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Id: biblio-1053457
Autor: Suwanseree, Valerie; Phansiri, Salak; Yapwattanaphun, Chinawat.
Título: A comparison of callus induction in 4 Garcinia species
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;40:45-51, July. 2019. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background: This research is intended to determine suitable types and concentrations of plant growth regulators (PGRs) to induce callus on stem and leaf sections of 4 species of the genus Garcinia, namely, Garcinia mangostana, Garcinia schomburgkiana, Garcinia cowa, and Garcinia celebica. The base medium was MS medium containing 30 g l -1 sucrose, 0.5 g l-1 polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), and 7 g l-1 agar, and for the different treatments, PGRs were added to the medium as follows: thidiazuron (TDZ) at concentrations of 0, 0.1, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg l-1; 6-(3- hydroxybenzylamino) purine (meta-topolin) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 2.5, and 5 mg l-1; 4-amino-3,5,6- trichloro-2-pyridinecarboxylic acid (picloram) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 2.5, and 5 mg l-1; and 2,4- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) at concentrations of 0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 mg l-1. The occurrence of callus was observed after 4 weeks. Results: A maximum of 100% and 93% of G. mangostana leaf explants formed callus in the 0.5 mg l-1 and 1 mg l-1 TDZ treatments, respectively, while 100% of G. schomburgkiana stem explants formed callus in the 1 mg l-1 TDZ treatment and 89% of G. schomburgkiana leaf explants formed callus in the 0.5 mg l-1 picloram treatment. The highest callus induction rate for G. cowa was 62% in the 1 mg l-1 TDZ treatment and for G. celebica was 56% in the 0.5 mg l-1•mT-1 treatment. Conclusions: For all 4 species, the greatest amount of large nodular callus was observed in the TDZ treatments. White, friable callus was observed on most of the 2,4-D and picloram treatment groups. Most meta-topolin treatments resulted in minimal callus formation.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
Garcinia/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Compostos Fitoquímicos/metabolismo
-Compostos de Fenilureia
Tiadiazóis
Fatores de Tempo
Transformação Genética
Clusiaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Garcinia/fisiologia
Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1019503
Autor: Isah, Tasiu.
Título: Stress and defense responses in plant secondary metabolites production
Fonte: Biol. Res;52:39, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: In the growth condition(s) of plants, numerous secondary metabolites (SMs) are produced by them to serve variety of cellular functions essential for physiological processes, and recent increasing evidences have implicated stress and defense response signaling in their production. The type and concentration(s) of secondary molecule(s) produced by a plant are determined by the species, genotype, physiology, developmental stage and environmental factors during growth. This suggests the physiological adaptive responses employed by various plant taxonomic groups in coping with the stress and defensive stimuli. The past recent decades had witnessed renewed interest to study abiotic factors that influence secondary metabolism during in vitro and in vivo growth of plants. Application of molecular biology tools and techniques are facilitating understanding the signaling processes and pathways involved in the SMs production at subcellular, cellular, organ and whole plant systems during in vivo and in vitro growth, with application in metabolic engineering of biosynthetic pathways intermediates.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais
Metabolismo Secundário/fisiologia
-Plantas/metabolismo
Transdução de Sinais
Brotos de Planta/metabolismo
Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia
Técnicas de Cultura de Células
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1056793
Autor: Alcantara-Cortes, Johan Steven; Acero Godoy, Jovanna; Alcántara Cortés, Jonathan David; Sánchez Mora, Ruth Melida.
