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Id: biblio-950772
Autor: Zeb, Anwar; Sadiq, Abdul; Ullah, Farhat; Ahmad, Sajjad; Ayaz, Muhammad.
Título: Investigations of anticholinestrase and antioxidant potentials of methanolic extract, subsequent fractions, crude saponins and flavonoids isolated from Isodon rugosus
Fonte: Biol. Res;47:1-10, 2014. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Based on the ethnomedicinal uses and the effective outcomes of natural products in various diseases, this study was designed to evaluate Isodon rugosus as possible remedy in oxidative stress, alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. Acetylecholinestrase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activities of crude methanolic extract (Ir.Cr), resultant fractions (n-hexane (Ir.Hex), chloroform (Ir.Cf), ethyl acetate (Ir.EtAc), aqueous (Ir.Aq)), flavonoids (Ir.Flv) and crude saponins (Ir.Sp) of I. rugosus were investigated using Ellman's spectrophotometric method. Antioxidant potential of I. rugosus was determined using DPPH, H2O2 and ABTS free radicals scavenging assays. Total phenolic and flavonoids contents of plant extracts were determined and expressed in mg GAE/g dry weight and mg RTE/g of dry sample respectively. RESULTS: Among different fractions Ir.Flv and Ir.Cf exhibited highest inhibitory activity against AChE (87.44 ± 0.51, 83.73 ± 0.64%) and BChE (82.53 ± 0.71, 88.55 ± 0.77%) enzymes at 1 mg/ml with IC50 values of 45, 50 for AChE and 40, 70 µg/ml for BChE respectively. Activity of these fractions were comparable to galanthamine causing 96.00 ± 0.30 and 88.61 ± 0.43% inhibition of AChE and BChE at 1 mg/ml concentration with IC50 values of 20 and 47 µg/ml respectively. In antioxidant assays, Ir.Flv, Ir.Cf, and Ir.EtAc demonstrated highest radicals scavenging activities in DPPH and H2O2 assays which were comparable to ascorbic acid. Ir.Flv was found most potent with IC50 of 19 and 24 µg/ml against DPPH and H2O2 radicals respectively. Whereas antioxidant activates of plant samples against ABTS free radicals was moderate. Ir.Cf, Ir.EtAc and Ir.Cr showed high phenolic and flavonoid contents and concentrations of these compounds in different fractions correlated well to their antioxidant and anticholinestrase activities. CONCLUSION: It may be inferred from the current investigations that the Ir.Sp, Ir.Flv and various fractions of I. rugosus are good sources of anticholinesterase and antioxidant compounds. Different fractions can be subjected to activity guided isolation of bioactive compounds effective in neurological disorders.
Descritores: Saponinas/análise
Flavonoides/análise
Extratos Vegetais/química
Inibidores da Colinesterase/análise
Isodon/química
Antioxidantes/análise
-Picratos/metabolismo
Acetilcolinesterase/efeitos dos fármacos
Saponinas/isolamento & purificação
Espectrofotometria/métodos
Ácidos Sulfônicos/metabolismo
Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação
Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo
Butirilcolinesterase/efeitos dos fármacos
Clorofórmio
Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo
Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
Concentração Inibidora 50
Isodon/classificação
Isodon/enzimologia
Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química
Misturas Complexas
Metanol
Benzotiazóis/metabolismo
Radicais Livres/análise
Hexanos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo
Medicina Tradicional
Acetatos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  2 / 19 LILACS  
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Id: lil-761126
Autor: Moraes, Ana Paula Rodrigues de; Salles, Cristiane Martins Cardoso de; Bittencourt, Vânia Rita Elias Pinheiro; Bittencourt, Avelino José.
