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhotic liver. METHODS Vascular endothelial growth factor, CD105, and cyclooxygenase-2 were immunohistochemically detected in 52 hepatocellular carcinoma tissue samples and 48 cirrhotic liver tissue samples. Semiquantitative measurements of vascular endothelial growth factor and cyclooxygenase-2 were evaluated considering the degree and intensity of immunostaining based on a 7-point final scoring scale. CD105 microvascular density (MVD-CD105) was measured using automated analysis. Morphological aspects evaluated in the hepatocellular carcinoma samples included size (≤2 and >2 cm), differentiation grade, and microvascular invasion. RESULTS The mean vascular endothelial growth factor immunoreactivity score was slightly higher in the hepatocellular carcinoma samples (4.83±1.35) than the cirrhotic liver (4.38±1.28) samples. There was a significant and direct correlation between these mean scores (rs=0.645, p=0.0001). Cyclooxygenase-2 was expressed in all the cirrhotic liver samples but was only found in 78% of the hepatocellular carcinoma samples. The mean cyclooxygenase-2 score was higher in the cirrhotic liver samples (4.85±1.38) than the hepatocellular carcinoma samples (2.58±1.68), but there was no correlation between the scores (rs=0.177, p=0.23). The mean CD105 percentage in the hepatocellular carcinoma samples (11.2%) was lower than that in the cirrhotic samples (16.9%). There was an inverse relationship in MVD-CD105 expression between the hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhotic samples (rs=-0.78, p=0.67). There were no significant associations between vascular endothelial growth factor expression and morphological characteristics. Cyclooxygenase-2 and CD105 were associated with hepatocellular carcinoma differentiation grade (p=0.003 and p=0.05, respectively). CONCLUSION Vascular endothelial growth factor, cyclooxygenase-2, and MVD-CD105 were highly expressed in cirrhotic liver compared to hepatocellular carcinoma and might be involved in liver carcinogenesis. Additionally, cyclooxygenase-2 and CD105 might be involved in hepatocellular carcinoma differentiation grade.
Descritores: Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia
Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo
Endoglina/metabolismo
Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo
Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia
Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
-Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/irrigação sanguínea
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo
Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
Imuno-Histoquímica
Neoplasias Hepáticas/irrigação sanguínea
Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo
Gradação de Tumores
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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