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Id: lil-788975
Autor: Orhan, Furkan.
Título: Alleviation of salt stress by halotolerant and halophilic plant growth-promoting bacteria in wheat (Triticum aestivum)
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):621-627, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT In the current study, 18 halotolerant and halophilic bacteria have been investigated for their plant growth promoting abilities in vitro and in a hydroponic culture. The bacterial strains have been investigated for ammonia, indole-3-acetic acid and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate-deaminase production, phosphate solubilisation and nitrogen fixation activities. Of the tested bacteria, eight were inoculated with Triticum aestivum in a hydroponic culture. The investigated bacterial strains were found to have different plant-growth promoting activities in vitro. Under salt stress (200 mM NaCl), the investigated bacterial strains significantly increased the root and shoot length and total fresh weight of the plants. The growth rates of the plants inoculated with bacterial strains ranged from 62.2% to 78.1%.Identifying of novel halophilic and halotolerant bacteria that promote plant growth can be used as alternatives for salt sensitive plants. Extensive research has been conducted on several halophilic and halotolerant bacterial strains to investigate their plant growth promoting activities. However, to the best of my knowledge, this is the first study to inoculate these bacterial strains with wheat.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/biossíntese
Estresse Fisiológico
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias/metabolismo
Triticum/fisiologia
Triticum/microbiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos
Salinidade
-Fenótipo
Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia
Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
Biomassa
Amônia/metabolismo
Fixação de Nitrogênio
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  2 / 102 LILACS  
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Id: lil-788962
Autor: De La Torre-Ruiz, Neyser; Ruiz-Valdiviezo, Víctor Manuel; Rincón-Molina, Clara Ivette; Rodríguez-Mendiola, Martha; Arias-Castro, Carlos; Gutiérrez-Miceli, Federico Antonio; Palomeque-Dominguez, Héctor; Rincón-Rosales, Reiner.
Título: Effect of plant growth-promoting bacteria on the growth and fructan production of Agave americana L
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):587-596, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Tecnológico Nacional de México.
Resumo: ABSTRACT The effect of plant growth-promoting bacteria inoculation on plant growth and the sugar content in Agave americana was assessed. The bacterial strains ACO-34A, ACO-40, and ACO-140, isolated from the A. americana rhizosphere, were selected for this study to evaluate their phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. The three bacterial strains were evaluated via plant inoculation assays, and Azospirillum brasilense Cd served as a control strain. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene showed that strains ACO-34A, ACO-40 and ACO-140 were Rhizobium daejeonense, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Pseudomonas mosselii, respectively. All of the strains were able to synthesize indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), solubilize phosphate, and had nitrogenase activity. Inoculation using the plant growth-promoting bacteria strains had a significant effect (p < 0.05) on plant growth and the sugar content of A. americana, showing that these native plant growth-promoting bacteria are a practical, simple, and efficient alternative to promote the growth of agave plants with proper biological characteristics for agroindustrial and biotechnological use and to increase the sugar content in this agave species.
Descritores: Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/metabolismo
Agave/fisiologia
Agave/microbiologia
Frutanos/biossíntese
-Fenótipo
Filogenia
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/biossíntese
Bactérias/genética
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Genótipo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  3 / 102 LILACS  
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Id: lil-788956
Autor: Ayyaz, Khadija; Zaheer, Ahmad; Rasul, Ghulam; Mirza, Muhammad Sajjad.
Título: Isolation and identification by 16S rRNA sequence analysis of plant growth-promoting azospirilla from the rhizosphere of wheat
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):542-550, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT The main objective of the present study was to isolate phytohormone-producing, phosphate-solubilizing strains of Azospirillum from wheat to be used as inoculants for plant growth promotion. Five Azospirillum strains were isolated from the rhizosphere of field-grown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), and it was confirmed by BOX-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that the isolates were different and not re-isolates of the same strain. Sequence analysis of the PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene indicated that four isolates showed maximum similarity to Azospirillum brasilense and one isolate showed maximum similarity to Azospirillum zeae. This is the first report indicating the presence of an A. zeae like isolate in the wheat rhizosphere in Pakistan. The bacterial isolates were characterized for their plant growth-promoting traits, phosphate solubilization, and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production. None of the isolates showed phosphate solubilization activity in the commonly used Pikovskaya medium. However, all strains (except AzoK4) exhibited ability to solubilize tricalcium phosphate (TCP) in modified Pikovskaya medium in which sucrose was replaced by Na-malate, as well as in TCP-supplemented Luria-Bertani (LB) medium. Organic acids, such as acetic, citric, lactic, malic, and succinic acids, were detected in culture supernatants of the tested Azospirillum strains. All strains exhibited ability to produce IAA in the growth medium, except Azospirillum sp. AzoK1. Among the strains tested, the maximum IAA production (30.49 ± 1.04 mg L-1) and phosphate solubilization (105.50 ± 4.93 mg L-1) were shown by a pure culture of Azospirillum sp. AzoK2. In pot experiments, single-strain inocula of Azospirillum sp. AzoK1 and AzoK2 improved wheat plant growth.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/biossíntese
Triticum/microbiologia
Azospirillum/classificação
Azospirillum/fisiologia
Rizosfera
-Paquistão
Filogenia
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Ácidos de Fósforo/metabolismo
Genes Bacterianos
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-788954
Autor: Akbar, Shamsa; Sultan, Sikander.
