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Pesquisa : D20.888.065.115 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1139856
Autor: Bocourt-Esmeiro, Fabiola María; López-González, Belkis; Álvarez-Castelló, Mirta; Castro-Almarales, Raúl L; Rodríguez-Canosa, José S; Torres-Concepción, Jorge.
Título: Caracterización de pacientes alérgicos a picadura de abeja que reciben inmunoterapia / Characterization of allergic patients to bee sting that receive immunotherapy
Fonte: Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print);29(3), sept.-dic. 2020. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La alergia al veneno de abejas provoca reacciones de leves a severas con compromiso para la vida. La inmunoterapia con veneno de himenópteros es un tratamiento eficaz y protege a los pacientes alérgicos de sufrir reacciones sistémicas ante nuevas picaduras. Nos propusimos caracterizar los pacientes alérgicos a picaduras de abeja que reciben inmunoterapia. Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte longitudinal en pacientes alérgicos a las picaduras de abeja tratados con inmunoterapia de extracto de abeja en el Hospital Universitario General Calixto García de La Habana, Cuba. La muestra fue de 17 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Usamos técnicas de estadística descriptiva: promedio, probabilidad y puntaje estandarizado, así como técnicas de estadística inferencial tales como Chi cuadrado, verificando asociación significativa entre las variables; el nivel de significación empleado fue del 5 por ciento (p˂0,05). La tercera década de la vida fue la edad promedio de los pacientes. Se observó predominio del sexo masculino y residencia en zona urbana. Alrededor de la mitad de los pacientes tenían rinitis y antecedentes familiares de asma. Todos los pacientes tuvieron reacciones locales, la mayoría se re-expusieron a la picadura; de ellos, solo el 20 por ciento presentaron reacciones alérgicas sistémicas después de la inmunoterapia. Se concluye que la reactividad cutánea al extracto de abeja se redujo con el tratamiento de inmunoterapia(AU)

Allergy to bee venom may cause from mild to severe reactions threatening the patient´s life. Immunotherapy with hymenopter venom is an effective treatment that can protect allergic patients from suffering systemic reactions to new stings. The aim of this study was to characterize allergic patients to bee sting that receive immunotherapy. A descriptive longitudinal observational study was carried out in allergic patients to bee sting receiving immunotherapy with bee extracts in the University Hospital General Calixto García, Havana, Cuba. A sample of 17 patients with inclusion criteria was analyzed. Descriptive statistical techniques were used: mean, probability, standardized score, as well as, inferential statistic techniques such as the Chi square; verifying significant association between variables. The level of signification was 5 percent (p˂0.05). The third decade of life was the average age of the patients in this study; male sex and, urban residents were predominant. Around half of the patients had rhinitis and family history of asthma. All patients had local reactions; most of the patients were re-exposed to stings. Only 20 percent of patients reported systemic allergic reaction after immunotherapy. Skin reactivity to bee extract was reduced with the immunotherapy(AU)
Descritores: Venenos de Abelha
Abelhas
Hipersensibilidade/tratamento farmacológico
Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/terapia
-Vacinas
Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-1364282
Autor: Maísa, Silva,; Fernanda, Lima Margal,; Maria, de Matos, lone.
Título: Venenos animais como possíveis ferramentas terapéuticas contra o estresse oxidativo em diversas doengas: Revisao da Literatura / Animal venoms as possible therapeutic tools against oxidative stress in several diseases: Literature Review
Fonte: Acta toxicol. argent;29(2):21-30, dic. 2021. graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Resumo Venenos sao uma substancia tóxica (composta por uma ou mais toxinas) que podem causando lesao fisiológica dependente da dose. As toxinas sao moléculas bioativas formadas principalmente por compostos enzimáticos e nao enzimático que porque provocam consequéncias indesejáveis nas presas, além disso, exibem atividades biológicas únicas, diversas e específicas que perturbam os processos fisiológicos normais. Entretanto, muitas toxinas, de diferentes animais, tém sido isoladas e muitas delas sao consideradas ótimas ferramentas para pesquisa básica e alvos terapéuticos. Foi relatado que o estresse oxidativo desempenha um papel fundamental na patogénese de várias doengas, como distúrbios neurodegenerativos, distúrbios cardiovasculares e cáncer. O mecanismo pelo qual as toxinas animais atuam nos parametros de estresse oxidativo em várias doengas, ainda nao está estabelecido. O foco principal desta revisao é destacar os principais estudos com toxinas animais como ferramenta terapéutica em diversas doengas, atuando no balango redox do organismo.