Título: Antimicrobial activity of Stomoxys calcitransagainst Beauveria bassiana sensu lato isolates / Atividade antimicrobiana de Stomoxys calcitranscontra isolados de Beauveria bassiana sensu lato
Fonte: Rev. bras. parasitol. vet;24(3):331-339, July-Sept. 2015. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study had the aims of evaluating the antimicrobial characteristics of Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) larvae against the fungal isolates CG138, CG228 and ESALQ986 of Beauveria bassiana sensu lato (Balsamo-Crivelli) Vuillemin, 1912 (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae). S. calcitrans eggs, larvae and pupae were exposed to these same isolates. Statistical analysis showed that the immature stages of S. calcitrans were not susceptible to the fungal isolates used, regardless of the exposure method. Diffusion test on solid culture medium reveled that macerated S. calcitrans larvae exposed to isolate CG138 reduced CG138 fungal development. The analysis of the chromatographic profiles indicated that the macerate or mucus of larvae of the control group and the groups exposed to the isolate CG138 presented different profiles. Reduced development of the isolate CG138 on the larvae cuticle was observed by means of scanning electron microscopy.

Este estudo teve como objetivos avaliar as características antimicrobianas de larvas de Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) contra os isolados CG138, CG228 e ESALQ986 de Beauveria bassiana sensu lato (Balsamo-Crivelli) Vuillemin, 1912 (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae). Ovos, larvas e pupas de S. calcitrans foram expostos a estes mesmos isolados. Após análise estatística, foi verificado que os estágios imaturos de S. calcitrans não foram susceptíveis aos isolados utilizados, independentemente do método de exposição utilizado. O teste de difusão em meio sólido mostrou que quando o isolado CG138 foi exposto a macerado de larvas houve redução do desenvolvimento fúngico. A análise dos perfis cromatográficos mostrou que o macerado ou muco de larvas do grupo controle e dos grupos expostos ao isolado CG138 apresentaram diferenças nos perfis. Um desenvolvimento reduzido do isolado CG138 na cutícula de larvas foi observado pela microscopia eletrônica de varredura.
Descritores: Muscidae
Controle Biológico de Vetores/métodos
Misturas Complexas/farmacologia
Beauveria/efeitos dos fármacos
Larva
-Antifúngicos/farmacologia
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  3 / 19 LILACS  
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Id: lil-623960
Autor: Lima, Thereza C. M. de; Morato, Gina S; Takahashi, Reinaldo N.
Título: Evaluation of antinociceptive effect of Petiveria alliacea (guiné) in animals
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):153-158, 1991. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: Petiveria alliacea (Phytolaccaceae) is a bush widely distributed in South America including Brazil, where it is popularly known as "guiné", pipi", "tipi" or "erva-de-tipi". Brazilian folk medicine attributes to the hot water infusion of its roots or leaves the following pharmacologicalproperties: antipyretic, antispasmodic, abortifacient, antirrheumatic, diuretic, analgesic and sedative. The present study has evaluated the alleged effects of P. alliacea on central nervous system (CNS), particularly, the sedative and analgesic properties of root crude aqueous extract of this plant in mice and rats. This extract showed an antinociceptive effect in acetic acid - acetylcholine - and hypertonic saline - induced abdominal constrictions, but not in hot-plate and tail flick tests P. alliacea did not produce any CNS depressor effect. Thus its antinociceptive action in animals can be responsible by its poplar use as an analgesic.
Descritores: Petiveria tetrandra
Analgésicos
-Misturas Complexas
Mecanismos Moleculares de Ação Farmacológica
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 19 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-893154
Autor: Makalani, Fatemeh; Khazaei, Mohammad Rasool; Ghanbari, Elham; Khazaei, Mozafar.
Título: Crab shell extract improves serum biochemical markers and histological changes of pancreas in diabetic rats / El extracto de cáscara de cangrejo mejora los marcadores bioquímicos del suero y los cambios histológicos del páncreas en ratas diabética
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;35(4):1437-1443, Dec. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: SUMMARY: Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disease. There are many natural agents available to control and treat diabetes. Crab shell extract has antioxidant properties. The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of crab shell hydroalcoholic extract on blood glucose, liver enzymes, nitric oxide and antioxidant capacity of serum and histological structure of pancreas in diabetic rats. In this experimental study, thirty five male Wistar rats (180-220 g) were divided into control, diabetic and experimental groups (n=7). Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). Rats were treated for 14 days by crab shell extract with 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg doses. Fasting blood glucose, serum levels of liver enzymes, nitric oxide (NO) and total antioxidant capacity were evaluated. Changes of pancreatic tissue were determined using a modified aldehyde fuchsin staining method. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Differences were considered statistically significant at P<0.05. Crab shell extract induced a significant reduction in blood glucose, serum levels of nitric oxide and ALT (P=0.033). Also, there were a significant increase in total antioxidant capacity (FRAP) (P=0.007), and insignificant decrease in serum levels of AST. The extract improved pancreatic tissue changes caused by diabetes. In conclusion, antioxidant and anti-diabetic effects of crab shell increase total antioxidant capacity of serum and decreased blood glucose, serum nitric oxide and ALT levels.