Título: Soil bacteria showing a potential of chlorpyrifos degradation and plant growth enhancement
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):563-570, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Background: Since 1960s, the organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos has been widely used for the purpose of pest control. However, given its persistence and toxicity towards life forms, the elimination of chlorpyrifos from contaminated sites has become an urgent issue. For this process bioremediation is the method of choice. Results: Two bacterial strains, JCp4 and FCp1, exhibiting chlorpyrifos-degradation potential were isolated from pesticide contaminated agricultural fields. These isolates were able to degrade 84.4% and 78.6% of the initial concentration of chlorpyrifos (100 mg L-1) within a period of only 10 days. Based on 16S rRNA sequence analysis, these strains were identified as Achromobacter xylosoxidans (JCp4) and Ochrobactrum sp. (FCp1). These strains exhibited the ability to degrade chlorpyrifos in sterilized as well as non-sterilized soils, and were able to degrade 93-100% of the input concentration (200 mg kg-1) within 42 days. The rate of degradation in inoculated soils ranged from 4.40 to 4.76 mg-1 kg-1 d-1 with rate constants varying between 0.047 and 0.069 d-1. These strains also displayed substantial plant growth promoting traits such as phosphate solubilization, indole acetic acid production and ammonia production both in absence as well as in the presence of chlorpyrifos. However, presence of chlorpyrifos (100 and 200 mg L-1) was found to have a negative effect on indole acetic acid production and phosphate solubilization with percentage reduction values ranging between 2.65-10.6% and 4.5-17.6%, respectively. Plant growth experiment demonstrated that chlorpyrifos has a negative effect on plant growth and causes a decrease in parameters such as percentage germination, plant height and biomass. Inoculation of soil with chlorpyrifos-degrading strains was found to enhance plant growth significantly in terms of plant length and weight. Moreover, it was noted that these strains degraded chlorpyrifos at an increased rate (5.69 mg-1 kg-1 d-1) in planted soil. Conclusion The results of this study clearly demonstrate that the chlorpyrifos-degrading strains have the potential to develop into promising candidates for raising the productivity of crops in pesticide contaminated soils.
Descritores: Plantas/microbiologia
Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/metabolismo
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos
Clorpirifos/metabolismo
-Fenótipo
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/biossíntese
Microbiologia do Solo
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Biodegradação Ambiental
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  5 / 102 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1049089
Autor: Hussain, Safdar; Rehman, Abdul; Akram, Muhammad; Iqbal, Javaid; Qaisrani, Tahira Batool; Wasaya, Allah; Nafees, M.
Título: Role of growth regulators and plant water extracts on the productivity and water use efficiency of wheat genotypes under limited water supply / Papel dos reguladores de crescimento e dos extratos de plantas sobre a eficiência da produtividade e do uso da água dos genótipos de trigo sob abastecimento de água limitada
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);35(6):1674-1680, nov./dec. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Empowerment of wheat genotypes by application of growth regulators, compatible solutes and plant extracts under water restriction is an important strategy for getting sustainable yield. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of drought stress on the growth and yield of wheat genotypes and also monitor and compare the role of ABA, SA as well as moringa and mulbery leaf water extracts in improving drought tolerance of wheat genotypes. The work was performed at the research area of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan. Three wheat cultivars Aas-2011, Faisalabad- 2008 and Triple dwarf-1 were subjected to drought stress (skipping the irrigation at grain filling stage). The wheat genotypes were subjected to treatments viz., T1 i.e. All normal irrigation without application of abscisic acid (ABA), salicylic acid (SA), moringa (MLE) and mulberry leaf water extract (MBLE), T2 i.e. skipping the irrigation at grain filling stage and application of 2µM ABA, T3 i.e. skipping the irrigation at grain filling stage and application of 10 m mol SA, T4 i.e. skipping the irrigation at grain filling stage and application of 15% MLE and T5 i.e. skipping the irrigation at grain filling stage and application of 10% MBLE. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with factorial arrangement and repeated three times. From this study it is concluded that Aas-2011 shown best result under drought condition by applying growth regulators and plant water extracts.