Abstract Venoms are a toxic substance (comprised of one or more toxins) that can cause dose-dependent physiological injury. Toxins are bioactive molecules formed primarily by enzymatic and non-enzymatic compounds that cause undesirable conse-quences in prey, in addition, exhibit unique, diverse and specific biological activities that disrupt normal physiological processes. However, many toxins, from different animals, have been isolated and many of them are considered great tools for basic research and therapeutic targets. Oxidative stress has been reported to play a key role in the pathogenesis of various diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular disorders and cancer. How animal toxins act on oxidative stress parameters in several diseases is not yet established. The main focus of this review is to highlight the main studies with animal toxins as a therapeutic tool in several diseases, acting on the organism's redox balance.

Resumen Los venenos son sustancias tóxicas (compuestas por una o más toxinas) que pueden causar daño fisiológico dependiente de la dosis. Las toxinas son moléculas bioactivas formadas principalmente por compuestos enzimáticos y no enzimáticos que debido a que causan consecuencias indeseables en las presas, además, exhiben actividades biológicas únicas, diversas y específicas que alteran los procesos fisiológicos normales. Sin embargo, se han aislado muchas toxinas de diferentes animales, y muchos de ellos se consideran grandes herramientas para la investigación básica y dianas terapéuticas. Se ha informado que el estrés oxidativo juega un papel clave en la patogenia de diversas enfermedades, como los trastornos neurodegenerativos, enfermedades cardiovasculares y cáncer. El mecanismo por el cual las toxinas animales actúan sobre los parámetros de estrés oxidativo en vários enfermedades, aún no está establecido. El enfoque principal de esta revisión es resaltar los principales estudios con toxinas animales como herramienta terapéutica en diversas enfermedades, actuando en el equilibrio redox del organismo.
Descritores: Venenos de Escorpião/uso terapêutico
Venenos de Abelha/uso terapêutico
Venenos de Anfíbios/uso terapêutico
-Venenos de Serpentes/uso terapêutico
Estresse Oxidativo
Venenos de Formiga/uso terapêutico
Antioxidantes
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: AR658.1 - Biblioteca Central "Leopoldo Marechal"


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Rogero, J. R
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Id: lil-396699
Autor: Yonamine, C. M; Costa, H; Silva, J. A. A; Muramoto, E; Rogero, J. R; Troncone, L. R. P; Camillo, M. A. P.
Título: Biodistribution studies of bee venom and spider toxin using radiotracers
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;11(1):39-50, jan.-abr. 2005. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The use of radiotracers allows the understanding of the bioavailability process, biodistribution, and kinetics of any molecule labelled with an isotope, which does not alter the molecule's biological properties. In this work, technetium-99m and iodine-125 were chosen as radiotracers for biodistribution studies in mice using bee (Apis mellifera) venom and a toxin (PnTX2-6) from the Brazilian "armed" spider (Phoneutria nigriventer) venom. Incorporated radioactivity was measured in the blood, brain, heart, lung, liver, kidney, adrenal gland, spleen, stomach, testicle, intestine, muscle, and thyroid gland. Results provided the blood kinetic parameter, and different organs distribution rates.(AU)
Descritores: Venenos de Aranha
Venenos de Abelha
Abelhas
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: lil-658988
Autor: Karimzadeh, L; Nabiuni, M; Sheikholeslami, A; Irian, S.
