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  1 / 9 LILACS  
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Id: lil-610068
Autor: Salcedo-Cifuentes, Mercedes; Domínguez, Martha C; García-Vallejo, Felipe.
Título: Epidemiología genómica y paraparesia espástica tropical asociada a la infección por el virus linfotrópico humano de células T tipo 1 / Genome epidemiology and tropical spastic paraparesis associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1
Fonte: Rev. panam. salud pública = Pan am. j. public health;30(5):422-430, nov. 2011. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: OBJETIVO: Caracterizar el ambiente genómico de las secuencias adyacentes al virus linfotrópico humano de células T tipo 1 (HTLV-1) en pacientes con paraparesia espßstica tropical y mielopatía asociada a la infección con HTLV-1 (PET/MAH) de diferentes regiones de Colombia y del Japón. MÉTODOS: Se enfrentaron 71 clones recombinantes con secuencias del genoma humano adyacentes al 5'-LTR de pacientes con PET/MAH, a las bases de datos del Genome Browser y del Gen-Bank. Se identificaron y analizaron estadísticamente 16 variables genómicas estructurales y composicionales mediante el programa informßtico R, versión 2.8.1, en una ventana de 0,5 Mb. RESULTADOS: El 43,0 por ciento de los provirus se localizaron en los cromosomas del grupo C; 74 por ciento de las secuencias se ubicaron en regiones teloméricas y subteloméricas (P < 0,05). Un anßlisis de conglomerados permitió establecer las relaciones jerßrquicas entre las características genómicas incluidas en el estudio; el anßlisis de componentes principales identificó las componentes que definieron los ambientes genómicos preferidos para la integración proviral en casos de PET/MAH. CONCLUSIONES: El HTLV-1 se integró con mayor frecuencia en regiones de la cromatina ricas en islas de citocina fosfato guanina (CpG), de alta densidad de genes y de repeticiones tipo LINE (elemento disperso largo [long interspersed element]) y transposones de ADN que, en conjunto, conformarían los ambientes genómicos blanco de integración. Este nuevo escenario promoverß cambios sustanciales en el campo de la salud pública y en el manejo epidemiológico de las enfermedades infecciosas, y permitirß desarrollar potentes herramientas para incrementar la eficiencia de la vigilancia epidemiológica.

OBJECTIVE: Characterize the genomic environment of the sequences adjacent to human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) in patients with HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) in different regions of Colombia and Japan. METHODS: A total of 71 recombinant clones with human genome sequences adjacent to 5' LTR in patients with HAM/TSP were compared to the Genome Browser and GenBank databases. Sixteen structural and compositional genome variables were identified, and statistical analysis was conducted in the R computer program, version 2.8.1, in a 0.5 Mb window. RESULTS: A total of 43.0 percent of the proviruses were located in the group C chromosomes; 74 percent of the sequences were located in the telomeric and subtelomeric regions (P < 0.05). A cluster analysis was used to establish the hierarchical relations between the genome characteristics included in the study. The analysis of principal components identified the components that defined the preferred genome environments for proviral integration in cases of HAM/TSP. CONCLUSIONS: HTLV-1 was integrated more often in chromatin regions rich in CpG islands with a high density of genes and LINE type repetitions, and DNA transposons which, overall, would form the genomic environments targeted for integration. This new scenario will promote substantial changes in the field of public health and in epidemiological management of infectious diseases. It will also foster the development of powerful tools for increasing the efficiency of epidemiological surveillance.
Descritores: Genoma Humano
Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/genética
Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/genética
Provírus/genética
Sequências Repetidas Terminais/genética
Integração Viral/genética
-Mapeamento Cromossômico
Ilhas de CpG
Cromossomos Humanos/genética
Colômbia/epidemiologia
DNA Recombinante/genética
Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/epidemiologia
Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/virologia
Retroelementos/genética
Alinhamento de Sequência
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico
Limites: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Humanos
Masculino
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  2 / 9 LILACS  
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Abdelhay, Eliana
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Id: lil-605928
Autor: Blauth, Monica Laner; Bruno, Rafaela Vieira; Abdelhay, Eliana; Valente, Vera Lúcia Silva.