RESUMEN: La diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad metabólica común. Hay muchos agentes naturales disponibles para controlar y tratar la diabetes. El extracto de cáscara de cangrejo tiene propiedades antioxidantes. El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar el efecto del extracto hidroalcohólico de la cáscara de cangrejo sobre la glucosa sérica, las enzimas hepáticas, el óxido nítrico y la capacidad antioxidante del suero y la estructura histológica del páncreas en ratas diabéticas. En este estudio experimental, treinta y cinco ratas Wistar machos (180220 g) se dividieron en cinco grupos: control, diabéticos y experimentales (n = 7). La diabetes se indujo por inyección intraperitoneal de estreptozotocina (60 mg / kg). Las ratas se trataron durante 14 días con extracto de cáscara de cangrejo con dosis de 100, 200 y 400 mg / kg. Se evaluaron la glucosa en sangre en ayunas, las enzimas hepáticas, el óxido nítrico sérico y la capacidad antioxidante total. Los cambios en el tejido pancreático se determinaron usando un método de tinción de aldehído fucsina modificado. Los datos se analizaron utilizando ANOVA unidireccional. Las diferencias se consideraron estadísticamente significativas a P <0,05. El extracto de cáscara de cangrejo indujo una reducción significativa en la glucosa en sangre, en los niveles séricos de óxido nítrico y ALT (P = 0,033). Además se observó un aumento significativo en la capacidad antioxidante total (FRAP) (P = 0.007), y una disminución insignificante en los niveles séricos de AST. El extracto mejoró los cambios en el tejido pancreático causados por la diabetes. En conclusión, los efectos antioxidantes y antidiabéticos de la cáscara de cangrejo aumentan la capacidad antioxidante total de suero y la disminución de la glucosa en la sangre, el óxido nítrico sérico y los niveles de ALT.
Descritores: Exoesqueleto/química
Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem
Misturas Complexas/administração & dosagem
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico
Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos
-Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos
Braquiúros
Óxido Nítrico/sangue
Ratos Wistar
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  5 / 19 LILACS  
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Id: lil-756227
Autor: Tesolin, Gabrielli Aparecida Sanches; Marson, Marina Menezes; Jonsson, Claudio Martín; Nogueira, Antônio José Arsénia; Franco, Daniel Andrade de Siqueira; Almeida, Sydnei Dionísio Batista de; Matllo, Marcus Barifouse; Mouora, Monica Accaui Marcondes de.
Título: Avaliação da toxicidade de herbicidas usados emcana-de-açúcar para o Paulistinha (Danio rerio) / Toxicity evaluation of herbicides used in sugarcane crops toZebrafish (Danio rerio)
Fonte: Mundo saúde (Impr.) = Mundo saude (Impr);38(1):86-97, dez. 2013. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Na natureza, os organismos são constantemente expostos a mais de um agente tóxico e, apesar do fenômeno de interaçõesquímicas ser conhecido há tempos, são poucos os estudos realizados que privilegiam a observação dos efeitosdecorrentes da exposição a duas ou mais substâncias. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito combinado damistura dos herbicidas Gesapax 500® (ametrina 500 g/L) e Velpar K® (diuron 468 g/kg + hexazinone 132 g/kg) sobreo paulistinha (Danio rerio). O ensaio foi baseado no teste FET da OECD, com duração de 96 horas. As concentraçõestestadas foram 0, 21,22, 29,52, 41,08, 57,17 e 79,56 mg/L de Gesapax 500 vs. 0, 15,21, 21,17, 29,46, 40,99 e 57,04mg/L de Velpar K. Os testes foram conduzidos em triplicata e avaliados diariamente. As CL50-96h determinadas foram41,705 ± 8,373 mg/L para o Gesapax 500 e 55,460 ± 20,826 mg/L para o Velpar K. O modelo da mistura que melhordescreve a relação entre os dois componentes é a ação independente, sendo a toxicidade dose-dependente, ou seja,em baixas doses ocorre antagonismo e, em altas doses, sinergismo. Os endpoints edemas, atraso no desenvolvimentoembrionário (delay) e na absorção do saco vitelínico e diminuição na frequência de cardíaca foram observados apartir das concentrações mais baixas da mistura. Pelos dados obtidos, concluiu-se que a mistura de Gesapax 500 eVelpar K é medianamente tóxica para o paulistinha e que os endpoints avaliados foram úteis na determinação de suatoxicidade.