Título: Principales reguladores hormonales y sus interacciones en el crecimiento vegetal / Main hormonal regulators and their interactions in plant growth
Fonte: NOVA publ. cient;17(32):109-129, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Una hormona vegetal o fitohormona es un compuesto producido internamente por una planta, que ejerce su función en muy bajas concentraciones y cuyo principal efecto se produce a nivel celular, cambiando los patrones de crecimiento de los vegetales y permitiendo su control. Los reguladores vegetales son compuestos sintetizados químicamente u obtenidos de otros organismos y son, en general, mucho más potentes que los análogos naturales. Es necesario tener en cuenta aspectos críticos como oportunidad de aplicación, dosis, sensibilidad de la variedad, condición de la planta, etc., ya que cada planta requerirá de unas condiciones específicas de crecimiento que pueden afectarse por la concentración de ellos en el medio. Los reguladores vegetales son productos sintéticos que se han convertido en las primeras herramientas capaces de controlar el crecimiento y actividad bioquímica de las plantas por lo que su uso ha aumentado en los últimos años. Esta revisión busca hacer una recopilación bibliográfica de los primeros acontecimientos de la aplicación de los reguladores de crecimiento vegetal. Se presentan las principales características fisiológicas que pueden desarrollar la aplicación de estos sobre el crecimiento vegetal a nivel celular y su repercusión a nivel fenotípico; además, se describen las principales fitohormonas más conocidas en la aplicación biotecnológica. Entre ellas se encuentran auxinas, giberelinas, citoquininas, ácido abscísico, ácido salicílico, poliaminas, jasmonatos y derivados, brasinoesteroides, etileno y estrigolactonas. Se detallan las principales funciones a nivel del metabolismo vegetal y sus posibles interacciones intra e intercelular.

Abstract A vegetal hormone or phytohormone is a compound produced inside by a plant, that work in low concentrations and whose mainly effect occurs at the cellular level, changing the patterns of grow in vegetal organism and allow their control. The plant grows regulators are synthetic chemical compounds that can be obtained by the organism different to the plants and are more stronger that natural analogues, is necessary have in consideration different aspects like application opportunity, concentration, sensibility, plant condition, it's because every plant requires specific conditions of grow that can be affected by phytohormonal concentration in the soil or medium. The vegetal regulators are synthetic products that it has been converted in the mainly tool available to control the growing and biochemical activity of the plant and for that reason their use are increased in the last years. This review makes a bibliography compilation of the first events in the beginning of vegetal plant regulators application and presents the mainly physiologic characteristics that can be developed by application of vegetal hormones and their action in cellular and phenotypic response, furthermore we explain some of the mechanisms of action of the mainly ten phytohormones more knowledge in the biotechnological application: auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, salicylic acid, polyamines, jasmonates and derived compounds, brassinosteroids, ethylene, and strigolactones. We describe their mainly functions to vegetal metabolism and their possible interactions intracellular and extracellular.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
-Bioquímica
Cultivos Agrícolas
Brotos de Planta
Desenvolvimento Vegetal
Crescimento
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CO242.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: lil-555567
Autor: Jardim, Lyana Silva; Sampaio, Paulo de Tarso Barbosa; Costa, Suely de Souza; Gonçalves, Cláudia de Queiroz Blair; Brandão, Hélio Leonardo Moura.
Título: Efeito de diferentes reguladores de crescimento na regeneração in vitro de pau-rosa (Aniba rosaeodora Ducke) / Effect of differents growth regulators in vitro propagation of Aniba rosaeodora Ducke
Fonte: Acta amaz;40(2):275-279, 2010. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi estabelecer um protocolo para a regeneração in vitro de pau-rosa (Aniba rosaeodora Ducke), utilizando brotações apicais e segmentos nodais inoculados em meio de cultura com distintas concentrações de diferentes reguladores de crescimento. Explantes esterilizados com soluções de benomyl (4,0 g.L-1) por 24 horas e hipoclorito de sódio a 20 por cento + tween 20 por 20 minutos, foram submetidos a um experimento de indução de broto, raiz e calo em meio MS1 acrescido de 30g.L-1 de sacarose e 9g.L-1 de agar, suplementado com BAP (0,0 e 4,0 mg.L-1), ANA, AIA e 2,4-D (0,0; 3,0 e 6,0 mg.L-1), e suas respectivas combinações. O delineamento utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado em esquema fatorial 7 X 2, com 14 tratamentos e 15 repetições cada, onde foram analisados o número médio de brotos, raízes e calo. Após 90 dias, os resultados mostraram que a presença de auxinas é fundamental para a formação dos parâmetros induzidos nos explantes de pau-rosa. O meio de cultura contendo 4,0 mg.L-1 de BAP + 6,0 mg.L-1 de AIA apresentou a melhor média para a brotação com 2,13 brotos/explante. Para o enraizamento o meio contendo 3,0 mg.L-1 de ANA foi o mais eficiente, apresentando uma média de 2,53 raízes/explante. Em relação à indução de calo, todos os tratamentos apresentaram calogênese, porém o meio suplementado com 4,0 mg.L-1 de BAP + 6,0 mg.L-1 de 2,4-D, apresentou a melhor média, 1,67 calos/explante.