Título: Spatiotemporal transcription of the P element and the 412 retrotransposon during embryogenesis of Drosophila melanogaster and D. willistoni
Fonte: Genet. mol. biol;34(4):707-710, 2011. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Transposable elements (TEs) are mobile nucleotide sequences which, through changing position in host genomes, partake in important evolutionary processes. The expression patterns of two TEs, P element transposon and 412 retrotransposon, were investigated during Drosophila melanogaster and D. willistoni embryogenesis, by means of embryo hybridization using riboprobes. Spatiotemporal transcription patterns for both TEs were similar to those of developmental genes. Although the two species shared the same P element transcription pattern, this was not so with 412 retrotransposon. These findings suggest that the regulatory sequences involved in the initial development of Drosophila spp are located in the transposable element sequences, and differences, such as in this case of the 412 retrotransposon, lead to losses or changes in their transcription patterns.
Descritores: Elementos de DNA Transponíveis
Drosophila/embriologia
Retroelementos
-Sequência de Bases
Drosophila/genética
Transcrição Genética
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  3 / 9 LILACS  
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Id: lil-551880
Autor: Zhao, Ming; Zhou, Jin yan; Li, Zhi dong; Song, Wei wei; Tan, You jiu; Tan, Hong.
Título: Boty-II, a novel LTR retrotransposon in Botrytis cinerea B05.10 revealed by genomic sequence
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;12(3):2-3, July 2009. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Chinese Academy of Sciences; . Hi-Tech Research and Development Program (863) of China.
Resumo: Botrytis cinerea is a necrotrophic pathogen causing pre- and post-harvest diseases in at least 235 plant species. It manifests extraordinary genotype and phenotype variation. One of the causes of this variation is transposable elements. Two transposable elements have been discovered in this fungus, the retrotransposon (Boty), and the transposon (Flipper). In this work, two complete (Boty-II-76 and Boty-II-103) and two partial (Boty-II-95 and Boty-II-141) long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons were identified by an in silico genomic sequence analysis. Boty-II-76 and Boty-II-103 contain 6439 bp nucleotides with a pair of LTRs at both ends, and an internal deduced pol gene encoding a polyprotein with reverse transcriptase and DDE integrase domains. They are flanked by 5 bp direct repeats (ACCAT, CTTTC). In Boty-II-141, two LTRs at both ends, and a partial internal pol gene encoding a protein with a DDE integrase domain were identified. In Boty-II-95, a right LTR and a partial internal pol gene encoding a protein with no conserved domains were identified. Boty-II uses a self-priming mechanism to initiate synthesis of reverse transcripts. The sequence of the presumed primer binding site for first-strand reverse transcription is 5'-TTGTACCAT-3'. The polypurine-rich sequence for plus-strand DNA synthesis is 5'-GCCTTGAGCGGGGGGTAC-3'. Fourteen Boty-II LTRs that contain 125-158 bp nucleotides and share 69.1 ~ 100 percent identities with the short inverted terminal repeats of 5 bp (TGTCA…TGACA) were discovered. Analysis of structural features and phylogeny revealed that Boty-II is a novel LTR retrotransposon. It could potentially be used as a novel molecular marker for the investigation of genetic variation in B. cinerea.
Descritores: Botrytis/isolamento & purificação
Botrytis/genética
Botrytis/química
Retroelementos/genética
-Variação Genética
Genoma de Planta/genética
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/enzimologia
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/química
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  4 / 9 LILACS  
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Id: lil-538041
Autor: Zhao, Ming; Zhou, Jin yan; Tan, You jiu; Song, Wei wei; Li, Zhi dong; Tan, Hong.
Título: Two LTR retrotransposon elements within the abscisic acid gene cluster in Botrytis cinerea B05.10, but not in SAS56
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;12(1):7-8, Jan. 2009. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Chinese Academy of Sciences; . Hi-Tech Research and Development Program (863) of China.
Resumo: The plant hormone abscisic acid has huge economic potential and can be applied in agriculture and forestry for it is considered to be involved in plant resistance to stresses such as cold, heat, salinity, drought, pathogens and wounding. Now overproducing strains of Botrytis cinerea are used for biotechnological production of abscisic acid. An LTR retrotransposon, Boty-aba, and a solo LTR were identified by in silico genomic sequence analysis, and both were detected within the abscisic acid gene cluster in B. cinerea B05.10, but not in B. cinerea SAS56. Boty-aba contains a pair of LTRs and two internal genes. The LTRs and the first gene have features characteristic of Ty3/gypsy LTR retrotransposons. The second gene is a novel gene, named brtn, which encodes for a protein (named BRTN) without putative conserved domains. The impressive divergence in structure of the abscisic acid gene clusters putatively gives new clues to investigate the divergence in the abscisic acid production yields of different B. cinerea strains.