O fortalecimento de genótipos de trigo pela aplicação de reguladores de crescimento, solutos compatíveis e extratos vegetais sob restrição hídrica é uma importante estratégia para obtenção de produção sustentável. Trilha de campo foi realizada na área de pesquisa da Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade de Ghazi, Dera Ghazi Khan, Paquistão. Três cultivares de trigo Aas-2011, Faisalabad-2008 e Triple anão-1 foram submetidas a estresse hídrico (pulando a irrigação no estágio de enchimento de grãos). Os genótipos de trigo foram submetidos a tratamentos, T1, ou seja, irrigação normal sem aplicação de ácido abscísico (ABA), ácido salicílico (SA), moringa (MLE) e extrato de água de amoreira (MBLE), T2¬, pular a irrigação em estágio de enchimento de grãos e aplicação de ABA 2µM, T3 ou seja, ignorando a irrigação no estágio de enchimento de grãos e aplicação de 10 m mol SA, T4 ou seja, ignorando a irrigação no estágio de enchimento de grãos e aplicação de 15% MLE e T5 ou seja, ignorando a irrigação no enchimento de grãos estágio e aplicação de 10% MBLE. O experimento foi exposto no delineamento de blocos completos casualizados com arranjo fatorial e repetido três vezes. A partir deste estudo conclui-se que Aas-2011 apresentou melhor resultado sob condição de seca, aplicando reguladores de crescimento e extratos de água de plantas.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Triticum
Moringa
Desidratação
Morus
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-839377
Autor: Chauhan, Anjali; Guleria, Shiwani; Balgir, Praveen P; Walia, Abhishek; Mahajan, Rishi; Mehta, Preeti; Shirkot, Chand Karan.
Título: Tricalcium phosphate solubilization and nitrogen fixation by newly isolated Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus CKMV1 from rhizosphere of Valeriana jatamansi and its growth promotional effect
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(2):294-304, April.-June 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus strain CKMV1 was isolated from rhizosphere of Valeriana jatamansi and possessed multiple plant growth promoting traits like production of phosphate solubilization (260 mg/L), nitrogen fixation (202.91 nmol ethylene mL-1 h-1), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) (8.1 µg/mL), siderophores (61.60%), HCN (hydrogen cyanide) production and antifungal activity. We investigated the ability of isolate CKMV1 to solubilize insoluble P via mechanism of organic acid production. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) study showed that isolate CKMV1 produced mainly gluconic (1.34%) and oxalic acids. However, genetic evidences for nitrogen fixation and phosphate solubilization by organic acid production have been reported first time for A. aneurinilyticus strain CKMV1. A unique combination of glucose dehydrogenase (gdh) gene and pyrroloquinoline quinone synthase (pqq) gene, a cofactor of gdh involved in phosphate solubilization has been elucidated. Nitrogenase (nif H) gene for nitrogen fixation was reported from A. aneurinilyticus. It was notable that isolate CKMV1 exhibited highest antifungal against Sclerotium rolfsii (93.58%) followed by Fusarium oxysporum (64.3%), Dematophora necatrix (52.71%), Rhizoctonia solani (91.58%), Alternaria sp. (71.08%) and Phytophthora sp. (71.37%). Remarkable increase was observed in seed germination (27.07%), shoot length (42.33%), root length (52.6%), shoot dry weight (62.01%) and root dry weight (45.7%) along with NPK (0.74, 0.36, 1.82%) content of tomato under net house condition. Isolate CKMV1 possessed traits related to plant growth promotion, therefore, could be a potential candidate for the development of biofertiliser or biocontrol agent and this is the first study to include the Aneurinibacillus as PGPR.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
Valeriana/microbiologia
Fosfatos de Cálcio/metabolismo
Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Bacillales/isolamento & purificação
Fixação de Nitrogênio
-Microbiologia do Solo
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia
Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
Biomassa
Bacillales/metabolismo
Rizosfera
Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Antibiose
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  7 / 102 LILACS  
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Alvarez, Rita de Cassia Felix
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Id: biblio-1048569
Autor: Lima, Sebastião Ferreira de; Alvarez, Rita de Cássia Félix; Paiva Neto, Vespasiano Borges de; Simon, Cátia Aparecida; Andrade, Maria Gabriela de Oliveira.