The objective of this work was to establish a protocol for in vitro regeneration of rosewood (Aniba rosaeodora Ducke), using apical and nodal segments inoculated in culture medium with various concentrations of growth regulators. Explants disinfected with solutions of benomyl (4,0 g.L-1) for 24 hours and sodium hipoclorite in 20 percent + tween 20 for 20 minutes were submitted in an experiment of shoot, root and callus induction in MS medium, with 30 g.L-1 of sucrose and 9,0 g.L-1 of agar added with the growth regulators: BAP (0,0 and 4,0 mg.L-1), ANA, AIA and 2,4-D (0,0; 3,0 and 6,0 mg.L-1), and their respective combinations. The design was complete randomized in arranged factorial 7 X 2, with 14 treatments and 15 replications, where about the explants were analysed the number of shoot, root and callus . After 90 days, the results showed that the presence of auxins is fundamental to induce buds, roots and callus . The medium was contained 4,0 mg.L-1 BAP + 6,0 mg.L-1 AIA showed the best average for shooting with 2,13 buds/explants. In the rooting, the medium was contained 3,0 mg.L-1 of ANA was the more efficient, showed 2,53 roots/explant. However, all the treatments obtained formation of callus, but the medium with 4,0 mg.L-1 BAP + 6,0 mg.L-1 2,4-D showed the best result,1.67 callus/explant.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Regeneração
Técnicas In Vitro
Responsável: BR6.1 - BCS - Biblioteca de Ciências da Saúde


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Id: biblio-886729
Autor: JAQUETTI, ROBERTO K; GONÇALVES, JOSÉ FRANCISCO C.
Título: Carbon and nutrient stocks of three Fabaceae trees used for forest restoration and subjected to fertilization in Amazonia
Fonte: An. acad. bras. ciênc;89(3):1761-1771, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Amazonia is crucial to global carbon cycle. Deforestation continues to be one of the main causes of the release of C into the atmosphere, but forest restoration plantations can reverse this scenario. However, there is still diffuse information about the C and nutrient stocks in the vegetation biomass. We investigated the carbon and nutrient stocks of Fabaceae trees (Inga edulis, Schizolobium amazonicum and Dipteryx odorata) subjected to fertilization treatments (T1 - no fertilization; T2 - chemical; T3 - organic; and T4 - organic and chemical fertilization) in a degraded area of the Balbina Hydroelectric Dam, AM - Brazil. As an early successional species, I. edulis stocked more C and nutrients than the other two species independent of the fertilization treatment, and S. amazonicum stocked more C than D. odorata under T1 and T4. The mixed species plantation had the potential to stock 4.1 Mg C ha-1 year-1, while I. edulis alone could stock 9.4 Mg C ha-1 year-1. Mixing species that rapidly assimilate C and are of significant ecological and commercial value (e.g., Fabaceae trees) represents a good way to restore degraded areas. Our results suggest that the tested species be used for forest restoration in Amazonia.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia
Carbono/análise
Florestas
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Fabaceae/classificação
Fabaceae/efeitos dos fármacos
-Solo
Brasil
Biomassa
Fabaceae/química
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-886879
Autor: CIPRIANO, JAMILE L D; CRUZ, ANA CLÁUDIA F; MANCINI, KARINA C; SCHMILDT, EDILSON R; LOPES, JOSÉ CARLOS; OTONI, WAGNER C; ALEXANDRE, RODRIGO S.