Descritores: Ácido Abscísico/genética
Ácido Abscísico
Ácido Abscísico/uso terapêutico
Botrytis/enzimologia
Botrytis/metabolismo
-Ascomicetos/enzimologia
Petunia/genética
Retroelementos/genética
Sequências Repetidas Terminais
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  5 / 9 LILACS  
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Id: lil-506978
Autor: Cristancho, M.
Título: Identificación y análisis de secuencias de retrotransposones / Identification and Analysis of Retrotransposon Sequences in Lycopersicon spp
Fonte: Rev. colomb. biotecnol;2(1):59-69, jul. 1999. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Secuencias de retrotransposones del tipo Ty3/gypsy fue-ron identificadas en los genomas de tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum) y otras especies de Lycopersicon por medio de análisis de PCR. Las secuencias fueron altamente he-terogéneas, como ha sido el caso para otras secuencias de retrotransposones identificadas en plantas. Un análisis de las secuencias amplificadas por PCR mostró que la filogenia de las secuencias Ty3/gypsy de tomate fue simi-lar a la del género Lycopersicon. Este análisis también mostró que las secuencias pertenecen a secuencias de retrotransposones de lenta evolución y que parecen ser residentes desde tiempos ancestrales del genoma del to-mate. Se obtuvo alguna evidencia que sugiere que los ele-mentos del tipo Ty3/gypsy en tomate podrían ser activos. Las líneas de evidencia en favor de la presencia de retrotransposones activos en tomate y su posible transmi-sión horizontal se analizan más profundamente.
Descritores: Análise Citogenética
Lycopersicon esculentum
Retroelementos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: CO326 - Departamento de Biología


  6 / 9 LILACS  
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Id: lil-449145
Autor: Pereira, R. W; Santos, S. S; Pena, S. D.
Título: A novel polymorphic Alu insertion embedded in a LINE 1 retrotransposon in the human X chromosome (DXS225): identification and worldwide population study
Fonte: Genet. mol. res. (Online);5(1):63-71, Mar. 31, 2006. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: We describe a novel polymorphic Alu insertion (DXS225) on the human X chromosome (Xq21.3) embedded into an L1 retrotransposon. The DXS225 polymorphism was genotyped in 684 males from the CEPH Human Genome Diversity Panel. This insertion was found in all regions of the globe, suggesting that it took place before modern humans spread from Africa ca. 100,000 years ago. However, only one Amerindian population (Karitiana) showed this insertion allele, which may have been introduced by European admixture. Thus, it appears likely that the Alu insertion was absent from pre-Columbian America. Analysis of molecular variance worldwide demonstrated that 92.2% of the genetic variance was concentrated within populations. DXS225 is flanked by two microsatellites (DXS8114 and DXS1002), which are 86 kb apart and are in very strong linkage disequilibrium. The combination of a unique event polymorphism on the X chromosome in linkage disequilibrium with two rapidly evolving microsatellites should provide a useful tool for studies of human evolution.
Descritores: Cromossomos Humanos X/genética
Elementos Alu/genética
Variação Genética
Genética Populacional/métodos
Polimorfismo Genético/genética
Retroelementos/genética
-Linhagem Celular
Evolução Molecular
Genoma Humano
Genótipo
Grupos de Populações Continentais/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  7 / 9 LILACS  
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Argañaraz, Enrique R
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Id: lil-440569
Autor: Simaes-Barbosa, Augusto; Argañaraz, Enrique R; Barros, Ana Maria; Rosa, Ana de Cássia; Alves, Nivaldo P; Louvandini, Patrícia; D'Souza-Ault, Marian R; Nitz, Nadjar; Sturm, Nancy R; Nascimento, Rubens J; Teixeira, Antonio R. L.