Título: Effect of trinexapac-ethyl on sugarcane varieties / Efeito do trinexapac-ethyl em variedades de cana-de -açúcar
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);35(1):159-165, jan./fev. 2019. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Growth regulators have been widely employed as maturation inducers in the sugarcane crop, as an agricultural strategy. However, the response of varieties to the use of these compounds has been poorly studied, mainly in cerrado (savannah-like biome) areas occupied by the crop. This study was carried out to examine the effects of trinexapac-ethyl on important morphological characteristics of sugarcane varieties. The experiment was set up as a randomized block design with a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement consisting of four varieties (RB83-5054, SP80-1816, RB96-6928, and RB85-5156) associated or unassociated with application of trinexapac-ethyl (375 g L­1 of the a.i. ha­1), with four replicates. The ripener was applied at 126, 178, and 228 days after planting (DAP) the first-cycle sugarcane, using the dose of 125 g L­1 a.i. ha­1 per application. Upon harvest, which occurred at 243 DAP, we determined the number of stalks per meter, weight of 30 stalks without top, internode length, number of internodes per stalk, and yield of sugarcane stalks. Ripener application increased the number of stalks in varieties RB96-6928 and RB83-5054 and the weight of 30 stalks in varieties RB96-6928 and RB83-5054 and SP80-1816; reduced internode length in varieties RB85-5156 and RB83-5054; and increased stalk yield per hectare in varieties RB96-6928 and RB83-5054, but did not increase the number of internodes per stalk in any of the tested varieties. The variables number of stalks, stalk weight, internode length, and stalk yield responded in a genotype-dependent manner to the application of trinexapac-ethyl.

O uso de reguladores de crescimento como indutores da maturação em cana-de-açúcar tem sido uma prática agrícola bastante empregada. Entretanto, a resposta das variedades à utilização desses compostos tem sido pouco estudada, principalmente em áreas de cerrado ocupadas pela cultura. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos do trinexapac-ethyl em características morfológicas importantes para a produtividade de variedades de cana-de-açúcar. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos casualizados em esquema fatorial 4 x 2, sendo quatro variedades (RB83-5054, SP80-1816, RB96-6928 e RB85-5156), combinadas com e sem aplicação de trinexapac-ethyl (375 g L-1 do i.a. ha-1) e quatro repetições. A aplicação do maturador ocorreu aos 126, 178 e 228 dias após o plantio (DAP) da cana planta, com dose de 125 g L-1 i.a. ha-1 por vez. Por ocasião da colheita, realizada aos 243 DAP, foram avaliados o número de colmos por metro, massa de 30 colmos sem ponteiro, comprimento de entrenós, número de entrenós por colmo e produtividade de colmos de cana-de-açúcar. Verificou-se que a aplicação do maturador incrementou o número de colmos para as variedades RB96-6928 e RB83-5054, a massa de 30 colmos para as variedades RB96-6928 e RB83-5054 e SP80-1816, maior redução no comprimento de entrenós para as variedades RB85-5156 e RB83-5054 e maior aumento na produção de colmos por hectare para as variedades RB96-6928 e RB83-5054, mas não aumentou o número de entrenós por colmo nas variedades testadas. A resposta das variáveis: número de colmos, massa de colmos, comprimento dos entrenós e produtividade de colmos à aplicação do trinexapac-ethyl mostrou-se genótipo dependente.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Saccharum
-Produtos Agrícolas
Açúcares
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-504112
Autor: Shohael, Abdullah Mohammad; Murthy, Hosakatte Niranjana; Hahn, Eun-Joo; Paek, Kee-Yoeup.
Título: Methyl jasmonate induced overproduction of eleutherosides in somatic embryos of Eleutherococcus senticosus cultured in bioreactors
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;10(4):633-637, oct. 2007. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development; . Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy; . Ministry of Labor; . Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies. Brain Pool Fellowship.
Resumo: This study was concentrated on the production of eleutherosides and chlorogenic acid in embryogenic suspension cultures of Eleutherococcus senticosus by exposing them to different concentrations (50-400 µM) of methyl jasmonate (MJ) during the culture period. In the bioreactor cultures, eleutheroside content increased significantly by elicitation of MJ, however, the fresh weight, dry weight and growth ratio of embryos was strongly inhibited by increasing MJ concentrations. The highest total eleutheroside (7.3 fold increment) and chlorogenic acid (3.9 fold increment) yield was obtained with 200 µM MJ treatment. There was 1.4, 3.4 and 14.9 fold increase in the eleutheroside B, E, and E1 production respectively with such elicitation treatment. These results suggest that MJ elicitation is beneficial for eleutheroside accumulation in the embryogenic cell suspension cultures.