Título: Somatic embryogenesis in Carica papaya as affected by auxins and explants, and morphoanatomical-related aspects
Fonte: An. acad. bras. ciênc;90(1):385-400, Mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate somatic embryogenesis in juvenile explants of the THB papaya cultivar. Apical shoots and cotyledonary leaves were inoculated in an induction medium composed of different concentrations of 2,4-D (6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 µM) or 4-CPA (19, 22, 25, 28 and 31 µM). The embryogenic calluses were transferred to a maturation medium for 30 days. Histological analysis were done during the induction and scanning electron microscopy after maturing. For both types of auxin, embryogenesis was achieved at higher frequencies with cotyledonary leaves incubated in induction medium than with apical shoots; except for callogenesis. The early-stage embryos (e.g., globular or heart-shape) predominated. Among the auxins, best results were observed in cotyledonary leaves induced with 4-CPA (25 µM). Histological analyses of the cotyledonary leaf-derived calluses confirmed that the somatic embryos (SEs) formed from parenchyma cells, predominantly differentiated via indirect and multicellular origin and infrequently via synchronized embryogenesis. The secondary embryogenesis was observed during induction and maturation phases in papaya THB cultivar. The combination of ABA (0.5 µM) and AC (15 g L-1) in maturation medium resulted in the highest somatic embryogenesis induction frequency (70 SEs callus-1) and the lowest percentage of early germination (4%).
Descritores: Brotos de Planta/fisiologia
Carica/embriologia
Carica/fisiologia
Técnicas de Embriogênese Somática de Plantas/métodos
Ácidos Indolacéticos/análise
-Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia
Brotos de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos
Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos
Folhas de Planta/fisiologia
Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos
Germinação/fisiologia
Meios de Cultura
Carica/anatomia & histologia
Carica/efeitos dos fármacos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-888774
Autor: Solis, R; Pezo, M; Diaz, G; Arévalo, L; Cachique, D.
Título: Vegetative propagation of Plukenetia polyadenia by cuttings: effects of leaf area and indole-3-butyric acid concentration / Propagação vegetativa de Plukenetia polyadenia por estacas: efeitos de área foliar e concentração de ácido indol-3-butírico
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;77(3):580-584, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract The seeds of Plukenetia polyadenia have high levels of unsaturated fatty acids and are used as medicine and food for native people in the Peruvian and Brazilian Amazon. The objective of this study was to develop a method for vegetative propagation of Plukenetia polyadenia by rooting of cuttings. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with 12 treatments and 3 replications of 8 cuttings, in a 3 × 4 factorial arrangement. The factors were: 3 levels of leaf area (25, 50 and 75%) and 3 indole-3-butyric acid - IBA concentrations (9.84, 19.68 and 29.52mM) and a control without IBA. Data were submitted to analysis of variance and means were compared by Tukey test at 5% probability. Our results show that the use of cuttings with 50% of leaf area and treatment with 29.52mM of IBA induced high percentages of rooting (93%) and the best root formation. Vegetative propagation of Plukenetia polyadenia by cuttings will be used as a tool to conserve and propagate germplasm in breeding programs.

Resumo As sementes de Plukenetia polyadenia têm altos níveis de ácidos graxos insaturados e são utilizadas como medicamentos e alimentos para as pessoas nativas da Amazônia Peruana e Brasileira. O objetivo do trabalho foi desenvolver um método de propagação vegetativa de Plukenetia polyadenia por meio do enraizamento de estacas em câmeras de sub-irrigação. Foi utilizado um delineamento de blocos ao acaso com 12 tratamentos e 3 repetições de 8 estacas, e esquema fatorial 3 × 4. Os fatores foram: 3 níveis de área foliar (25, 50 e 75%) e 3 doses de ácido indol-3-butírico - AIB (9,84; 19,68 e 29,52mM) e um controle sem AIB. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Tukey a 5% de probabilidade. A maior taxa de enraizamento de estacas (93%) foi obtida com 29,52mM de AIB como indutor hormonal e estacas com área foliar de 50%. A propagação vegetativa de Plukenetia polyadenia por estacas será usada como ferramenta para conservar e propagar germoplasma em programas de melhoramento.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia
Reprodução Assexuada
Euphorbiaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Melhoramento Vegetal/métodos
Indóis/farmacologia
-Folhas de Planta/anatomia & histologia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1087467
Autor: Orlowska, Renata; Pachota, Katarzyna A; Machczynska, Joanna; Niedziela, Agnieszka; Makowska, Katarzyna; Zimny, Janusz; Bednarek, Piotr T.
Título: Improvement of anther cultures conditions using the Taguchi method in three cereal crops
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;43:8-15, Jan. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (Poland).
Resumo: Background: Plant tissue cultures have the potential to reprogram the development of microspores from normal gametophytic to sporophytic pathway resulting in the formation of androgenic embryos. The efficiency of this process depends on the genotype, media composition and external conditions. However, this process frequently results in the regeneration of albino instead of green plants. Successful regeneration of green plants is affected by the concentration of copper sulfate (CuSO4) and silver nitrate (AgNO3) and the length of induction step. In this study, we aimed at concurrent optimization of these three factors in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and triticale (x Triticosecale spp. Wittmack ex A. Camus 1927) using the Taguchi method. We evaluated uniform donor plants under varying experimental conditions of in vitro anther culture using the Taguchi approach, and verified the optimized conditions. Results: Optimization of the regeneration conditions resulted in an increase in the number of green regenerants compared with the control. Statistic Taguchi method for optimization of the in vitro tissue culture plant regeneration via anther cultures allowed reduction of the number of experimental designs from 27 needed if full factorial analysis is used to 9. With the increase in the number of green regenerants, the number of spontaneous doubled haploids decreased. Moreover, in barley and triticale, the number of albino regenerants was reduced. Conclusion: The statistic Taguchi approach could be successfully used for various factors (here components of induction media, time of incubation on induction media) at a one time, that may impact on cereals anther cultures to improve the regeneration efficiency
Descritores: Cultivos Agrícolas
Grão Comestível/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Modelos Estatísticos
-Pigmentos Biológicos
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Pólen
Nitrato de Prata
Cor
Sulfato de Cobre
Androgênios
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-946986
Autor: Camili, Elisangela Clarete; Rodrigues, João Domingos; Ono, Elizabeth Orika.
Título: Giberelina, citocinina e auxina na qualidade química de bagas de uva 'Superior Seedless' / Gibberellin, citocinin and auxin on chemical quality of 'Superior Seedless' grape berries