Título: Bee venom treatment reduced C-reactive protein and improved follicle quality in a rat model of estradiol valerate-induced polycystic ovarian syndrome
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;18(4):384-392, 2012. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a low grade inflammatory disease characterized by hyperandrogenemia and chronic anovulation. C-reactive protein (CRP), released by adipocytes, plays a key role in PCOS. Apis mellifera honeybee venom (HBV) contains a variety of biologically active components with various pharmaceutical properties. This study was designed to assess the possibility of HBV application as an anti-inflammatory therapeutic agent. To induce PCOS, 1 mg/100 g body weight estradiol valerate (EV) was subcutaneously (SC) injected into eight-week-old rats. After 60 days, 0.5 mg/kg HBV was administered SC for 14 consecutive days, and the results of PCOS treatment were investigated. Rats were then anesthetized with chloroform, and their ovaries and livers were surgically removed to determine histomorphometrical changes. Testosterone and 17-β-estradiol were detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay. In order to detect serum CRP, ELISA kit was used in three groups of EV-induced PCOS, HBV-treated PCOS and control animals. Thickness of the theca layer, number of cysts and the level of serum CRP significantly decreased in HBV group in comparison with PCOS group. Moreover, corpus luteum, as a sign of ovulation, was observed in HBV-treated ovaries which were absent in PCOS group. Our results suggest that the beneficial effect of HBV may be mediated through its inhibitory effect on serum CRP levels.(AU)
Descritores: Venenos de Abelha
Proteína C-Reativa
Estradiol
Folículo Ovariano
Limites: Animais
Ratos
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-954694
Autor: Safaeinejad, Zahra; Nabiuni, Mohammad; Nazari, Zahra.
Título: Potentiation of a novel palladium (II) complex lethality with bee venom on the human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line (MOLT-4)
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;19:25, maio 2013. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background : Although honeybee venom (BV) has been reported to induce apoptosis in different types of cancerous cells, its synergistic effects with customary anti-cancer drugs remain largely unknown. In the present study, we evaluated the cytotoxic effect of BV alone (as a natural product) and the synergistic cytological effects of this component in combination with [Pd (bpy) (Pi-Pydtc)]NO3 - a novel palladium complex on human T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia cells. To investigate the cytotoxic effect of the BV alone and in combination with palladium complex on MOLT-4 cells MTT assay was performed. In order to determine the apoptotic effects of BV separately and in combination with Pd (II) complex on these cells and its ability to induce apoptosis, morphological examination, flowcytometric analysis and caspase-3 colorimetric assay were done. Results : We found that BV induced morphological changes, namely nuclear shrinkage, and inhibited MOLT-4 cell proliferation; both effects were dose- and time-dependent. Flow cytometry by Annexin-V antibody demonstrated that BV induced apoptosis in MOLT-4 cells. Furthermore, BV induced apoptosis independently of caspase-3 in these cells. In addition, we proved a clear synergistic effect of BV on [Pd (bpy) (Pi-Pydtc)]NO3. The apoptotic pathway activated by BV in combination with Pd complex was caspase-3-dependent. Conclusions : These observations provide an explanation for the anti-proliferative properties of BV, and suggest that this agent may be useful for treating lymphoblastic leukemia alone or in combination with chemotherapy drugs pending further investigations on animal models as preclinical tests.(AU)
Descritores: Paládio/administração & dosagem
Venenos de Abelha/toxicidade
Produtos Biológicos
Anexinas
Citotoxicidade Imunológica
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras
Citometria de Fluxo
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-954701
Autor: Karimzadeh, Latifeh; Nabiuni, Mohammad; Kouchesfehani, Homa Mohseni; Adham, Hamed; Bagheri, Amir; Sheikholeslami, Azar.
Título: Effect of bee venom on IL-6, COX-2 and VEGF levels in polycystic ovarian syndrome induced in Wistar rats by estradiol valerate
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;19:32, maio 2013. graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background : Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a low-grade inflammatory disease characterized by hyperandrogenemia, hirsutism, chronic anovulation and vascular disorder. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are triggered by inflammatory stimuli and lead to angiogenesis and pathogenesis of the ovary. Honeybee venom (HBV) contains an array of biologically active components possessing various pharmaceutical properties. This study was designed to assess the possibility of HBV application as an anti-inflammatory therapeutic agent to suppress levels of the main inflammatory mediators IL-6, COX-2 and VEGF. To induce PCOS, 1 mg of estradiol valerate (EV) per 100 g of body weight was subcutaneously (SC) injected into eight-week-old rats. After 60 days, 0.5 mg/kg of HBV was administered Intraperitoneal (IP) for 14 consecutive days, and the results of PCOS treatment were investigated. Rats were then anesthetized with CO2, and the ovaries were surgically removed. Serum IL-6 was detected by the ELISA kit. Immunoexpression of COX-2 and VEGF were examined in three groups: EV-induced PCOS, HBV-treated PCOS and control animals. Results : Thickness of theca layer, number and diameter of cysts and levels of IL-6 significantly decreased in HBV group relative to PCOS group. The immunohistochemical analysis showed an increase in COX-2 and VEGF expression in PCOS group whereas HBV-treated rats presented weak and irregular immunostaining. Conclusions : Our results suggest that the beneficial effect of HBV may be mediated through its inhibitory effect on serum IL-6 level and ovarian COX-2 and VEGF expression.(AU)
Descritores: Ovário
Venenos de Abelha
Interleucina-6
Ratos Wistar
Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1355683
Autor: Zache, E; Cajueiro, J. F; Andrade Neto, A. Q; Almeida, L; Colares, R. R; Afonso, J. A. B; Souza, M. I; Arenales, A.
Título: Anaphylactic shock with pulmonary eosinophilic infiltration due to honeybee attack in a donkey: case report / [Choque anafilático com infiltração eosinófila pulmonar devido a ataque de abelhas em um burro: relato de caso]
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online);73(6):1346-1350, Nov.-Dec. 2021. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: A case of a donkey attacked by Africanized honeybee is reported here with clinical signs of agitation, dehydration, congestion of the ocular mucous membranes, tongue edema, tachycardia and inspiratory dyspnea, and progression to death. At necropsy, diffuse, severe subcutaneous edema at face and cervical regions and severe diffuse pulmonary hyperemia with abundant edema without parenchymal collapse were observed. Microscopically, marked, diffuse deep dermis and panniculus carnosus edema and marked diffuse alveolar edema, with moderate population of eosinophils predominantly around larger caliber vessels were noted. The final diagnosis of anaphylactic shock was supported by history, clinical signs, and anatomic pathology findings. This is the first report of a honeybee attack with pulmonary eosinophilic infiltration in a mammal.(AU)

Descreve-se um caso de ataque de abelha africanizada em um burro, com sinais clínicos de agitação, desidratação, mucosas oculares congestas, edema de língua, taquicardia e dispneia inspiratória, com progressão e morte. Na necropsia, foram verificados edema subcutâneo difuso grave nas regiões de face e cervical, hiperemia pulmonar difusa grave com edema abundante e sem colapso do parênquima. Microscopicamente, foram observados edema marcado difuso na derme profunda e panículo carnoso e edema alveolar difuso acentuado, com população moderada de eosinófilos predominantemente em torno de vasos de maior calibre. O diagnóstico de choque anafilático foi baseado no histórico, em sinais clínicos e em achados anatomopatológicos. Este é o primeiro relato de ataque de abelhas com infiltração eosinofílica pulmonar em um mamífero.(AU)
Descritores: Venenos de Abelha/toxicidade
Equidae
Anafilaxia/veterinária
Meliteno/efeitos adversos
-Abelhas
Eosinófilos
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-1248941
Autor: Picoli, T; Peter, C. M; Lopes, M. G; Barcelos, L. S; Varela Júnior, A. S; Corcini, C. D; Hübner, S. O; Vargas, G. A; Lima, M; Fischer, G.
