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Pesquisa : D27.505.519.625.240.300.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 2 [refinar]
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Id: lil-622768
Autor: Heldwein, C.G.; Silva, L.L.; Reckziegel, P.; Barros, F.M.C.; Bürger, M.E.; Baldisserotto, B.; Mallmann, C.A.; Schmidt, D.; Caron, B.O.; Heinzmann, B.M..
Título: Participation of the GABAergic system in the anesthetic effect of Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Brown essential oil
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;45(5):436-443, May 2012. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The objective of this study was to identify the possible involvement of the GABAergic system in the anesthetic effect of Lippia alba essential oil (EO). We propose a new animal model using silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) exposed to an anesthetic bath to study the mechanism of action of EO. To observe the induction and potentiation of the anesthetic effect of EO, juvenile silver catfish (9.30 ± 1.85 g; 10.15 ± 0.95 cm; N = 6) were exposed to various concentrations of L. alba EO in the presence or absence of diazepam [an agonist of high-affinity binding sites for benzodiazepinic (BDZ) sites coupled to the GABA A receptor complex]. In another experiment, fish (N = 6) were initially anesthetized with the EO and then transferred to an anesthetic-free aquarium containing flumazenil (a selective antagonist of binding sites for BDZ coupled to the GABA A receptor complex) or water to assess recovery time from the anesthesia. In this case, flumazenil was used to observe the involvement of the GABA-BDZ receptor in the EO mechanism of action. The results showed that diazepam potentiates the anesthetic effect of EO at all concentrations tested. Fish exposed to diazepam and EO showed faster recovery from anesthesia when flumazenil was added to the recovery bath (12.0 ± 0.3 and 7.2 ± 0.7, respectively) than those exposed to water (9.2 ± 0.2 and 3.5 ± 0.3, respectively). In conclusion, the results demonstrated the involvement of the GABAergic system in the anesthetic effect of L. alba EO on silver catfish.
Descritores: Anestésicos/farmacologia
Peixes-Gato/fisiologia
Lippia/química
Modelos Animais
Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
Receptores de GABA-A/efeitos dos fármacos
-Diazepam/farmacologia
Flumazenil/farmacologia
Agonistas de Receptores de GABA-A/farmacologia
Antagonistas de Receptores de GABA-A/farmacologia
Folhas de Planta/química
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-622754
Autor: Biagioni, A.F.; Silva, J.A.; Coimbra, N.C..
Título: Panic-like defensive behavior but not fear-induced antinociception is differently organized by dorsomedial and posterior hypothalamic nuclei of Rattus norvegicus (Rodentia, Muridae)
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;45(4):328-336, Apr. 2012. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The hypothalamus is a forebrain structure critically involved in the organization of defensive responses to aversive stimuli. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic dysfunction in dorsomedial and posterior hypothalamic nuclei is implicated in the origin of panic-like defensive behavior, as well as in pain modulation. The present study was conducted to test the difference between these two hypothalamic nuclei regarding defensive and antinociceptive mechanisms. Thus, the GABA A antagonist bicuculline (40 ng/0.2 µL) or saline (0.9% NaCl) was microinjected into the dorsomedial or posterior hypothalamus in independent groups. Innate fear-induced responses characterized by defensive attention, defensive immobility and elaborate escape behavior were evoked by hypothalamic blockade of GABA A receptors. Fear-induced defensive behavior organized by the posterior hypothalamus was more intense than that organized by dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei. Escape behavior elicited by GABA A receptor blockade in both the dorsomedial and posterior hypothalamus was followed by an increase in nociceptive threshold. Interestingly, there was no difference in the intensity or in the duration of fear-induced antinociception shown by each hypothalamic division presently investigated. The present study showed that GABAergic dysfunction in nuclei of both the dorsomedial and posterior hypothalamus elicit panic attack-like defensive responses followed by fear-induced antinociception, although the innate fear-induced behavior originates differently in the posterior hypothalamus in comparison to the activity of medial hypothalamic subdivisions.
Descritores: Núcleo Hipotalâmico Dorsomedial/fisiologia
Reação de Fuga/fisiologia
Hipotálamo Posterior/fisiologia
Transtorno de Pânico/metabolismo
-Bicuculina/farmacologia
Núcleo Hipotalâmico Dorsomedial/efeitos dos fármacos
Antagonistas de Receptores de GABA-A/farmacologia
Hipotálamo Posterior/efeitos dos fármacos
Aprendizagem em Labirinto
Limiar da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos
Transtorno de Pânico/etiologia
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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