In nature, organisms are constantly exposed to more than one toxic agent, and although the phenomenon of chemical interactionsare known for some time, there are few previous studies that emphasize observation of the effects resulting fromexposure to two or more substances. The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of the mixture of herbicideGesapax 500® (ametrina 500 g/L) and Velpar K® (diuron 468 g/kg + hexazinone 132 g/kg) on zebrafish (Danio rerio). The testwas based on the Fish Embryo Toxicity (FET) from OECD, lasting 96 hours. The concentrations tested were: 0, 21.22, 29.52,41.08, 57.17 and 79.56 mg/L Gesapax 500 vs. 0, 15.21, 21.17, 29.46, 40.99 and 57.04 mg/L Velpar K. Tests were conductedin triplicate and evaluated daily. LC50-96h was determined to 41.705 ± 8.373 mg/L to Gesapax 500 and 55.460 ± 20.826 mg/Lto Velpar K. The mixture model that best describes the relationship between the two components is independent action andtoxicity of the mixture is dose-dependent, occurring antagonism at low doses and synergism at high doses. The endpointsedema, delay in general development and in yolk sac absorption and decrease in frequency of heart-beat rate were observedfrom the lower concentrations of the mixture. From the data obtained, it is concluded that the mixture of Velpar K and Gesapax500 is moderately toxic to zebrafish and that the endpoints evaluated were useful in determining its toxicity.
Descritores: Toxicidade Aguda
Misturas Complexas
Diurona
Herbicidas/toxicidade
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR599.1 - Coordenação Geral de Documentação e Informação (CGDI)


  6 / 19 LILACS  
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Id: lil-749699
Autor: Bittencourt-Oliveira, MC.; Hereman, TC.; Macedo-Silva, I.; Cordeiro-Araújo, MK.; Sasaki, FFC.; Dias, CTS..
Título: Sensitivity of salad greens (Lactuca sativa L. and Eruca sativa Mill.) exposed to crude extracts of toxic and non-toxic cyanobacteria / Sensibilidade de hortaliças (Lactuca sativa L. e Eruca sativa Mill.) à exposição de extratos brutos de cianobactéria tóxica e não tóxica
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;75(2):273-278, 05/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP; . CNPq.
Resumo: We evaluated the effect of crude extracts of the microcystin-producing (MC+) cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa on seed germination and initial development of lettuce and arugula, at concentrations between 0.5 μg.L–1 and 100 μg.L–1 of MC-LR equivalent, and compared it to crude extracts of the same species without the toxin (MC–). Crude extracts of the cyanobacteria with MC (+) and without MC (–) caused different effects on seed germination and initial development of the salad green seedlings, lettuce being more sensitive to both extracts when compared to arugula. Crude extracts of M. aeruginosa (MC+) caused more evident effects on seed germination and initial development of both species of salad greens than MC–. Concentrations of 75 μg.L–1 and 100 μg.L–1 of MC–LR equivalent induced a greater occurrence of abnormal seedlings in lettuce, due to necrosis of the radicle and shortening of this organ in normal seedlings, as well as the reduction in total chlorophyll content and increase in the activity of the antioxidant enzyme peroxidase (POD). The MC– extract caused no harmful effects to seed germination and initial development of seedlings of arugula. However, in lettuce, it caused elevation of POD enzyme activity, decrease in seed germination at concentrations of 75 μg.L–1 (MC-75) and 100 μg.L–1 (MC-100), and shortening of the radicle length, suggesting that other compounds present in the cyanobacteria extracts contributed to this result. Crude extracts of M. aeruginosa (MC–) may contain other compounds, besides the cyanotoxins, capable of causing inhibitory or stimulatory effects on seed germination and initial development of salad green seedlings. Arugula was more sensitive to the crude extracts of M. aeruginosa (MC+) and (MC–) and to other possible compounds produced by the cyanobacteria.