Título: Melittin-induced metabolic changes on the Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney cell line / [Mudanças metabólicas induzidas por melitina em células da linhagem Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney]
Fonte: Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online);73(2):352-360, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: In this study, the toxic effects of melittin on Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney cells (MDBK) were analyzed with respect to mitochondrial functionality by reduction of MTT and flow cytometry, apoptosis potential, necrosis, oxygen reactive species (ROS) production, lipid peroxidation, and DNA fragmentation using flow cytometry and cell membrane destabilization by confocal microscopy. The toxicity presented dose-dependent characteristics and mitochondrial activity was inhibited by up to 78.24 ±3.59% (P<0.01, n = 6) in MDBK cells exposed to melittin (10µg/mL). Flow cytometry analysis revealed that melittin at 2µg/mL had the highest necrosis rate (P<0.05) for the cells. The lipoperoxidation of the membranes was also higher at 2µg/mL of melittin (P<0.05), which was further confirmed by the microphotographs obtained by confocal microscopy. The highest ROS production occurred when the cells were exposed to 2.5µg/mL melittin (P<0.05), and this concentration also increased DNA fragmentation (P<0.05). There was a significative and positive correlation between the lipoperoxidation of membranes with ROS (R=0.4158), mitochondrial functionality (R=0.4149), and apoptosis (R=0.4978). Thus, the oxidative stress generated by melittin culminates in the elevation of intracellular ROS that initiates a cascade of toxic events in MDBK cells.(AU)

Neste estudo, os efeitos tóxicos da melitina em células Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney (MDBK) foram analisados quanto à funcionalidade mitocondrial, por redução de MTT e citometria de fluxo, potencial de apoptose, necrose, produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio (ROS), peroxidação lipídica e fragmentação de DNA, utilizando-se citometria de fluxo e desestabilização da membrana celular, por microscopia confocal. A toxicidade apresentou características dose-dependentes e a atividade mitocondrial foi inibida até 78,24±3,59% (P<0,01, n = 6) em células MDBK expostas à melitina (10µg/mL). Análises por citometria de fluxo revelaram que a melitina a 2µg/mL apresentou o maior índice necrótico celular (P<0,05). A maior lipoperoxidação de membranas também foi na concentração de 2µg/mL de melitina (P<0,05), o que foi posteriormente confirmado por microscopia confocal. A maior produção de ROS aconteceu quando as células foram expostas a 2,5µg/mL de melitina (P<0,05), e essa concentração também aumentou a fragmentação de DNA (P<0,05). Houve uma significativa correlação positiva entre a lipoperoxidação de membranas e a produção de ROS (R=0,4158), funcionalidade mitocondrial (R=0,4149) e apoptose (R=0,4978). Portanto, o estresse oxidativo gerado pela melitina culminou na elevação de ROS intracelular, que inicia uma cascata de eventos tóxicos nas células MDBK.(AU)
Descritores: Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/efeitos adversos
Apoptose
Citotoxinas/análise
Meliteno/análise
-Venenos de Abelha/análise
Microscopia Confocal
Citometria de Fluxo
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-954840
Autor: Kawakami, Hiroko; Goto, Shin G; Murata, Kazuya; Matsuda, Hideaki; Shigeri, Yasushi; Imura, Tomohiro; Inagaki, Hidetoshi; Shinada, Tetsuro.
Título: Isolation of biologically active peptides from the venom of Japanese carpenter bee, Xylocopa appendiculata
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;23:29, 2017. tab, graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: JSPS KAKENHI.
