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Id: biblio-889237
Autor: Yasir, Muhammad.
Título: Analysis of bacterial communities and characterization of antimicrobial strains from cave microbiota
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(2):248-257, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah.
Resumo: Abstract In this study for the first-time microbial communities in the caves located in the mountain range of Hindu Kush were evaluated. The samples were analyzed using culture-independent (16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing) and culture-dependent methods. The amplicon sequencing results revealed a broad taxonomic diversity, including 21 phyla and 20 candidate phyla. Proteobacteria were dominant in both caves, followed by Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Verrucomicrobia, Planctomycetes, and the archaeal phylum Euryarchaeota. Representative operational taxonomic units from Koat Maqbari Ghaar and Smasse-Rawo Ghaar were grouped into 235 and 445 different genera, respectively. Comparative analysis of the cultured bacterial isolates revealed distinct bacterial taxonomic profiles in the studied caves dominated by Proteobacteria in Koat Maqbari Ghaar and Firmicutes in Smasse-Rawo Ghaar. Majority of those isolates were associated with the genera Pseudomonas and Bacillus. Thirty strains among the identified isolates from both caves showed antimicrobial activity. Overall, the present study gave insight into the great bacterial taxonomic diversity and antimicrobial potential of the isolates from the previously uncharacterized caves located in the world's highest mountains range in the Indian sub-continent.
Descritores: Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Bactérias/classificação
Microbiologia Ambiental
Biota
Antibiose
-Paquistão
Filogenia
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Bactérias/genética
DNA Bacteriano/genética
DNA Bacteriano/química
DNA Ribossômico/genética
DNA Ribossômico/química
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Análise por Conglomerados
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Euryarchaeota/isolamento & purificação
Euryarchaeota/classificação
Euryarchaeota/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Euryarchaeota/genética
DNA Arqueal/genética
DNA Arqueal/química
Metagenômica
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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