Analisamos os efeitos de extratos brutos da cianobactéria M. aeruginosa, produtora de microcistinas (MC+), na germinação de sementes e no desenvolvimento de plântulas de alface e rúcula, em concentrações de 0,5 a 100 μg.L–1de MC–LR equivalente e comparamos com extrato brutos da mesma espécie sem a toxina (MC–). Extratos brutos de cianobactérias com MC (+) e sem MC (–) causaram efeitos diferentes na germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento de plântulas de hortaliças, sendo que a alface apresentou maior sensibilidade a ambos os extratos comparando-se com a rúcula. Extratos brutos de M. aeruginosa (MC+) causaram efeitos mais evidentes sobre a germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento de plântulas de hortaliças do que os (MC–). Concentrações de 75 e 100 μg.L–1 de MC–LR equivalente induziram maior ocorrência de plântulas anormais na alface devido ao aparecimento de necrose na radícula e seu encurtamento nas plântulas normais, bem como a redução no teor de clorofila total e aumento na atividade da enzima antioxidante peroxidase (POD). O extrato (MC–) não provocou efeitos inibitórios na germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento de plântulas para a rúcula, no entanto, provocou elevação da atividade da enzima POD, redução na germinação de sementes nas concentrações de 75 e 100 μg.L–1, e no comprimento da radícula na alface, sugerindo a ação de outros compostos presentes nos extratos da cianobactéria. Extratos brutos de M. aeruginosa (MC–) podem conter outros compostos além de cianotoxinas capazes de provocar efeitos inibitórios ou estimulatórios na germinação de sementes e no desenvolvimento de plântulas de hortaliças. A rúcula apresentou menor sensibilidade aos extratos brutos de M. aeruginosa (MC+) e (MC–) e outros possíveis compostos produzidos por estas cianobactérias.
Descritores: Brassicaceae/efeitos dos fármacos
Misturas Complexas/toxicidade
Cianobactérias/química
Alface/efeitos dos fármacos
-Brassicaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Alface/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  7 / 19 LILACS  
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Id: lil-748222
Autor: Zhang, L.; Ji, Y.X.; Jiang, W.L.; Lv, C.J..
Título: Protective roles of pulmonary rehabilitation mixture in experimental pulmonary fibrosis in vitro and in vivo
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;48(6):545-552, 06/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Taishan Scholar Project to Fang Han.
Resumo: Abnormal high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) activation is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary rehabilitation mixture (PRM), which combines extracts from eight traditional Chinese medicines, has very good lung protection in clinical use. However, it is not known if PRM has anti-fibrotic activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of PRM on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-mediated and bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. The effects of PRM on TGF-β1-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in A549 cells, on the proliferation of human lung fibroblasts (HLF-1) in vitro, and on BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vivo were investigated. PRM treatment resulted in a reduction of EMT in A549 cells that was associated with attenuating an increase of vimentin and a decrease of E-cadherin. PRM inhibited the proliferation of HLF-1 at an IC50 of 0.51 µg/mL. PRM ameliorated BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats, with reduction of histopathological scores and collagen deposition, and a decrease in α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and HMGB1 expression. An increase in receptor for advanced glycation end-product (RAGE) expression was found in BLM-instilled lungs. PRM significantly decreased EMT and prevented pulmonary fibrosis through decreasing HMGB1 and regulating RAGE in vitro and in vivo. PRM inhibited TGF-β1-induced EMT via decreased HMGB1 and vimentin and increased RAGE and E-cadherin levels. In summary, PRM prevented experimental pulmonary fibrosis by modulating the HMGB1/RAGE pathway.