Resumo: Background Mass spectrometry-guided venom peptide profiling is a powerful tool to explore novel substances from venomous animals in a highly sensitive manner. In this study, this peptide profiling approach is successfully applied to explore the venom peptides of a Japanese solitary carpenter bee, Xylocopa appendiculata (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Apidae: Anthophila: Xylocopinae: Xylocopini). Although interesting biological effects of the crude venom of carpenter bees have been reported, the structure and biological function of the venom peptides have not been elucidated yet. Methods The venom peptide profiling of the crude venom of X. appendiculata was performed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectroscopy. The venom was purified by a reverse-phase HPLC. The purified peptides were subjected to the Edman degradation, MS/MS analysis, and/or molecular cloning methods for peptide sequencing. Biological and functional characterization was performed by circular dichroism analysis, liposome leakage assay, and antimicrobial, histamine releasing and hemolytic activity tests. Results Three novel peptides with m/z 16508, 1939.3, and 1900.3 were isolated from the venom of X. appendiculata. The peptide with m/z 16508 was characterized as a secretory phospholipase A2 (PLA2) homolog in which the characteristic cysteine residues as well as the active site residues found in bee PLA2s are highly conserved. Two novel peptides with m/z 1939.3 and m/z 1900.3 were named as Xac-1 and Xac-2, respectively. These peptides are found to be amphiphilic and displayed antimicrobial and hemolytic activities. The potency was almost the same as that of mastoparan isolated from the wasp venom. Conclusion We found three novel biologically active peptides in the venom of X. appendiculata and analyzed their molecular functions, and compared their sequential homology to discuss their molecular diversity. Highly sensitive mass analysis plays an important role in this study.(AU)
Descritores: Peptídeos
Espectrometria de Massas
Venenos de Abelha
Abelhas
Produtos Biológicos
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-954848
Autor: Kazuma, Kohei; Ando, Kenji; Nihei, Ken-ichi; Wang, Xiaoyu; Rangel, Marisa; Franzolin, Marcia Regina; Mori-Yasumoto, Kanami; Sekita, Setsuko; Kadowaki, Makoto; Satake, Motoyoshi; Konno, Katsuhiro.
Título: Peptidomic analysis of the venom of the solitary bee Xylocopa appendiculata circumvolans
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;23:40, 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: JSPS KAKENHI; . FAPESP; . CNPq.
Resumo: Background: Among the hymenopteran insect venoms, those from social wasps and bees - such as honeybee, hornets and paper wasps - have been well documented. Their venoms are composed of a number of peptides and proteins and used for defending their nests and themselves from predators. In contrast, the venoms of solitary wasps and bees have not been the object of further research. In case of solitary bees, only major peptide components in a few venoms have been addressed. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the peptide component profile of the venom from the solitary bee Xylocopa appendiculata circumvolans by peptidomic analysis with using LC-MS. Methods: A reverse-phase HPLC connected to ESI-OrbiTrap MS was used for LC-MS. On-line mass fingerprinting was made from TIC, and data-dependent tandem mass spectrometry gave MSMS spectra. A major peptide component was isolated by reverse-phase HPLC by conventional way, and its sequence was determined by Edman degradation, which was finally corroborated by solid phase synthesis. Using the synthetic specimen, biological activities (antimicrobial activity, mast cell devaluation, hemolysis, leishmanicidal activity) and pore formation in artificial lipid bilayer were evaluated. Results: On-line mass fingerprinting revealed that the crude venom contained 124 components. MS/MS analysis gave 75 full sequences of the peptide components. Most of these are related to the major and novel peptide, xylopin. Its sequence, GFVALLKKLPLILKHLH-NH2, has characteristic features of linear cationic α-helical peptides; rich in hydrophobic and basic amino acids with no disulfide bond, and accordingly, it can be predicted to adopt an amphipathic α-helix secondary structure. In biological evaluation, xylopin exhibited broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, and moderate mast cell degranulation and leishmanicidal activities, but showed virtually no hemolytic activity. Additionally, the peptide was able to incorporate pores in artificial lipid bilayers of azolectin, confirming the mechanism of the cytolytic activity by pore formation in biological membranes. Conclusions: LC-ESI-MS and MS/MS analysis of the crude venom extract from a solitary bee Xylocopa appendiculata circumvolans revealed that the component profile of this venom mostly consisted of small peptides. The major peptide components, xylopin and xylopinin, were purified and characterized in a conventional manner. Their chemical and biological characteristics, belonging to linear cationic α-helical peptides, are similar to the known solitary bee venom peptides, melectin and osmin. Pore formation in artificial lipid bilayers was demonstrated for the first time with a solitary bee peptide.(AU)
Descritores: Peptídeos
Venenos de Abelha
Produtos Biológicos
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde
WXIS|fatal error|unavoidable|recxref/read|