Descritores: Eleutherococcus/metabolismo
Extratos Vegetais/análise
Reatores Biológicos
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
-Eleutherococcus/citologia
Eleutherococcus/embriologia
Membrana Celular/metabolismo
Técnicas de Cultura de Células
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  9 / 102 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1015856
Autor: He, Meijing; Cui, Shunli; Yang, Xinlei; Mu, Guojun; Chen, Huanying; Liu, Lifeng.
Título: Selection of suitable reference genes for abiotic stress-responsive gene expression studies in peanut by real-time quantitative PCR
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;28:76-86, July. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . 948 Project; . Special Fund for Modern Agro-industry Technology Research System of China; . Key Technologies Research and Development Program of Hebei Province.
Resumo: Background: Because of its strong specificity and high accuracy, real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) has been a widely used method to study the expression of genes responsive to stress. It is crucial to have a suitable set of reference genes to normalize target gene expression in peanut under different conditions using RT-qPCR. In this study, 11 candidate reference genes were selected and examined under abiotic stresses (drought, salt, heavy metal, and low temperature) and hormone (SA and ABA) conditions as well as across different organ types. Three statistical algorithms (geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper) were used to evaluate the expression stabilities of reference genes, and the comprehensive rankings of gene stability were generated. Results: The results indicated that ELF1B and YLS8 were the most stable reference genes under PEG-simulated drought treatment. For high-salt treatment using NaCl, YLS8 and GAPDH were the most stable genes. Under CdCl2 treatment, UBI1 and YLS8 were suitable as stable reference genes. UBI1, ADH3, and ACTIN11 were sufficient for gene expression normalization in low-temperature experiment. All the 11 candidate reference genes showed relatively high stability under hormone treatments. For organs subset, UBI1, GAPDH, and ELF1B showed the maximum stability. UBI1 and ADH3 were the top two genes that could be used reliably in all the stress conditions assessed. Furthermore, the necessity of the reference genes screened was further confirmed by the expression pattern of AnnAhs. Conclusions: The results perfect the selection of stable reference genes for future gene expression studies in peanut and provide a list of reference genes that may be used in the future.
Descritores: Arachis/genética
Genes de Plantas
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
-Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Padrões de Referência
Seleção Genética
Estresse Fisiológico
Amplificação de Genes
Temperatura Baixa
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Secas
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  10 / 102 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-889232
Autor: Zhao, LongFei; Xu, YaJun; Lai, XinHe.
Título: Antagonistic endophytic bacteria associated with nodules of soybean (Glycine max L. ) and plant growth-promoting properties
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(2):269-278, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Science Foundation of China; . Foundation for University Key Teacher by the Ministry of Education of Henan Province; . University Key Scientific Research Project of Henan Province.
Resumo: Abstract A total of 276 endophytic bacteria were isolated from the root nodules of soybean (Glycine max L.) grown in 14 sites in Henan Province, China. The inhibitory activity of these bacteria against pathogenic fungus Phytophthora sojae 01 was screened in vitro. Six strains with more than 63% inhibitory activities were further characterized through optical epifluorescence microscopic observation, sequencing, and phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene, potential plant growth-promoting properties analysis, and plant inoculation assay. On the basis of the phylogeny of 16S rRNA genes, the six endophytic antagonists were identified as belonging to five genera: Enterobacter, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Ochrobactrum, and Bacillus. The strain Acinetobacter calcoaceticus DD161 had the strongest inhibitory activity (71.14%) against the P. sojae 01, which caused morphological abnormal changes of fungal mycelia; such changes include fracture, lysis, formation of a protoplast ball at the end of hyphae, and split ends. Except for Ochrobactrum haematophilum DD234, other antagonistic strains showed the capacity to produce siderophore, indole acetic acid, and nitrogen fixation activity. Regression analysis suggested a significant positive correlation between siderophore production and inhibition ratio against P. sojae 01. This study demonstrated that nodule endophytic bacteria are important resources for searching for inhibitors specific to the fungi and for promoting effects for soybean seedlings.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
Feijão de Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Feijão de Soja/microbiologia
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Nódulos Radiculares de Plantas/microbiologia
Endófitos/isolamento & purificação
Antibiose
-Filogenia
Phytophthora/citologia
Phytophthora/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Phytophthora/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/metabolismo
DNA Ribossômico/genética
DNA Ribossômico/química
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Análise por Conglomerados
China
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Endófitos/classificação
Endófitos/metabolismo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde