Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : E01.370.225.875.074 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: lil-719497
Autor: López, Mariela; Rivera, María G; Viettri, Mercedes; Lares, María; Morocoima, Antonio; Herrera, Leidi; Ferrer, Elizabeth.
Título: Comparación de dos protocolos de extracción de ADN de Trypanosoma cruzi cultivados en medio axénico / Comparing two protocols of DNA extraction of Trypanosoma cruzi cultured in axenic medium
Fonte: Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica;31(2):222-227, abr.-jun. 2014. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivos. Comparar dos protocolos de extracción de ADN de Trypanosoma cruzi para su uso en la amplificación de ADN de minicírculos de kinetoplasto (ADNk) mediante la técnica de Reacción en Cadena de Polimerasa (PCR). Materiales y métodos. Se cultivaron epimastigotas de T. cruzi en condiciones exénicas obteniéndose masas entre 1,5 hasta 100 x 10(6) parásitos. A partir de estas se procedió a la extracción de ADN mediante dos protocolos: extracción con solventes orgánicos (fenol/cloroformo), y empleo de resina (Chelex®100), a partir de los diferentes sedimentos parasitarios. La concentración y pureza del ADN se determinó por espectrofotometría y la integridad se evaluó mediante electroforesis en geles de agarosa. Se realizó el análisis de varianza y comparaciones de medias mediante la prueba de Tukey, utilizando el software Statistix 8.0. Resultados. Se realizaron diez extracciones de ADN de cada una de las diferentes cantidades de parásitos sedimentados. En la extracción de ADN con la resina Chelex®100 se obtuvo mayor rendimiento, pero menor pureza e integridad respecto a la extracción con solventes orgánicos. Sin embargo, permitió la amplificación del producto de 330 pb de ADNk de T. cruzi. Conclusiones. Aun cuando la técnica de Chelex®100 proporcionó menor pureza e integridad del ADN, permitió la amplificación con éxito de ADNk por PCR, evitando el uso de técnicas laboriosas y solventes orgánicos tóxicos.

Objectives. To compare two extraction protocols of Trypanosoma cruzi DNA for use in DNA amplification of kinetoplast minicircles (kDNA) through the technique of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Materials and methods. Epimastigotes of T. cruzi were cultured in axenic conditions and masses from 1.5 to 100 x 106 parasites were obtained. DNA extraction was performed using two protocols: extraction with organic solvents (phenol/chloroform), and with resin (Chelex®100), from different parasitic sediments. Concentration and purity of DNA was determined by spectrophotometry, and integrity was assessed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Analysis of variance and comparisons of means were performed through Tukey's test, using the Statistix 8.0 software. Results. Ten DNA extractions were done of each one of the different amounts of parasitic sediments. In the DNA extraction with Chelex®100 resin, a higher performance was obtained but a lower purity and integrity compared to the extraction with organic solvents. However, it allowed a product amplification of 330 bp of T. cruzi kDNA. Conclusions. Although the technique of Chelex®100 provided less purity and integrity of DNA, it allowed a successful amplification of kDNA by PCR, avoiding the use of laborious techniques and toxic organic solvents.
Descritores: Cultura Axênica
DNA de Cinetoplasto/isolamento & purificação
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos
Trypanosoma cruzi/genética
-Parasitologia/métodos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-894928
Autor: Santos, Cyndia Mara Bezerra dos; Ludwig, Adriana; Kessler, Rafael Luis; Rampazzo, Rita de Cássia Pontello; Inoue, Alexandre Haruo; Krieger, Marco Aurélio; Pavoni, Daniela Parada; Probst, Christian Macagnan.
Título: Trypanosoma cruzi transcriptome during axenic epimastigote growth curve
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;113(5):e170404, 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND Trypanosoma cruzi is an important protozoan parasite and the causative agent of Chagas disease. A critical step in understanding T. cruzi biology is the study of cellular and molecular features exhibited during its growth curve. OBJECTIVES We aimed to acquire a global view of the gene expression profile of T. cruzi during epimastigote growth. METHODS RNA-Seq analysis of total and polysomal/granular RNA fractions was performed along the 10 days T. cruzi epimastigote growth curve in vitro, in addition to cell viability and cell cycle analyses. We also analysed the polysome profile and investigated the presence of granular RNA by FISH and western blotting. FINDINGS We identified 1082 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), of which 220 were modulated in both fractions. According to the modulation pattern, DEGs were grouped into 12 clusters and showed enrichment of important gene ontology (GO) terms. Moreover, we showed that by the sixth day of the growth curve, polysomal content declined greatly and the RNA granules content appeared to increase, suggesting that a portion of mRNAs isolated from the sucrose gradient during late growth stages was associated with RNA granules and not only polyribosomes. Furthermore, we discuss several modulated genes possibly involved in T. cruzi growth, mainly during the stationary phase, such as genes related to cell cycle, pathogenesis, metabolic processes and RNA-binding proteins.
Descritores: Análise de Sequência de RNA
Transcriptoma/genética
-Cultura Axênica
Estágios do Ciclo de Vida/genética
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-911855
Autor: Victoria, Filipe de Carvalho Victoria; Oliveira, Antônio Costa de; Peters, José Antônio.
Título: Establishment of the moss Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw. under axenic conditions / Estabelecimento e desenvolvimento do musgo Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw. sob condições de cultivo axênico
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);27(4):673-676, july./aug. 2011.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw. (Polytrichaceae) é uma espécie de musgo de ampla distribuição, ocorrendo em ambos os hemisférios. Culturas in vitro foram estabelecidas a partir de esporos de espécimes coletados na natureza. O desenvolvimento, tanto de protonema quanto de gametófitos, foi observado utilizando o meio básico MS em três tratamentos, livre de fitorreguladores, suplementados com uma fonte de auxina (AIA), suplementados com uma fonte de citocinina (BAP) e suplementado com ambos reguladores. Nos cultivos resultantes de meio livre de reguladores e de meios contendo auxina, foi observado o desenvolvimento total dos gametófitos, enquanto nos meios contendo citocinina não foram observados desenvolvimento e regeneração de gametófitos. Estes resultados sugerem a utilização do meio livre de reguladores para cultivo de Polytrichum juniperinum em cultivos axênicos.

Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw. (Polytrichaceae) is a moss with a worldwide distribution. In vitro culture was established from P. juniperinum spores collected in nature. Both protonema and gametophore stages of gametophyte development were obtained. The Murashige-Skoog regulator-free nutrient medium or supplemented with AIA and BAP conferred a fully development and regeneration of gametophytes. Tissues grown on cytokinin did not produce any gametophytes. These results indicate the possibility to use a medium without growth regulators to obtain gametophytes for this species in axenic conditions.
Descritores: Cultura Axênica
Técnicas In Vitro
Polytrichum juniperinum
Responsável: BR396.4


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Brandelli, Adriano
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Id: lil-696013
Autor: Verissimo, Carolina De Marco; Maschio, Vinicius Jose; Correa, Ana Paula Folmer; Brandelli, Adriano; Rott, Marilise Brittes.
Título: Infection in a rat model reactivates attenuated virulence after long-term axenic culture of Acanthamoeba spp
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;108(7):832-835, 1jan. 2013. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Prolonged culturing of many microorganisms leads to the loss of virulence and a reduction of their infective capacity. However, little is known about the changes in the pathogenic strains of Acanthamoeba after long culture periods. Our study evaluated the effect of prolonged culturing on the invasiveness of different isolates of Acanthamoeba in an in vivo rat model. ATCC strains of Acanthamoeba, isolates from the environment and clinical cases were evaluated. The in vivo model was effective in establishing the infection and differentiating the pathogenicity of the isolates and re-isolates. The amoebae cultured in the laboratory for long periods were less virulent than those that were recently isolated, confirming the importance of passing Acanthamoeba strains in animal models.
Descritores: Cultura Axênica
Acanthamoeba/patogenicidade
Amebíase/parasitologia
Virulência/efeitos dos fármacos
-Acanthamoeba/efeitos dos fármacos
Ratos Wistar
Fatores de Tempo
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-625263
Autor: Bruges, Gustavo; Betancourt, Meyerling; March, Mariana; Sanchez, Evangelina; Mijares, Alfredo.
Título: Apoptotic-like activity of staurosporine in axenic cultures of Trypanosoma evansi / Actividad proapoptótica de la estaurosporina en cultivos axénicos de Trypanosoma evansi
Fonte: Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo;54(2):103-108, Mar.-Apr. 2012. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Trypanosoma evansi is a blood protozoan parasite of the genus Trypanosoma which is responsible for surra (Trypanosomosis) in domestic and wild animals. This study addressed apoptotic-like features in Trypanosoma evansi in vitro. The mechanism of parasite death was investigated using staurosporine as an inducing agent. We evaluated its effects through several cytoplasmic features of apoptosis, including cell shrinkage, phosphatidylserine exposure, maintenance of plasma membrane integrity, and mitochondrial trans-membrane potential. For access to these features we have used the flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy with cultures in the stationary phase and adjusted to a density of 10(6) cells/mL. The apoptotic effect of staurosporine in T. evansi was evaluated at 20 nM final concentration. There was an increase of phosphatidylserine exposure, whereas mitochondrial potential was decreased. Moreover, no evidence of cell permeability increasing with staurosporine was observed in this study, suggesting the absence of a necrotic process. Additional studies are needed to elucidate the possible pathways associated with this form of cell death in this hemoparasite.

Trypanosoma evansi es un hemoparásito, el cual es el agente causal de la surra (tripanosomiasis) en mamíferos, perteneciente al orden Kinetoplastidae. Este estudio se oriento a caracterizar la muerte celular similar a apoptosis en cultivos in vitro de Trypanosoma evansi a través del uso del inductor esturosporina. Este efecto se evaluó a través de diversos aspectos fenotípicos de la apoptosis: el encogimiento celular, la exposición de fosfatidilserina, el mantenimiento de la integridad de la membrana plasmática y el potencial de membrana mitocondrial. Para evaluar estas características se utilizaron técnicas de citometría de flujo y microscopía de fluorescencia con cultivos en fase estacionaria ajustados a una densidad de 10(6) células/mL. El efecto apoptótico de la estaurosporina en Trypanosoma evansi fue evaluado a una concentración de 20 nM. Se evidenció un aumento de la exposición a fosfatidilserina, mientras que el potencial mitocondrial disminuyó. Por otra parte, no hay evidencias de aumento de la permeabilidad celular con estaurosporina, sugiriendo la ausencia de un proceso necrótico. Estudios adicionales son necesarios para dilucidar las posibles vías asociadas con esta forma de muerte celular en este hemoparásito.
Descritores: Apoptose
Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia
Estaurosporina/farmacologia
Trypanosoma/efeitos dos fármacos
-Cultura Axênica
Citometria de Fluxo
Microscopia de Fluorescência
Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos
Trypanosoma/enzimologia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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