Descritores: Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico
Fibrose Pulmonar/prevenção & controle
-Antibióticos Antineoplásicos
Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/efeitos dos fármacos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos
Bleomicina
Western Blotting
Células Cultivadas
Colágeno/efeitos dos fármacos
Misturas Complexas/farmacologia
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos
Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteína HMGB1/efeitos dos fármacos
Hidroxiprolina/análise
Imuno-Histoquímica
Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos
Pulmão/patologia
Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos
Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia
Distribuição Aleatória
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/efeitos dos fármacos
Limites: Animais
Humanos
Masculino
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  8 / 19 LILACS  
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Id: lil-695984
Autor: Thiesen, Carlos Henrique; Rodrigues Filho, Rubens; Prates, Luiz Henrique Maykot; Sartori, Neimar.
Título: The influence of desensitizing dentifrices on pain induced by in-office bleaching
Fonte: Braz. oral res;27(6):517-523, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the use of desensitizing dentifrices used 15 days prior to and after in-office tooth bleaching could eliminate or reduce tooth sensitivity. After institutional review board approval and informed consent, 45 subjects were selected and divided into 3 groups according to the dentifrice selected: Colgate Total (CT), Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief (CS) or Sensodyne ProNamel (SP). The subjects used toothpaste and a toothbrush provided to them for 15 days prior to bleaching. They were then submitted to two in-office bleaching sessions (Whiteness HP Blue Calcium). Their tooth sensitivity was assessed using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for a week after each session. Their tooth shade alteration was measured with a Vitapan Classical shade guide to determine if the dentifrices could influence the effectiveness of the bleaching agent. The data were submitted to Wilcoxon, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α = 0.05). The use of desensitizing dentifrices did not affect the bleaching efficacy. In regard to tooth sensitivity, there was a statistically significant difference between the results of the Control Group and Group T2 after the first session (p = 0.048). There was no statistically significant difference in the results for the other groups after the first session. In regard to the second session, there was no statistically significant difference in the results for all the groups. The use of a desensitizing dentifrice containing nitrate potassium reduced tooth sensitivity during the bleaching regimen. Dentifrices containing arginine and calcium carbonate did not reduce tooth sensitivity. Color change was not influenced by the dentifrices used.
Descritores: Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico
Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico
Sensibilidade da Dentina/tratamento farmacológico
Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos
Odontalgia/tratamento farmacológico
-Cor
Misturas Complexas/uso terapêutico
Combinação de Medicamentos
Dentifrícios/farmacologia
Fluoretos/uso terapêutico
Nitratos/uso terapêutico
Pré-Medicação
Fosfatos/uso terapêutico
Compostos de Potássio/uso terapêutico
Distribuição Aleatória
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Ácido Silícico/efeitos adversos
Fatores de Tempo
Resultado do Tratamento
Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos
Cremes Dentais/efeitos adversos
Limites: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  9 / 19 LILACS  
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ARAÚJO, Jackson Victor de
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Id: lil-671609
Autor: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária; Braga, Fabio Ribeiro; Araújo, Jackson Victor de; Soares, Filippe Elias de Freitas; Araujo, Juliana Milani; Ferreira, Sebastião Rodrigo; Tavela, Alexandre de Oliveira; Silveira, Wendeo Ferreira da; Queiroz, José Humberto de.
Título: Proteolytic action of the crude extract of Duddingtonia flagrans on cyathostomins (Nematoda: Cyathostominae) in coprocultures / Ação proteolítica do extrato bruto de Duddingtonia flagrans sobre ciatostomíneos (Nematoda: Cyathostominae) em coproculturas
Fonte: Rev. bras. parasitol. vet;22(1):143-146, jan-mar/2013. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The objective of this study was to examine the action of the crude extract of Duddingtonia flagrans (isolates AC001 and CG722) on infective larvae (L3) of cyathostomins in coprocultures and to confirm its proteolytic activity by means of a zymogram. The following groups were formed in coprocultures: Group 1: 10 mL of crude extract of D. flagrans (AC001); group 2: 10 mL of crude extract of AC001 with 10 mM of Ca2+; group 3: 10 mL of crude extract of D. flagrans (CG722); group 4: 10 mL of crude extract of CG722 with 10 mM of Ca2+; and group 5: control group (distilled water). The third-stage larvae (L3) were obtained after eight days. The crude extract of D. flagrans was effective in reducing the number of L3, with the following percentage reductions: group 1, 49.5%; group 2, 52.5%; group 3, 36.8%; and group 4, 57.7%; in relation to the control group (p > 0.05). The proteolytic activity of the crude extract was confirmed through the zymogram. The results from this study confirmed that the crude extract of the fungus D. flagrans could be used for controlling cyathostomin L3, and suggested that at least one protease of approximately 38 kDa was present.