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);29(6):1761-1770, nov./dec. 2013. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Os experimentos foram conduzidos no município de Juazeiro/BA com a finalidade de avaliar o efeito de reguladores vegetais compostos por giberelina, citocinina e auxina na qualidade química de bagas de uva do cultivar Superior Seedless. No primeiro ensaio estudaram-se os efeitos de Stimulate (biorregulador) e X-Cyte (citocinina) associado a uma nova formulação comercial de giberelina (N-Large) e ao Pro-Gibb, produto usualmente utilizado como fonte de giberelina, aplicados via pulverização na fase de desenvolvimento das bagas (18, 21, 51 e 56 dias após a poda de produção). Para tanto se empregou os seguintes tratamentos: T1: Pro-Gibb; T2: Stimulate (Dose 1); T3: Stimulate (Dose 2); T4: Stimulate (Dose 3); T5: Pro-Gibb + X-Cyte (Dose Baixa - DB); T6: Pro-Gibb + X-Cyte (Dose Média - DM); T7: Pro-Gibb + X-Cyte (Dose Alta - DA); T8: N-Large; T9: N-Large + X-Cyte (DB); T10: N-Large + X-Cyte (DM); T11: N-Large + X-Cyte (DA). O segundo ensaio teve por objetivo verificar o efeito da nova formulação de giberelina (N-Large) associada ou não a citocinina (X-Cyte) também aplicados via pulverização direcionada aos cachos na fase de desenvolvimento das bagas (17, 55 e 66 dias após a poda de produção). Assim, os seguintes tratamentos foram empregados: T1: Pro-Gibb; T2: N-Large (DB); T3: N-Large (DM); T4: N-Large (DA); T5: N-Large (DB) + X-Cyte (DB); T6: N-Large (DB) + X-Cyte (DM); T7: N-Large (DB) + X-Cyte (DA); T8: N-Large (DM) + X-Cyte (DB); T9: N-Large (DM) + X-Cyte (DM); T10: N-Large (DM) + X-Cyte (DA); T11: N-Large (DA) + X-Cyte (DB); T12: N-Large (DA) + X-Cyte (DM); T13: N-Large (DA) + X-Cyte (DA). O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso com quatro repetições, onde se considerou cada parcela uma repetição com três plantas úteis na mesma linha de plantas. Por ocasião da colheita, momento em que a média dos cachos apresentava teor de sólidos solúveis superior a 15 ºBrix, foram retiradas bagas para as análises de sólidos solúveis, pH, acidez titulável e, cálculo do ratio (SS/AT). Em ambos os ensaios os reguladores vegetais avaliados não proporcionaram alterações significativas nas características químicas das bagas de uva 'Superior Seedless'. Assim, a ausência de diferença de resposta entre o produto comercialmente empregado (Pro-Gibb) e os demais testados (Stimulate, X-Cyte e N-Large) os torna promissores no cultivo da uva 'Superior Seedless', fornecendo maior número de alternativas aos produtores da região do Vale do São Francisco.

Trials were carried out in Juazeiro, Bahia State, Brazil, aiming to test plant regulators composed by gibberellin, cytokine and auxin effects on chemical quality of Superior Seedless grape berries. The first trial studied the effects of Stimulate (bio regulator) and X-Cyte (cytokine) associated to a new gibberellin formulation (N-Large ) and associated to Pro-Gibb , which is a product used as source of gibberellin. Products were sprayed at berries development phase (18, 21, 51 and 56 days after spur-pruning). Treatments were: T1: Pro-Gibb ; T2: Stimulate (Dose 1); T3: Stimulate (Dose 2); T4: Stimulate (Dose 3); T5: Pro-Gibb + X-Cyte (Low Dose - DB); T6: Pro-Gibb + X-Cyte (Intermediate Dose - DM); T7: Pro-Gibb + X-Cyte (High Dose - DA); T8: N-Large ; T9: N-Large + X-Cyte (DB); T10: N-Large + X-Cyte (DM); T11: N-Large + X-Cyte (DA). The second trial aimed to assess the effect of the new gibberellin formulation (N-Large ) associated or not with cytokine (X-Cyte ) also sprayed straight over the bunches at berries development phase (17, 55 e 66 days after spur-pruning). Treatments were: T1: Pro-Gibb - blank; T2: N-Large (DB); T3: N-Large (DM); T4: N-Large (DA); T5: N-Large (DB) + X-Cyte (DB); T6: N-Large (DB) + X-Cyte (DM); T7: N-Large (DB) + X-Cyte (DA); T8: N-Large (DM) + X-Cyte (DB); T9: N-Large (DM) + X-Cyte (DM); T10: N-Large (DM) + X-Cyte (DA); T11: N-Large (DA) + X-Cyte (DB); T12: N-Large (DA) + X-Cyte (DM); T13: N-Large (DA) + X-Cyte (DA). Experimental design was random blocks with four repetitions with each repetition/parcel having three useful plants in the same row. At harvest, when bunches average had soluble solids over 15 ºBrix, berries were collected for soluble solids, pH, titratable acidity analysis as well as (SS/AT) ratio calculation. In both trials, plant regulators evaluated did not provide significant changes on chemical quality of 'Superior Seedless' grape berries. Therefore, the lack of differences on response between the commercially used product (Pro-Gibb) and the other
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Vitis
Citocininas
Giberelinas
-Produtos Agrícolas
Tocoferóis
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1001447
Autor: Souza-Filho, P R M; Takaki, M.
