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Id: lil-633030
Autor: Berg, Gabriela; Brites, Fernando; Muzzio, María Luz; Zago, Valeria; López, Graciela; Benitez, María Belén; Gomez Rosso, Leonardo; Miksztowicz, Verónica; Cacciagiú, Leonardo; González, Ana Inés; Aisemberg, Laura; Schreier, Laura; Wikinski, Regina.
Título: Factores circulantes de injuria endotelial y procesos subendoteliales en mujeres postmenopáusicas sanas / Endothelial injuring factors and subendothelial events in healthy postmenopausal women
Fonte: Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam;41(4):499-510, oct.-dic. 2007. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: UBACyT; . ANPCyT. PICT 14299.
Resumo: La concentración elevada de lipoproteínas aterogénicas con apo B en mujeres posmenopáusicas (MPM), es un componente importante del mecanismo multifactorial causante de la enfermedad coronaria. En MPM sanas (n=30) en comparación con premenopáusicas (MpreM) (n=28), se evaluó el perfil lipoproteico incluyendo apoproteínas A-I y B, LDL pequeña y densa, composición y oxidabilidad de LDL, proteína transportadora de colesterol esterificado y lipasa hepática. Se determinaron los siguientes factores emergentes: homocisteína, fosfolipasa A2, ferritina, PCR-hs (alta sensibilidad) y fibronectina proveniente de la matriz extracelular. La insulino-resistencia fue evaluada por la circunferencia de cintura, el índice HOMA y el índice triglicéridos/colesterol-HDL. El índice de riesgo apo B/apoA-I fue significativamente mayor en MPM (p<0,0001). MPM presentaron mayor proporción de LDL pequeña y densa, la cual correlacionó con el aumento de actividad de lipasa hepática (p<0,005), y con marcadores de insulino-resistencia (p<0,05). Fosfolipasa A2 (p<0,05), homocisteína (p<0,005), ferritina (p<0,0001), PCR-hs (p<0,005) y fibronectina (p<0,05)) fueron mayores en MPM. La oxidabilidad de LDL no mostró diferencias significativas pero correlacionó positivamente con LDL pequeña y densa (p<0,01), fosfolipasa A2 (p<0,05), homocisteína (p<0,05), PCR-hs (p<0,04), fibronectina (p<0,05) y cintura (p<0,02). Luego de ajustar por la condición menopáusica, edad y cintura, la oxidabilidad de LDL permaneció asociada con LDL pequeña y densa (b:0,36, p=0,027), homocisteína (b:0,36, p<0,038), fibronectina (b:0,41 p=0,05) y cintura (b:0,35, p=0,047). En este estudio, la interacción de factores de riesgo aterogénico clásicos y no tradicionales sugiere una secuencia de eventos que comienzan con la injuria endotelial causada por homocisteína y LDL pequeña y densa, que penetra en subendotelio donde su oxidación es favorecida por la homocisteína. Se produciría un proceso inflamatorio, que cursa con aumento de PCR y ferritina. La fosfolipasa A2, proveniente de macrófagos, atravesaría el endotelio unida a la LDL modificada, y promueve la liberación de fibronectina desde la matriz extracelular. La estrecha interacción entre la injuria endotelial, inflamación e insulino-resistencia se observaría desde estadíos subclínicos de aterosclerosis en MPM sanas.