Título: Hitchhiking Trypanosoma cruzi minicircle DNA affects gene expression in human host cells via LINE-1 retrotransposon
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;101(8):833-843, Dec. 2006. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The horizontal transfer of Trypanosoma cruzi mitochondrial minicircle DNA to the genomes of naturally infected humans may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Chagas disease. Minicircle integrations within LINE-1 elements create the potential for foreign DNA mobility within the host genome via the machinery associated with this retrotransposon. Here we document integration of minicircle DNA fragments in clonal human macrophage cell lines and their mobilization over time. The movement of an integration event in a clonal transfected cell line was tracked at three months and three years post-infection. The minicircle sequence integrated into a LINE-1 retrotransposon; one such foreign fragment subsequently relocated to another genomic location in association with associated LINE-1 elements. The p15 locus was altered at three years as a direct effect of minicircle/LINE-1 acquisition, resulting in elimination of p15 mRNA. Here we show for the first time a molecular pathology stemming from mobilization of a kDNA/LINE-1 mutation. These genomic changes and detected transcript variations are consistent with our hypothesis that minicircle integration is a causal component of parasite-independent, autoimmune-driven lesions seen in the heart and other target tissues associated with Chagas disease.
Descritores: DNA de Cinetoplasto/genética
Expressão Gênica/genética
Elementos Nucleotídeos Longos e Dispersos/genética
Retroelementos/genética
Trypanosoma cruzi/genética
-Linhagem Celular/parasitologia
Transferência Genética Horizontal
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/genética
Macrófagos/parasitologia
Trypanosoma cruzi/fisiologia
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  8 / 9 LILACS  
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Id: lil-437044
Autor: Copeland, Claudia S; Lewis, Fredt A; Brindley, Paul J.
Título: Identification of the Boudicca and Sinbad retrotransposons in the genome of the human blood fluke Schistosoma haematobium
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;101(5):565-571, Aug. 2006. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Ellison Medical Foundation; . NIAID-NIH.
Resumo: Schistosomes have a comparatively large genome, estimated for Schistosoma mansoni to be about 270 megabase pairs (haploid genome). Recent findings have shown that mobile genetic elements constitute significant proportions of the genomes of S. mansoni and S. japonicum. Much less information is available on the genome of the third major human schistosome, S. haematobium. In order to investigate the possible evolutionary origins of the S. mansoni long terminal repeat retrotransposons Boudicca and Sinbad, several genomes were searched by Southern blot for the presence of these retrotransposons. These included three species of schistosomes, S. mansoni, S. japonicum, and S. haematobium, and three related platyhelminth genomes, the liver flukes Fasciola hepatica and Fascioloides magna and the planarian, Dugesia dorotocephala. In addition, Homo sapiens and three snail host genomes, Biomphalaria glabrata, Oncomelania hupensis, and Bulinus truncatus, were examined for possible indications of a horizontal origin for these retrotransposons. Southern hybridization analysis indicated that both Boudicca and Sinbad were present in the genome of S. haematobium. Furthermore, low stringency Southern hybridization analyses suggested that a Boudicca-like retrotransposon was present in the genome of B. truncatus, the snail host of S. haematobium.
Descritores: DNA de Helmintos/análise
Genoma Helmíntico/genética
Retroelementos/genética
Schistosoma/genética
-Southern Blotting
Biomphalaria/genética
Bulinus/genética
Schistosoma haematobium/genética
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  9 / 9 LILACS  
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Id: lil-432713
Autor: Castro, Juliana P. de; Setta, Nathalia de; Carareto, Claudia Marcia A.
Título: Distribution and insertion numbers of transposable elements in species of the Drosophila saltans group
Fonte: Genet. mol. biol;29(2):384-390, 2006. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo.
Resumo: Information about the distribution and insertion numbers of many transposable elements is restricted to few species of Drosophila, although these elements are widely distributed throughout the genus. The aim of this work was to describe the distribution and insertion numbers of four retrotransposons (copia, gypsy, micropia, I) and four transposons (hobo, mariner, Minos and Bari-1) in the saltans group of Drosophila. Our data shows that, except for mariner, all the other elements are widespread within the saltans group and show variable insertion numbers of up to 24 copies.
Descritores: Elementos de DNA Transponíveis
Drosophila/genética
-Hibridização In Situ
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Retroelementos
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR26.1 - Biblioteca Central



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