Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : D13.695.578.550.500 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: lil-746674
Autor: Barrera, Alinne Z.; Nichols, Alexandra D..
Título: Depression help-seeking attitudes and behaviors among an Internet-based sample of Spanish-speaking perinatal women / Actitudes y comportamientos de búsqueda de ayuda para la depresión en una muestra basada en internet de mujeres de habla hispana en período perinatal
Fonte: Rev. panam. salud pública = Pan am. j. public health;37(3):148-153, Mar. 2015. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: OBJECTIVE: To examine attitudes and beliefs related to help-seeking for depression among an international sample of pregnant women, a majority of whom were Spanish-speakers residing in Latin America. METHODS: More than 6 000 (n = 6 672) pregnant women met eligibility criteria and consented to participate between 15 January 2009-12 August 2011. Of these, 1 760 with a Latino/Hispanic background completed a baseline survey as part of a larger study. Group comparisons analyzed attitudes and behaviors related to seeking help for depression, while a logistic regression was conducted to identify demographic characteristics related to help-seeking support. RESULTS: Of the participants, three-fourths reported experiencing depression during or after their current or past pregnancies. The majority of participants did not seek help, and generally reported ambivalence about their depressive symptoms and uncertainty as to the helpfulness of others. However, 44.8% did seek help, mostly by speaking to family or partners and reported feeling fear, shame, and embarrassment about their symptoms. A current major depressive episode and an income less than or equal to US$ 10 000 were significant predictors of help-seeking behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Data from this study suggest that when feeling sad or depressed, perinatal Latinas tend to seek emotional support first from family and friends and may underutilize mental health services when needed. The Internet is an effective means for reaching perinatal women, especially those in areas of the world where there may be barriers to accessing psychological resources.

OBJETIVO: Analizar las actitudes y las creencias relacionadas con la búsqueda de ayuda para la depresión en una muestra internacional de mujeres embarazadas, la mayor parte de ellas hispanohablantes y residentes en América Latina. MÉTODOS: Más de 6 000 mujeres embarazadas (n = 6 672) cumplieron los criterios de selección y aceptaron participar entre el 15 de enero del 2009 y el 12 de agosto del 2011. De estas, 1 760 de origen latino o hispano completaron una encuesta básica que formaba parte de un estudio más amplio. Mediante comparaciones de grupo, se analizaron las actitudes y los comportamientos relacionados con la búsqueda de ayuda para la depresión, mientras que, mediante regresión logística, se determinaron las características demográficas relacionadas con la búsqueda de ayuda o apoyo. RESULTADOS: De todas las participantes, tres cuartas partes notificaron sentimientos de depresión durante o después de los embarazos actuales o pasados. La mayor parte de ellas no buscaron ayuda, y en general manifestaron ambivalencia acerca de sus síntomas depresivos e incertidumbre en cuanto a la capacidad de ayuda de otras personas. Sin embargo, 44,8% buscaron ayuda, principalmente hablando con familiares o compañeros, y notificaron sentimientos de temor, culpabilidad y vergüenza acerca de sus síntomas. Un episodio depresivo mayor actual y unos ingresos iguales o inferiores a US$ 10 000 fueron factores predictivos significativos de comportamientos de búsqueda de ayuda. CONCLUSIONES: Los datos de este estudio indican que, cuando se sienten tristes o deprimidas, las mujeres latinas en período perinatal tienden a buscar en primer lugar el apoyo emocional de la familia y los amigos, y podrían subutilizar los servicios de salud mental cuando son necesarios. La internet es un medio eficaz para llegar a las mujeres en período perinatal, especialmente a las que viven en zonas del mundo donde pueden existir barreras para el acceso a los recursos psicológicos.
Descritores: Blástula/metabolismo
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
Xenopus/embriologia
Xenopus/genética
-Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Anotação de Sequência Molecular
Poli A/metabolismo
Poliadenilação/genética
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Estabilidade de RNA/genética
RNA Mensageiro Estocado/genética
RNA Mensageiro Estocado/metabolismo
Transcrição Genética
Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
Proteínas de Xenopus/genética
Proteínas de Xenopus/metabolismo
Peixe-Zebra/genética
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  2 / 7 LILACS  
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Id: lil-232640
Autor: Arriaga Alba, Myriam; Barrón Moreno, Fernando; Flores Paz, Rocío; García Jiménez, Elvia; Rivera Sánchez, Roberto.
Título: Genotoxic evaluation of Norfloxacin and Pipemidic acid with the Eschirichia coli PolA-/polA+ and the ames test
Fonte: Arch. med. res;29(3):235-40, jul.-sept. 1998. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background. Genotoxicity of antibiotic has not been well evaluted, and there is not much information on the genetic risk of quinolone drugs, even though they are widely used as alternative choice drugs in urinary infections. Methods. Pipemidic acid and norfloxacin were tested for their capacity to induce point mutations using the Ames test and DNA damage on Escherichia coli PolA-/PolA+. Results. At non-toxic doses, all of the drugs studied were negative on the E. coli PolA-/PolA+ test with or without in vitro metabolic activation with induced arochlor 1254 rat liver (S9). They did not procedure frameshift mutations in TA98, or base-air substitutions in S. typhimurium hisG46 strains TA100, or UTH8414. Norfloxacin and its induced metabolites in vitro with S9 rat liver were mutagenic to hisG48 strains TA102 and TA104, both of which detect oxidative chemicals. Pipemidic acid induced mutations in S. typhimurium hisG48 strains only when they had an efficient DNA excision repair system. Conclusions. These results suggest that the risk of oxygen-free radical generation from quinolones should be considered
Descritores: Dano ao DNA
Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos
Escherichia coli/genética
Mutação Puntual
Poli A
Salmonella typhimurium
-Ácido Pipemídico/toxicidade
Mutação da Fase de Leitura
Testes de Mutagenicidade
Norfloxacino/toxicidade
Limites: Animais
Ratos
Responsável: MX1.1 - CENIDSP - Centro de Información para Decisiones en Salud Pública


  3 / 7 LILACS  
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Id: lil-228616
Autor: Rodriguez, Francisco; Ramirez, Jose Luis; Rangel-Aldao, Rafael.
Título: Differential turn-over of beta-tubulin during the cell differentiation of Trypanosoma cruzi
Fonte: Biol. Res;26(1/2):35-40, 1993. ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: We investigated the expression of beta-tubulin during the differentiation of non-infective epimastigotes to infective metacyclics of Trypanosoma cruzi to underlay some of the regulatory mechanisms of the gene expression in this pathogenic parasite. Given the strong evolutionary conservation of tubulin, it was possible to study its translational and transcriptional products with heterologous probes. Quantitative Western blotting with specific monoclonal antibodies against beta-tubulin revealed an increase in the relative amounts of this protein in metacyclics with respect to epimastigotes. Pulse-chase experiments with radioactive methionine followed by immunoprecipitation and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that beta-tubulin has a slower degradation in metacyclics, which may contribute to its relative higher abundance in these parasite forms. In contrast with these results, both in vitro translation of poly (A+) mRNA in a wheat germ system and Northern blots of total and poly (A+) mRNA with a heterologous DNA probe from Leishmania enriettii, revealed a significant decrease (5 fold) in the specific transcripts of beta-tubulin in the metacyclics with respect to epimastigotes. It thus appeared that after differentiation of T. cruzi the translational machinery for a key protein such as beta-tubulin is shut off by a decrease in its specific message. The protein levels of this protein are maintained, however, by a compensatory mechanism that involves a slower turn-over of the synthesized protein
Descritores: Trypanosoma cruzi/metabolismo
Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo
-Anticorpos Monoclonais
Northern Blotting
Western Blotting
Diferenciação Celular
Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida
Regulação da Expressão Gênica
Poli A/genética
Testes de Precipitina
RNA Mensageiro/genética
Trypanosoma cruzi/citologia
Trypanosoma cruzi/genética
Trypanosoma cruzi/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Tubulina (Proteína)/genética
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 7 LILACS  
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Winter, C. E
Id: lil-102079
Autor: Alvarenga, C. A. S; Winter, C. E; Stocker, A. J; Pueyo, M. T; Lara, F. J. S.