O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a ação do extrato bruto de Duddingtonia flagrans (isolados AC001 e CG722) sobre larvas infectantes (L3) de ciatostomíneos em coproculturas e confirmar a sua atividade proteolítica por meio de um zimograma. Foram formados os seguintes grupos em coproculturas: grupo 1: 10 mL de extrato bruto de D. flagrans (AC001); grupo 2: 10 mL de extrato bruto de AC001 com íons Ca2+ 10 Mm; grupo 3: 10 mL de extrato bruto de D. flagrans (CG722); grupo 4: 10 mL de extrato bruto de CG722 com íons Ca2+ 10 Mm; e grupo 5 como controle (água destilada), obtendo-se as L3 ao final de 8 dias. O extrato bruto de D. flagrans foi eficiente na redução do número de L3 com os seguintes percentuais de redução: grupo 1 (49,5%); grupo 2 (52,5%); grupo 3 (36,8%) e grupo 4 (57,7%) em relação ao grupo controle (p > 0,05). Confirmou-se a atividade proteolítica por meio do zimograma. Os resultados do presente trabalho confirmam a utilização do extrato bruto do fungo D. flagrans no controle de L3 de ciatostomíneos e sugere a presença de pelo menos uma protease de aproximadamente 38 kDa.
Descritores: Misturas Complexas/farmacologia
Duddingtonia
Fezes/parasitologia
Nematoides/efeitos dos fármacos
Nematoides/metabolismo
Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos
-Larva/efeitos dos fármacos
Larva/metabolismo
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-665798
Autor: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; Menezes, C.B.A.; Silva, B.P.; Sousa, I.M.O.; Ruiz, A.L.T.G.; Spindola, H.M.; Cabral, E.; Eberlin, M.N.; Tinti, S.V.; Carvalho, J.E.; Foglio, M.A.; Fantinatti-Garboggini, F..
Título: In vitro and in vivo antitumor activity of crude extracts obtained from Brazilian Chromobacterium sp isolates
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;46(1):65-70, 11/jan. 2013. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Natural products produced by microorganisms have been an important source of new substances and lead compounds for the pharmaceutical industry. Chromobacterium violaceum is a Gram-negative β-proteobacterium, abundant in water and soil in tropical and subtropical regions and it produces violacein, a pigment that has shown great pharmaceutical potential. Crude extracts of five Brazilian isolates of Chromobacterium sp (0.25, 2.5, 25, and 250 µg/mL) were evaluated in an in vitro antitumor activity assay with nine human tumor cells. Secondary metabolic profiles were analyzed by liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry resulting in the identification of violacein in all extracts, whereas FK228 was detected only in EtCE 308 and EtCE 592 extracts. AcCE and EtCE 310 extracts showed selectivity for NCI/ADR-RES cells in the in vitro assay and were evaluated in vivo in the solid Ehrlich tumor model, resulting in 50.3 and 54.6% growth inhibition, respectively. The crude extracts of Chromobacterium sp isolates showed potential and selective antitumor activities for certain human tumor cells, making them a potential source of lead compounds. Furthermore, the results suggest that other compounds, in addition to violacein, deoxyviolacein and FK228, may be involved in the antitumor effect observed.
Descritores: Antineoplásicos/farmacologia
Chromobacterium/metabolismo
Indóis/farmacologia
Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico
-Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Misturas Complexas
Indóis/isolamento & purificação
Indóis/uso terapêutico
Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
Limites: Animais
Humanos
Masculino
Camundongos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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