In postmenopausal women (PMW), high concentrations of atherogenic apoB lipoproteins is an important component of the multifactorial mechanism underlying a higher risk of coronary artery disease, as compared with premenopausal women (PreMW). Lipoprotein pattern, including apopoproteins A-I and B, LDL chemical composition and small dense LDL (sdLDL), hepatic lipase activity, circulating cholesterol transfer protein and LDL oxidability were assessed in PMW (n=30) in comparison to PreMW (n=28). The following endothelial injuring factors were measured: homocysteine, lipoprotein binding phospholipase A2 (LpPLA2), ferritin, hs-CRP and fibronectin coming from extracellular vascular matrix. Insulin-resistance was evaluated by waist circumference, HOMA and triglyceride/HDL-cholesterol. PMW showed higher apoB/apoA-I (p<0.0001) and a higher proportion of sdLDL which showed significant correlations with the increase in hepatic lipase activity (p<0.005) and insulin-resistance markers (p<0.05). LpPLA2 (p<0.05), homocysteine (p<0.005), hs-CRP (p<0.005), fibronectin (p<0.05) and ferritin (p<0.0001) were elevated in PMW. LDL oxidability showed no differences between groups, but was positively correlated with waist (p<0.02), homocysteine (p<0.05), fibronectin (p<0.05), hs-CRP (p<0.04), LpPLA2 (p<0.05) and sdLDL (p<0.01). After adjusting by age, menopausal condition and waist, LDL oxidability remained associated with homocysteine (b: 0,36) p<0,038), sdLDL (b: 0.36, p=0.027), waist (b: 0.35, p=0.047) and fibronectin (b: 0,41 p=0.05). In this study, the interaction of classic and emerging atherogenic risk factors would suggest a sequence of events starting with endothelial damage caused by homocysteine and sdLDL, promoting its passage into the subendothelial space where it is oxidatively modified, enhanced by homocysteine. The above mentioned inflammatory process takes place with an increase in circulating hs-CRP and ferritin. LpPLA2, coming from macrophages, passes through the endothelium bound to modified LDL, promoting a release of fibronectin from the subendothelial extracellular matrix. Results suggest that the close interaction among endothelial injury, inflammation and insulin resistance can be observed since subclinical atherosclerosis states in healthy PMW.
Descritores: Menopausa
Fibronectinas
Pós-Menopausa
Homocisteína
-Receptores da Fosfolipase A2
Lipase
Responsável: AR1.2 - Instituto de Investigaciónes Epidemiológicas


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Id: biblio-894164
Autor: Diniz-Sousa, Rafaela; Kayano, Anderson M; Caldeira, Cleópatra A; Simões-Silva, Rodrigo; Monteiro, Marta C; Moreira-Dill, Leandro S; Grabner, Fernando P; Calderon, Leonardo A; Zuliani, Juliana P; Stábeli, Rodrigo G; Soares, Andreimar M.
Título: Biochemical characterization of a phospholipase A2 homologue from the venom of the social wasp Polybia occidentalis
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;24:5, 2018. graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Wasp venoms constitute a molecular reservoir of new pharmacological substances such as peptides and proteins, biological property holders, many of which are yet to be identified. Exploring these sources may lead to the discovery of molecules hitherto unknown. This study describes, for the first time in hymenopteran venoms, the identification of an enzymatically inactive phospholipase A2 (PLA2) from the venom of the social wasp Polybia occidentalis. Methods: P. occidentalis venom was fractioned by molecular exclusion and reverse phase chromatography. For the biochemical characterization of the protein, 1D and 2D SDS-PAGE were performed, along with phospholipase activity assays on synthetic substrates, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and sequencing by Edman degradation. Results: The protein, called PocTX, was isolated using two chromatographic steps. Based on the phospholipase activity assay, electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, the protein presented a high degree of purity, with a mass of 13,896. 47 Da and a basic pI. After sequencing by the Edman degradation method, it was found that the protein showed a high identity with snake venom PLA2 homologues. Conclusion: This is the first report of an enzymatically inactive PLA2 isolated from wasp venom, similar to snake PLA2 homologues.(AU)
Descritores: Vespas
Receptores da Fosfolipase A2/isolamento & purificação
Receptores da Fosfolipase A2/química
-Envenenamento
Espectrometria de Massas/métodos
Receptores da Fosfolipase A2/química
Cromatografia de Fase Reversa/métodos
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR33.1 - Divisão Técnica de Biblioteca e Documentação



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