Título: In vivo effects of ecdysterone on puff formation, and RNA and protein synthesis in the salivary glands of Rhynchosciara americana
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;24(10):985-1002, 1991. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: 1. Fourth-instar larvae of Rhynchosciara americana were injected with the insect molting hormone, ecdysterone, giving final hemolymph concentrations from 4.46 to 223µM. 2. Induction of the DNA puff, B2b, in the proximal (S1) region of the salivary glands of Rhynchosciara americana by 22.6 µM ecdyesterone, was accompanied by the production of an mRNA and a polypeptide with the same characteristics as B2b products produced during normal development. This mRNA and polypeptide were restricted to the proximal region of the gland, as is the B2b puff. 3. Synthesis of other poly (A) +RNAs was also stimulated in S1 by ecdysterone, and other puffs that appear during normal development were induced. However, rRNA production in S1 goes through a pattern of inhibition, followed by recovery when B2b is puffed, and subsequent inhibition. 4. Low molecular weight RNA, with a peak in the region of 4S, is stimulated after ecdysterone administration
Descritores: Dípteros
Ecdisterona/farmacologia
Glândulas Salivares/fisiologia
Poli A/biossíntese
RNA/biossíntese
-Ecdisterona/administração & dosagem
Larva/fisiologia
Limites: Animais
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-99507
Autor: Passos Junior, G. A. S.
Título: Immunological memory for HIV-1 induced in rabbits by immune poly(A)+ RNA
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;24(7):711-5, 1991. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: New Zealand rabbits were used to demonstrate the in vitro and in vivo transfer of reactivity, including immunological memory, to a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues 586-606 of the gp-160 protein of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). The transfers were mediated by immune poly (A)+ RNA from lymphoid organs(spleen and mesenteric nodules) harvested after immunization of a sheep with the peptide (8subcutaneous injections plus glucan and complete Freund's adjuvant using a total of 1750 *g peptide). Immunological reactivity was detected by the leukocyte adherence inhibition (LAI) test for cellular immunity. A dose of 150 *g poly (A) RNA ml-1 10 *******7 leukocytes -1 or 2.0 *g poly(A)+ RNA ml-1 10*******7 leukocytes-1 was used for in vitro transfer. For in vivo transfer the recipient rabbits received 3,000 *g poly(A)- RNA or 20*g poly(A)+ RNA. The mean non-adherence index(NAI) obtained in vitro was 10ñ7 for leukocytes treated with poly (A)- RNA and 60ñ10 leukocytes treated with poly(A)+ RNA. The poly(A)+ RNA fravction induced a primary-like response and memory cells in vivo. The poly (A)- RNA fraction had no effect. Since sheep are refractory to, and rabbits are sensitive to HIV-1, we suggest the use of this animal model for testing the immunomodulating effect of anti-HIV-1 immune poly(A)+ RNA
Descritores: HIV-1/imunologia
Memória Imunológica
Linfócitos/imunologia
Glicoproteínas de Membrana/imunologia
Poli A/imunologia
RNA/imunologia
-HIV-1/genética
Imunização Secundária
Teste de Inibição de Aderência Leucocítica
Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética
Ovinos
Vacinação
Limites: Animais
Coelhos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR26.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Aoyama, Hiroshi
Id: lil-69596
Autor: Aoyama, Hiroshi.
Título: Poly (2'-0-methyladenylic acid) as template of reverse transcriptase
Fonte: Arq. biol. tecnol;31(2):313-20, 1988. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Poly (2'-O-methyladenylic acid), poly (Am), is recognized as template in the reaction catalyzed by avian myeloblastosis virus, AMV, reverse transcriptase better in the presence of Mn than Mg as divalent cation. An apparent KM value of 2.5 x 10 M in relation to TTP and an inhibition of the reaction at poly (Am concentration higher than 5 microng/ml have been observed. Ethidium bromide, EtBr, tetramethyl ethidium bromide, TMEtBr, dideoxy TTP, and novobiocin are inhibitors of the poly (Am)-directed reverse transcriptase reaction in the presence of Mn
Descritores: Poli A/metabolismo
DNA Polimerase Dirigida por RNA/metabolismo
Moldes Genéticos
-DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/biossíntese
Vírus da Mieloblastose Aviária/enzimologia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Zaha, A
Leoncini, Orilio
Id: lil-22682
Autor: Zaha, A; Leoncini, Orilio; Stocker, A. J; Hollenberg, C. P; Lara, F. J.
Título: Hybridization of poly (A)+RNA from salivary glands of Rhynchosciara americana to restriction DNA fragments and polytene chromosomes.
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;17(3/4):257-64, 1984.
Idioma: en.
Descritores: Dípteros
DNA
Hibridização Genética
Poli A
RNA
Transcrição Genética
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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