Título: Germination constraints of dicarpic cypselae of Bidens pilosa L / Restrições a germinação de cipselas dicárpicas de Bidens pilosa L
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;79(3):383-394, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CNPq.
Resumo: Abstract Bidens pilosa L. is a heterocarpic weed species with two cypselae types that present morpho-physiological differences, being the peripheral type smaller and slower to germinate than the central one. We aimed to verify how the germination mechanism varied between types. We focused on two mechanisms: (1) pericarp constraints (physical and chemical) and (2) hormonal stimulation (Abcisic acid [ABA] and Gibberellin [GA]). Both cypselae types are physically constrained by the pericarp, for when it is excised both seed types increase their germination, but behavioral differences still remain. The pericarp of the peripheral type also has chemical inhibitors that effectively inhibited germination of the intact central cypsela. To test the hormonal effects, we focused on the ABA:GA control. Both cypselae responded to an exogenous ABA concentration gradient, however there is no variation between types on the sensitivity to it. Also, both cypselae types were indifferent to Fluridone (ABA inhibitor), which indicates that the dormancy is not maintained by de novo ABA synthesis. Cypselae types had different sensitivity to an exogenous GA3 gradient, the central type being more sensitive to the treatment than the peripheral one. But when the endogenous GA synthesis was blocked by Paclobutrazol, both types responded equally to same GA3 concentrations. This indicates that endogenous GA synthesis may be related to differences observed on germination of cypselae types. To conclude, seed types differ on their growth potential to overcome the pericarp resistance: while the inhibitor in the peripheral pericarp reduces growth potential, GA increases it.

Resumo Bidens pilosa L. é uma espécie de planta daninha heterocarpica com dois tipos de cipselas que possuem diferenças morfofisiológicas, sendo o tipo periférico de menor tamanho e com germinação lenta se comparado com o central. Nosso objetivo foi verificar como o mecanismo de germinação varia entre os tipos. Focamos em dois mecanismos: (1) restrição causada pelo pericarpo (física e química) e (2) estímulo hormonal (Ácido abscísico [ABA] e Giberelina [GA]). Os tipos de cipselas são fisicamente limitados pelo pericarpo, pois quando ambos os tipos de sementes são excisados há um aumento na germinação, contudo as diferenças no processo se mantém. O pericarpo do tipo periférico ainda possui inibidores que efetivamente retardam a germinação das cipselas centrais intactas. Para testar os efeitos hormonais, nós focamos no controle pelo ABA:GA. Ambas cipselas responderam ao gradiente de concentração de ABA exógeno, contudo não houve variação na sensibilidade entre os tipos. Ainda, ambos tipos de cipselas foram indiferentes à Fluoridona (inibidor de ABA), que indica que a dormência não é mantida pela nova síntese de ABA. Tipos de cipselas apresentam diferentes sensibilidades ao gradiente exógeno de GA3, com o tipo central sendo mais sensível ao tratamento que o periférico. Mas quando a síntese endógena de GA foi bloqueada pelo Paclobutrazol, ambos os tipos responderam de forma similar às concentrações de GA 3. Isso indica que a síntese de GA endógena pode estar relacionada com a diferença observada na germinação dos dois tipos de cipselas. Para concluir, os tipos de sementes diferem no potencial para superar a resistência do pericarpo, sendo o inibidor no pericarpo da cipsela periférica o redutor do potencial de crescimento, enquanto a GA aumenta esse potencial.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia
Piridonas/farmacologia
Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia
Germinação/fisiologia
Bidens/fisiologia
Herbicidas/farmacologia
-Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos
Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos
Bidens/efeitos dos fármacos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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